A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs)/Biblical Aramaic/Dalet

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ד

t^'l demonstr. pr. f. this (=BH ft; Zinj. Tema, Cappad. Eg. Aram. St, Nab. NT, Palm, m (Lzb 264 "**- 1 - 323 Cooke 26 ), SSI: y. further sub BH HJ. The corresp. masc. is rty;—thie, Dn4 27 Kftl ^3 S-n to K^n, 5 6 JB'pa NT? NT one striking against another, similarly 7 3 (cf. m 1 b), v 8 (n"W)». ta'T n.[m.] bear (so X BH ^331; Syr. U>?);— abs.'-lDn7 s . tfrCl] vb. saorifloe (BH n?T) ; — p e . Pt. act. pl. pnaJJ Ezr 6 3 , c. ace. pn:n, v. foil. t[ni"7] n.[m.] sacrifice;— pl. abs. pn:n Ezr6 3 . t[nS-|D] n.[m.] altar ;-emph. Nna-in Ezr7 ,r . t[p3"T] vb. cling (BH);-Pe. Pt. pi. mvay nri pp:n Dn 2 43 . I" [mm] n. f. cause, reason (BH id., •/nan, cfnm b Eg. Aram. S-C P " > • B5 ' 65,I1 );— cstr. in adv. phr.'" 1 ! rOITOy Dn 2™ for the cause (to the intent) that, 4 "(rd. ^ for"iy K" ,2 Bev). nm n-m."" 232 gold (so X Syr.; BH - ; 23 X anj) ; _ a bs. 'l Dn2 ,! + , arn Ezr7 13 ; emph. n ?qi 5 14 6 s 7 18 , K3- Dn 2 3i + 15 t. Dn. + tNim Kt, VCTR Qr, ace. to Thes and most n. pr. gent. Ezr 4", v. conj. identif. by Dl B * erD °« Scheft""-; <read W^ that is, Hoffm mn.m Marquart M Mey E "'*'- '■ ", © oJ turi*. tfTH] vb. dweU (v. BH); — Pe. /»#/ 3 fs. of beasts "Ann Dn 4 1S ; 3 mpl. birds |W v 9 (Qr f. r?T, f. subj./IPV, follows, cf. v"and K »98.2o.A„m.:.). p< pl of me „ ; p N ^ Kt 2 * 3 >i

;6 (Qr TO); as subst., cstr.'"!^ Kt 4 3332 (Qr 

'T^) dwellers. "VI n. [m.] generation (BH Tn); — abs. in phr. "I'll I!" ? Dn 3 s3 4 31 (is) itn'<A generation and generation, i.e. endures gen. after gen. t ["IVip] n. [m.] dwelling - place ; — sf. TP»Dn 4 ;2 * 1 , a?ilD 5 51 . t["YTO] n.m. id.;— sf. ifrTTJO Dn2 M . TMTfJFl n.f. continuance (J <&; v. BH lin); — abs. in phr. 'na continually Dn 6 1721 . ttfW n.pr.loc. near Bab., only '1 nypa Dn 3 1 , © toO wcpi/SoXou (Syro-Hex. irtpi&okov), e A«ipa; Z>wto is name of several places in Babylonia DF* r ■ 2 ' 6 : B *" Dn - ► ", cf. Andr M6S *; Hoffm r«» M «"' r " ,Mf -; name of small river and mounds Opp E "* d - 1 - 238 '- (v. Dr); improb. expl. as = .,; air, depression (name actually used of lower Euphr. and Tigris valleys) by Wetzst D.J-70U.. Ba.h.duru=wall. t[t#VT] vb. tread down (BH); — Pe. Impf. 3 fs. (sf. of earth) ^IBHn Dn 7° subj. beast. X t [Him] n.f. dub. ;— pl. abs. pm Dn 6 19 , Vrss conject. ; A V RV instr. of music (so AE, assuming meaning strike [strings] for K n, j [BH frro] thrust; Saad RVm dancing-girls; Bertholdt al. concubines (fr. sens. obsc. of Ar. J.1), but then read prob. Jjnj> (s™- 23 ) Marti Prince Dr. t[7rH] vb. fear (so X Syr.; BH II. [i>nT]) ; _Pe. Pt. act. pl. pi>rn Dn 5 19 , c. ffj[rflp of king, 6 2 ', irf. of God ; pass. « ), n' ! | terrible 2 31 , f. n^PlT 7' 19 . Pa. Impf. 3 ms. sf. ^fT r the dream tnaiie me afraid. ^ part, of relation, who, which, that, used also as mark of gen. and conj. that, because (Aram, of Nineveh, Bab. Zinj. Nerab, Cilicia, Tema, Egypt, "] (Lzb 267 - 446 RES 361 S-C p * pA2+ ); Nab. Palm. H ; X "". (exc. in cpds., as

