United States Statutes at Large/Volume 40/65th Congress/2nd Session/Chapter 81
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Public Acts of the Sixty-Fifth Congress, 2nd Session, Chapter 81
Chapter 81, Act of May 22, 1918, is also commonly known by its popular titles, the Travel Control Act, Passport Control Act and Entry and Departure Controls Act
May 22, 1918 [H. R. 10264.]
[Public, No. 154.]
Chap. 81.—An Act To prevent in time of war departure from or entry into the United States contrary to the public safety.
Acts of, made unlawful during time of war.
Post, p. 596.Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That when the United States is at war, if the President shall find that the public safety requires that restrictions and prohibitions in addition to those provided otherwise than by this Act be imposed upon the departure of persons from and their entry into the United States, Post, p. 1829.and shall make public proclamation thereof, it shall, until otherwise ordered by the President or Congress, be unlawful—
(a) Aliens violating prescribed rules.For any alien to depart from or enter or attempt to depart from or enter the United States except under such reasonable rules, regulations, and orders, and subject to such limitations and exceptions as the President shall prescribe;
(b) Transporting prohibited persons.For any person to transport or attempt to transport from or into the United States another person with knowledge or reasonable cause to believe that the departure or entry of such other person is forbidden by this Act;
(c) Making false applications for permits.For any person knowingly to make any false statement in an application for permission to depart from or enter the United States with intent to induce or secure the granting of such permission either for himself or for another;
(d) Furnishing false permits, etc.For any person knowingly to furnish or attempt to furnish or assist in furnishing to another a permit or evidence of permission to depart or enter not issued and designed for such other person's use;
(e) Using permit of another person.For any person knowingly to use or attempt to use any permit or evidence of permission to depart or enter not issued and designed for his use;
(f) Forging, etc., permits.For any person to forge, counterfeit, mutilate, or alter, or cause or procure to be forged, counterfeited, mutilated, or altered, any permit or evidence of permission to depart from or enter the United States;
(g) Using false, etc., permits.For any person knowingly to use or attempt to use or furnish to another for use any false, forged, counterfeited, mutilated, or altered permit, or evidence of permission, or any permit or evidence of permission which, though originally valid, has become or been made void or invalid.
Sec. 2. Passports required for all entries and departures of citizens.That after such proclamation as is provided for by the preceding section has been made and published and while said proclamation is in force, it shall, except as otherwise provided by the President, and subject to such limitations and exceptions as the President may authorize and prescribe, be unlawful for any citizen of the United States to depart from or enter or attempt to depart from or enter the United States unless he bears a valid passport.
Sec. 3. Punishment for violations.That any person who shall willfully violate any of the provisions of this Act, or of any order or proclamation of the President promulgated, or of any permit, rule, or regulation issued thereunder, shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or, if a natural person, imprisoned for not more than twenty years, or both; and the officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates in such violation shall be puns hod by like fine or imprisonment, or both; Forfeiture of vehicle, vessel, etc.and any vehicle or an vessel together with its or her appurtenances, equipment, tackle, apparel, and furniture, concerned in any such violation, shall be forfeited to the United States.
Sec. 4. Means of terms "United States."That the term "United States" as used in this Act includes the Canal Zone and all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
"Person."The word "person" as used herein shall be deemed to mean any individual, partnership, association, company, or other unincorporated body of individuals, or corporation, or body politic.
Approved, May 22, 1918.