The Perth gazette and Western Australian journal/Volume 1/Number 10
His Honour the Lieutenant Governor has thought proper
in the Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal, signed
communications made to those persons to whom they may
BY COMMAND OF HIS HONOUR THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR. to direct, that all public communications, which may appear
with any Official Signature, are to be considered as Official
PETER BROWN, COLONIAL SECRETARY
VOL. I.] [No. 10
SATURDAY, MARCH 9th, 1833
Surveyor General's Office, Perth,
8th day of March, 1833.
His Honor the Lieutenant Governor in Council has granted the following Town Allotments.
|A||16.||John S. Roe.|
|A||17.||Richard Mc. B. Brown.|
|W||4.||Charles F. Leroux.|
|W||27.||Charles R. B. Norcott.|
|X||25.||Henry W. Reveley.|
|23.||William & Peter Chidlow.|
|24.||William & Peter Chidlow.|
|Suburban K. Rebecca W. Morgan.|
The Assignment of the under mentioned building Allotments in Fremantle will be delivered on applying to the Civil Commissioner there, and paying him the amount chargeable for the corner boundary stakes.
|422.||W. N. Clark & C. Spyers,|
|427.||W. N. Clark & C. Spyers.|
|449.||Alexander Collie & R Sholl|
|450,||Alexander Collie & R Sholl|
|451.||Alexander Collie & R Sholl|
|16.||Mary Ann Bolger.|
|17.||Mary Ann Bolger.|
|120.||Robert M. Lyon.|
|S||10.||George F. Moore.|
|S||30.||John P. Lyttleton.|
|S||31.||John P. Lyttleton.|
|B||10.||George F. Moore.|
|B||28.||Edward J. Lyttleton.|
|S||39.||A. Collie, and R. Sholl,|
|S||40.||A. Collie, and R. Sholl.|
|92.||Sarah J. Lyttleton.|
|B||5. Suburban. John P. Lyttleton|
|A.||9. ditto George F. Moore|
|A||II, Suburban Jacob Toby|
|A||Suburban. John Harford.|
J. S. ROE.
NOTICE is hereby given, that the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the Colony of Western Australia, will be holden at the Court-House at Fremantle, on Monday, the first day of April next, at the hour of nine in the forenoon.
Dated the 8th day of March, 1833,
- A. H. Stone,
- Clerk of the Peace.
- A. H. Stone,
FOR PORT AUGUSTA,
Will Sail on the 15th Instant
THE Barque CYGNET, Captain John Rolls.—For Freight or Passage apply to the Captain; or, to
- Fremantle, March 1st, 1833.
FARMS TO LET.
1st. Cheltenham Farm on the Canning River, consisting of 5,300 acres, belonging to Messrs Clark and Spyers, will be let on an improving lease at a moderate rent. There is a good house on the property, and 14 acres of excellent soil have been cultivated. The straw will be given up to the tenant. This is an excellent station for a store and public House.
2nd. 107 acres on the Fremantle side of the Canning, nearly cleared of wood, extending along the bank of the river for one mile and a half, and consisting of excellent alluvial soil.
These farms will be let together, or separately as may be agreed on.—Apply to W. N. Clark, Solicitor.
Fremantle, March 4th, 1833.
At the Stores of the undersigned.
Strong Scotch Ale, Pale Ale, and London double brown Stout in wood and bottle, Brandy, Rum, Hollands, Port, Madeira, Sherry, Claret, and other wines. Sugars, of all qualities,—Tobacco, Segars, Vinegar, Pickles, Chocolate, Raisins, Starch, Blue, Gentlemens Boots, Coats, Waistcoats, and Trowsers, Ladies Bonnets and Scarfs. Writing Paper, &c &c. &c. Masts, Topmasts, Yards, Chain Cable and Anchor for a Ship of 500 tons, the hulk of the Ship Rockingham. Also to be let, or sold, a fine boat of 12 tons, and 3 neat Cottages near the Cantonment.
- William Lamb
Fremantle January 30th. 1833.
