A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs)/Biblical Aramaic/Shin

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שׁ

NN&* vb. ask (v. BH) ;— Pe. Pf. 3 ms/tf Dn2 ln ; pi. Sji'Nf Ezr5 910 ; /nip/ 3 ms, sf. Ji33^ Ezr 7*'; Pt. act. bw Dn a"- 37 ;— 1. as& /or, request, ace. rei Dn 2 10 (? pers.), v"- 27 Ezr 7 ;l (sf. pers.). 2. inquire about, for, ace. rei Ezr 5 9 (? pers.); sq. orat. rect. v'° (id.), I [n ?NttJ] n.f. affair (weakened fr. question, inquiry, cf. Dr); — emph. N?^ Dn4 14 . t-1S©n.m. E ' r7ai rest, remainder (v.BH I. INt?; Eg. Aram. n. -|XB> Cooke 203 , vb. itCDB" 6« fc/< (outstanding) Cooke 4(M =S-C L9 , Chr- Pal. »U.) ; — 'V abs. Ezr 4'° + , cstr. v 9 + ; emph. NINES' Dn 7 7 ■"; — of a thing, remainder Ezr 7 1S •"; of cities 4 1017 , of persons v 91017 6 16 Dn 2 13 , of beasts f- ua . t32ttf (-/of foil.; cf. BH II. 33E>). [3'OttJ] n.[m.] flame ;-emph. VCpH ^ IQ'?^ Dn 3 M ; pi. abs."W n P??? 7 8 . tfrQltf'] vb. Pa. laud, praise (£ Syr.; v. BH II. rat? ( Aramaism)); — Pf. 2 ms. ^nse* Dn 5 s3 , 1 s. nPI3B> 4", 3 mpl. W& 5 <; 2»(. «c<. ra^D 2"' 4 s4 ;— prawe, c. i> dei Dn 2 a 4 304 ; 7 of idols 5 413 . t[02ttfj n.m. tribe (BH Bffi, ./lOS?);— pi. cstr. &"$* *D3# Ezr6 17 . t[JO#], only HjQtf &£ seven (BH L J'??');— abs.'tybef.n.m. pi. Dn4 1320 " 29 ; cstr. njOE 4 bef. n.m. pi. Ezr 7"; T^S "V??? ™ Dn 3 19 «<t-«i <jWs a6<we w/(a< (more than), v. "in, ./inN. t [p^ti**] vb. leave, let alone (X Plf, Syr. £»; cf. BH, p. 990);— Pe. Inf. pWt?)> Dn 4 ;s leave roots, so /mi), mpl. V^ v 1 " 20 (both c. 3 loc); *Ezv6 7 let alone, c.?acc.rei. Hithpe. Ttnpf. 3 fs. p3ne>n Dn 2 44 be left{oi kingdom, + 5>gent.). t[t#3ttf] vb. Hithp. be perplexed (J id., entangle, begxdle, NH BOB* confuse, dis- arrange; cf. As. iabdsu (sabasu), turn about; Syr. +SJL fatter, allure, Schulth"" m - *""■'•"'; so Mand. Pa. C3B> No" 49 ; cf. Ar. ^y. (as loan- word No Uc ) confuse);— Pt. pi. PfifBfQ Dns 9 . t^ttj] n.f. (royal) oonsort (cf. BH id.; -/unknown Hpt GuK!r ' Ne,l> - M conj. As. sigreti, harem-women) ;— pi. bC^H? Dn 5" WJ^jjjf v 2 3 . t["1"Tt£^] vb. Hithpa. struggle, strive (X id. Pa. wrestle, Ithpa. be recalcitrant, also ?"]