A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs)/Biblical Aramaic/Ayin

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ע

"7 jj/ vb. make, do (5! Syr. OAram. Nab. Palm. Eg. Aram. (S-C p *"-; cf. *W> = BH 13y , q.v.. but in mng. || n'tyj));— Pe. P/ 3 ms. 'y Dn 3 1 + ,2ms.rn : 3J>(K* ,a ' 2 )4 32 ; 1 s. IVtay 3 15 6- 3 , 3 mpl. Vny Ezr 6 ,3 + ; /wp/.2mpl. jnayn (Baer K »38.i.i). pnagg Gi Str) Ezr 6 8 7 19 ; /»/ If?? (K » ,5> ■> 2) ) 4 m 7 "(13^0); Pt.act.llV 7 26 + , fs. If^Jj Dn7 21 ; mpl. ri?JJ Ezr4 15 ; — 1. wiaie, ace. rei Dn 3 115 and (of creation) Je 10"; make a feast Dn 5', war 7 21 (DV pers.), ded. of temple Ezr 6 16 . 2. do, ace. of deeil, Dn4 32 (of God), 6 13 Ezr 4 15 - 22 ; do, act, "033, thus, Ezr6 is , 3, according to, Dn 7 19 and (of God) 4 32 , abs. 6" ; ace. + 3 rei Ezr 7 1S do something with, +D?pers. 6 9 ; do, perform, ace. of God's law 7 26 , ace. of signs, etc. (subj. God) Dn 6 s and ( + tiV pers.) 3 32 . Hithpe. Impf. 3 ms.n3»n^ Ezr 6' 1 + ,1— 6' 2 f l ; 2 mpl. pi3ynn Dn 2 5 ; P<.135)npEzr7 M '~T3- 4 >»,f g . K"J3y. 5 9 ;_ . be made into, c. n. pred., Dn 2 s 3 M Ezr 6". . be done, wrought, 4", 5 s (subj. WjlT3J|); be performed, executed, of command Ezr6 12 7 2123 , judgment 7 !6 . t[l2V D" 106 , or 12V K« M - l »>] n.m. slave, servant (BH t3y) ;— cstr. 13}? Dn 6 21 servant of God ; pi. sf. of king, "pay Kt (K* 53 *""•"), IffiS Qr Ezr 4", ^3y Qr Dn 2 4 ; sf. of God, "nfoy, Dn 3 s " 8 Ezr 5, of king Dn 2 7 . T"inD "133? n. pr. m. comrade of Daniel (BH id.);— Dn 2 49 3 ,2 + 10 t. 3, +Hfcj 1?y 3 29 ; =.T-ny 2 17 . t [iTTOg] n.f. work, service (BH nnay) ;— emph. WITajj Ezrs 8 Dn 2 49 , cstr. nT?5> Ezr 4 24 + ; — 1. work, of building temple, Ezr 4 s4 5" 6 7 ; = administration Dn 2 49 3 12 . 2. ritual, service, of God Ezr 6 18 . t["Q»1Q K iG03)H ] n. [m.] work (BH [n3yD]+Jb 34 25 ; tS*j Syr. .An v. of magic works); — pi. sf. s ni'iayp Dn 4 34 (sf. of God). T"Ol' n.m. region across, beyond (v. BH . "$, -/-oy) ; _cstr. in phr. n-jnjcpay, i. e . Syria (Scheft 87 ): Ezr 4 >»»' 7 - 2 » 5*" 6«- 8 "' 7 21 - 25 , MTTO 'y 4 16 . Cf. in Cilic. Aram., Cooke 346 . ~iy v. my. tfrtTy] vb. pass on, away (£ (oft. for Heb.-oy/Syr.; v. BH I. rny (rare, late));— Fe. Pf. 3 ft. nny Dn 3 27 4 s8 ; 7m^/ 3 ms. fW 7 14 , 3 fs. n^iyn 6 9 ; — 1. jyass on, over, c.3 pers.Dn3 27 . 2. pass away, of kingdom 4™ (|D pers.), 7 14 ; of law 6 9 . Haph. take away (so Eg. Aram. S-C G3i ): Pf. 3 mpl. HyO. ace. rei, Dn 5 20 (il? pers.), 7 12 ; Impf. 3 mpl. iViyjV v 26 ; Pt. rnyno 2 21 ranow, depose kings, of God.