On Ensign Dale's Grant between Mr. Yule's and Mr. Brockman's a Pistol of superior description. Whoever has lost the same, may have it on application, to Samuel Ives, at Mr. Phillips,s, Canning River, by paying all expenses.
March 4th, 1833.
STORES, OF THE UNDERSIGNED.
Perth, and Fremantle, Jan. 24th, 1833
Dunbars Bottled Stout.
Ale in hogsheads,
Irish Prime Mess Pork,
Snuff in Canisters,
Spades, Pick Axes,
Men's Strong Shoes
Cart and Waggon Wheels,
Shot, Iron and Steel in Bars,
Tin Mugs, Pickles,
Pitch and Tar,
White, Black and Green Paint,
Fine and Common Black and Green Teas,
Seeds, Stationery and Account Books,
The MAIL for England and the Cape of Good Hope via Mauritius, per Cygnet, Captain Rolls, will be closed on Friday next the 15th instant..
March 1st, 1833.
Before the Rev. J. B. Wittenoom, and J. MorganThomas Powley was charged by J. Light, carpenter with an assault on Wednesday last, and with having damaged a pair of trowsers his property The Defendant denied the charge, but was ultimately after a very patient investigation, ordered to pay their value to the Complainant with only half the expenses, (Light paying the other half,) as it appeared by the evidence that the parties were not sober at the time, and that the whole affair had its origin in a drunken frolic. With this discussion Light did not appear to be at all satisfied, and declared his intention to carry his complaint to the Quarter Sessions During the examination the Magistrates took occasion to remark upon the extraordinary conduct of some persons, who whilst complaining of high prices, and the scarsity of money, readily found a sufficient supply for the purpose of getting drunk, and afterwards came forward in the most shameless manner, to occupy their time with their drunken squabbles, or to the interference of the Magistrates in favour of their unforutenate families, who are in most cases left to starvation, or to provide for themselves.
Arrived.—On the 4th inst., the Government Schooner Ellen, Capt. Toby, from King George's Sound, and Augusta. With His Honor the Lieutenant Governor, Ensign R. Dale, Colonial Aid de Camp, G. F Moore Esquire—and four natives; five originally embarked, but Gyalepert as it will be perceived by a narrative in another portion of our part, left at Augusta. The names of the four are, Manyat, Moopey, Tatan a Boy, and the King of the King George s tribe Wayton Walter.
Lying in Gages Roads.—The Cygnet,—The Jolly Rambler, and the Government Schooner Ellen.
Owing to a sudden attack of illness, we have been prevented from lending sufficient assistance this week in the operative part of this Journal, to insure its completion. We must therefore solicit the indulgence of our Readers, which the circumstances we trust, will not aollw us to plead for in vain.
We refer our readers to the letter of "An early Settler," which we anticipate will be perused with interest. The statements of the writer may be relied on. His general knowledge of these matters, to which he has devoted considerable attention, leaves no doubt, but that his list comprises all the established plants in the Colony; should any however have escaped him, we hope some of our correspondents will supply the defficiency.
To the Editor of the Gazette.
The importance of Agriculture, and Horticulture to man, has been acknowledged, in all ages of the world; but it is only the first Settlers in the wilderness, who become fully aware, by experience, of all the advantages they derive from these useful arts. From being necessarily left for some time, without the fruits of the Earth they become better able to appreciate the labours of those friends of the human race who first brought into cultivation the Wheat, the Vine, the Olive, the Fig, the Apple, the Pear, the Potatoe, and a variety of other useful Grains and Plants. With the exception of Sir Walter Raleigh, who is known to have introduced the Potatoe into England, and who met with a very ungrateful return, for that, and other services he rendered his country, their names, and the days in which they lived are long since forgotten. The establishment of a public Journal in the infant state of this colony gives us an opportunity of recording the progress we make in Agriculture, and its sister art, and at the same time, of giving important information to such Settlers as are about to leave England, and other parts for this colony, as by knowing what we have they will be able to judge what we require. I shall confine myself in this letter to such fruit trees, and other useful plants as I have observed to be well established in the colony, leaving the flower garden for another opportunity.
