| Public Law 111-154 |
Prevent All Cigarette Trafficking Act of 2009
|Pub.L. 111−154, 124 Stat. 1087, S. 1147, enacted March 31, 2010.|
To prevent tobacco smuggling, to ensure the collection of all tobacco taxes, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
Section 1. Short title; findings; purposes.
- (a) Short title.—This Act may be cited as the “Prevent All Cigarette Trafficking Act of 2009” or “PACT Act”.
- (b) Findings.—Congress finds that—
- (1) the sale of illegal cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products significantly reduces Federal, State, and local government revenues, with Internet sales alone accounting for billions of dollars of lost Federal, State, and local tobacco tax revenue each year;
- (2) Hezbollah, Hamas, al Qaeda, and other terrorist organizations have profited from trafficking in illegal cigarettes or counterfeit cigarette tax stamps;
- (3) terrorist involvement in illicit cigarette trafficking will continue to grow because of the large profits such organizations can earn;
- (4) the sale of illegal cigarettes and smokeless tobacco over the Internet, and through mail, fax, or phone orders, makes it cheaper and easier for children to obtain tobacco products;
- (5) the majority of Internet and other remote sales of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco are being made without adequate precautions to protect against sales to children, without the payment of applicable taxes, and without complying with the nominal registration and reporting requirements in existing Federal law;
- (6) unfair competition from illegal sales of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco is taking billions of dollars of sales away from law-abiding retailers throughout the United States;
- (7) with rising State and local tobacco tax rates, the incentives for the illegal sale of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco have increased;
- (8) the number of active tobacco investigations being conducted by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives rose to 452 in 2005;
- (9) the number of Internet vendors in the United States and in foreign countries that sell cigarettes and smokeless tobacco to buyers in the United States increased from only about 40 in 2000 to more than 500 in 2005; and
- (10) the intrastate sale of illegal cigarettes and smokeless tobacco over the Internet has a substantial effect on interstate commerce.
- (c) Purposes.—It is the purpose of this Act to—
- (1) require Internet and other remote sellers of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco to comply with the same laws that apply to law-abiding tobacco retailers;
- (2) create strong disincentives to illegal smuggling of tobacco products;
- (3) provide government enforcement officials with more effective enforcement tools to combat tobacco smuggling;
- (4) make it more difficult for cigarette and smokeless tobacco traffickers to engage in and profit from their illegal activities;
- (5) increase collections of Federal, State, and local excise taxes on cigarettes and smokeless tobacco; and
- (6) prevent and reduce youth access to inexpensive cigarettes and smokeless tobacco through illegal Internet or contraband sales.
Sec. 2. Collection of State cigarette and smokeless tobacco taxes.
- (a) Definitions.—The Act of October 19, 1949 (15 U.S.C. 375 et seq.; commonly referred to as the “Jenkins Act”) (referred to in this Act as the “Jenkins Act”), is amended by striking the first section and inserting the following:
Section 1. Definitions.
- “As used in this Act, the following definitions apply:
- “(1) Attorney general.—The term ‘attorney general’, with respect to a State, means the attorney general or other chief law enforcement officer of the State.
- “(2) Cigarette.—
- “(A) In general.—The term ‘cigarette’—
- “(i) has the meaning given that term in section 2341 of title 18, United States Code; and
- “(ii) includes roll-your-own tobacco (as defined in section 5702 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986).
- “(B) Exception.—The term ‘cigarette’ does not include a cigar (as defined in section 5702 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986).
- “(3) Common carrier.—The term ‘common carrier’ means any person (other than a local messenger service or the United States Postal Service) that holds itself out to the general public as a provider for hire of the transportation by water, land, or air of merchandise (regardless of whether the person actually operates the vessel, vehicle, or aircraft by which the transportation is provided) between a port or place and a port or place in the United States.
- “(4) Consumer.—The term ‘consumer’—
- “(A) means any person that purchases cigarettes or smokeless tobacco; and
- “(B) does not include any person lawfully operating as a manufacturer, distributor, wholesaler, or retailer of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco.
- “(5) Delivery sale.—The term ‘delivery sale’ means any sale of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco to a consumer if—
- “(A) the consumer submits the order for the sale by means of a telephone or other method of voice transmission, the mails, or the Internet or other online service, or the seller is otherwise not in the physical presence of the buyer when the request for purchase or order is made; or
- “(B) the cigarettes or smokeless tobacco are delivered to the buyer by common carrier, private delivery service, or other method of remote delivery, or the seller is not in the physical presence of the buyer when the buyer obtains possession of the cigarettes or smokeless tobacco.