&> Ithpa. strive, and so NH ty (b for l), Syr. ^U beguile, esp. Pa., v. No 2 " 01 " 1888 7 ");— Pt. ~nriB>0 Dn 6 15 he was striving, sq. Inf. JtnVWttjM n.m. revolt; — abs. Ezr4 15 - 19 . YXJ& n.pr.m. (cf. BH id.);— Dn 2 49 3" + 1 1 t. 3. Dll^' (•v / of foil.; BH Bhtf, £>£>). tjlttJ, ntf n.m. six;— abs. TV? after n.f. A* A Dn 3'; JIB/'J'IJE' Ezr 6 la year six=sixlh year. t^jntf n. indecl. sixty;— 'B* PJ* Ezr6 3:l Dn3'; ]'Tpr) >V ftf 6 1 . fl. [mttf] vb. become like (BH I.niB*);— Pa. Pf. 3 mpl. •IS' Qr (v. foil.; > Pe'il "f Kt, v _ K M7Bei.pA.ndp.l75) J) n g^ acC- w j ( c Qy" fll. [mtC] vb. Hithpa. be set, made (Pa. *# inaL', Cappadoc. Aram. Lzb Eph - 1 " 7 ; cf. BH II. [Tn0$);—Impf. 3 ms. Tnrf] Dn s 29 , subj. rei + ace. be made into something (K* 84,3 ). plti' (-/of following; BH I. pis?, pii?). t[pt?j]n.[ni.] lower leg;— pl.sf. , nipB'Dn2 33 . t[-nc:] n.m. wall (cf. BH n.T*> id.i Eg. Aram.niB' RES m A 5i B ') ;— pi. emph. TV[-& Ezr 4">, K_ v"; v'- rd. 'ti ttr*V Qr, for '^X *T*> Kt. N , 32© , )t*j n. pr. gent. pi. the Susians, people of Susa Ezr 4", v. Nim (Dl 1 ^ 327 ; sg. j0Vff] acc.to Seheft 92 , = OP *JfM^ana-fe,/ron» Susa, so (as altern.) Andr* 85 *; cf. (on Elam. god &usinak) Weissbach A """'* ch,,1 " lc,,r - ,M Jen 1 "" "• 5, Zim KAT3 - 48i ,and(on&uniainE]am.inscr., appar. n.pr.terr.) v. Weissb' c - Jen ZMa " (1901, '- :9 ). t [.nnttf] vb. corrupt (i J (once), Syr. ^11; BH[nriB'])-;_Pe. Pt.pass.h. nrPnE'Dn 2 9 cor- rupt word ; as n. =fault 6" (cf. X ty i f Ru 4-"). TipCJ vb. deliver (prob. Shaph. as loan- word from As. suzub(u), usezib, deliver, Vezebu (» =3ty) Dl r " Hpt Ci<! ' N1 s3 ' 9 ' i BASI • l: 'K i<3 ' 1 • Anm ■■ $ 3JT, Syr. o?ol, Chr-Pal. olo* Schulth u *-«*, also Nab. am Cooke 5 "; cf. n.pr. Spr?'*? BH ; OAram. 2WK>bs SAC "•; v. also' foil, art.);— iy. 3 ms. 3J^ Dn 3"' S»; Impf. 3 ms. »T! 3' 7 ; sf. ^3rt5« 6 i; , P33^ 3 >»; Inf. sf. ^TWJt^ 6 21 , an- »» Kg). 31; ■ —deliver (usu. c. ft?): Dn 3 l?b , 7 ace. pers*. v M 6 28b , sf. pers. 3 IM7 * e 1 *- 1 " 1 , abs. v a tlftP0 Kt, "Vtf Qr vb. bring out (to an end), finish (prob. Shaph. as loan-word fr. As. su-sil, u-se-sil, bring out, Vasil (toft, BH KY=Aram. K£, cf. No GUA ,SS4 - ""»), Dl lc -Hpt i.e. x lc -; $ 'JW complete, put an end to, also cowie <o an end, pass. Ae finished, Chr-Pal. «•.*«- Schulth l "- i0i );—/«t«A temple: i>/. 