  • H mtn#, W^ Aw); Sam.<?; Syr. j ; Eth.H:

sa .• of same origin as Ar. «i possessor of [cf. sub BH HI]. Properly a demonstr. that [cf. n] ; in Eth. ze is ' this,' za ' which '] ; but this being referred by usage to something preceding becomes equiv. to the relative who, which, used, however, more widely than Heb. "IK'S); — 1. as rel. who, which (construed like 12*^) : a. Je 10" Dn 2" pn-HD ^ whose dwelling, v 24 SOblO 'flj n whom the king had appointed, v 26 '3 HCip n whose name was B., 4° 5 12 ' 23 , etc.; =that which 2 53 ; =him that Ezr 7 2i ; 6 15 Dn f 7 VSyt |U« ""I which are four (v. p3X). Sq. pron. of 2 ps. (cf. ■^j 3), Dn 2" thou, O king . . . , ^ an; . . . «i to whom . . . hath given, 4 19 ; 4 6 as to whom I know, etc. (cf. "1B/N 4 d end). Sq. H13PI = where Ezr 6', so ^ alone'6 3 Dn 2 3s ; of time, "I K}$K6 at the time when, etc., 3* ' 5 . With the pred. an inf. c. ), Dn 6' Wffi}} *6 ^ «ari3 which is not to be changed, Ezr6 8 ; a place- or other determination, Dn 3 20 valiant men Fy'na ^ that were in his army, 5 2 D.^f ! n , 3 ,,; t N^H, 7*" Ezr 4 24 5 6 6 26 ; cf. Dn 2 25 5 13 f Ezr 7". t6 ^-with- out, Ezr6 9 f 2 (so N^ S Gn 15 2 Ex 21"); cf. Dn 2 344i . b. 1 1D, '1 no (cf. in late Heb.'Brno, no 1 e 6) whoever, whatever, so tDn3 6 " N?" ,-: !"p^ ^S^ whoever does not fall down, 4 ' 4 K35f^ H job to vjhomsoever he willeth, v 5229 5 21 ; 'I no what- ever (or simply what), tDn 2 ffl Nin? ^ nD what will be, v 29 - 2943 Ezr 6 s 7' 8 .— Cf. K*' 103 . 2. as mark of the 3«n., Dn 2 U 8O7D n «t3 , ^B' prop, the captain, that of the king = the king's captain (a genuine Aram, idiom : so X , J, Syr. j con- stantly), v" a " + oft. : the subst. in such cases may be either in the emph. state (determined), as 11. cc. Ezr 4'* 5 2 , etc., or in the abs. state (undetermined), Dn 5 s 7 4 - 910 TO *! "KM ; or it may have a pleon. sf., 2 20 Nr6« «| ncf lit. his name, thai of G<A=God's name, v 44 3 8 - 25 ' 26 4 a , etc. (so also X Syr.). To circumscribe an adj., esp. in specif, of the material : Dn 2 s8 thou art «?il1 "! '"^l the head of gold, v 39 3' 5 716 Ezr 5 1 ' 4 6 4 + ; as predic. Dn 2 32 30 arrpj Hgfcl his head (was) of fine gold, v 33 7"; with a pron. Dn 2 20 wisdom and might tfi} i : y~ , ' ! ! are his; cf. 6" ^annn t6-"^ rirfia^pi his kingdom (is one) which shall not be destroyed, 7 14 . — Vid. further K tsl . 