The New Student's Reference Work/Becquerel Rays

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The New Student's Reference Work (1914)
Becquerel Rays
See also Radioactive decay on Wikipedia, and the disclaimer.

Becquerel (bēk'rĕl') Rays. About one year after Röntgen made his beautiful discovery that X-rays could be produced by the use of an induction coil and a vacuum tube, a French physicist, M. Henri Becquerel, found that the metal uranium and its compounds are continually emitting rays which possess almost exactly the same properties as X-rays. This new radiation which is emitted spontaneously by uranium has received the name Becquerel rays. Experiments have shown that these rays possess the following properties:

1. They are propagated in straight lines, as is ordinary light.

2. They affect the photographic plate, as does ordinary light, though in a much less degree.

3. They traverse thin plates of opaque bodies, unlike ordinary light.

4. They are not reflected, refracted or polarized, as is ordinary light.

5. They render the air through which they pass a conductor of electricity, or, as the chemist says, they ionize air.

A full account of this discovery is to be found in Becquerel's papers, which are published in the Comptes Rendus for the first few months of 1896.