A Chinese Biographical Dictionary/Chang Chao

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23Chang Chao 張照 (T. 得天 H. 涇南). Died A.D. 1745. A native of Kiangsu, who graduated as chin shih in 1709 and was employed in literary and examination work, rising in 1733 to be President of the Board of Punishments. Two years later, he narrowly escaped execution for his failure to arrange the management of the aboriginal territories in Kueichou. He was again employed on literary work, and was joint compiler of the 律呂正義 and its 後編 sequel under the same name, the two standard treatises on music. His poems were much admired by the Emperor, who was especially struck with some verses written with his left hand after a fall from his horse had disabled his right arm. He died of grief for the loss of his father. In his 懷舊詩 Retrospect (1779) the Emperor Ch'ien Lung numbered him among his 五詞臣 Five Men of Letters, the others being Ch'ien Chên-chün, Liang Shih-chêng, Shên Tê-ch'ien, and Wang Yu-tun. Canonised as 文敏.