The Divine Comedy/Inferno/Canto XII

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, translated by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Inferno, Canto XII
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, Translated by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Inferno, Canto XII (help | file info or download)
William Blake: Inferno, Canto XII,12-28, The Minotaur (The Seventh Circle)

The place where to descend the bank we came
   Was alpine, and from what was there, moreover,
   Of such a kind that every eye would shun it.

Such as that ruin is which in the flank
   Smote, on this side of Trent, the Adige,
   Either by earthquake or by failing stay,

For from the mountain's top, from which it moved,
   Unto the plain the cliff is shattered so,
   Some path 'twould give to him who was above;

Even such was the descent of that ravine,
   And on the border of the broken chasm
   The infamy of Crete was stretched along,

Who was conceived in the fictitious cow;
   And when he us beheld, he bit himself,
   Even as one whom anger racks within.

My Sage towards him shouted: "Peradventure
   Thou think'st that here may be the Duke of Athens,
   Who in the world above brought death to thee?

Get thee gone, beast, for this one cometh not
   Instructed by thy sister, but he comes
   In order to behold your punishments."

As is that bull who breaks loose at the moment
   In which he has received the mortal blow,
   Who cannot walk, but staggers here and there,

The Minotaur beheld I do the like;
   And he, the wary, cried: "Run to the passage;
   While he wroth, 'tis well thou shouldst descend."

Thus down we took our way o'er that discharge
   Of stones, which oftentimes did move themselves
   Beneath my feet, from the unwonted burden.

Thoughtful I went; and he said: "Thou art thinking
   Perhaps upon this ruin, which is guarded
   By that brute anger which just now I quenched.

Now will I have thee know, the other time
   I here descended to the nether Hell,
   This precipice had not yet fallen down.

But truly, if I well discern, a little
   Before His coming who the mighty spoil
   Bore off from Dis, in the supernal circle,

Upon all sides the deep and loathsome valley
   Trembled so, that I thought the Universe
   Was thrilled with love, by which there are who think

The world ofttimes converted into chaos;
   And at that moment this primeval crag
   Both here and elsewhere made such overthrow.

But fix thine eyes below; for draweth near
   The river of blood, within which boiling is
   Whoe'er by violence doth injure others."

O blind cupidity, O wrath insane,
   That spurs us onward so in our short life,
   And in the eternal then so badly steeps us!

I saw an ample moat bent like a bow,
   As one which all the plain encompasses,
   Conformable to what my Guide had said.

And between this and the embankment's foot
   Centaurs in file were running, armed with arrows,
   As in the world they used the chase to follow.

Beholding us descend, each one stood still,
   And from the squadron three detached themselves,
   With bows and arrows in advance selected;

And from afar one cried: "Unto what torment
   Come ye, who down the hillside are descending?
   Tell us from there; if not, I draw the bow."

My Master said: "Our answer will we make
   To Chiron, near you there; in evil hour,
   That will of thine was evermore so hasty."

Then touched he me, and said: "This one is Nessus,
   Who perished for the lovely Dejanira,
   And for himself, himself did vengeance take.

And he in the midst, who at his breast is gazing,
   Is the great Chiron, who brought up Achilles;
   That other Pholus is, who was so wrathful.

Thousands and thousands go about the moat
   Shooting with shafts whatever soul emerges
   Out of the blood, more than his crime allots."

Near we approached unto those monsters fleet;
   Chiron an arrow took, and with the notch
   Backward upon his jaws he put his beard.

After he had uncovered his great mouth,
   He said to his companions: "Are you ware
   That he behind moveth whate'er he touches?

Thus are not wont to do the feet of dead men."
   And my good Guide, who now was at his breast,
   Where the two natures are together joined,

Replied: "Indeed he lives, and thus alone
   Me it behoves to show him the dark valley;
   Necessity, and not delight, impels us.

Some one withdrew from singing Halleluja,
   Who unto me committed this new office;
   No thief is he, nor I a thievish spirit.

But by that virtue through which I am moving
   My steps along this savage thoroughfare,
   Give us some one of thine, to be with us,

And who may show us where to pass the ford,
   And who may carry this one on his back;
   For 'tis no spirit that can walk the air."

Upon his right breast Chiron wheeled about,
   And said to Nessus: "Turn and do thou guide them,
   And warn aside, if other band may meet you."

We with our faithful escort onward moved
   Along the brink of the vermilion boiling,
   Wherein the boiled were uttering loud laments.

People I saw within up to the eyebrows,
   And the great Centaur said: "Tyrants are these,
   Who dealt in bloodshed and in pillaging.

Here they lament their pitiless mischiefs; here
   Is Alexander, and fierce Dionysius
   Who upon Sicily brought dolorous years.

That forehead there which has the hair so black
   Is Azzolin; and the other who is blond,
   Obizzo is of Esti, who, in truth,

Up in the world was by his stepson slain."
   Then turned I to the Poet; and he said,
   "Now he be first to thee, and second I."

A little farther on the Centaur stopped
   Above a folk, who far down as the throat
   Seemed from that boiling stream to issue forth.

A shade he showed us on one side alone,
   Saying: "He cleft asunder in God's bosom
   The heart that still upon the Thames is honoured."

Then people saw I, who from out the river
   Lifted their heads and also all the chest;
   And many among these I recognised.

Thus ever more and more grew shallower
   That blood, so that the feet alone it covered;
   And there across the moat our passage was.

"Even as thou here upon this side beholdest
   The boiling stream, that aye diminishes,"
   The Centaur said, "I wish thee to believe

That on this other more and more declines
   Its bed, until it reunites itself
   Where it behoveth tyranny to groan.

Justice divine, upon this side, is goading
   That Attila, who was a scourge on earth,
   And Pyrrhus, and Sextus; and for ever milks

The tears which with the boiling it unseals
   In Rinier da Corneto and Rinier Pazzo,
   Who made upon the highways so much war."

Then back he turned, and passed again the ford.