An early Settler.
Vitis Vinifera, Common Grape.— The Vine which grows so strong in the Government garden at Perth, appears by the fruit to be the Royal Muscadine.
Ficus Carica, The common Fig.—I have seen two varieties in the colony, both from the Cape without names.
Pérsica Vulgaris, Common Peach.— We have many seedling Peaches; a small plant of the Violette Hative has reached the colony alive per Cygnet it is not yet established.
Amygdalus Communia, Common Almond,— Plenty in the colony from seed.
Pyrus Malus, Common Apple,— We have several sorts in the colony, but their names are lost except a small plant of the Nonpareil arrived per Cygnet.
—Communis, Common Pear—The only Pear trees I have seen alive in the colony are seedling plants.
Fragaria Virginiana, Virginian Strawberry.—Variety very abundant in the colony.
Prunus Spinosa, Common Sloes.—Institia Bullace. Several varieties of Plum, A small plant of the Orleans plum has reached the colony alive per Cygnet
Olea Europea, common Olive,— We have four variety's of the Olive well established in the colony.
Morus Nigra, common Mulberry,— A small plant has reached the colony per Cygnet.
Morus Alba, White Mulberry— Well established in the colony.
Bromelia Ananas, common Pine Apple—Thrives in the colony in the open air, from September to May, but requires the protection of a frame in the winter of this climate
Musa Paradisica, common Plantain,— This plant may now be seen in fruit in the Government garden.
Sacharum, Officinarum common Sugar Cane, very luxuriant in the Government Garden.
Phormium Tenex, Flax lily.— Well established in the colony.
Physalis Peruviana, — called here the Cape Gooseberry; Very abundant in the colony.
At a meeting of the Agricultural Society held at Guildford, on the first Instant, Mr. Whitfield, in the Chair.
It was resolved, that a communication be made (through the Secretary,) to the local Government stating it to be the opinion of the Society, that the cultivation of Wheat in the colony this year would be greatly increased, by the Government guaranteeing to the Settlers a certain remunerating price for his surplus Wheat, otherwise the quantity of wheat cuitivated for the ensuing harvest, would be smaller than the last, and we should again have to depend in a great measure on a supply from the neighbouring colonies; 15 shillings per bushel was, by many gentlemen present, considered to be a fair remunerating price, and not more than the average price of wheat since the first establishment of the colony.
Two new members Mr. W. K. Shenton, and Mr. C. Boyd, were ballotted for and duly elected, and it was resolved, that for the future the Secretary shall whenever practicable, give timely notice, by advertisement in the Gazette, of each quarterly and intermediate meetings of the Society.
Some discussion took place respecting the proriety of laying before His Honor the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the inconvenience and delay experienced by Settlers in getting their produce &c over the flats, but as it appeared by a notice in our columns that the Government had taken it in hand, by offering to receive tenders for improving a part of the Flats, the motion was withdrawn.
SALE OF STOCK AT PERTH
On Wednesday last, pursuant to advertisement a sale of Stock took place at Mr. Wells' Stockyard Perth, which although not numerously, was respectably attended. It was remarked that they were disposed of at a sacrifice; we should venture to differ from the opinion of those gentlemen, we however quote the prices, leaving those who are better acquainted with these matters to draw their own conclusions; all we would remark, is, if these are not remunerating prices the sooner our foreign neighbours are apprized of the circumstance the better. A cow, £24. A cow and calf £34. A Steer £21. ditto £15. A Mare in bad condition £29. Mare and foal £24. Horse (Henry) £30.
The horses were sold at low prices, but when it is taken into consideration that they were not working horses, animals most in demand here at present, some allowance may be made for the paucity of bidders.
Visit of His Honor the Lieutenant Governor to the Outports
A gentleman, who accompanied His Honor in this interesting trip, has obligingly forwarded us with the following particulars.
