A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs)/Lamed

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ל

, twelfth letter; used as numeral 30 in postB.Heb.

prep, to, for, in regard to (Moab. Ph. b, 

Aram. ?,^., Arab. J, Eth. A: As. la in lapdn = 'Osi> ) 'Dl HWB630 ), before tone-syllables usu. b (Ko i,S7 " c ); with roil. »£; $, nsb fGn 27 s7 2 S 18 22 Is 3 6 , ^; f. $, • , 3yt2K 4 2 Ct2 13 Kt (prob. N. Pal. dialect : cf. Syr. w^i£); b (15 t., ace. to Mas., written incorrectly N? ■ v. *b note); ffy, hb fNu 3 2 42 Zc 5 11 Ru2 14 ; jf; D3^>; mbb fEz 1 3 18 (f?^> does not occur); On?, poet, toj (55 t., incl. a few cases where, ace. to many, it stands for r? : cf. Ges S' 03 - 2 *'"^ Di 1 * 44 ' 1563 - 8 ), [also^non^ tJei 4 16 ]; $ [g$ (q. v.) + Eu 1 "- 13 , fl|r6 5 t., v. flBf}]. Prep, de- noting direction (not properly motion, as ?K) towards, cr reference to ; and hence used in many varied applications, in some of which the idea of direction predominates, in others that of reference (cf. Giesebrecht D1 " Pr * p ' L * n,ed ' ,87 ') : — 1. very often, with various classes of verbs, to, towards, for: viz. a. verbs of looking, listening, attending, waiting, etc., as fONn , bbhrr, i>n Wnn, tp3J, rta (f 84'+ ), jtn non, ai> (ns*, pan, noa) jna, rnp, 3"e>pn, jidb> (sts.), NOV to thirst for (Ex 17 3 ^ 42*), HinnB'n (<o Gn37 10 , towards ^ 99 s ) ; sts. also with p?Nfi, B<3n, B3J, nm, e*SJ, NBO (gee these verbs; many are also construed with other preps.); IS51 6 VM4 21 ; pregn. Is 38 14 ; b finnan fGn 24 21 , b t^inn Nu 30 68 : sts. without a vb., as Ju5 9 ) if t Je5 s b rm *33 18 (II b«), 3 9 8 «*n "f? "Ti^mn, 120 7 rrorhth non, 130 6 nefes »JT»6 (cf. IS26 8 ), 143 6 Dnn 27 2 Ch 3 13 32". b. with verbs of saying, calling, singing, vow- ing, sacrificing, etc., as ">DK, 13T (chiefly with God as subj.=promise, Gn24 7 1X5*+, esp. in D b 13T T(te Dt i" (v. Dr), v 21 etc.; with human subj. Gn49 28 JU14" 1 K. 2" al. (Gie 421 : bit 13T is more common), n3t, not, min, T3H, TtJ, T NBO (in oath) Ez 20 s - 6 - 23 1// 106 26 , 10p, ynn, y355>3, "K? etc. c. with vbs. of giving, leaving, bringing, offering etc., as iPSn, ^Sn aWo< (J0S13 6 ), jru, TJDfl, 3T5? V' 16 9 abandon to Sheol, Is 18 6 , 3nprt L.V17 4 , ait? = <o 6e returned Dt28 31 , D'Ein = Jn'ni; 6«cA 22',= requite 2 S 16 12 , l"IJB', etc. d. with vbs. of dealing, acting towards (whether with friendly or hostile intent), as b rtety Gn 19" + oft, b ^03 Is3 9 ; so with 3B"n, Vin, ion, sort to sin against (Gn 20 9 + ), DW to be guilty tov:ards (Lv5 19 ), ytf, B»n3 to lie to, 3J3; with vbs. of mocking or laughing, against, at, as p 3V? V' 2 4 , j> pn'E» 37 ' 3 , i) nob to rejoice <wer 35' 19 Ez 35 15 , caus. b nob ^30 2 , b ybv t25 2 : with other verlis denoting hostility (less common than 3 or by), Gn 2 7 4, "jnni> -]b orono, 2 K 5 7 , Ex n 7 511 (so Jos io 21 : cf. Jb 16 9 ), Je 25" 50 9 ^7" 37 13 56 s 106 16 p *Op (usu. in good sense, 5 g e) Jb 20 27 34 37 . And with adjj., as ^ 73 1 b 310 good to, Gn 13 13 "b D'NOm D'jn towards '", 2 S 22 24 ii> cron ||^ 1 8 24 ioy),^ 29 ib nioxj; withsubst. (rare) Ex 32 12 La 3 60 (syn. v 61 Syj. e. with words denoting what is pleasurable or the reverse, as P QW 2 S i 26 , b my Ho 9 4 , !> IP. 1 : Is 24', i> 310 (adj.) 1 Si 8 , b b>2 2K20", also i> ^yin, ^ J3D, to be profitable to; and with neuter vbs., to denote the subj. of a sensation or emotion, as p 310 to be well to (with), Dt 5 » i 9 " +; i) lb Ru i 13 , b IX 1 S 13 6 + oft., i> 3=13 Ho io 1 , b HIT 1 S 1 6 s3 , j> an to be warm to, 1 K. i b Vl + 106 32 , ^ WW it was hot (=anger arose) to Gn 4 6 + oft., p n32>n Mi 3 s . And with pass, vbs., v n?D3 it is forgiven to him = he is forgiven LV4 26 + oft.; otherwise rare, b flX"]? i 4 , ^^ Kfi"i? it is healed to us = we are healed Is 53 s , b nwi La 5% p BIB] 2 S 17 16 (v. Dr). f. with verbs of reaching to, touching, attaching etc., as b "IDX to bind to, BOn, p31 ^ 44 26 , NSO to reach to Is io 1014 ^ 2 1 9 , yjn Ex 4 s5 , 1DV3 Nu 25 s , anp (adj.) Eu 2 20 ; out of connexion with a vb. (almost = ly), J0816 1 V59 14 Jba8 3 Ne 3 15 2Ch33 14 , and correl. to fO (v. JO 5). g. with vbs. of motion, as "pn, X3, 3E> etc. (not so common as ?X, or the simple ace. with or without n loc.) — (a) with places, rare in early prose, Jos 1 15 8 14 Ju i 34 20 10 (but v. GFM), 1 S 9 12 20 25 2 K f, exc. in partic. phrases, viz. 101pci> Gn 18 33 , iamb 32 s , fhnh 1S4 10 (also with other sfs. : all these + oft., esp. with 31B> and j?n, or preceded by distrib. B«K ; ftftbtwb, also, without vb., as exclam., 2 S 20 1 1K12"), 1X1*6 Gn30 23 + , inen;p e*k Dts 20 , vbrab b*k Jo2 4 28 +, b*k rt» 1 S 8 a Ne 13'°: oft. in late Heb., as Jb 4 s , 1 Ch 4 3942 5 26 1 2 1 9 22 18 2 4 19 2 Ch i 3 8 17 + oft. Chr, Ezr2 68 + , Neio Ktt Est 6 4 Vo6 8 i32 7 146 4 : nbw-V? Je 3 ,7b (om. ©), Zc i 16 , and oft. Ch Ezr Ne (as 2 Chu 14 19 1 30 3 "), (TOW^ 2 Ch 18 2 28 s9 , bxb Je 5i 2 Ezr 2 1 1 Ch 9 1 2 Ch 36 7 (but earlier always tbtftV, |VTOe>, ^33 or n^33); and poet. Ju 5 11 Is 22 1 23 17 49 18 51 14 (pregn.) Tint? 1 ? mo 59™ 60 4 " 65 12 Je 3 l» 4 8 1S 50 27 Mi i 12 Zc 9 12 ^ 7 8 68 19 74 3 Ct 4 1S 5' 6 2 f* (pregn.) D<D"ia!> no»3B»3, Jb io 19 20"; p KXW1 V'i8 20 66 12 ,il^Mi7 9 Jbi2 22 ; ? 5>3* Hoio' + : without a vb., Is 23 s Ho 7 12 . Also H?^ with many vbs., both in sense down to the earth, Is i4 12 2 1 9 2 8 2 Am 3 14 5 7 Ez 26" + •}"+ , c. jfcj (pregn.) 74 7 89 40 , and idiom, c. 3B* to sit on the earth, Is 3 s6 4 7 1 Jb 2" + , without vb. Is 26 s : so ->?$ Jb 7 21 V 7°, ItW TW1 Ez 28 s . (6) with persons, not very common, Dt 32 s5 Is 31 6 57 9 Jes 22 lj yn ?> ^45 15 H9 79 Jbi8 14 1 Ch 12 16 Ne 6 19 , Iffjl Nu24 14 Rui 10 : b N3, esp. with pron. v, W etc. (friendly) 2 S 12 4 Zc 9 9 Am 6', (hostile) 2 S 5* Je 46 22 49 s 50 26 51 4853 ; with a (/»my as subj. IH33' 6 (B>N"6), 2 S 24" Is 47" Jb 3* (cf. Is 66 4 ), Je 4 12 22 s3 $ l&f D"p3n (so Ho 13 13 Is66 7 ). And with vbs. of placing (where ?y would be more usu.) f 21' ta rvioy ic^-ip rvE'n, 22 16 66 12 , with KBap ^9 5 13a 1 "* Jb 36* : cf. VBKp bw, ninntfn, Gn 4s 12 + (also 'K ?y). h. expressing direction towards (without contact), ■(ins? backwards Je 7 24 , pnp outwards jr 41 7 , Hpyo? upwards, noo? downwards/ to scatter nil 73? Je 49 s2 cf. v 36 Ez5 10 +, (ow) mnn yaiK 1 ? EZ42 20 Dn 8 8 1 1 4 1 Ch 9 24 : of the points of the com- pass (without vb.) ...nKSp towards the quarter of (the N., S., etc.) Ex 26 18 + oft. P (so Ez 47 15 ), Dm!', mrob etc. (late : earlier mtDO. or nmto etc.) Ez4o 23 4i ll,4 42 4 Ne 3 26 1 Ch 5 9