3 ms. & Ezi-6 14 , but read prob. 3 mpl. Wty K * «* ' ■* fln - Berthol Gu Hpt (so ® 93); >P/. pass. Be-Ry. Dttf (-/of foil.; BH 23B>, 33BT?). t.[3|Bto] n.fm.] couch, bed;— sf. ^SK-D Dn4 2 -'-'";'?i— 8 *»; il— 7'. t[npt^'] vb. Haph.(K tw ' 4 No GGA1S84 -"" 9 ) find (X T6f find, Syr. JL*F, Chr-Pal. -»a» Schulth L "- 20i ;Eg.Aram.n3E>nS-C Ei ,pass.n3riS5>K RES 361 * 2 ):— Pf. 1 s. nnSOT Dn 2"; 3 mpl. inl^n Ezr4 19 Dn6 l: ; Impf. 2 ms. ri3E>nPl Ezr 4 15 7' 6 ; Inf. nn3f nis Dn 6 bi ;—find, ace. rei, 6 b (7 pers.), v 1 6 (7 pers.), v 6 (?? pers., ace. rei om.), Ezr7 l6 (3loc); sq. cl.'l 4 ,5 (3loc.),v 19 ; ace. pers. Dn 2 s *; 7 pers. 6 1S ( + pt. action.). Hithpe. Pf 3 ms. npriOT Dn 2"+, 2 ms. nn?. g w 3 f 8 . ^0?- 5" + ; — be found, subj. rei, 3 loc., Ezr 6 2 ; a pers. Dn5 ,M '- 14 6 24 ; ?y pers. v 5 ; 7 pers.+ Dlp. pers. v 23 ; 7 rei 2 35 (v. in&5); subj. pers. 5 27 4-"iDn thou hast been found wanting (K !MU ). TbbzW etc., v. 773. t [pttf* cf. X] vb. dwell (BH '30, f?f t?);_ Pe. /»ip/. 3 fpl. ?f?f ! Dn 4" e7Z, of birds, 3 loc. Pa. causat.:'.P/. 3 ms. nan 306* f3£" Ezr6 12 , of God, cawse /it's name to dwell there. t [)3ttJO] n.[m. ] abode, of God ;— sf. &J#»P Ezr 7 U , of Jerusalem. Pf l&j V7& (^offoH.; BH I. relate)). t nbuj adj . at ease (Eg. Aram. Cooke 21 °) ; — 3 JVjn V Dn 4 1 / was at ease in my house. — 3 M v. following. } n.f. neglect, remissness (X id; — abs. V Ezr 4" 6 9 Dn 6 s + ^ Qr ; Kt rbv usu. tliought an error for 17E>; Hi Bev M (perhaps) expl. as nb&=Tbw=z thing, affair (4"). t [Tib®] n.f. ease, prosperity;— sf.^ni^ Dn 4 24 * tlwttf vb. send (BH I. rtyft; — p e . Pf. 3 ms. 'e> Ezr 4 i; + ; 3 mpl. ttfy 4 ll + ; 2 mpl. pnn*pK> 4"; 1 pi. wn^ 4 < 4 ; Impf. 3 ms. n 1 )^ 5 17 6 12 ; Pt. pass. nyV? 7 14 Dns 24 ; — send, ace. of letter, etc., c. ?S pers. Ezr + »-w-»gM-W; a bs. 6", sq. vb. fin. 4", -|-acc. pers. Dn 3 2s 6°; sq. Inf. Dn 3 2 ; send out hand (ace.) to harm (Inf.) ; pass., be sent, c. E"Jp~ft? pers.: subj. pers. Ezr7 14 ; subj. SS3 Dn 5 2 '. t U 7 L/ vb. have power, rule (X Syr. ; BH (q.v.)late) ;— Te.Pf. 3 ms.VDn 3-, 3 mpl. W^ 6 2b ; 7«tp/. 