"]£ prep, and conj . even to, until (BH 

.13?; so % Syr. OAram.Nab.Palm.Eg. Aram. (Lzb^S-C* 54- )); — 1. prep.: a. of space, even to Dn 7 13 ; tony v 28 . b. of amount, up to Ezr 7 22(1 H c. of time, until Dn 2 20 6 1527 7 ,!U826 Ezr 4 24 ; 5 16 tSflS] ; =our a^oms* 6 15 (cf. BH, p. 724a top); to (the end of) = during Dn 6 8 l<nbn ft* 13?, V 3 7 1223 . On HP?" 1 !? Dn 4 5 ▼• n"V; and on «! rn:n-ny 4 » T/jWjyjJ 2. cohj. : a. 'Iiy unfe7, sq. pf. (of past time) Dn 2 34 4 3 °5 2 '7 4 ' nss ; sq.impf.(offut.) 2 9 4 »-«-»_ Dn 6 a 01 1D^ wj *iy , . . too t& ry, < ^e ttme that . . . , i. e. ere that. b. "13? alone, Ezr 4 21 5*. t ftp n.m. D " 2>9 time (S ML, Syr. Jj£, perh. loan-word from As. adannu, fixed, appointed, or definite, time; [Ar. jjllc prob. Aram, loan- wd., Schwally ZB0 m(lmi >- 197 J) ;— abs. 'y Dn7 ,2 + ; emph. N»y 2 8 +; pi. abs. J7# 4 1S +, emph. N'J'iy 2"; — 1. in gen., time, as duration Dn 2" 7"; involving specif, conditions 2 92 '; (point of) time 3 51S . 2. definite time, =year (as mod. Gk. xp<w, v. EASophocles" 73 ): 'V nyae* =«««»» year*, 4 »»» 29 ; vny j^si }^yi J# j*(Le. 3 | years, v. Dr ; perhaps read du. for pi., cf. Bev Gunk*" "'- 201 ). tTJy adv. still (BH; S-C K "; % 0Jm ~, Chr- Pal. Schulth 143 '), Bn^ N3b» DS3 KTI^ liy (cf. BH la a). t[n^] n.f. iniquity (BH II. my, fty; c f. X *W)l— pi. sf. Sjrnjj (K* "*>*'») Dn 4 14 . tf]iy n.[m.] fowl (v. BH, V I. W);— 'y abs. Dn 7 s wings of a fowl; cstr. 2 3s coll. t"V)J* n.[m.] chaff (JAram. (Talm., rare), Syr. J»oJ^.; Ar.JIJ.c, Jjlc mo(e (in eye, tending to cause blindness [HP]) ace. to Ar. Lexx., Lane 2195 );— abs. 'y Dn 2 s5 (in sim.). [ty], y>ty v. My.

  • C»^^] »•*• signet-ring (X Syr.; ./pry

= surround, v.BH);— sf. anpiy Dn 6"; pi. cstr. np- v 18 . tN"Jty n.pr.m. Ezra (BHirf.);— Ezr 7 1 " 1 - 25 . t }9 n.pr.m. comrade of Daniel (BH id.; Dn i 6 + );— Dn 2 I7 ,=i33 12$ v 49 + . MSS 1 v. oy t [}$] n.f.*" 56 eye (v. BH I. 'y) ;— cstr. pj Ezr 5 s (of God); pi. (K* 61 - 1 ) of horn, PJp Dn 7 8 - 20 ; of man, du. cstr. N>;j? v 8 , sf. s ?;3? 4 3 '. '

1"'!? n.m. waking, or wakeful, one, i.e. 

angel (VTy, cf. Syr. U. wake, t»X waking (PS 2843 ), JAram. T?, NH l^adj. a«,-aX«);— abs. 'yDn4 ,0 - 20 ;pl.abs.PTyv 14 ;AqSymm.«Vmopo5; cf. Charles Knoc,,l ' 5f I1 " 1 "' »'»>p- 35 « Dr* 4 "" 1 -; doubt- ful is the connex. with Ph. Zophestmim ( Euseb. pr-p-Emno^ ie- Q , DB> , BV ^fcfe,., ^ heaven, as keeping watch over or spying out (Zim K * T 3 - °* Jerem AT ' mI ' lcl,,d - A063 ). ^y, nW v. rbv. nby v . 1. ^y. TOy (/of foil.; v.BH rrSy).