63 ? 28 I2 16 26 «-18 2 Ch jjM n3nD t, 2 Ch 20 24. 

also (peculiarly) 1 S 14 40 1 K 20 38 2 K II 11 . i. expressing addition (rare); Is 28 l0l3 13?p IX 1p^ 1p, 56 s (resuming i?y), Ec f TXib nnN (adding) one to another, Ezr 8 24 Ne n 17 (by is more usual in this sense). . Expressing locality, at, near, idiom, in the phrases ^Sp = before (sts. after vbs. of motion, as 1 K i 23 , but very oft. otherwise), -3-Jjb in the sight of, xb, po'p, biir.tyb (only Ec io 2 ), nnSP at the entrance (of), Gn4 7 Nu 11 10 -)-; in other, rarer connexions, Nu 20 24 . . .-of»(usu.by), Jus^dlv^a),^ tGn 49 13 - 13 Ju5 ,7 , , b|' t^i4i 7 Pr8 3 , Ho5 1 nBYpi5 ) 2 Ch 3 5 15 . ryi*b=vnthin, 1 K 6 30 Ez 40 16 . . To denote the object of a vb. — a. with the Hif., mostly of iutrans. vbs., properly (as it seems) a dat. commodi, as p D'50 to give rest to, 3 , Pl")n to give width to, b 1Xn ; p p'SH, excep- tionally also with other words, as Vi"y) , D^Sin, pnitn to give righteousness to, Is 53 11 , f^nn Gn 45 7 , P3n give understanding to (lute), , P Si !' (do.), nann Ho io 1 , mbn Jb 12 s3 , nnsn Gn 9 * give breadth to. b. with other vbs., sporadi512 cally early (if the text be sound), but mostly late, in conseq. of Aram, influence (in Aram, the accus. being constantly denoted by 7), as 3TK Lv i 9 18J4 2 Ch 19 s , rtfl 2 S 3 30 Jb 5 2 , VQ (mostly), fl?3 2 S 6 16 , sts. also n3T to remember, nay to serve (work or do service for), "iiy (2 S 8°, and esp. late), eni (esp. Chr), 7.?!? (only Chr Ear), NED (prob. the dat. coram.), nne> 1S23" Nu 32 16 , it}? Am 6 3 , 7}? ^ 34', "5? n6 16 , "W ge'Dnii 38 ', m 1CI126 27 29 13 , THS 29 20 Nen 2 , «pn 2CI132 17 ; see also iS22 7 2K8 6 Jei6 6 40 2 Jon 4 ° * 6 9 6 73' 8 1 35" 136*" Pr r 7 26 ■"> I22Sb La 4 5 1 Ch 16 37 18 6 (yehn, altered fr. 2 S 8 6 : so + 1 16 6 ), 25' 29 s3 - 22 2 Ch 5 11 6 42 if 24 s 34 13 (usu. ?y), Ezr 8 16 ; at the end of an enumeration, 1 Ch28 lb 2 Ch24 ,2b 26 14b 28 23 ; marking the defin.obj.inappos., 1 Ch 29 18 2 CI12 12 23 1 ^135" i 3 6 19 - 20 (=earlier m, Gn 26* Ju 3 15 Isf 8 2 ); after a sf. (in Syr. fashion), 1 Ch S 26 O D.??_1, 23 s 2 Ch 25 510 28 15 , cf. Ne 9 32 ; defining anom. the sf. of a noun, Nu 29 18 - 21!!4 " 40 - 1 Ch f tforrm ?3^>, 2 Ch 3 1 lSl8 Ezr 9 1 1 o". (But in sentences of the type ^B^ eni 1 ! NJ * H* 5 " 72 12 Is 51 18 Je 14 16 49 s La i HM , the 7 belongs prob. to pM: cf. the || types "V?9 $ P* ^142" Dt28 31 Jeso 32 La i 2 , J? P*? Bh> Je 30" La 4 4 .) Cf. Ges 5,17n . 4. Into (ils), of a transition into a new state or condition, or into a new character or office: — a. Gn 2 12 nEtef> ybsrrriS |3>1 mfo a woman, 1 2 2 7i"l3 'iab ^JM m<o a great nation, and very oft. with this and similar verbs, as Ex 26' Is 44 1710 , Db> Gn46 3 Is 5 20 make bitter into sweet etc., 28 17 , I"? 42°, also in such phrases as Bf> HBB'b to make into a desolation Is 1 3' Je 4 7 etc. 19 8 ; 7 IBn to change iWo Ex 7 15 Dt 23 6 + , to cut or divide into Gn 32 s Ju 19 29 Isii 15 +, |> «11'B> to burn into Am 2 1 , Dt 9 21 ->?y> ?f ?yB fr 7 14 maketh t'reta(or to be) flaming ones ; 7 rWl <o become, in many diff. connexions, as Gn 2' r^n l?Q37 DINn W1 became a living soul (see iTTl II. 2 e, p. 2 26 a ); (l s »b) "17»7 ntW3 to anoint so as to be king, as king (Germ, 'zum Konig': cf. Old Engl, to, as Ju 1 7 13 and ' We have Abraham to our father'), 1 S 9 16 15 1 etc., *? ntt to appoint as 13" 25 30 ; b nt? ^ 45 17 ; even more freely, as ^? ^V T! 1 K 1 4 2 . cf- 2 S 3" 1 Ch 2 9 23 ; 7 3E>n to count /or (or a*) Gn38 ,6 + oft.; Ex2i 7 when a man sells his daughter i"l»K? for, as, a female slave, Dt 6" to bind nteb for, as a sign, 33ri?n JDfe>f> (Kr) go «« «o oe an adversary Nu 22 22 - 32 , arijo ro^fl) Dip 1 s 22 813 , i> nov is 1 1 10 Dn 1 1 1 , ^an? NX" 1 to go forth into the state of one free Ex2 T i 2 (cf.v 26 - 27 after n7B>), 2 K 25 12 Is 14 2 J634 11 , ^48 4 7 JH13 hath made himself known as, 87* i> T3ffl to mention aa, Ez 13 20 ; poet. Jb 39 16 h7"K7p iVja ITE'pri treats her young ones hardly (turning them) into none of hers : without a vb. (poet., or late prose) Mi i 14 Na i 7 Hb i 11 •(fab inb ft, Zc 4 7 La 4 3 Jb 13 12 Hg i 9 1 Ch 2 1 12 26 s9 28 ,8b 2 Ch 23 4 . b. this usage is also combined idiomatically, with great freq., with a 2nd ?, of reference (5 a d), giving rise to such phrases as Gni 29 r$a*{> iW 03^ to you it shall be for food (see IWI XX. 3 f i p. 2 2 6 b ), 4 5 8 Wl«l n'jriBi) 3sb, 47 26 Dt 28 925 Ju i 33 1 S 2 ffl Is 2 1 4