3. as conj. (cf.Xta 8): a. that (quod), after vbs. of knowing, Dn 2 s9 , seeing 2 45 3 W , hearing 5 14 , etc.; introducing the subject of a sentence, . . .^ . . . TT, 3 19 Ezr 4 13 ; Dn 2 47 . . .«! BB>jr|0 True is it that . . . (cf. '? DJOK Jb 12 5 ). b. = ira that, inasmuch as, whereas: Dn 2 4 ' and whereas ('I) thou sawest, etc. ... it shall be a divided kingdom, v 43 ^ o:a - as a con- necting link = seeing that, because, for (cf. "^K 8 c) 2 9Mbal> - 47b 4 ld 6 24b . c. tliat (ut), after vbsi of asking Dn 2", commanding 3 10 ' 29 , expressing a purpose 4 3 5 15 Ezr4 15 6'°+ ; s6 •"■ that not (ne) Dn 2 18 3 s9 6' 8 (on n»j> «| lest Ezr 7* see no). d. prefixed to direct narr. (like *? 1 b, and sts. " | 2*?5 8 a y, and or» recitativum), Dn 2 25 and said thus unto him nn3?>rr«! (that) I have found, etc., 5' 6 f '- 14 . 4. with preps, and other prefixes: a. 'I? (likeHeb.TB'K?; so Eg. Aram. •tt, Palm. Nab.'H3, Lzb 293 SAC ' 62 -* 1 Cooke 369 " RES 361 ; $*11, Syr. »o); a. according as, Dn2 43 ; 6. so soon as, when, 3' 5 20 6 U1 b. TT9 : o. because that, Dn 3 M Ezr 5 12 (cf. "^M? IS43 4 ); 6. from (the time) </ta<, a/<er (ex quo), Dn 4 23 Ezr 4*'. c. ,,! ! 1? M n*t7, Dn 2> M 4 30 7 s2 ; =«re tliat 6' d. '1 ?5? Dn3 19 is not a conj., but means above that which ... e. for 1 ni?! 75} and ^ ^?P"73 see [^3^] and i>?P. t [j*H] vb. judge (BH);— Pe. Pt. pi. rjlfj Ezr 7 K Kt (Qr P^), sq. i> pers. t]"H a.m. to7M judgment;— abs. 'n Dn 4 M =/u«<tce(ofway8of God); emph. i^SO lajjritp nj' 1 ! Ezr7 2 *,;'W(/nien< be executed upon him; W , l= judges, court Dn 7 10 - 2,i + perhaps v 22 (reading T*j 3iT [ wobeh 3JT], E w Bev Kmp Dr) ; MT how- ever =judgment was .given in favour of (v. Dr). t[]*H] n.m. judge;— pi. f?ft Ezr 7 s5 . T [n3"Hft] n. f. (judicial) district, pro- vince (K' 60 - 3 ""; also BH); — emph. W3HD (M 472c ) Ezr 5 s 6 2 ; cstr. XUHD Dn 2 4849 3 112 - 30 Ezr 7 16 ; pi. abs. 1J1» 4 15 , emph. NnjHD Dn 3 2 - 3 . hWFI n.pr.m. Daniel (BH id.);— Dn 2 1314 + 5ot. Dn. N , 2'H 11. pr. gent. (?) Ezr 4" (so most, but Hoffm Zii; - M Marquart 64 Andr MM * Mey Enm - xs » Str 46 * read N*?J^ judges (as transl. of Pers. ddtabara), while Scheft S1 (improb.) cp. Olran.