- “(6) Delivery seller.—The term ‘delivery seller’ means a person who makes a delivery sale.
- “(7) Indian country.—The term ‘Indian country’—
- “(A) has the meaning given that term in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code, except that within the State of Alaska that term applies only to the Metlakatla Indian Community, Annette Island Reserve; and
- “(B) includes any other land held by the United States in trust or restricted status for one or more Indian tribes.
- “(8) Indian tribe.—The term ‘Indian tribe’, ‘tribe’, or ‘tribal’ refers to an Indian tribe as defined in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(e)) or as listed pursuant to section 104 of the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 479a–1).
- “(9) Interstate commerce.—
- “(A) In general.—The term ‘interstate commerce’ means commerce between a State and any place outside the State, commerce between a State and any Indian country in the State, or commerce between points in the same State but through any place outside the State or through any Indian country.
- “(B) Into a State, place, or locality.—A sale, shipment, or transfer of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco that is made in interstate commerce, as defined in this paragraph, shall be deemed to have been made into the State, place, or locality in which such cigarettes or smokeless tobacco are delivered.
- “(10) Person.—The term ‘person’ means an individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, State government, local government, Indian tribal government, governmental organization of such a government, or joint stock company.
- “(11) State.—The term ‘State’ means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States.
- “(12) Smokeless tobacco.—The term ‘smokeless tobacco’ means any finely cut, ground, powdered, or leaf tobacco, or other product containing tobacco, that is intended to be placed in the oral or nasal cavity or otherwise consumed without being combusted.
- “(13) Tobacco tax adminstrator.—The term ‘tobacco tax administrator’ means the State, local, or tribal official duly authorized to collect the tobacco tax or administer the tax law of a State, locality, or tribe, respectively.
- “(14) Use.—The term ‘use’ includes the consumption, storage, handling, or disposal of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco.”.
- (b) Reports to State tobacco tax administrators.—Section 2 of the Jenkins Act (15 U.S.C. 376) is amended—
- (1) by striking “cigarettes” each place it appears and inserting “cigarettes or smokeless tobacco”;
- (2) in subsection (a)—
- (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)—
- (i) by inserting “Contents.—” after “(a)”;
- (ii) by striking “or transfers” and inserting “, transfers, or ships”;
- (iii) by inserting “, locality, or Indian country of an Indian tribe” after “a State”;
- (iv) by striking “to other than a distributor licensed by or located in such State,”; and
- (v) by striking “or transfer and shipment” and inserting “, transfer, or shipment”;
- (B) in paragraph (1)—
- (i) by striking “with the tobacco tax administrator of the State” and inserting “with the Attorney General of the United States and with the tobacco tax administrators of the State and place”; and
- (ii) by striking “; and” and inserting the following: “, as well as telephone numbers for each place of business, a principal electronic mail address, any website addresses, and the name, address, and telephone number of an agent in the State authorized to accept service on behalf of the person;”;
- (C) in paragraph (2), by striking “and the quantity thereof.” and inserting “the quantity thereof, and the name, address, and phone number of the person delivering the shipment to the recipient on behalf of the delivery seller, with all invoice or memoranda information relating to specific customers to be organized by city or town and by zip code; and”; and
- (D) by adding at the end the following:
- “(3) with respect to each memorandum or invoice filed with a State under paragraph (2), also file copies of the memorandum or invoice with the tobacco tax administrators and chief law enforcement officers of the local governments and Indian tribes operating within the borders of the State that apply their own local or tribal taxes on cigarettes or smokeless tobacco.”;
- (3) in subsection (b)—
(A) by inserting “Presumptive Evidence.—” after “(b)”;
(B) by striking “(1) that” and inserting “that”; and
(C) by striking “, and (2)” and all that follows and inserting a period; and
- (4) by adding at the end the following:
“(c) Use of information.—A tobacco tax administrator or chief law enforcement officer who receives a memorandum or invoice under paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a) shall use the memorandum or invoice solely for the purposes of the enforcement of this Act and the collection of any taxes owed on related sales of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, and shall keep confidential any personal information in the memorandum or invoice except as required for such purposes.”.
Approved March 31, 2010.
- CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 156 (2010):
- Mar. 11, considered and passed Senate.
- Mar. 17, considered and passed House.
- CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 156 (2010):