8 18b DD-ioj) i7 Dn«rn, 49 6 17 nayb ,930 nx 

63 8.io 3 «^|, bnb liana (Jb 3 o 21 ), Je 15 420 20 4 2i» Hb2 7 V33**94 B 132 13 139" Jbl 3 24 ^nni

3W, 16 12 etc. 

. With reference to, viz. a. defining those in reference to whom a predicate is affirmed, hence oft. = belonging to, of: (a) Dt 23 s in

ta» N7 **te», v 4 - 9 La i 10 ; |» nrpn i s 2 35 

iKi4 ,0 + ; j> n'3tfn JC48 35 ; } «W» n^ ^7 1 K 2 4 8 23 + ; 1 S 25 s4 5» "in" ox, Gn 17 10 hon "fc»3 73 D37, 34 1522 Exi2 48 1 S 11 2 ; 1 K 14 13 ; 7 ND3 by 35?' 2 K io 30 15 12 Je I3 13 22 4 ^ 132 12 cf. v"; b OT3 HKi Gn5o 23 V128 6 ; |» "»* to perish belonging to 1 S 9 320 Is 26"; ^ NSO to find belonging to Dt 22 14 I S 13 22 ; Gn 23 16 money "inbb "I3JI current io (=with) the merchant, Nu 9 10 Am 9 1 Is 33 14 Jb 12 6 : note further the pron. in Ex io 5 mtWl |D D3? n»2fn, i 2 2 - 5 2 6 33 Lv ii 29 «»Bn nsb nil ( c f. v 4 - 8 ), 19 23 25 30 26 5 - 26 nnb nap D?b n3B»a (Ez 14 13 ), Nu 28 19 32 21 34 4 Dt'28 66 JosV aanby nb nisnyn, Jui6 9 i 9 14 (cf.b niTGn 3 2 32 +), 1S5 9 2S15 30 2K 4 27b nB'a3 F6-rn» T (cf. Isi5 4 Je 4 19 ), IS23 7 Je2 21 Mi 2 4 '7 E^O* l'X, Ez 16 14 29 7 yfr no 3 ; also 40 7 ears hast thou digged to (or /or) me, 5i 12 (cf. 1 S io 9 ), Is 50 4 ' 5 |TN *7 "IT. (0) in such phrases as Nu i 4 ntflpb K*{< E^K a man for (or o/) a tribe, 7" 31 4 , Dt i 23 Jos 3 12 18 4 Ju 20 10 ten men HKB? 0/ 100, 100 of 1000 etc.; i> jitJ'NI = first 0/ Ex 12 2 2 S 19 21 . (c) spec, of relationship, to define a man's family or tribe, esp. in geneal- ogies, Nu i 6 -W7K plN-17, v 7 - 8 etc., v 23 ' 24 etc., 3 2127 1 Ch 24 2021 etc., 26 2326 etc. + oft.; in the opp. order Ex 31 2 Lv 24 11 Nu 17 23 "17 n<37 pm 1 K15 27 etc., cf. 2 S 3 "- 5 , also 9 3 * Gn20 18 4 6 2627 ; similarly i» Dns^n 2 K io"- 17 , 5» Hon 1 K 14" 513 i6 4 +. (d) denoting relation (to be to or towards one in a particular regard or capacity) Ex 1 9 5 HpJp "b Dn"ni ye shall be to me a special possession, 2 2 s0 b JlTin EHp »B>JN, 1 S 1 8 18 2 S 1 9" 9

K 5 16 2 K 19 15 Je 12 9 15 8 22 6 b nnn nyba, 51 50 

Is 54 9 Ez 24 19 V 1 2 5 «^ i"? 1?, 35 14 £ n ?? SH?, 99 8 Jb24 17 30 29 Ne6' s ; with a ptcp. Nu io 25 25 18 35 s3 LH4 22 io 4 - 6 Is 11 9 14 2 (Dr'™' "»••); b "]bn Nu 2 2 4 ; Dap 31 it is (too) much to you, j> eyo (too) little to . . .; in the phr. (nD) *Q V n J$ who (what) are these to thee 1 = what meanest t/iou by these things ? On 33 s-8 2 S 16 2 Ez 37 18 , cf. Ex 12 26 J0S4 6 Ez 1 2 M ; »b nbbn away be it to (or for) me! 'b nob to what purpose to me is . . .? Gn 2 7 48 Is 1" Je 6 20 Jb 30 2 : oft. also in such phrases as f f59 a shield to Gn 15 1 jr 18 31 , a strength to ^ 28 s , an abomination to Gn 4 3 s2 Is 1 13 + , a grief to Pr 1 o 1 1 7 21 ; cf. Je 1 5 10 Mai 2 9 V' 89 s8 etc. : note also Jon 3 3 nbnj TJ* EPfl?M7 a city great to God (i. e. in his estima- tion : cf. Acts 7 20 aari'tot t<» 6ta, and 'JBP Gn 1 o 9 ), Estio 3 . And with 3 Jui 7" 2Si2 s na?^'nni, Ex 22 24 (cf. 4 b), Am 9 7 "b DPS Q"E>3 '"3 Ho 1 1* Is 29 2 Jb 33 s fBf b*6 yVrjn 1 , I am to God as thou art, etc. b. denoting posses- sion, belonging to; — (a) as predicate, in ? njn (cf. Lat. est mihi), f & , b pX constantly (see these words); also alone, as Gn ^i WM ton 7 it is mine, 48" DH V, Ex ig bb pan ba b <%

K 20 34 Is 43 1 nn« b, 44 5 S 3K '^, Ez 2 9 3 + 47 10 

50 1012 Jb 12 1316 Ct 2 16 6 s ; 1 S i 2 m* vie* W and he had two wives, 25 736 Ju 3 16 17 5 Jb 22 s