"On Monday, the 4th instant, the Lieutenant Governor arrived at Fremantle in the Ellen Schooner, having been occupied for the period of three weeks on a tour of inspection of the outports of King George's Sound and Augusta. His Honor was highly gratified with his excursion, and pleased with the progress of this part of the Colony. Several Gardens at the former settlement were in a high state of cultivation, and some peach trees were seen loaded with fruit. "The farm," cultivated by Mr. Morley had yielded a good harvest of wheat.—The settlers were contented and happy, and on the most ameable footing with the natives, many of whom were employed in carrying wood and water, and performing other services for which they were regularly remunerated; frequent instances occur of their bringing in oysters, wallabies, and fish in barter for bread. The return of Gyalepert and Manyat was very seasonable, as the tribe began to shew symptoms of uneasiness at their protracted stay, and inclined to impute a want of faith to the white people on that account. They were received with every sign of attachment, and several from the neighbouring tribes came in to welcome them; and held their corrobaries every night, in honor of the presence of the Governor, before whom they seemed proud to display every variety of their singular mode of dancing. Presents of knives were made to those who were most deserving from their good conduct, and blankets and tomahawks were left to be disposed of hereafter occasionally in a similar manner. Every unmarried man volunteered without exception to return to Swan River, out of whom six were selected who were considered most intelligent and docile. One of them "Waynton" is generally considered as the King or head of the King George's tribe. A good deal of anxiety was shown by the relatives who remained behind, with respect to the safety of those who came to Swan River, and it is to be hoped they will meet with that uniform kind treatment which is so well merited by their implicit confidence in us.
At Augusta, Garden vegetables had been produced in abundance, and grain crops, as far as they had been cultivated, yielded a very fair return, but the heavy expense of clearing the ground had confined the agricultural operations to a limited extent. The land in this district being rich, but thickly timbered and difficult to clear. Several of the settlers contemplated removing their establishments to Port Vasse, where there are open plains of rich pasture land, as soon as they could procure flocks. The distance from the Settlement is about 40 miles, the greater part of the way has the advantage of water carriage on the river Blackwood. On preparing to embark from this Port, Gyalepert declared his intention of remaining with a tribe of natives with whom he had spent the preceding night, every means of persuasion was had recourse to in vain to induce him to proceed on board the ship, but his resolution seemed fixed to remain a short time with these natives, and to proceed from there to King George's Sound. This which was at first looked upon as a vexatious occurrence may turn out advantageous if he reaches the Settlement in safety, as it may serve to spread more effectually among them, the knowledge both of our power and good will towards them.As great advantages may be derived from an occasional visit of the Governor to the out-ports, it is not unlikely that such visits may hereafter be continued at stated periods."
To the Editor of the Gazette
The following is a copy of the original draft of a letter which may be interesting to the public. I need not point out the importance to the Settlement of a river in the situation and of the magnitude described. Let an attempt be made and, let us see whether it exist or not.
Some have laughed at the idea of the natives, being taught to work. The whole of the timber, if I am correctly informed, for the building of the Bush Inn, was carried to the site by them. They carried in one day, 8,000 feet. I refer the skeptics to Mr. Butler of fresh water bay, for further information. But those who would have them to work, must treat them like men, not like brutes. The local Government ought to place them on a farm by themselves; and there get them instructed in the arts of civilized life, and, in what is of infinitely more importance to these poor savages, the principles of Christianity.
Spring Mount, March 4th, 1833.
To His Honor the Lieutenant Governor in Council.
Woodbridge Nov. 26th, 1832
Yon will probably desire to know how far the plan lately adopted with regard to the Native prisoners, promises to lead to any amelioration of the condition of the native tribes,
I am happy to be able to state for your information, that so far as the opportunity was afforded of carrying the plan into effect, it was attended with complete success. Up to the very evening on which they made their escape, the experiment was more and more satisfactory. The savageness of their disposition was modified; they were becoming cleanly in their persons, cheerful in their manners, and orderly in their habits; their health improved; they were rapidly acquiring a knowledge of English; their conduct at divine service was respectful; and, of the practicability of teaching them to work and maintain themselves by their own industry, no doubt could remain on the mind of the most skeptical. A few weeks longer and a treaty of peace might have been concluded through them, with all the native tribes; and, this accomplished, they would have become exceedingly useful in exploring the country. But the moral impression made upon them at Carnac, has, I am satisfied, rendered all this, and much more, attainable.
