The New International Encyclopædia/Gilman, Daniel Coit
GILMAN, Daniel Coit (1831—). An American educator. Born in Norwich, Conn. He came from a New Hampshire family which migrated from Norfolk, England, in 1638. After graduation at Yale in 1852, he studied and traveled in Europe. In 1855 he entered the service of his alma mater and remained in it until 1872, as librarian, professor of physical and political geography, and secretary of the Sheffield Scientific School. He then was made president of the University of California. In 1875 he was called to the presidency of the newly founded Johns Hopkins University of Baltimore, and retained this office for twenty-five years. After his resignation he was chosen president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. He also served as president of many educational and philanthropic associations, and received many honorary diplomas. President Cleveland appointed him one of the commissioners to determine the true boundaries of Venezuela; he served as one of the Charter Commission of Baltimore; and was made president of the National Civil Service Reform League, and of the American Oriental Society. As a member of three boards — the Peabody, the Slater, and the General Education Board — he became active in the promotion of education in the South. His publications include a large number of reports and magazine articles, an introduction to Lieber's minor writings, an introduction to De Tocqueville's Democracy in America, a volume of speeches and essays entitled University Problems, a small volume on Science and Letters in Yale, and a memoir of James Dwight Dana, the geologist. To the American Statesmen Series he contributed a memoir of President Monroe. In 1901 he became one of the three general editors of the New International Encyclopædia. — His brother, Edward Whiting (1823-1900), was born at Norwich, Conn., graduated at Yale University in 1843, and, after studying theology at the Union Theological Seminary and the Yale Divinity School, became a Congregational minister. For twenty years prior to his death he was corresponding secretary of the American Bible Society, being chiefly concerned with its wide foreign correspondence.