B t [rky K' 8e,0> ' ,)2 ] n.f. burnt-offering (BH 

nbiV; cf.Palm. Vttbv altar, SA^Lzb 341 );— pi. abs. P>,Ezr6 9 . i["k>V K 1 """] adj. highest;— alw. emph. H ^vKtn&V<Zr,theMostHighGoA:'V«n'?$~Dri «, 5 ™r> v alone, <A e Most High, 4 »-"-»-»" 7 » (cf.Nab.n.pr.^yLzb 3 «SAC 91 ). tt[p^l'] adj. id. (BH^.);-pl.of God, pji»i)« <B^j3 (double pi., Buhl, as sts. BH, Ges iw« Ko"- 1 -" 8 ') Du 7 18 - 22 - 25 - 27 . t[^V] n.f. roof-chamber (cf. Dr; BH n£j));_sf. ravfo Dn 6". V prep, upon, over, on account of, above, to, against (BH and general Aram. id.) —si. 1 s. "bi ; 2 ms. T^» Kt ( so pg. Aram., Cooke 1 ' - 77 '* 6 - 6 - 88 , S-C P " ,A3B5+ ), ^I?Ji, Qr ■(* rfyl, Dalm* 47 - 2 ) Dn 3 12 4-6t.Dn, Ezr7 18 ; 3* WJj (so Nab. Palm.; Eg. Aram. ^» S-C A6+ ) Dn 3'**+ , "n^S tEzr 6"; 3 fs. rrbv Kt (so Eg. Aram., S-C D2 ' 4 ), ^ Qr (so S) tDn 4 14 5 2 '; I P 1 - Nri-y fEzr 4 12 , «$$, 4 18 5 17 Baer (Gi »£$); 3 7 mpl. Dn^ (so Nab, CIS" 526 ; Eg. Aram., S-C r * pF!i ' ,+ ) t7 M , P n ! ?5? ts 1 ' 3 ; — 1. a- wpon, Dn a 102346 5 M 6 n + oft., 4 26 «>?Of© ^^"^ (2 S 1 1 2 ); to be established "JtDpD ^ 4 s3 (cf. 2 Ch 1 >; BH II. 1) to lay an impost upon, Ezr 7 24 ; to trust on, Dn y 3 ; after a vb. of motion, ?J? Nt?9 to come upon, Dn 4 2123 ; of times, to pass over, .ujo.e.2*. Ezrs' jin^S? b«^ ^ 0^3 i.e. (named) owr them. b. idiom, (as in BH ; v. II. 1 d) of the pers. who is the subj. of an emo- tion or experience, Dn 5 9 ^fi fgf ^ were changed upon him, 7 28 ; 6 ,0, n#y fl^ BOflft (cf. 2'). c. on ace. of (BH 1 f 6), Dn 3 16 Twfis Dan9 . So in iW"^ om «At's occ. t Ezr 4 16 - 22 5 17 , nD"i>S wherefore] tDn 2"; and ,,! ! n^ ' i>y (v. *»}). d. on behalf of (ib. 1 f c), Ezr 6 17 . e. regarding, concerning (ib. 1 f <?), Dn 2 18 5 1429 6 6 " Ezr 7 14 4- oft. 2. ouer, with vbs. of ruling, appointing, etc., Dn 2 48 - 40 3" 4" + , Ezr 4 20 6 18 . . in a compar. sense, above, beyond, Dn 3 19 6 4 . . expressing direction : a. to, of a person, after a vb. of motion (cf BH 7 c a a), Dn 2 24 4 3,S3 6 7 " Ezr 4 12B + oft. ; after to send (a letter, etc.) Ezr 4"- ,7 - 18 5 , + , write 4' ', prophesy 5 1 ; of the direc- tion of the mind (ib. 7 c c), Dn 3 ' 2 6 ,,Mih ; cf. Ezr 5' b? IW] ^ pjn (cf. Je 40 4 and ^ f 34 16 ). b. against, Dn 3 1929 5* ° 5 6 + ; Ezr 4 8 V 23 . 