S 1 7* Ho 6 10 , + oft.; with &, 1 K 22 17 Is 53 s 

b mn «b, Je5 10 +; with a neut. adj. (rare) IS63 2 Je30 10 *n.3e>p B*«K; note also such phrases as 2 K io 19 byib b ton nar, is 2 12 'b t* *a 'jl by for ^ a <^ a day against, etc., 22 s 28 2 "b JtSW Pjn nij) 'i Aa<A a strong and mighty one (sc. at his disposal), 34 s '31 by '"b W, v 6b8 ; Ho 4' . . . as 'b an % i 2 3 Mi 6 2 : ifcj "b-rm what is there to me and to thee ? (i.e. what have we to do with each other ?), v. H» ; "p D17E* peace be to tliee ! Of that which pertains to one as a right, Lv 2 5 3M8 Dt 1 17 Ntf1 DTlbKb DBB>»n '■a, " 1 S 17 47 Je io 23 32" Ez 21 32 + 3 9 njntsfcn % Jon 2 10 ; with an inf. 1 S 23 20 iT3Dn ub) and it shall be for us (or ow place) to deliver him, Mi 3 1 nynb osb sbn, Ezr 4 3 2 Ch i 3 6 20" 26*, cf. yjr 50 16 b 1?"np. (6) here also belongs the so-called Lamed auctoris, Is 38° Wgfif 3TOO a writing belonging to, of, or by H., Hb 3 1 , ^ 3 1 and oft. nnb -ilDTD a Psalm 0/ or by D. (but possibly denoting orig., at least in some cases, a Psalm belonging to a collection known as David's : so certainly in rnp ^a? 1^ 42 1 al., and prob. also in fpsb ^50' al.) ; so THOtD 1TT5 24' + , "nib alone I0 1 i4 1 + . Comp. on Ph. coins D3"lxb of the Sidonians, i.e. belonging to them, -iixb ( = Gk. SiSoviW, Tipov). Heb. idiom also uses the b of possession where we should write the simple name, as Ez 38 16 (written on a stick) mVTOj v 17 tpvb, in English ' Judah,' 'Joseph,' Is8' 12-wn~bbvr~ mob 'Maher-shalal-hash-baz.' C. as periph. for the st. c: — (a) p "lt?K, as Ex 29 s9 39 139 LV7 2021 i6 6ls (see further exx. sub ne>K 7, p. 82 f.); so 'bf tCt i 6 8 12 , "^ t2 K 6". (6) without ntWJ — (a) where it is desired to keep the first noun indeterm., 1 S 1 6' 8 "•trb J3 TCtn a son to or 0/ Jesse, 22 20 Gn 41 12 Nu i 4 7 24 1 K 2 39 >yavh onay »a^ is 22 2 K 3" Ru 2 1 etc.; (/3) where the genit. is a compound term, to avoid a series of nouns in the st. c, Nu I 4 IIP ttdt tWO, 7 24 - 30 - 56 etc., i 21 DnH?B jaiNi nt3oi>, v 23 - 26 etc., 2 9 - 16 etc., Jos 2 1 38 ; 1 Ch 9 23 "> n^ab Dny#n )2 7 3 b irtnn, 2 Ch ^'Ne io 39 etc, occas. also besides, as i S 14" i>1Ne6 D'Slsn, Ex 3i 7 (usu. nnyn jnx); (y) where th*e regens is a pr. name, or a compound term, which does not readily admit of being placed in the st. c, as (mirr) btcteP 'otoh own nan 1 K n™™ + oft., 1 K 5 30 b D^asjn nfr, 2 K 1 1 4 b niNian n'c; b ni3«n H&n NU36 1 Jos 19" 1 Ch 8 18 + oft. Ch Ne Ezr ; in dates, as Bnr6 inta Gn 8 514 Ex i2 3 - 6 , Gn 7 11 ro ^nb . . . rocta, 16 3 Ex 19 1 . . . nsxb nswn tynna, ndn^ trntf rus'a 1 K

5 26!!8 1 6 8 (all + oft.) ; other cases, Ex 20™ Lv 1 3 48 

Nui6 M (=27 16 ) 18" Ju20 10 2K5 9 Ez45 19 Ru 2 3 1 Ch 4« 9 1921 26" 2 Ch 22 10 23 4 ; (8) with a neg., Gni5 13 tab vb pN3, Je 5 19 Pr 26 17 Hb i 6 , poet, even alone, 2 6 who increaseth S?

  • b (that which is) not his, Jb 18 15 S$ ^3, 39 ls

rb K?p as (4) those which are not hers; (e) poet., Is 16 2 26 7 pnvb m« Je 47 s Ho 9 s + 37 16 49" 55 19 (HiDeCh), 58 5 73 s 105 36 n6 15 nrvion VTDnb, 123 4 Jon 2 s Ec5 u ; cf. also b ~pn Jos 12 18 (but v. © Di), 2 K 19" (cf. Aram. Ezr 5 11 ) : v. further Ew im , Ges * 129 , Giesebr > 19 . c. attached to advbs., esp. those compounded with JO, it forms preps., as b t3"1|0 Gn 3 24 lit. off the front with reference to (or of) = in front of: so b JV30 = within, ? )inn = without, Ll 514 b byt?e, b byo, b "989, b tyfc&t b P 6 ? 1 ?. *? y l? (all oft.) ; more rarely, b 'TnWS, b 15?3», b nfrao, b nira bx, b njoi nra Ex 3s 15 , b nan Dn 12", b mra b pee, b naao, b a'oDta, b nnn ; poet. b W'H'IM ff 116 1418 . See )V3, pn, etc.; and cf. Ju 7 18 . d. construed with passive verbs, the 7 of reference notifies the agent, as p ^l? blessed oy, Gn 1 4 17 + oft. ; otherwise not very common, Gn 31 15 b aE*n3 to be reckoned by (so Is 40 17 ), Ex 1 2 16 fab wn efcrbap bs* y« : W, M? n 'FV... ' S 2 ' 2 5 7 2 S J 9 M Je 83 *? "^ ( Pr

1 3 ), 29 s2 f 73 10 1 1 1 2 Pr 1 3 13 ib-ban" is pledged 

ty ft, 14 20 Ne 6 1 - 7 b S»B>3, 13 26 b 3WK, Est4 3 " Ec 5 12 b "HD^. ' So with TOO? Ex i 3 7 (=Dt

4 ), JHto ' 1 S 6 3 Ez 36 s2 Ne 4" (but usu. with 

these words b is rather the dat. comm. be known, appear, to), -tfiOT Gn 25 21 + , &VV and XX03 Is 65 1 + to let oneself be entreated, sought, found, by, 1D13 +Lv 26 s3 , H3J0 +Ez 14" (?). (Comp. in Syr. No' 247 , esp. with pass. ptcp. » 279 (so Talm., Luz 590 ), which in Maud, and New Syr. even unites with the b to form a new tense, v. No M i m ! NS ' 104 .) Analogously Gn 38 16 ib "VW1 and was pregnant by, v 18 p rnn (adj.) pregnant 6y (lit- to). e. regarding, in respect of, viz. (a) with verbs of speaking, commanding, hearing, etc. ; concerning, about (syn. by, which is more usu.); so with "V?N Gn " Dt33 ,213+ Ju 9 M Is 4 1 7 V3 3 4i 6 +."T! Ez44 5 , IS? ^2 2 31 , Ehl Dt^ 30 2S11 3 , D?n Gn 4 2 9 , fpin Mi2 6 , WJf NU8 20 f9l u +, WPf* Gn 17 20 , and oft. in the adjunct , .."W*6, . . . nefc bab Gn 27 s Jos i 18 22 2 + ; bX& Gn

7 + , esp. in phr. BibtJ'p '&b bc<E> to ask about 

any one with ref. to (his) welfare ; in the phr. njn n:nb t'n regard to this thing (idiom.), Gn

21 iS 30 M + , Ju 2 1 57 D'ebb, 1 K20 7 ; without 

a vb., Lv 7 s7 14 54 Dt33 7 , and in titles Je 23"

s 48 1 49 1 7 - 2328 . (6) limiting the application 

of a term, esp. with 3 to denote the tertium comparationis, as Gn 4 1 19 5P? . . . H3na Wlf) tO a8 regards, in respect of (in our idiom, simply in or /or) badness, Ex 24 10 ">nbb D'Otfn DXya m brightness, Dt 34 1112 Ez 3 3 (rd. prfob) Pr 25 s

