1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Fraas, Karl Nikolas

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FRAAS. KARL NIKOLAS (1810-–875), Germanbotanist and agriculturist, was born at Rattelsdorf, near Bamberg, on the 8th of September 1810. After receiving his preliminary education at the gymnasium of Bamberg, he in 1830 entered the university of Munich, where he took his doctor's degree in 1834. ' Having devoted great attention to the study of botany, he We nt to Athens in 183 5 as inspector of the court garden; and in April 1836 he became professor of botany at the university. In 1842 he returned- to Germany and became teacher at the central agricultural school at Schleissheim. In 1847 he was appointed professor of agriculture at Munich, and in 18 51 director of the central veterinary college. For many years he was' secretary of the Agricultural Society of Bavaria, but resigned in 1861. He died at his estate of N eufreimann, near, Munich, on the Qllh of November 1875.

His principal works are: 2-rorxeia T55 Bo-rv.vn<F;s (Athens, 1835); Synopsis florae classical (Munich, 1845); Klima und Pflanzenwell in der Zezl (Landsh., 1847); Histor.-encyklopdd. Grundriss der Landwirthschaftslehre (Stutt art, 1848); Geschichte der Londwirthschaft (Prague, 1851); Die Sciule des Landbaues (Munich, 1852); Baiefns Rinderrassen (Munich, 1853); Die kflnstltche Fischerzeugung (Munich, 1854); Die Natur der Lamlwirthschaft (Munich, 1857); Buch der Natur ftir Landwirthe (Munich, 1860); Die Ackerbaukrfisen und thre Heilmittel (Munich, 1866); DaS, Wurzelleben der Culturpjlanzen (Berlin, 1872); and Geschtchte der Landbau und Forstwissenschafl seit dem 16'°“ Jahrh. (Munich, 1865). He also founded and edited a weekly agricultural paper, the Schranne.