User:Mtmelendez/Munich

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See also: Wikisource:Munich for works about or related to Munich.

Selected works about Munich[edit]

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
- [[Mtmelendez|]] Munich
See also Munich on Wikipedia; and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.

MUNICH (Ger. München), a city of Germany, capital of the kingdom of Bavaria, and the third largest town in the German Empire. It is situated on an elevated plain, on the river Isar, 25 m. N. of the foot-hills of the Alps, about midway between Strassburg and Vienna. Owing to its lofty site (1700 ft. above the sea) and the proximity of the Alps, the climate is changeable, and its mean annual temperature, 49° to 50° F., is little higher than that of many places much farther to the north. The annual rainfall is nearly 30 in. Munich lies at the centre of an important network of railways connecting it directly with Strassburg (for Paris), Cologne, Leipzig, Berlin, Rosenheim (for Vienna) and Innsbruck (for Italy via the Brenner pass), which converge in a central station.

More information on Munich from 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica


Munich, mü'nik, or Munchen, mün'Hĕn, Germany, the capital of Bavaria, considered to be "the most uniformly beautiful city in Europe," lies on an extensive but uninteresting plateau, about 1,700 feet above sea-level, on the left bank of the Isar, with suburbs on the right, the river being crossed by nine bridges. The original nucleus of the town was at one time surrounded by walls and ditches, and entered by lofty turreted gates. The ditches have been filled up and the walls removed, but three of the old gates, with their loopholed and embattled flanking towers, still remain. In the older part of the town there are many old houses, irregular both in size and form, and of quaint but not unpicturesque architecture. This quarter, though it contains the government offices and many public edifices, is surpassed, both in extent and magnificence, by the new town, which has risen chiefly to the north and west, with almost unexampled rapidity and splendor, due to the art-loving proclivities of King Ludwig I. and his successors, who spent over 7,000,000 thalers in beautifying the city, and adorning it with buildings of almost every style of architecture, wide and handsome streets, and squares and gardens decorated with statues and other monuments. Near the centre of the city, between the Max-Joseph-Platz and the palace gardens, is the royal palace. consisting of an old central building of vast extent and two modern wings. From this great pile run at right angles to each other the two finest streets in Munich—the Maximilianstrasse and the Ludwigstrasse. The chief public buildings are the old town-house and the new, the latter in the Gothic style, considerably enlarged in 1899: the old palace and the Herzog Max Burg, now used as public offices; the post-office; the central station (1880); the chief customs house (1876-9); and the new palace of justice (1897).

More information on Munich from Tbe Americana 1906


Collier 1701
Munick
See also Munich on Wikipedia,

MUNICK, or Munich, on the Iser, Lat. Monachum and Monachium. The Chief Town of Bavaria in Germany, and the Residence of the Dukes, is counted one of the pleasantest and strongest of Germany. It was built in 962, and walled about by Duke Otho in 1156, or 57. The Prince's Court is extraordinary Polite, and the Palace one of the most stately of Germany for its divers Apartments,precious Houshold-goods, Gardens, Pictures, Riches, the Duke's Closet full of Curiosities, the fine Library, &c. The Town is very fine, its Streets are broad and straight, with Houses almost of the same Architecture. The Suburb is on the other side of the fine Bridge. Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, took this Town in 1632, and admired the Palace built by the Elector Maximilian; where Marble is as common, as if the whole Country were a Marble Quarry. Each Corner, Nich, Door, and Chimny, has a Statue drawn half-way. The Hall of Anticks contains 354 such Statues of Jafper, Porphyry, Brass, and Marble of all Colours. In the first GalIery are an 100 Pictures of Illustrious Men, chiefly for Learning. The. Cieling of the second Gallery represents the Chief Towns of Bavaria; its Rivers and Castles, &c. One of Gustavus 's Captains persuading him to destroy the Palace; he answered, That he should be sorry to rob the world of so fine a thing. Cluvier, Descr. Germ. Bertius, l. 3. Germ. &c.

More information on Munich from Collier 1701