I have acquired a small portion of the native language, the geographical names of all places of any consequence within the Settlement; the names of the chiefs of all the tribes with whom we are more immediately connected; together with the boundaries of their respective districts.
I have also acquired some important geographical information, beyond the present boundaries of the Colony.
The country to the Southward has been partially explored. But of the countries to the North and the East, we are entirely ignorant. To these quarters I therefore directed my attention.
To the North is a stream called the Gyngoorda. It seems § to be the outlet to the lake into which Lennard s brook or the Boora, discharges itself; and the Boora seems § to be a continuation of the Avon, called in the native language the Gogulger. The Gyngoorda is probably Bannisters river.
To the North and next to the Gyngoorda, are the Bookal and the Mooler, which apparently unite after the manner of the Swan, and the Canning. Some of the government stock have found their way to the banks of the mooler. These rivers abound with fish; and the timber on their banks is said to be lofty.
To the West of the Mooler and almost adjoining the coast, is the Yardlegarro; a large sheet of water, described to be fresh, and very deep. Indeed the whole of the country, in the vicinity of the Bookal and the Mooler, appears to abound with lakes.
But the existence of a large river passing the Settlement on the East and the North, will be a discovery of the greatest importance. This river; which bears three different names, accordingly to the countries through which it passes, rises in Goodengora, under the name of the Wilgy. Passing Bargo, where there is a chief called Wulbabong, it assumes the name of the Gatta; and, after a circuitous course through a great extent of country, it takes the name of the Margyningara; after which, turning westward it falls into the ocean, some where to the North of the Mooler.
To the North of the Margyningara, is the Narnagootin, of which I know nothing beyond the name.
I am rather at a loss to form a correct estimate of their ideas of distance and magnitude. But after making all the allowances on this ground which I conceive to be necessary, I have reason to believe the information here communicated will be found to beperfectly correct.
Such are the results of one month's intercourse with the native prisoners, taken at Point Belcher. I mention this not from any feeling of vanity, but to demonstrate the practicability of acquiring the native language.
There is in fact no obstacle whatever to the civilizing of the native tribes; unless it be found in the backwardness of the local Government. But I trust the reins are in the hands of men, who will do honor to themselves and the country they serve A nigardly policy will not only sacrifice the peace. of the Settlement for years, but will cost the Government and the country an expense hereafter, of which they have no conception. Thirty thousand pounds, if I am correctly informed, will not cover the expenses of a sister colony, during the last three years only, in pacifying the natives—not to mention the great sacrifice of human life in the sanguinary conflicts which so repeatedly occurred between them and the settlers—and all in consequence of the unwise policy originally pursued.
I must not forget to observe, that the natives of this Country, are naturally possessed of all the finer feelings that, when cultivated, adorn the human character. I am therefore bound to contradict the statements that have gone abroad upon this subject On this point Colonel Hanson was in error. That gentleman must have received his information from those who knew nothing of them. Yagan, allowed by every one to be, of savages the most savage, wept with gratitude after I saved his life, and expressed his sense of the kindness shown to him in the strongest terms Yet this is the man who, in the midst of his guards, on a small island, where his life must have been the forfeit, could seize his spear; and, erect in all the pride of his native independence, determine to sell his life dearly, rather than submit even to an insult. Such are the men you have to deal with in the natives of Western Australia. I need not add, that your best policy is to make peace with them, before they get a knowledge of your manners and tactics.
I would strongly recommend exploring parties to the East and the North. And my services are at the command of the local Government for this purpose. Indeed I am desirous of going that I may have an opportunity of communicating with the native tribes in those quarters, before the country be contaminated with the visage of European immorality.
My vocabulary is ready to be presented to the the Council; and I shall be happy to read it, and answer any questions you may desire to ask of me.