Ch 24 4 ; with an inf., Gn f 13DD *in«3 rWI 

njTlb ire respect of knowing, etc., 34 1S IS21 1 f]i7np niDIDS as whirlwinds in respect o/sweep- ing through, Jos io 14 2 S I4 1726 Ez 38 9 " 1 Pr 26 s eiwb irro nub mwra, i Ch 1 2 9 "incb ctoxa ; Ju7 1212 + oft. ; less freq. in comparisons with }», 1 K io 23 noanj* -pb . . . bap . . . b-wi, ct i 2 Jb 30 1 tivb »3DB DnW (cf. the accus. 15'°), 32 4,6 , cf. 1 1 6 iTPVlb DyS3; rarely after substs., 2 Chi6 8 21 s ,' 3" bnspb, v 911 Ezr8 26 (where the earlier language would use appos., or the accus. of specification, Dr i m ). (c) somewhat differently, Lv 5 4b and be guilty nbxi? nn«b as regards one of these things, v s 2 2 5b Nu 18 7 (cf. 1 Ch 26 32 27 1 2 Ch 19"-") Je 2 s7 (peculiar) thou shalt not prosper Dnb as regards them, Ez44 14 , cf. Jb 9 19 ; after substs. Gn47 26 t?»nb (but cf. ® Di) with ref. to the fifth, Lv 7 26 1 i 46b Nu 19 11 29 39 30" Dt 19 16 23 19 Ezr 8 M 1 Ch 27 1 ('n bab), 2 Ch 8 16 Ne 1 1 24 . (d) . . . bab (-bab), at the close of a description or enumeration, with a generalizing force, as regards all ... =znamely, in brief (Ew 1 "*'), chiefly in P and Chr (prob. a juristic usage) : Gn 9 10b all that go out of the ark H?'? n -- b 3 ? as regards (=namely, even) all beasts of the earth, 2 3 10b Ex 1 4 s8 (cf. v 9 1), 2 7 3 -' 9 28 s8 3 o lb Lv 5 3 - 4 (cf. 1 3") 1 1 42 i6 1621 22 18 Nu3 26b (v 3136 }), 4 27 - 3132 5 9 18 48 - 911 (allP), 2Ki2 6 Jei9 13 Ez 4 4 9 iChi 3 ' 2Ch 5 12 (Dbab), 25 s 3i ,e 33 8b (|| 2K21 8 babi) Ezri 5 . (e) introducing a new subj. (rare, and text sts. dub. ; chiefly Chr), as regards . .., Is 32 1 D'lB'bl (rd. prob. &")&) ; b by error from foil. t33Btob), Lv ii 26 1 Ch3 2 (rd. prob. DlbEON), 5 s (f v. Ke), 7 1 (Ke »3»), v 5 *(?), 24 1 2 6'- 23 - 25 - 26 - 3 "*

Ch 5 12 7 21 fr& vbv tajrbab (|| i K 9 8 lajrbs), 

cf. Dt2 4 6 (peculiar); Ec 9 4 Kin ^n abap "3 'l) 3113; cf. ^17* (on 16 3 v. Comm.). In Chr sts. used peculiarly as a periphr., 1 Ch 28 Ib21 3^3 bsb as regards every liberal man = every 1 iberal man (cf .Ke), 2 9 5 *- 6b ; cf . Ezr 6 7 ( Aram.), 7 28 . f. in connexion with terms designating a cause or occasion, with reference to or in view of (Germ. auf. . . hin) becomes nearly equivalent to on account of, through (not common) : so to cut oneself K'SSp Lv 1 9 s8 on account of a (dead) person, Dt'14 1 Je i6 6b , Lv 1 1 24 •<■»? nbt Qk4"* I have slain a man V??? because of my wound, v 23 " Ex 4 «e nib^b, Nu 35° Q^b ; ]?b = therefore (syn. J3 by), constantly (v. RJ) ; Job 30 24 (si vera 1.) with 3*>b in multitude, Dt 1 10 3ib D^OB'n '33133 }b : of the cause of an emotion, Is 1 5 s aNIDp 'a? 515 P5?r because o/Moab, 16 7 " Je 3 i M ib <JJO «9n (by Ct5 4 ),Ho io 1 , riKtb Jb3V'. Cf. Nu 16 34 Dbipb 1D3 fled at the sound of them, Ez 2 7 28 Hb 3 16 ^ 42". g. marking the aim, object, or consequence of an action or thing, in view of, for, unto : (a) Gn i 16 DVn nbvcnb for the rule of the day, 2 2 7 where is the sheep >vSvbl 42 s5 provision srvj? for the way; Ex 20 7 R1$? i.e. for a vain or frivo- lous purpose, similarly p^b and "lp$?; Lv i 3 + iJJnp /or his acceptance ; Nu 21 23 and oft. NV' Ttacbtbfor battle; b 3B^ to sit (wait) for, Ex 24 14 Hos 3 3 Je 3 2 ; 1 S 8 16 to use inaNbpb for his business; 2Si5 2 + BBEtob. R3 /or judgment ; yj, 69 s2 '"NO^/or (i.e. to quench) my thirst, Ne 9 16 ; Ex 29 M + Di>b /or each day; Is 4 s »n|"b| D">nb /or life ; Ho 9* DC>D?b Donb. • njnb and na»b Je2i 10 +; Is58 4 ^63 1 '°' , B ? S3 1B*pT n*te$: in the sense of to secure, compass, Gn 41" cried to Ph. Dnbb for bread, 1 S 2 36 Am 8" Jb 15 23 Is VAT ^ t . io 3 : so in ]W? for the purpose of; and with an inf. oft. (v. 7 a). (6) corresponding to the Lat. dat. commodi, (a) with vbs., Gn 2 18 lb ntyjJX I will make for him, etc., v 20 3 21 , etc., absol. b ne>y i s 1 4 6 Is6 4 3 , b bys + 6S 29 ; b NSO Gn 8 9 ; b npb 24 3 - 4 +oft.; b "ibd, Ttt Jei6 5 - 6 , b nas

