1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Huber, François

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HUBER, FRANÇOIS (1750-1831), Swiss naturalist, was born at Geneva on the 2nd of July 1750 He belonged to a family which had already made its mark in the literary and scientific world his great-aunt, Marie Huber (1695-1753), was known as a voluminous writer on religious and theological subjects, and as the translator and epitomize of the Speelator (Amsterdam, 3 vols, 1753), and his father Jean Huber (1721-1786), who had served for many years as a soldier, was a prominent member of the coterie at Ferney, distinguishing himself by his Observations, sur le vol des ozseaux (Geneva, 1784). Francois Huber was only fifteen years old when he began to suffer from an affection of the eyes which gradually resulted in total blindness, but, with the aid of his wife, Marie Aimée Lullin, and of his servant, Francois Burnens, he was able to carry out investigations that laid the foundations of our scientific knowledge of the life history of the honey-bee His Nouvelles Observations sur les abeitles was published at Geneva in 1702 (Eng. trans., 1806) He assisted Jean 3 (1876); Die Forschung nach der Materia (1877); Zur Philosophie Senebier in his Mem. sur Vinjluence de l'air, ('3"c., dans la germination (Geneva, 1800); and he also wrote “ Mem. sur l'or1g1ne de la cire ” (Bibliolheque britannzqire, tome xxv), a “ Lettre a M. Pictet sur certains dangers que courent les abeilles ” (Bib. brit. xxvi1), and “ Nouvelles Observ. rel au sphinx Atropos ” (Bib. brit. xxvii). He died at Lausanne on the 22Dd of December 1831. De Candolle gave his name to a genus of Braz1l1an trees-nberia laurina.

Pierre Huber (1777-1840) followed in his father's footsteps. His best-known work is Recherches sur les maenrs des fourmis indigenes (Geneva and Paris, 1810; new ed, Geneva, 1861), and he also wrote various papers on entomological subjects.

See the account of Francois Huber, by De Candolle, in Bib/. unit/erselle (1832); and the notice of Pierre in Bibl. unw. (1886); also Haag, La France protest ante.