- I have the honor to be Sir,
- Your obedient Servant
- I have the honor to be Sir,
I am ready to join Captain Ellis and Mr. Norcott; and under proper arrangements, to prosecute the work of making peace with the natives, either on Melville water, the Canning, the Murray, Ellen's brook, or the Avon; or, for a time to go into exile on the Boora, the Gyngoorda, the Mooler, or the Margyningara, And I have no doubt, under the blessing of the Most High, that in the course of one twelve month, I shall be able to present one, if not more of the native tribes, at Perth on Sunday to attend divine service and benefit by the Ministerial labours of the Colonial Chaplain. In the mean time I earnestly intreat that a stop be put either by proclation or otherwise, to the wanton and unprovoked attacks made upon the native tribes at all convenient opportunities by our own people. The tribe of the quiet and inoffensive Yellowgonga, was lately fired upon while fishing on the river, driven into the bush and plundered of their fish. The cry of this deeply injured race must be heard by the judge of all the earth; and their blood will assuredly call for vengence. I would suggest that the proclamation strictly forbid them to be molested; while peaceably encamping, travelling, fishing, or hunting, They are called British subjects; and rewards ought to be offered for the apprehension of those who wantonly and wilfully murder them, without any provocation.
§ They approximate. I am not certain that in either case, there is a continuation.
To the Editor of the Perth Gazette,
Finding it widely circulated, and, from my silence, very generally believed, that I had charge of the Native prisoners while I resided with them at Carnac, I feel it due to my own better to state, publicly, that the report is utterly incorrect. While at Carnac, I had neither appointment nor salary from the local Government, I merely obtained permission from His Honor the Lieutenant Governor, to go there for the purpose of acquiring the native language and of communicating to the Natives some knowledge of christianity; and this I did entirely at my own expense. I had therefore nothing to do with the custody of the prisoners; and consequently could not be charged with allowing them to make their escape.
March 4th, 1833,
FIRE AT POINT WALTER,
We have received information that either on Sunday night last or early on Monday morning, the House at point walter the property of Mr. Waylen, which was recently occupied by Mr. Smythers, was burnt to the ground it is supposed by the Natives. The natives were put across the river on Sunday morning by Mr Butler, and remained in the neighbourhood during the day, which leaves a natural inference, that they were the incendiaries, indeed we have heard that Jones Mr. Butler s servant, was passing on the Monday morning and saw the house in flames, with the natives dancing around it. Willis and Foulks went there for the purpose of fishing, but were driven away, and an attempt was made to seize the boat, which they repulsed. On Monday morning after the mischief was done, a party of the natives came down to Preston Point, and were ferried across by Mr. Weavell's men. The risk even from casual fires, of leaving premises situated as these were, at a distance of three or four miles from any other house, is very great, we are surprised therefore, that this properly was so neglected. We cannot agree with those who reproach the Government, for not offering sufficient protection to the property of settlers; in this case the charge is truly absurd; it will scarcely be asserted that Government are required to furnish a guard for every establishment, which circumstances may render it advisable to abandon for a period, as in this instance. We are not aware, whether the following report which has been communicated to us by our Fremantle Correspondent, has reached headquarters, but if authenticated, it calls for some measures to prevent the recurrence of these annoyances.
"It was but a short time ago" our correspondent observes "that the natives came into Fremantle, in considerable numbers, and passing the Cantonment, broke into Foulk's house, and took away all the provisions they could find. They entered by breaking down the door and to gratify their inherent propensity for mischief demolished some of the windows, and window frames. Persons resident at the outskirts of the town, who are compelled by their occupations to leave their houses during the day, may reasonably look for some protection from these attacks.
BOY TOM. A few days ago a woman known by the name of Boy Tom, was knocked down by her husband—by public Auction, without reserve and with all faults, for the small sum of Ten pounds. The fair bargain is said to be perfectly satisfied with her haltered situation. It may be as well to remark that this price is by no means to be taken as a criterion of the market, which has been indifferently well supplied; and females of first chop meet with ready purchasers at remunerating prices.
That valuable Perth Allotment L. No. 39, next to the one occupied by Mr. Mews, Apply to
- William Lamb
- William Lamb
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