10 , 'etc.; Ju 1 6 s5 13b""pn'B""S to sport for us (for 

our pleasure); Ho 2 25 Mi 5 1 , etc.; with a pron. of the same pers. as the vb., as 1 K 20 34 "p D^BTI, 2K6' io 24 , Zc 9 13 , leading on to h o, below; oft. with prons. and imv., Nu 11" 'briBDK gather me 70 men, 2 2 6 , ?"'"'"1X curse me this people, 23 1 "•? nj3, 1 K i 28 jntrrnb 'b Wip call me B., 3 24 13 13 i7 10 Ct 2 15 «b Xim catch M « the foxes, Is 49 20 , b"nB'3 retire for me, that I may dwell, 2 S 18 5 IS??!? '? Bsb (act) gently (5 i 6) for my sake towards the young man, 2 K 4 24 n'3-)b '•b-iVyn-bs-AV slacken me not the riding; (0) with substs., e.g. in such phrases as PIDS '■b Nin Ex 1 2 11 a passover is it unto 1 3 6 *v 3n, xe^^b TV, Is 2 3 I8 + "b Kn'P, Lvi'and oft. "b nirw nn nferc, 1S1 3 '»b tttn3,ete.j (y) also as a dat. incommodi, as to lie in wait, lay snares, dig a pit, etc., for any one, Ju 9 s5 1 6 s -f 3s 7 57 7 etc.; withvbs.ofwithholdingorremoving(rare), Ju 17 2 rb ngb i s 2i 6 (cf.^ ».*) ^40" 84 12 Jb 1 2 20 ; note also the phr. b : (nnayen) fffch nab Ju3 28 (RV), 7 24 12 5 : bl3T, in both senses, to remember/or (in one's favour) Je 2 2 + , against ♦ '37 7 +i c f- ? "W 3 ^ ft l 3 H an( ^ 23 - ( c ) more distinctly on behalf of, as with K?p to be jealous for, Nun ffl + , DC^J Dt s^+.lO^ 7 12 +, b 31 to contend /or Ju 6 31 , W* Jos g 24 , bbsriPI 1 S 2 25 4-,".3' ; ! to speak for one 2 K4 13 , Jb i3 7 bKpn ""yiy riBTJjl will ye speak wickedness on God's behalf? bsB' to ask 1 S 22"+ , "°y to pass over for (=to pardon) Am 7 8 ; Dt 30 13 «b nbv^ '», v 13 Jui l 20 18 Is6 8 ttpfe *$; see also Ex2» 4 16 * Nu 35 31 Dt 23" Jos 18 6 Ju 5" 7 420 2 S is 84 " Is33 SI Pn6 !, 3i 8 ,etc,j ^94 16 D , V" I P BJ^Wp; ^3 'b rwi to be on one's side, Hos i 9 IWW «b MN1 D3b, ^ 124 12 , and without iTrt Gn 31 42 Ex 32 s6 , VN 'b *p who is on '»'s side? (let him come) to me ! Jos 5 13b 2 S 20 11 2 K io 6 DRN y : Dt4 16 - 23 9 16 Am 5 26 , onb iB>jn. Gn 3' EX32 31 H013 2 , Jen 17 the evil which Dnb lb>y they have loved to do (cf. Hi), Gn n 4 Ju3 16 2Si5etc; ^b"np, Dab inp Gn6 21 + oft, lb hp*1 Gn 1 5 10 , etc. ; V t]3 Dt 2 35 20 14 + ; Dab «n Ex 7" Jos 20 2 ; cab on Dt i 13 (cf. Dr) + , Vfy Dab Ju 19 30 , cf. 2 k io 24 H02 3 ; ib TTtt, oab rra, etc. Gn 13" 2 S 17 1 © (v.Dr) + oft; ib'njp Je 3 2 7 + , l}> V! Jb 5 s7 , cf. Ct i 8 ; Dt io 1 ' 1 i6 913 - 18 19 2 ' 39 , Jo's 2 2 a «b ni33b, 1 s 20 20 n-iispb 'b nWb, 2 K 4 ' 3 yb 'Jwb> (cf. Is 7 11 ), I8 23 Is 4V ^ "T. 59 8 DnbWipV, Je 2 13 22 14 ^-ru??, 31 s1 46 14 Ho io 1 ib-nWVia maketh fruit freely, v 1112 ' 2 Am 6 513 ^ 44 11 i»b ! lDB'=plunder at their will, 64 s 83" Pr i M Ec 8 12 ib TjnKD (denoting satisfaction), Jb7 3 ^ wbron, 12 11 ib Dye^, i 3 > nb-iani, 24 i 6 , etc. : rarely separated from the vb., Ho 1 2 9 Pr 23 20 Jb 3 14 . (6) with verbs of motion, Gn 1 2 1 22"- ^b~rb get Seaway, 27" ^b rr>3 Am7 ,2 ,Nu 2 2 s4 'b rUHPR lit. I will return /or myself, Dt I 7 (cf. Dr) Dab WD, v 40 2 13 Dab nay, 5 s7 Dab ffltf, 1 S 22 s 26 11 «b nab:i, v 12 Dnb iab>i, 2 s 2 21 lb nc>3, v 22 iKi7 3 Is3i 8 ibD3 ) 4o 9 ^b'by ; ,Je5 5, bnabN, Hos 8 9 a wild ass ib T13 going alone at its l 1 2 516 pleasure, Mil" ^58" 1E& uSlJV D'Da that run apace, Pr 20" ? ?)!&=goeth his way, Jb 39 4 a i 8b 2 I01,1S 4 6 . (e) with ««w<er verbs, esp. those signifying a state of mind or feeling (chiefly poet,), f 66 7 icf? IDIT btt, 80 7 mb tB^* mockaaZ/wy^eawe, 120 6 'BteJ BJ rust? J"Q! has 7iarf Aer dwelling with, etc., 1 22 s PI? rnSHB* is well compacted, 123 4 PO ny3fe> is but too full, Is 2 a nsb *inn, 2 Ch 25 16 35 S1 Je 7 4 ine:irri>N ?^, v 8 2 K 18 s1 , Ez 37 11 Kb 01JJJ we are quite cut off, Jb 6 19 fob «j? (implying that they/ed themselves on hope), 1 5 s8 iOp QBjJj which should not sit (be inhabited), 19 19 D$ TO, Ct 2 17 8" l|» HOT, and the freq. ijHflft! take heed to thyself Gn 24' + ; with an adj., Am 2 1S nNTQn •V?yr6. (Cf.Ew* 315 *. Very common in SyViac, esp. 6: No' 224 .) i. of reference to a norm or standard, according to, after, by : — (a) Gn 1 " + oft. P un?!» ace. to its kinds, 8" + DrrririB^pp ace. to their families, io 6 W$ B^K, v 3132 , Ex 3o' 2 + DH'T^B? ace. to them that are numbered of them, Nu i 2 Dni3K rV3^> by their fathers' houses, v 2 Dr63bajj, v 3 Qnk35f|j, ^4- oft., esp. in enumerations and classifications ; Gn 1 3 s Abram went VyBDp by his journeyings (stages), so DiV^DD? Ex 17' + ; Gn 13" go through the land narnb* n?"!?^ ace. to (i.e. to the full extent of) its length and breadth (cf. Hb i 6 ); 41 47 nxvyb by handfuls, Nu24 2 + VB3B>? by its tribes, 1 S 29 s D'B^nS'I DIXD^ Dnay by hun- dreds and thousands, 2 S 18 4 , n*^p NU32 33 Jos 18"; Ju 19" nnssjp ace. to her bones (i.e. limb by limb), Ez 24 6 'Mfifff piece by piece; V' 1 40" to hunt rriBrnDp thrust-wt'se, with thrust upon thrust, Is 27" "in? nn«!» (Ges Ew) by one, one (i.e. one by one); hence, esp. with plurals, it acquires sts. a distributive force, as D'liJ?? Is 33 ! by mornings = every morning (cf. 6), so BlEftb ^73" ioi 9 + , ttyfi} Is27 ! + every moment, D'E'inj Is 4 7 "every month, EZ47 12 1 K 1 o 22 B'W tPW? nns once every three years, Am 4 4 tW n^tS>^ every three days (but v. We), 1 019"; in Chr nych nys6, Tyi -vyi), 2 Ch 8" 19', 26". (b) denoting the principle, with regard to which an act is done,^B?Dp ace. to the number of . .. Dt 32" Ju 2i 23 4- , Is n 3 to judge Iff ntnpij.VJW ypf pJ>acc.<othatwhichhiseyes see, his ears hear (cf. Lv i3 12 Jb 42 s ), 28 M , 32 1 a king will reign plS? ace. to justice ( || CBB'np), 4 2 3 nO^=faithfuily, Je 9 2 n?0$> = honestly, 15" 3° u (=46 M ) BBBtefc WP& (synon. io 24 BB&TO3), Ho2 I2 (|pDb), J02 23 Hijnsp; Gn 3 8 24 pregnant O^V=uncliastely, Nu 15 24 fiMB^ by error (elsewhere njjea), 2 Ch 30 3 35 s , Ct 7' flowing down ti^vrvb straiijMy (Pr2 3 31 '3), 3ib Jb26 8 2Chi4 14 , poeO'MO? Jb 3 6 31 in abundance, Q$b=gently 2 S i8 6 +; Ex i6 3 ^ 78 s5 V±h ace. to satiety; hi] 1 ? ace. to the foot (pace) of Gn 33 14 + (v. 59*3); i S 23 20 ^B3 Wfty (Dt i2"aL'3), 2 S 15" Ovrb ace. to their sim- plicity, i.e. unsuspectingly (so 1 K 22 s4 ), 1 K 9 11 issn-^ij, is 5 4 16 Ez 22 6 iintp, Jb 12 6 fn 9 911M Ifl??*? (II '? v 68 " 6 - 170 ), Ec i» long ago D<cfoyl> ace. to (measured by) the ages etc. (v. Hi): so also in the phr. 3"jn 'Bp ace. to a sword's mouth, i. e.as the sword would devour, without quarter, Jos 6 21 + oft.; .... 'Bp itself also, in various fig. applications, has the force of ace. to, Gn 4 7 12 , etc. (v. HB); and in fj ^xS (pfc) B» it is (not) ace. to the power of thy hand (v. p. 43). Similarly Dtn 11 tfpfn leob after the manner of the rain of heaven, i.e. as the rain permits (opp. to the artificial irrigation of v 10 ), Ju2i 12 +33B>Op -I3J, Ez 12 12 |?y? i.e. as the eye sees it. j. designating a condition or state : nt?3P in a state of confidence = confidently, Lv 25"* + oft.; jlfft "'-r* t#w a state °f separation (= apart), so V$ (v. pp. 94, 95); tibfi Gn 4 4 17 + , yO?i> suddenly f Is 29 s 30 13 ; Y3p in a condition of no . . .= without, Is 5 14 + (v. •bz), so . . . [*Np (late, v. p. 35), ttty +2 Ch 15 3 ; further Is i 1 vH? tM a 8tate °f sickness, 50 11 fDXJjDp, ir 45 1S ntoiJlK Ezr 2 63 =Ne 7 te a priest CDr&l D^t6 having relation to (i.e. with) U. and Th., 2 Ch 20 21 EHp n-i-in(j =t - w holy adornment (cf.'B ^29" 96'). And of a concomitant circumstance (Germ, bei), in presence of, at, Jb 29 s WKa Hb 3 ", . . . hpi» Jb2i ls Ezr 3 13 . . Of time: a. towards, against, sts. with co 1 1 at . idea of in view of, much rarer than 3, but expressing concurrence (at) rather than duration (in) : Gn 3 s Bi'n OVip at the breeze of the day,njJpin various connexions, as 3*},J? DJJp Gn 8" + (v. ny ) ; B'JBTO D wy!> t Ezr 1 o 14 Ne 1 o 36 '; rnia rimyb tf 9 10 io 1 ; . . ,trt$ a«, ow the day of, + 8i 4 Pr 7 20 + , . . . Di^ Ifcvn HD Is io 3 Ho 9* 517 (ef. Je 5 31 ); . . .yfa tntf} tEz 22 14 ; . . ."IB* Ci'S tMal3 17 ; njE>n n3iB>ni> 2Sn 1 +; nsipn5> own 1 1 S 1 s0 , ruBfa nsipr6 1 2 Ch 24 s3 (Ex 34 s2 without ^), (On*) D'JE* fib (late) 2CI118 2 Ne 1 3 6 Dn n 6I3 (in early Heb. OT?J ftp) ; . . . rwb 1 2 Ch 1 5 10 ; "$Q + 30 6 49" + (Ex 3 4 3 after tW fai = against, for; cf. 19" Pr2i 31 ); (D'lpaS Is 33 2 , v. 5 i); Tdh Gn 49 s7 (IfO)*! inoij t Ex 8 6 (in answer to v 6 »n»f»), v 19 Est 5' 2 (Nu 1 1 18 Jos 7 13 after lEHpnn = against), rnnsp Jon 4 7 (cf. 1 Ch 29 21 ) ; 1^ Jb 24"; lyis!?,' . . . ~tj?i»b, Gn 1 7 21 Ex 23 15 + ; Of^ and 'J$ 6e/or« (oft.); l'inxi>Aerea/!er,tIs4i 13 42 23 ; ^32""; withinf. (rare), in the phr. (3Tf) 1p v 3(n) niiBp Gn 2 4 63 + , 2 S 1 8 W Is 7 1S ^ib Wmhe knoweth. 1>. to denote the close of a period (rare), Gn 7 4 BVr? nyat? my, v 10 Ex 19 16 2 S 13 23 Am4 4 iw ns^E^ (We); Ezr io 8 - 9 Ne 6 15 Dn 1 2 7 (cf. n? 7 s5 ) 2 Ch 21" (so Syr.: v. PS "^ 5). c. towards, to, Ex 34 25 TJftfc P^ ^ (usu. TJ, as 23 19 ), Dt 16 4 1 S 1 3 8 (after^nw), Am 4 7 ">7$ ETChf! HW0 Tlja <o the harvest ; oft. in the expressions &PW, n *& "^l "* 1 ?, "*• "^J rather differently in tttj) Di'D V96 2 (|| 1 Ch 16 23 b»), Est 3 7 (i.e. passing from day to day), cf. 2 S 14 26 (Gie 301 ). d. for, during, Is 63 18 ">PSq!? (si vera 1.), 2 Ch 1 1 17 m mb6, 29 17 . . With an m/ (Ges' IK »), $> denotes a. most commonly the end or purpose of an action (=the Lat. gerund with ad, e.g. ad faciendum, to do) : Gn 1 17 and he placed them in the firma- ment H?n£> • • • 5**$) "«*$ <o give light and /o rule . . ., and to divide, etc., 2 15 set him in the garden i^B?: **??¥? t0 && it,and«o keep it, v 9 brought them to Adam rnKlp to see, etc., + very oft.; Gn 19 20 »& Ovb rohp near for fleeing thither, Ec 3" TJ^? nj> a time for bring- ing forth. The neg. is expressed by 'IO??, q.v. b. with reference to, limiting or qualifying the idea expressed by the principal vb., and so resolv- able sts. into so as to, to, sts. into in respect of, in: — (a) so as to, to, Dt 8 6 and keep the com- mands of' ink narvjfl wna nbb to walk in his ways, and to fear him, io 15 1 1 22 19 9 1 K 2 3 - 4 n 2

