A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi and Jonah

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The International Critical Commentary.


A

CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL

COMMENTARY


ON


HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH

MALACHI AND JONAH


by

HINCKLEY G. MITCHELL, D.D.

JOHN MERLIN POWIS SMITH, Ph.D.

JULIUS A. BEWER, Ph.D.



EDINBURGH

T. & T. CLARK, 38 GEORGE STREET

PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN BY

MORRISON AND GIBB LIMITED

FOR

T. & T. CLARK, EDINBURGH

NEW YORK: CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS


First printed 1912
Second impression 1937
Third impression 1951

CONTENTS

PAGE
PREFACE v
ABBREVIATIONS xi
I. A COMMENTARY ON HAGGAI AND ZECHARIAH 1
INTRODUCTION: THE HISTORIC BACKGROUND OF THE PROPHECIES OF HAGGAI AND ZECHARIAH 3–24
§ 1. Cyrus 3–14
§ 2. Cambyses 14–17
§ 3. Darius I, Hystaspes 17–24
HAGGAI AND HIS PROPHECIES 25–38
§ 1. Personal History of the Prophet 25–27
§ 2. The Book of Haggai 27–30
§ 3. The Text of Haggai 30–35
§ 4. The Thoughts and Style of Haggai 36–39
COMMENTARY ON THE PROPHECIES OF HAGGAI 40–79
§ 1. The Movement to Rebuild the Sanctuary 40–57
§ 2. The Resources of the Builders 58–65
§ 3. The New Era of the Restored Temple 66–76
§ 4. The Future of the Leader Zerubbabel 76–79
ZECHARIAH AND HIS PROPHECIES 81–106
§ 1. The Personal History of the Prophet 81–84
§ 2. The Structure of Chapters 1–8 84
§ 3. The Text of Chapters 1–8 84–97
§ 4. The Style of Zechariah 98–102
§ 5. The Teaching of Zechariah 102–106
COMMENTARY ON THE PROPHECIES OF ZECHARIAH 107–217
1. The Introduction 108–115
2. A Series of Visions with Their Interpretation 115–194
a. The Return from Captivity 115–147
(1) The Hollow of the Myrtles 115–130
(2) The Horns and Their Destroyers 130–136
(3) The Man with the Measuring Line 136–140
(4) An Appeal to the Exiles 140–147
b. The Anointed of Yahweh 147–168
(1) The Accused High Priest 147–161
(2) The Symbolic Candelabrum 161–168
c. The Seat of Wickedness 168–182
(1) The Flying Roll 168–171
(2) The Woman in the Ephah 171–177
(3) The Four Chariots 177–182
d. The Prince of Judah 183–194
(1) A Symbolic Crown 183–190
(2) Zerubbabel and the Temple 190–194
3. A New Era 194–217
a. An Inquiry from Bethel 194–198
b. A Series of Oracles 198–217
(1) The Teaching of the Past 199–205
(2) The Promise of the Future 206–209
(3) The Past and Future in Contrast 209–215
(4) The Reign of Joy and Gladness 215–217
THE DATE AND AUTHORSHIP OF THE SECOND PART OF ZECHARIAH 218–259
§ 1. The Structure of Chapters 9–14 218–220
§ 2. The Text of Chapters 9–14 220–231
§ 3. The Authorship of Chapters 9–14 232–259
COMMENTARY ON CHAPTERS 9–14 260–357
1. The Revival of the Hebrew Nation 260–320
a. The New Kingdom 260–277
b. A Promise of Freedom and Prosperity 277–285
c. The Plan of Restoration 286–302
d. The Two Shepherds 302–320
2. The Future of Judah and Jerusalem 320–357
a. The Jews in Their Internal Relations 320–340
b. The Jews and the Nations 341–357
INDEX 359–362
II. A COMMENTARY ON MALACHI 1–88
INTRODUCTION TO MALACHI 3–17
§ 1. The Book of Malachi 3–5
1. Its Contents 3
2. Its Unity 3
3. Its Style 4–5
§ 2. The Times 5–9
§ 3. The Prophet 9–11
§ 4. The Message of Malachi 11–15
§ 5. Literature on the Book of Malachi 15–17
COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF MALACHI 18–85
§ 1. The Superscription 18–19
§ 2. Proof of Yahweh's Love 19–24
§ 3. Yahweh Honours Them That Honour Him 25–46
§ 4. Yahweh's Protest against Divorce and Remarriage with Idolatrous Women 47–60
§ 5. The Near Approach of the Day of Judgment 60–69
§ 6. The Payment of Tithes Wins the Blessing of God 69–75
§ 7. The Final Triumph of the Righteous 76–85
INDEX 87–88
III. A COMMENTARY ON JONAH 1–65
INTRODUCTION TO JONAH 3–27
§ 1. The Character of the Story of Jonah 3–5
§ 2. Origin and Purpose of the Story 6–11
§ 3. Insertion of the Book in the Prophetic Canon 11
§ 4. The Date of the Book 11–13
§ 5. The Unity of the Book 13–21
§ 6. The Psalm in Chapter 2 21–24
§ 7. The Text of the Book 25
§ 8. Modern Literature 25–27
COMMENTARY ON JONAH 28–65
Jonah's Disobedience and Flight 28–32
The Storm on the Sea 32–34
The Discovery of Jonah as the Guilty One 34–38
The Stilling of the Storm 38–40
Jonah's Deliverance 41–43
A Prayer of Thanksgiving 43–49
Yahweh's Renewed Command and Jonah's Preaching in Nineveh 50–53
The Result of Jonah's Preaching 53–56
Jonah's Displeasure 56–59
Yahweh's Rebuke of Jonah 59–62
Application of the Object Lesson 62–64
NOTE ON THE USE OF יהוה AND אלהים IN THE BOOK OF JONAH 64–65

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).