5. in such phrases as ^S ~^f, 3N<? (to be) good of acceptable to (as in Syr. and late Heb.: v. BH 8), Ezr 5 ' 7 30 N3?t? ^S DK, 7 18 ' 8 Dn 4 24 (~>W% 6 15 (IPS3), v 24 (3Nb). — Comp. the synopsis of meanings in Lzb 340 . t tthy adv. above (from n. by, with N- of direction, D' M - ,D -; Nab., Eg. Aram., id., Lzb 341 s-c A5+ ; X W, X H?; s y r - ^ in s ^-^ above);— Dn 6 3 1^30 N?>y aoove (over) them (cf. Cooke 96 - 2 , Dt 28" £). t TivV n.f. matter, affair, occasion (Syr. Jfc^, v.BH I. ^y) ;— abs/y Dn 6 5i 6 (=ground of accusation). f [7 7^] vb. go or come in (£ Syr. ; v. BH III. bbv);~ Pe. Pf 3 ms3y Dn 2"; c. by pers. v 24 ; c. wn^ 6 11 , so 3 fs. n^y Kt, r&y Qr 5' ; Pt. rffyy kt, r^V Q r > abs - 4 4 5 8 - H a P h - 6 "' n ? in, c. nepers.:/ 5 /. 3 ms3y?n (K*"- 4i ; so Eg. Aram., S-C 66 ' 7 ' 24 ' 27 nbsn; cf. D> 7 '- 7;D "'- Proben - °- 4 ); Dn 2 25 (b ace. pers.), 6' 9 (ace. rei); Imv.ms. sf. pers., 'J^ 2 24 ; Inf. H^O? 4 s (*> ace. pers.); no V}1 pers., nbyni) 5 7 (id.). ' Hoph. (W CG22i ) be brought, subj. pers.-)- ffjg pers.: Pf. 3 ms. ?yn Dn 5 13 , 3 mpl. ^yn v 15 . t[^Q] »•[«■] g^g to (Syr.,3: J ; X 0,,k , etc., KJ^yiO);— pi. cstr. Ntpotf ^y» Dn 6 15 i.e. mns«/(so read No GQA ' 1884 ' 102 ° Str M Bev, cf. Syr. ii, ,"S > & ; > van d. H. Gi ?yi? , Baer ?yo ; cf K !60,Bel,p ' l) V tfiW n.[m.] perpetuity, antiquity (v. BH IILBby, nSiy) ;— 'y abs. Dn3 33 4- , cstr. 7 18 ; emph. Noiw 2 s0 +; pi. P?^? 2 4 + , emph. K$$ 2 « f*-— perpetuity in the future : 'y niapp Dn 3 s3 7 27 , cf. 4 31 7"; 'y as adv. /or euer 4 31 ; ^^r^ Kjpby d^y-nyi 7 16 ; pi. 'v)for ever 2 4Mt * 3 9 5 10 ffMJS. antiquity, *$$ nDi'-JD Ezr 4 1519 '; of limitless time both past and future: 'Jnjn 'VTP Dn2 20 . t Wpb$ n. gent. pi. Elamites (cf. BH Dyy);-Ezr4 9 . t[y^] n - f - rib ( s s y r -; v - BH L ^ v> ybs) ; — pi. abs. PVl'VDnV 5 - t^5?i v - n ^- ... ay

