1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Charpentier, Gustave
CHARPENTIER, GUSTAVE (1860- ), French operatic composer, was born at Dieuze, Lorraine, June 24 1860. He received his musical education at the Paris conservatoire under Massenet, and obtained the Prix de Rome in 1887. His works include Impressions fausses (1895); Impressions d'Italie (1891) and the operas La Vie du Poète (1892); Louise (1900), which, first produced at Covent Garden in 1909, has attained a wide popularity, and Julien, as well as Chant d'apothéose pour le centenaire de Victor Hugo. He founded the Conservatoire de Mimi Pinson (for working girls), and during the World War started the Œuvre de Mimi Pinson and Cocarde de Mimi Pinson to aid wounded soldiers.