Translation:Mishnah/Seder Moed/Tractate Pesachim/Chapter 9/3

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Introduction[edit]

Mishnah 9:3 continues to interpret the laws of the second Passover in Numbers 9:9–13.

Hebrew Text[edit]

מה בין פסח ראשון לשני?

הראשון אסור
בבל יראה
ובל ימצא,

והשני,
מצה וחמץ עמו בבית.

הראשון טעון הלל באכילתו,
והשני אינו טעון הלל באכילתו.

זה וזה טעון הלל בעשיתן,
ונאכלין צלי על מצות ומרורים,
ודוחין את השבת.

English Translation[edit]

What is the difference between the first Passover and the second [Passover]?


The first [Passover] is subject to the prohibition that
“[Leaven] shall not be seen [with you]” (Exodus 13:7)
And “[leaven] shall not be found [in your houses]” (Exodus 12:19);

While at the second [Passover,
One may have both] leavened and unleavened bread in the house.


The first [Passover] requires [the reciting of] Hallel (Psalms 113–118) when [the Passover lamb] is eaten,
While the second [Passover] does not require [the reciting of] Hallel when it is eaten.


But both [first and second Passover] require [the reciting of] Hallel when they are offered,
And they [both] are eaten roasted with unleavened bread and bitter herbs,
And they [both] override the Sabbath.


Explanation[edit]

In the Babylonian Talmud, the discussion of Mishnah Pesachim 9:3 begins on Babylonian Talmud Pesachim 95a.