t DiT n.m. Elr,U2 people (v.BH I.QDJ>, Dy);— 'y abs. Dn 2 4 ' 3 M Ezr 6' 2 , cstr. Dn? 27 ; emph. noy Ezr5 ,2 ,NBy7 13 ' 6 - 2i ;pl.emph.N;OK>y(K» ls ' 1):l * 8 ) ) DJ7 prep, with (BH Dy : s0 X Syr. (pL) and general Aram.) ;— sf. 'B? t Dn f, 'HBy t Ezr 7 13 , nay tDn 2= 2 , ?inBy tEzr 5-;— 1. Altogether with, Dn 2 ,8 « 7" NW ^rDy, Ezr 5 2 + ; whose dwelling, portion, etc., is with Dn 2 11 - 22 4 12 5 21 . b. to speak with Dn 6 s2 , to make war with 7 :l ; to do with (-towards) 3 s2 'By my 1 (cf.^86 17 ), cf.Ezr6 8 ; Dy W to make like to Dn 6 21 . +2. of time, Dn 3 33 =4 : " TJ) "VfOJ (co-exists) with all generations (cf. BH 1 g) ; 7 2 N^'Dy during the night. t[p»D3?] adj. deep (v. BH poy);— fpl. emph., as n., N^P/By Dn 2 22 the deep things. t~Wp_y n.m. wool (X Syr.; Eg. Aram. ney S-C Q7 - ,0 ,'ncp Id." 5 ; cf.Mand.NiOxpN, No" 72 ; v.BH lev);— abs. Dn 7 s . fl- [HJ^] vb. answer (v. BH I. njy);— Pe. Pf. 3 fs.'wy Dn5 10 ; 3 mpl. i3J| 2 7 + ; P<. act. (vy N6 GGA - 1 ' 88, ' 1 ° 2 ') my 2 5 +, pi. ?:?y (K* 47 E " ,p -' ) ) 3 24 ;— alw. + 1DK Ft, answered and said (? [or ffjg] pers. usu.foll.iCK; foll/y 2 10 - 27 - 47 ):— 1. ansiver, make reply, to something said : Dn 2 r,.-. s .io.w 3 i*«* 4 i6b gH 6 a.M a> respo ^ to occasion, speak in view of a situation: 2 15 - 20,26 ,9.H.19.21.C6.IS .16».27 -1(1 t]l'3 adv. now (so Eg. Aram. (CIS"" 7 = Cooke*'"- 73 RES 561 " S-C p * pC5 ); %, e.g. Nu 22 4 : ?y prob. a subst. fr. [n:V] the •/of nj? (p. 773a), <z'»n« ,• so IS? lit. a< (this) time = Heb. nny j K »<"•");— Dn 2 23 "oriy-iin jy^, 3 " ^ 5 «.is.m 59 Ezr 4 13 " 21 5' 7 6 6 ; m m iy until now Ezr 5 16 (so S!Gni8 22 + ). Trij]y3 and (Ezr4 17 ) contr. Py3 adv. now (f.of |J3 ; so first SSTorrey JB, ' M < 18 ' 7 >• ,66,, •; now confirmed by Eg. Aram, njy3 Cowley PSBA '"■ 264 - hi,m ( = RES 492 - 4 = S-C M ' ! '- ); '31 formerly taken to mean and so forth) ; — alw/31, and alw. in aletter,introducing the business of the letter, and to be connected with what follows, not, as MT, with what precedes : Ezr4 10 (del., as in- troduced by error from end of v"), v 11 (joining to v 12 ) and now, let it be known, etc., v 17 and now, the letter which, etc., 7 ,2f - and now, I make a decree, etc. (cf. HTiyi similarly in letters 2 K 5 6 io 2 , and kq vvv 2 Mace. i 6 ). rrny II. nty (/of foil.; v. BH III. nay, uy, My). t[*3» K* w<,, «Str,or TTjV cf.Buhl.M] adj. poor, needy; — pi. abs. fjy (Baer Gi K' c ), or ]]iy (van d.H. Buhl M 77 *^ cf. D' 391 ) as n. Dn 4 24 the poor. I}}? (/of following ; v. BH My, Ty). t [ty] n.[f.] (she-)goat ;— pi. H? Ezr 6' 7 . t[]3y K*« 7 «>* 1 ] n.[m.] cloud (v. BH I. py) ;— pi. cstr. NJD?> MJjj Dn ^' t [F)3y] n. [m.] bough (v. BH e]jy);— pi. sf. iiQjy Dn 4 »-"-"-'». tr:y (K*"" , °>) n.[m.] amercing, confis- cation (not X Syr.; v. BH);— cstr. I'M? 'V Ezr 7 2C . n:y v. rujs su b i. [njyj. tt££? (/of foil.; X NSy Pa., Syr. |l^X Pa., enwrap, 'BfJ foliage, (_Lr»a_i. flower, etc., BH D'NDy, D^D}> as loan-word ; cf. perh. As. up4, cZowd(-mass)). tf'Dy] n.m. Dn4 ' 9 leafage, foliage; — sf. n"Dy DnV"-' 8 . f [32^/] vb. pain, grieve (X (rare) ; v. BH I. 3*y);— Pe. Ft. pass., as adj.: TSy i>j?a Dn 6 21 a pained voice (cf. X Est 4 1 , $ J Ex 1 2 31 ). tlj?y (<"l— K* 59 ") n.[m.] root, stock ( /"Ipy, v. BH, and, on meaning of/, Schwally 2mg 111 0888). i«. cgtr.VtiKnB' 'y Dn4 12,20,23 . ["^py] vb. denom. Hithpe. be rooted up ; —pf 3 p i. ( m .j v . k* 23 - 2 ) ripynx Kt, fpl. n> Qr, Dn 7 s . [~y], fny v. nny. + P"Un vb. mix (S (oft.); Syr. (rare); v. BH I. 3ny); — Pa. Pt.pass. 3"iyo mixed with (3) Dn 2 41 - 43 . Hithpa. Pt. id. : aiynt? v 43 (Dy), pl.r3n-v 43 (3). t[-ny K' 67 '■ , * , ] n.m. wild ass (S Syr.; /my, perh. = Ar. ^i (/t're a cry NoSbwak. "in. ». "• ,90 °, v. BH nny as loan-word (K Ar • m * 1,,m,!,,72 , but dub. No ZMQ,, "< , » 03, •• m ));— pl.emph.S)T!J| Dn 5 21 . ttfrTiny] a.f. dishonour (/my, BH 6e naked (q.v.), Hl"iy nafeine«s);— cstr.ni"iy Ezr 4 14 .