S 20 2036 Jo 2 26 wbsnj) easy n'e>y yfa so as to 

do wondrously, Ez 5 6 ;' Ju 5 18 WBJ Wti *(*} D$? so as to die, for dying [not 'unto death'], 16' 6

K 20 1 ninb rbn ; Gn 2 3 nifc^ so as to make 

(or in making) which, he created ; and in the very freq. "fotO, introducing the words spoken, so as to say = saying (Germ, indem er sagte), Gn i 22 , etc. (6) in respect of, in (cf. 5 e (b)) Gn 34 7 1 S 1 2 17 your evil is great that ye have done *|?0 03? PiKKO in asking for yourselves a king, v 28 14 33 the people sin against J. i>3K7 bfWPTJ) in eating with the blood, 19 5 2S19 7 2 K 4 24 Je 44" ^36 3 6 3 3 78 18 101 8 103 20 Ne 13 18 . And with the tert. compar., above, 5 e (b). Esp. with verbs expressing what with us would be denoted by an adv. adjunct, but in Heb. idiom forms the principal idea.as 1 S i 12 '.Pinnp nriTjn lit. did much in respect of praying (= prayed long or much), Is 55 7 tfb$ Ttft <3 + ; 2 K 2 10 PiNEO fl'E'pn thou hast done hardly in respect of asking (= asked a hard thing), 1 K 14 9 J?in ni'E»i£; so with yypn Gn 12", Tip 27 20 , pmn Ex8 M b>BVn Nui 4 44 , TO Dt I 41 , E>;?3 Jus 28 , Vrhttn i3 19 VCh26' 5 (with^a««.vb.), 31B>iKi3 17 Ezr9 14 , 3W1 Je i 12 + (without b 1 S i6 I7 l p'Dyn Is 2 9 ,6 + , Sj Ez 3 6 9 , bnan Jo 2 20 + , nia> <ncfflp Jon 4 2 , W3M1 f 113 6 , ^fcrfR v 6 ; Gn3i" w ri«3ru O'lSp hast hidden thyself in regard to fleeing =hast fled secretly, 2 S 19 4 N13P 333rW=come in stealthily, (c) by an extension of (6), the inf. with p so forms the complement of a verb that, if the verb be trans., it becomes virtually its object: so very oft. with such verbs as sj'Din to add Gn 4 212 , bm to begin 6 inn 1 I s , bs> 13 6 ,

