The City of God/Book XIII

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
The City of God
Augustine of Hippo
translated by Marcus Dods

Book XIII
Argument—In this book it is taught that death is penal, and had its origin in Adam’s sin.

Book XIII[edit]

  1. Of the Fall of the First Man, Through Which Mortality Has Been Contracted.
  2. Of that Death Which Can Affect an Immortal Soul, and of that to Which the Body is Subject.
  3. Whether Death, Which by the Sin of Our First Parents Has Passed Upon All Men, is the Punishment of Sin, Even to the Good.
  4. Why Death, the Punishment of Sin, is Not Withheld from Those Who by the Grace of Regeneration are Absolved from Sin.
  5. As the Wicked Make an Ill Use of the Law, Which is Good, So the Good Make a Good Use of Death, Which is an Ill.
  6. Of the Evil of Death in General, Considered as the Separation of Soul and Body.
  7. Of the Death Which the Unbaptized Suffer for the Confession of Christ.
  8. That the Saints, by Suffering the First Death for the Truth’s Sake, are Freed from the Second.
  9. Whether We Should Say that The Moment of Death, in Which Sensation Ceases, Occurs in the Experience of the Dying or in that of the Dead.
  10. Of the Life of Mortals, Which is Rather to Be Called Death Than Life.
  11. Whether One Can Both Be Living and Dead at the Same Time.
  12. What Death God Intended, When He Threatened Our First Parents with Death If They Should Disobey His Commandment.
  13. What Was the First Punishment of the Transgression of Our First Parents.
  14. In What State Man Was Made by God, and into What Estate He Fell by the Choice of His Own Will.
  15. That Adam in His Sin Forsook God Ere God Forsook Him, and that His Falling Away From God Was the First Death of the Soul.
  16. Concerning the Philosophers Who Think that the Separation of Soul and Body is Not Penal, Though Plato Represents the Supreme Deity as Promising to the Inferior Gods that They Shall Never Be Dismissed from Their Bodies.
  17. Against Those Who Affirm that Earthly Bodies Cannot Be Made Incorruptible and Eternal.
  18. Of Earthly Bodies, Which the Philosophers Affirm Cannot Be in Heavenly Places, Because Whatever is of Earth is by Its Natural Weight Attracted to Earth.
  19. Against the Opinion of Those Who Do Not Believe that the Primitive Men Would Have Been Immortal If They Had Not Sinned.
  20. That the Flesh Now Resting in Peace Shall Be Raised to a Perfection Not Enjoyed by the Flesh of Our First Parents.
  21. Of Paradise, that It Can Be Understood in a Spiritual Sense Without Sacrificing the Historic Truth of the Narrative Regarding The Real Place.
  22. That the Bodies of the Saints Shall After the Resurrection Be Spiritual, and Yet Flesh Shall Not Be Changed into Spirit.
  23. What We are to Understand by the Animal and Spiritual Body; Or of Those Who Die in Adam, And of Those Who are Made Alive in Christ.
  24. How We Must Understand that Breathing of God by Which “The First Man Was Made a Living Soul,” And that Also by Which the Lord Conveyed His Spirit to His Disciples When He Said, “Receive Ye the Holy Ghost.”