3 ms. D^J 5 7 , 3 fs. ti^n 2 M , 2 ms. ubB'H 5 16 ; — Aa«e power upon, 3 rei, Dn 3" (of fire); fall upon, assault (£= a ^?), 3 pers. 6 2i (of lions); subj. pers. rule, be ruler, abs., 5 71li , subj. kingdom, 3 of earth, 2 19 . Haph. make ruler: Pf. 3 ms. sf. ^CSp^'n a" (3 pers., etc.); ac|3fn v"(?5? of province). t pgfjaJ (K« «'• * B « , " , • ">)n.m. D " 7 dominion;- V abs T . Dn 7 614 , cstr. 6 s7 + ; emph. WaSf 7 s7 ; 8 f. TOfty 4 ", SJ. 3 » +) Jinjl- 7 >=; pl.'emph. X i '3BpB' 7 27 ; — 1. dominion, sovereignty (usu. of God) : Dn f 4 ]9 - 3lM 6 27b )"•*»»««, 2. realm 6 27 *. TtD' , y'^ adj. having mastery, ruling; — abs/t? Ezr 7 24 + , emph. N_ Dn 2 15 ; mpl. pt?^f Ezr 4 20 , [O- Dn 4 Ci ; — 1. having, exercising, mastery : a. of God, sq. 3, Dn 4 14 '" 29 g'- 1 ; abs., of heavens 4 23 . b. of kings Ezr 4 C " (3). 2. as n.-=ruler Dn 2' , captain v 15 . 3. having authority to do a thing (Inf.), hence impers.= i'< is authorized, Ezr 7 24 (so oft. in Syr.; cf. S-C All+ nj3E7 D"?^ njjf). t [D7^] vb> ** complete (v. BH ; Eg. Aram.D7Ppayw/u/ZCooke 4(,4 =S-C L6 - 7 );— Pe. Pt. jxiss. 0?& Ezr $ K finished, of temple. Haph. Pf. 3 ms. sf. '"TO^n Dn 5 :6 God has finished it (the kingdom ; brought it to an end); Imv. ms. D.X'n Ezr 7" render in full, ace. rei (cf. Syr. Aph., Be-Ry Berthol), sq. D"^ dei. "0~>?j n.m. Dn3sl welfare, prosperity; — t : in greetings : abs. Ezr 4 1 ' prosperity / emph. «ob& 5 7 ; sf. K'S'f ! l^f Dn 3" 6 M . ta© n.m. name (v. BH DB>);— cstr. 'b> Ezr 5' + ; sf. WQf Dn 2 20 + ; pi. cstr. nnDB* Ezr 5 4 , sf. D'nn- v 10 ;— name, dei : Dn 2 20 4 s Ezr 5 1 6' 5 ; vir. :'Dii2 M 4 1516 5" (all Dan.), Ezr 5 4HUU also v 14 , with which cf. S-C K4 - 6 ' 8f - ,2f - t [*ipt^'] vb. Haph. destroy (X Pa. make apostatize; cf. BH);— Inf. rM#r$ Dn f° (obj. om., = dominion). t[p0] n.m. pi. heavens (BH [Vf], BV&, 'jnov);— alw. emph. KJJf': 1. visible iy Je 10" Dn 4 11M ' JU «* 'B> <<V 2 3s ; V TSfl 4 ».«s. <£ t,Q Y iMMWga. 'e> <nn f winds of the sky; '& ^JV v 13 ; Jieavens + earth = universe Je 10", where God shews signs Dn 6 23 . 2. Jieavens as abode of God Dn 2 2s 4 : ", hence, fig., as rulingv 23 ('B'sometimes= God inNH JArani., D Wor te J«um i Kn,.Tr.218t^. ftg abod(J of ange}s y 32 (Dr); elsewh. in phr. 'B> ?6k a 1 " 1 *- 41 Ezr 5 111 - ^uf^tttma /# t|^ d Dn 4 34 , 'r too 5 r! . t[Dpttf] vb. Ethpol. be appalled (£ (rare); v.BH; Chr-Pal. p*, Schulth 2 " 9 );— Pf.

ms. npine'S (K t36 ) Dn 4 16 . 