  • denya, (the) orthodox, i.e. Persians).

t TT"-! demonstr. pr. m. this, f. ?PJ ; only Ezr ; Dn uses J3' ! ! (Eg. and Cappad. Aram. "|t (CIS" m RES 3613 S-C p " , -(f.N3T,^T ib. F6 ), Lzb Kph... 6 r). XV3, f. T|-j; Ar.dli; Eth."Hfc: From IS, m, WJ (f.), with the affix 1 (W CQm ), thus lit. = Germ, dieser da. The pi. is !].?!(, q.v.); — this (always after its subst.), Ezr5 16 Tl "Wfrtf, v 17 ^ Nn^-JT?, 6 7812 ; f. 4 '3'»> 6 ' 6 ' 9!!l all TJ «";iP, 5'-

]-"T demonstr. pr. comm. this, that; 

only Dn ; Ezr uses 1R OH + demonstr. affix n, W CQU1 );— Dn 2 31 1 N?i>X, 7 20 - 21 ~l KJP|f. th?'!] n.m. ram (£ Kty, Syr. )«>? t'i., also (and primarily) male, v. BH "^T); — pi. n:n for sacrifice Ezr6 917 7 17 . T Lp"^p T T J n.[m.] memorandum, record (BH (tiff, V'-DJ ; cf. Nab. Palm. }(l)-on Lzb 268 SAC 40 Cooke 234+ );— emph. njiia^T Ezr 6 2 . t []^Jn] n. [m.] id.;— pi. emph. f^yjOT 1SD Ezr 4 18 ' 5 '. T t[p7' : T] vb. burn (BH);— Pe. Pt. act. pjj-j (£»•*>) Dn 7 9 htntH^ fire. t[r?D , T] vb. be like (BH I. ncn);— Pe. P«. ac«. n»Y Dn 3 25 (? pers.); f. .TOT 7 4 (3lb). j -T demonstr. pr. comm. this (Zinj. |» , H3T ; Eg 5 .Aram. n» (S-C r * I> - B 17+ ) ; 1$ (ib. c 6 ' D8 ); Nab. Palm, mi (Lzb 264 Cooke 26 ); £ H (e.g. 1 S io 27 ) and (with n, i.e. Sn, jo. ecce) PI?; Aram, of Tema NT NH (Cooke 195199 ); Syr. JJi (contr. for W"in) ; Mand. ptsn; Sab. a i (Horn chr«...3 ); Eth ; m ^,. all from «^j nT> + demonstr. n (W cal <*') ; fern. BAram. W?, 5: K7, nnn, Syr. )?i, Mand. wun, Eth. Ht: without the n; the pi. is P.?!*, q.v.); — <Aw. a. Dn 2 18 nn Kn this secret, v 282930 + , Ezr 4 11 5 3.4.9 + . naT^S Dn 5 -:; b nj-i npK o/ier this tDn a' 2945 ; so nf=j nns<3 t7 67 . c. nj"|3 Zeyte this, thus, tJe 10 10 (=Heb. nfc), Dn2 10 nfJJ KTik) a word ?t/fce ffa's (cf. riKTS Est 4"), 3™ Ezr 5 7 . d. n ?T^5> ow account of this tDn 3'" Ezr 4" 5 317 6"; as conj.= therefore (cf. Heb. flNH.'JJ) Ezr 4 14 -'— Vid. also 5>3P t and iTD"]P. t [pp*^] vb. be shattered, fall to pieces (BH);— Pe. Pf. 3 mpl. IPJ Dn 2 3 Haph. ?-ea& tre pieces : Pf. 3 fs. JljWn 2 31 ' 43 , 3 mpl. fPOT 6* (all sq.acc); 7mp/. 3 fs. Pin 2 40 (abs.), v 44 (acc); sf. nsp?n j»j Pt. act. p}0» 2 40 (ace), f- "P,? 1 ? (K' 4 *'") abs. 7 719 .

v. "W . 

T < ttri^l n.pr.m. (BH id.; Eg.Aram. pinm KES 36T 'S-C H ' + );—l. Darius Hystaspis Ezr 4 54 + 8 1. Ezr. 2 . ' Darius the Mede ' Dn 6 W -* M *.

(-/of following; BH Il.jnt, jfrl]). 

t'ftn?] n.[f."J arm (so S Syr.);— pi. sf. ^nisrn Dn 2 3i . tlTTTN (K' 60 ' 1 ') n.[f.] force (prop, arm, X (rare); BH J*-]?);— abs. !w) Itt Ezr 4° fey /orce and povier, forcibly. t]VT n.f. D " M decree, law (Syr.; Pers. loan-word, v. BH);— "n abs. Dn 6 16 7 25 , cstr. Ezr 7' 4 + ; emph. KTn Ezr7 12 + ; sf. fjMJJ Dn 2 9 ;— 1. decree of king Dn 2 1313 Ezr 7 s6 ; c. sf. Dn 2 9 decree against you. 2. unchangeable law of Medes and Pers. Dn 6 913 16 . 3. law of God (in mouth of non-Jews): Dn 6 6 Ezr J**** go (abs.) Dn 7 23 ; laws of God Ezr 7-'. t[«ni] n.[m.] grass (so 2 Syr.; BH NOT);— emph. KKrn Dn 4 1220 .

1 |l2rn] n.m. judge (loan-word fr. Pers. 

d&tabara, law-bearer, judge (cf. K^^Andr" 39 * Mey K„t«.j.23 Dr Dn. ; n Bab a8 databarr)i Hilpr B.b. E,p.)..28j._ p i - em p hg xnarn Dn 3 s - 3 .