The miscellaneous botanical works of Robert Brown/Volume 1/Plants of Baffin's Bay

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LIST OF PLANTS

COLLECTED BY

THE OFFICERS, &c., IN CAPT. ROSS'S VOYAGE,

ON THE

COASTS OF BAFFIN'S BAY.


BY
ROBERT BROWN, F.R.S.



[Reprinted from "A Voyage of Discovery for the purpose of exploring Baffin's Bay," by John Ross, K.S., Captain Royal Navy. Appendix, pp. cxli–cxliv.]



LONDON:


1819.



[cxli

LIST OF PLANTS

COLLECTED ON THE

COASTS OF BAFFIN'S BAY,

From Lat. 70° 30' to 76° 12' on the East Side;

AND AT

POSSESSION BAY,

In Lat. 73° on the West Side.



The List is formed chiefly from Capt. Ross's collection; a considerable number of additional species to which (S.) is annexed, were collected by Capt. Edward Sabine, and a few marked (R) were received from Mr. Fisher, the surgeon of the Alexander.



TRIANDRIA.

Eriophorum polystachyon, Linn.
Alopecurus alpiuus, Smith, Flor. Brit. iii, p. 1386.
Agrostis algida, Phipps's Voy. p. 200. Wahlenb. Lapp. p. 25, t. i. (S.) Gramen sui generis.
——— paradoxa, nov. sp. Vix hujus, forsan proprii, generis.
Poa laxa, Willden. Sp. Pl. i, p. 386.


Hexandria.

Rumex digynus, L. Distinct um genus (Donia nob.[1]) efformat.


Decandria.

Andromeda tetragona, L.
Pyrola rotundifolia, L.? Absque floribus haud determinanda.

Saxifraga oppositifolia, L.

[cxlii

——— propinqua, nov. sp. S. Hirculo, cui proxima, minor, et diversa præsertim calycibus nudis et petalis inappendiculatis.
——— flagellaris, Sternberg, Saxifr. p. 25, t. 6. S. setigera, Pursh, Amer. i, p. 312. (F.)
——— tricuspidata, Willden Sp. Pl. ii, p. 657. (S.)
——— cæspitosa, L. Notis nonnullis differt, forsan distincta.
——— petiolaris, nov. sp. proxima S. rivulari. (S.)
——— cernua, L.
Silene acaulis, L.
Lychnis apetala, L.
Lychnis triflora, nov. sp. (S.)
Cerastium alpinum, L.


Icosandria.

Potentilla pulchella, nov. sp. P. sericeæ affinis. (S.)
——— grœnlandica, nov. sp.? nimis affinis P. frigidæ et Braunianæ. (S.)
Dryas integrifolia. Vahl in Flor. Dan. 1216.


Polyandria.

Papaver nudicaule, L.
Ranunculus —, sulphureus forte vel glacialis; species e fragmentis non determinauda. (F.)


Didynamia.

Pedicularis hirsuta, L.


clxiii

Tetradynamia.

Draba muricella, Wahlenb. Lapp. p. 174, t. xi, f. 2? (S.)
——— oblongata, nov. sp. (S.)
——— corymbosa, nov. sp.? præcedenti valde affinis et ambæ D. rupestri (Hort. Kew. iv, p. 91) proximæ. (S.)
Cochlearia fenestrata, nov. sp. A C. anglica et danica, quibus valde propinqua, differt valvulis subaveniis et dissepimenti elliptico-lauceolati axi dehiscente.


Syngenesia.

Leontodon Taraxacum, L.? varietas nana? vix species distincta.


Monœcia.

Carex compacta, nov. sp. C. pullæ affinis. (F.)


Diœcia.

Empetrum nigrum, L.
Salix arctica, nov. sp.
——— specimen mancum dubiæ speciei, præcedenti proximæ.


Polygamia.

Hierochloe alpina, Br. Holcus alpinus, Wahlenb. Lapp. p. 51. (S.)


Cryptogamia.

Lycopodium Selago, L. (S.)
Polytrichum juniperinum, Hooker and Taylor, Musc. Brit. p. 25.
Orthotrichum cupulatum, Musc. Brit. p. 72?
Trichostomum lanuginosum, Musc. Brit. p. 60.

Dicranum scoparium, Musc. Brit. p. 57.

[cxliv

Mnium turgidum, Wahlenb. Lapp. p. 351.
Bryum ———, absque capsulis.
Hypnum aduncum, L.
Jungermannia ———, fructificatione nulla.
Gyrophora hirsuta, Achar. Syn. p. 69. (S.)
——— erosa, Achar. Syn. p. 65. (S.)
Cetraria islandica, Achar. Syn. p. 229.
——— nivalis, Achar. Syn. p. 228.
Cenomyce rangiferina, Achar. Syn. p. 277.
——— fimbriata, Achar. Syn. p. 254?
Dufurea? rugosa, nov. sp.
Cornicularia bicolor, Achar. Syn. p. 301.
Usnea? ———, nov. sp.? absque scutellis.
Ulva crispa. Lightf. Scot. 972?


Algarum genus?? Confervis simplicissimis et Tremellæ cruentæ (Eng. Bot. 1800) quodammodo affine?? Minute globules, the colouring matter of the Red Snow, of which extensive patches were seen in lat. 76° 25' N., and long. 65° W.


  1. Corrected by Mr. Brown in the second edition of the voyage to "Oxyria, Hill."—Edit.