t^Dty' vb. hear (v. BH);— Pe. />/. 3 ms. 'V Dn6'>; 1 s. nj?DB> 5 14 - ,6 ; Impf. 3 ms. SOB* 3 10 , 2 mpl. |«t#n 3 -> 3 ; Pt. act. PJW 3 7 5*;— hear : =have sense of hearing Dn S a ; c. ace. of sound 3 5 ' 10l5 > word 6 1 *; c. cl. *1+ ?y pers. ccra- cerning, 5 14 ". Hithpe. «/(ei« oneself obedient : Impf. 3 mpl. pVOriB^ Dn 7-", c. *? pers. (prob.). t]*n*Otf n.pr.loc. (BH fntiv, 1. "ipB>);_ Ezr 4^.' ' T I. t£*'Oti*° (-/of following; BH Btotf, EtoB 5 ). t[tt)t:©] n. [m. so D WB ] sun; — emph. NB>pB> Dn 6". fll. [t^'P^'] vb. Pa. minister (X Pa, id., e^Ofri use; Palm. BW, B^DETl, SAC 114 - 11,12 Lzb a; »; Syr.*sfti,] 4 sl*sft-.r; Chr-Pal. *ia«. Pa, -ua-.L ; NH B*pB>, B-'DBfl ; Egypt, sms, ser- vant, Kopt. lemie, cf. WMM in Buhl 14 ) ;—Impf. 3 mpl. sf. ftV&IXP Dn 7 10 were ministering to him. t^pttjn.pr.m.;— always *nao '&>: Ezr ' (Andr ' conj. Olran. caritative , DB'B», conformed to B'DB', cf. Scheft 92 , who, however, prefers OBaktr. simezhi=simaezhi, n.pr.). ]© v. tJB*. [NJttf] vb. change (v. BH I. me>);— Pe. Pf. 3 mpl. S& Dn 3 " 7 , sf. "tfaf 5" (rd. prob. W -ni^K) ; Impf. 3 ms. «?* 7 24 , 3 fs. Wfn 6' 9 f<; Pt. act. fs. RW 7' 9 ; mpl. fifa 5', fpl. £# 7 3 ;— intrans. change, be changed : of garment, by fire Dn 3 27 , brightness (VI) of face 5 69 , purpose 6 1S ; be different from (IP) 7 3 -' 9 23 24 . Pa. Pf 3 mpl. V3B> (K 547e) -*" dBel,|> - 3 ) Dn 3^; Impf. 3 mpl. ?13B^ 4™; Pt. pass. fs. X ^B*Q (Baer) 7' ; — trans, change Dn 4 U (NB i 3K-;p *q$) ; = frustrate word of king 3 is ; pt. pass, intrans. different 7' (IP). Ithpa. P/. 3 mpl. i3J?B*K Dn 3 19 Kt (K 547 '""'^ 4 ; »J_- No GGA ls ' 4 ' 1019 Str « ad M 24 *), > 3 ms. "antpK Qr; Impf. 3 ms. N3J?B^ 2 9 , 3 mpl. 'J- (t om. in pause, K' 26 ' 1 , but modus apocop. No OQA1334 - 101s , as 11^ Je io", tfaft Dn 5 1C ; v. also Cooke 166 ) 5 10 , ji> f*-—be changed: of V] Dn5'°7 ls (y. Pe.; ^? pers.); 'HiSJS D7S 3 19 (iV/.) ; of time, conditions 2 9 . Hapb. Impf. 3 ms. M^ Ezr 6"; /w/. n^nf) v 12 + ; P«. ac<. N?.B i np' Dn 2 21 ;— trans. cJiange, alter, times, etc. (v. Ithpa.) Dn2 21 "j 2i ; ace. om. 6 9 - 16 Ezr 6 ,_> ; frustrate edict (v. Pa.) 6". fi. [n3tp] n.f. year (v. BH n}E>, ^ I. [nj^; — Mtr. DJf: nin 'V=first year Ezr5 13 6 3 Dn 7 1 ; paTB 'B* Ezr 4 24 secowrf year; TVf 'V 6 1S ; pi. 'T priB' pif Dn6' fo years; t?W 'V Ezr 5".— 11. [nif] V. fB^. pt^' (</of following ; v. BH [ffifl, 1^). t []tij] n.[f.] tooth ;— du. (of rows of teeth) abs. PJB>Dn7 7 ;— sf. rtW Kt (K* 85 ' 2 -"), nSB* Qr, v 519 (all of beasts in vision). Tnjfty n.f. brief time, moment (X id., W^B/, NH nyB* time, hour; Syr. JfcLiX moment, thenhour Brock 369 , but Chr-Pal. |jlL» moment, hour Schwally Id,0,w Schulth L "- 2 "; perh.=As. sattu, duration; TelAm. 