b 2 ")^ (vVfoll., cf. BH II. T!*, ni. IS). 

ttfiy M 77 '] n.m. foe (cf. J Aram. "nj| objection; on dub. BH ">? v. p. 786);— pl.sf. TT» Kt (K» ,BA ° m •* , ). TO Q r Dn 4" +2C?1* a. [m.] herbage, grass (v. BH 3bV);— emph. NSfe'V, as fodder : Dn 4 2 " 29 ' 30 5 21 . tlfeV, H"l^ n.m. et f. a ten (v. BH);— m. (foil. Lit) Dn 7 7a,J4 ; f. (before n.m.) v «. -ib^ »WI— ftorfw (foil. n.m.) 4 26 Ezr 6 17 . t]t-)toy n.pL indecl. twenty;— 'VI 'ISO Dn 6' (follows n.m.). t[nttfr], rrtfy ( K « 38 - lo)i,7 ' 2ADm - 2 ) vb. think, plan (BH II. nety (q.v.) as Arama- ism ; X ntStyriK , not Syr.) ; — Pf. 3 ms. (strictly Pt. paSS. N ti 6oA1884.1019 ! B,r.Gr.H80 M 78«) 'y J) n g4 sq. inf., pZan to do so and so. re v. ny?. t[lire] adj. ready (v. BH Liny);— pi. pTnjj Dn3 IS , sq. cl. c."!. tp^re adj. advanced, aged (BH (as Aramaism), </pny, q.v.);— cstr. (K»P-) }tft> 'V one advanced, aged, in days Dn 7 913 m (cf. Syr. Jfcooo* v £JL Ecclus 2 5 « al., PS 30 ").