1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Grimoard, Philippe Henri, Comte de

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GRIMOARD, PHILIPPE HENRI, Comte de (1753-1815), French soldier and military writer, entered the 'royal army at the age of sixteen, and in 1775 published his Essai théorique et practique sur les batailler. Shortly afterwards Louis XVI. placed him in his own military cabinet and employed him especially in connexion with schemes of army reform. By the year of the Revolution he had become one of Louis's most valued counsellors, in political as well as military matters, and was marked out, though only a colonel, as the next Minister of War. In 1791 Grimoard was entrusted with the preparation of the scheme of defence for France, which proved two years later of great assistance to the Committee of Public Safety. The events of 1792 put an end to his military career, and the remainder of his life was spent in writing military books.

The following works by him, besides his first essay, have retained some importance: Histoire des derrieres champagnes de Turerme (Paris, 1780), Lettrer et mémoires de Turenne (Paris, 1780), Troupe; Iégeres et leur enmploi (Paris, 1782), Conquétes de Gustave-Adolphe (Stockholm and Neufchatel, 1782-1791); lldémoires de Gustave Adolphe (Paris, 1790), Correspondence of Marshal Richelieu (Paris, 1789), St Germain (1789), and Bernis (1790), Vie et regrze de Frédéric le Grand (London, 1788), Lettres et mémoires du marécliat de Saxe (Paris, 1794), L'Expédition de Minorque en 1756 (Paris, 1798), Reclqerches sur lo forre de Varmée frangaire depuis Henri IV jusqu'en 1805 (Paris, 1806), lllémoires du maréchat de Tessé (Paris, 1806), Lettres de Bolirzgbroke (Paris, 1808), Traité sur le service d'état-major (Paris, 1800), and (with Servan) Tableau historique de la giterre de la Revolution 1792-1791 (Paris, 1808).