91 ' 7 ' se-ti, time, hour (as Canaanism) Wkl KAT3 - 33i ; Ar. J.S-., lill portion of time, Eth. flO: d'me, AOfc /towr, <tm«  (Buhl calls Ar. Eth. loan-words, but v.Wkl Lc -); -/unknown : poss. As. loan-word (v. Wkl ,c ); pji'rwt. con j.*y»{»; = n^B'Zoo^, hence moment = './lM</e?i& 7 ic&,' but vb/e' rather of steady gaze); — moment : usu. emph. Nnjffi^na (rd. poss. 'p as % Syr., M 96 *'- Buhl M cf. var. in Str) in the same moment, forthwith Dn 3 615 4 30 5 s ; abs. fnn nye> 4" /or a moment. tt[t3Sttf] vb. judge (BH t5BB>) ;_/><. as n.pl. abs. T???' E zr 7* judges. "V2G? v. nse>. t[/Dttf] vb.be low (v. BH);— Haph. 5ri«y low, humble : Pf. 2 ras. ^33? n^n Dn 5 M </(om Ao»< not humbled thine heart; Impf. 3 ms. !>ef n? 7* /«/. nWr6 4 3 ', ft. Wo 5 19 , all c. ace. pers. bring low, put down. t~>D© adj. low in station; — cstr. / B'Dn4 14 . tH2t# vb. be fair, seemly (X Syr.; cf. BH (rare and mostly late) ; Palm.b ~&W merit well of, SAC ,,; ; Cappad. Aram. NTDt? Lzb Eph. iw . — p e< pj- g ms/ty, c. 01? pers. it seemed good to Dn 3 s2 6 2 ; Impf. 3 ms.' i>J? ISf? 4 s4 ?e< my counsel be acceptable to thee. t"VBttJ adj. fair, beautiful; — of foliage Dn 4 9ls .'~ t^E^CttJln.fm.] dawn (X id.; redupl. (K* »■*)&. above </?) ;— emph. ^-&f Dn 6 M . ptt? v. pit?. t [Klt^] vb. 1. loosen. 2. abide (v. BH I. mt^j-^Fe. /«/ sPfob Dn 5 16 ; rd. 'K>p also v 1 -, for 'BT3 (K k40n M s7 *' al.);— Pt. pass. N^.f Q<_M7,Bei» P ./^ 2 m. p i jnB> 3 55 ;— 1. Zoosen: lit. pt. pass, loosed Dn 3" (opp. bound); fig. loosen knots, i.e. solve difficulties, 5 1216 . 2. abide (from loosening girths, loads, at encampment ; cf. X NH [also on pt. pass.]), fig. 2 22 (D? pers.). Pa. Pf 3 mpl. V-)V Ezr 5 2 6eg-m (v. BH III. [^bn] Hiph. 2), sq. inf. Hithpa. Pt. mpl. J^nE>D Dn 5" joints were loosened (in fear). D"Ktf (I P^V, Syr. .eU, BH Pl^Aw*, whistle (onomatop.)). t^pil^':] n.f. pipe (cf. Syr. (rare));— emph. Kn^VlBto Dn f*», V^f » 3'°. t[0Jnil;] n.m. D " 4 - 12 root (v. BH); — pi. sf. nfenB' of tree Dn 4' 2 - 20 - 2 *.

ttncnU?Kt(i.e. ! lBnyK« 6, ' 4 > ),Qr , Bnf n.f.

uprooting, fig. banishment ; — abs. Ezr 7 2S . Pi®, n© six, v. me>. t[Hrit^] vb. drink (5: NJ?f , Iffa Syr. -fc^/*; v. BH I. nntfy—pe. P/. 3 mpl. vnete (K>' 4 - a) ) Dn5» 4 ; 7mp/. 3 mpl. Mf> v 2 ; 7Y ac«. nTO* v', pi. pnB' v 23 ; — drink, ace. wine Dn 5 14 , + 3 of vessel v 23 and (ace. om.) v 23 . t [ ,, ri0P so X] n.m. feast (as BH nWO);— emph. N^fl? n'3 Dn 5 10 . yPKti sixty, v. me*. "hafa "^n» n.pr.m. Pers. official Ezr 5"

6 ' 3 ; 2a6apfiov£aiia (at, t, i/») ; @L 2a#pa/3a>fai'ijr 

(Andr MS7 * prop. '3ino, Gk. Mifyo£ovfdv>;f, = OIran. * Mithrabauiana, Mithra is deliverer (or the like), so Mey Emst - J - 32 '; Scheft 92 '- Olran. ^elhrabuzana, empire-delivering; Wkl MVAQ 1887 ' ■" conj. a title).