1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Picard, Louis Joseph Ernest
PICARD, LOUIS JOSEPH ERNEST (1821-1877), French politician, was born in Paris on the 24th of December 1821. After taking his doctorate in law in 1846 he joined the Parisian bar. Elected to the corps législatif in 1858, he joined the group of Emile Ollivier. But as Ollivier approximated to the government standpoint, Picard, one of the members of the group known as Les Cmq, weered more to the left. He founded in 1868 a weekly iemocrafic journal, L'Electeur fibre, and in 1869 was elected both for Hérault and Paris, electing to sit for the former. From the 4th of September 1870 he held the portfolio of finance in the government of National Defence. In January 1871 he accompanied Jules Favre to Versailles to arrange the capitulation of Paris, and in the next month he became minister of the interior in Thiers's cabinet. Attacked both by the Monarchist and the Republican press, he resigned in May. Later in the year he was sent as ambassador to Brussels, where he remained for two years. On his return to Paris he resumed his seat in the Left centre, and in 1875 became life senator. He died in Paris on the 13th of May 1877.