  • ™ 18 7 , ]r to permit 20 6 , TOH 24% £^3 Ex 2 1S ,

f& 7 14 , ™^ Dt 1 4 s3 , ysn 25 s , yr iK 5 20 (these all occur also without ?) ; ^Nin to undertake, consent, Gn 18 1731 , n^>3 to finish, DO" Dt 2 16 (to come to an end in respect of), HJi? Is 5 2 ; also fH T SGn50 2 ,1?KEx2 14 , HOT Nu 33 M , 2vn 1 S 18 25 , yy V 625 » n ^ Je 12", 3HK Ho 12 8 : Dt io 12 what doth ^ ask of thee rtKT^ DX '3 except to fear etc. ? (cf. Mi 6 8 after BHT without b). (d) as the «m6/. of a sentence (rare) : Is 1 o 7 TDE'n7 133b, 1CI129 12 ; with 31D 1S15 22 V"8" Ec 7" Pr 2 1 9 (usu. without ?, as v 19 25 s4 Ex 14 12 ); cf. ExS 22 p mfeTji» J13J x^ ; 2 S 18 11 nn^i ^51, Nei 3 13 Ezrio 12 ; Mi 3 1 njni> Dab N^n, Ezr 4 3 2 Ch 1 3 s 20 17 26' 8 . («) with |f*, r« (late), and (more rarely) X?, in sense bf it is (not) possible to . . ., or (sts.) there is no need to . . .: see E* 2 cc (p. 442); W6 (p. 34b), adding Hag i 6 Est8 8 2 Ch 2 2 9 ; N'? 1 a 6 (p. 518): and cf. Dr f202 Ges ! " 4 ' Dav' Mb - Mb . (/) with rm, to ex- press the idea of destination, as Nu 24 s2 nT ppl •kA

M* ■>J?3p shall be for consuming, Dt 31 17 Is 5 5 6 13

M ' Ez 30 1 " yfr 109"+ . Cf. ni'B>$£ no M,A a < ?s 

(wos) to be done ? Is 5 4 2 K 4 13 2Ch 25'+ (Dr ' "*)• (<?) expressing (ace. to the context) ten- dency, intention, or obligation (the ' periphrastic ' future) :— Ho 9 13 V33 JflVl ;N N^Sinp C?1BN1 is /or bringing forth (=must bring forth), Is io 32 1D5JP 3J3 DW1 "Ity M ^« /or tarrying (m«,<i Ae tarry), 38™ "'JjrBhni' '*, '< is (ready) to save me, 44" (si vera 1.), Jer 51 49 Hb i 17 V 32 s 49 15 a ~l™ P 5 **^ ni?3p = must Sheol waste away, 62 10 nftjb D^tfoS, Pr 18 24 19 8 310 Nxob ruun IDIE* twTZ be finding prosperity, 20 25 Jb 30 6 1 Ch 2 2 6 (rto?), Ec 3 15 : of past time, Gn is 12 B'DB'n T1 N13P was about to go down, Jos 2 5 1 S I4 21b (txt. dub.: Dr ta>a '*••), 2 Ch 2 6 5 (strangely) VW OWN Bh"i? RV set himself to seek ; usu. with- out W!, 2 S 4 10 lb W>p "fN to whom it was for my giving (I ought to have given), 2 K 13" Tlisnp percutiendum erat, 1 Ch 9 s5 , and more freely 2CI111 22 U'bonb *3 for (he was) for making him king, 12 12 TVTWTy? NP1 and was no longer for destroying him,36 19 (?): in a question, Gn 30 16 nnppi and art thou for taking ? Est 7 s 2 Ch 19 2 -ytyb VBH^n wilt thou help the wicked ? Cf. Dr J *", Ges* m ", Dav* M . (h) with ) , in contin. (mostly) of a finite vb. or ptcp., Ex 32 s9 nnpi . . . D3T 1NPD and be for placing etc. Lvio ,0 '(?)iiS8 12 Wbl...n^ j Jei 9 12 ...n'B>yK nnbi, 44" Ho 1 2 s V 25" 109 16 Jb 34 s Ec 7 s6 9 1 (si vera 1.), Dni2»Neh8 13 iChio 13 2Ch 2 8 7 17 8 13 30 9 , Ez 13 22 ; Am 8 4 '31 rfi$fa JtaN D'BN.B'n and (that are) /or making the poor to cease, Is44 28 nbK7l . . . -iDtan, 5 6 6 f 104 21 Jei7 l0 44'» iChe^cf.Dr'^Dav 196 *■*).— On fOp, v . JO. Note.— 1 K 6" 0B> fnnp, the supposition that p is a conj. (= JJIOP) is too alien to Heb. usage to be justified by the Ar. J for l S3 , and the view that fWl here and 17" is an anom. form for nn (Ew* 238 ' Kb 1 - 305 ) is against analogy : rd. with OP 224 ", Ges* 67 * 3 , Klo, nrb (as 17" Qr). tiO? poet, for P (v. io) Jb 2 7 14 29 21 38 40 40 4 . K7 or ^"J7 adv. not (Ar. if, Aram. tb, J|, Sab. tb, Ass. Z4; not in Eth. : cf. Kb"- 1230 Walker A " l ""- Z '"')— Nib, ace. to Mass. (Fr """), 35 t., besides Nibs 6 t., and Kibn, the orthogr. of which varies much (it. p ' M1 ), e. g. in S always wn, in Chr always N?n, on the whole NvH 141 t., tfbn 128 t.; twice, ace. to Mass., written lb (Qr Kb), 1 S 2 16 20 2 , once nb Dt 3" Kt : — not — denying objectively, like ou (not /iri = ?N): — 1. in predication : a. with a verb; so most freq., and nearly always (a) with the finite tenses, whether pf. (Gn 2 5b 4' etc.) or impf. (3 4 8 2122 etc.); in short circumst. clauses, as Gn 44" ipTnn Nb, Is 40 20 010) tb, and with a final force 41 7 Ex 28 s2 (v. Ges il56S n- 1>, c rjj. i my Governing two closely connected verbs (Dr »»*•*) Ex 2 8 43 moi |iV INK" »&}, Lv i 9 12Mb Dt 7 2626 19 10 22 1 al.; 'and two parallel clauses (Ges 51623 ) Is 23 4b ^ 9 19 44 19 Jb 3" al. With the impf., esp. with 2 ps., ti? often expresses (not, like 7K, a deprecation, do not. . ., let not . . ., but) a prohibition, as Gn 2 17 ?3Nn ^P «00 thou slialt not eat of it, 3 1 - 3 Ex 20 3 !W n 6 1? there sfoiZ 7 . no< be to thee, etc., v 13 3J3n Nb, etc. "With the coh. and juss. moods (which are negatived regularly by bN), it occurs only exceptionally (Ges" 091bB - 1 ), Gn 24 s 1S14 36 2 S 17 12 18 14 i K 2 6 Ez 48 14 . (6) with the inf. (which is negatived by 'w3 ) q.v.), only once, in S03 (4 a), and with ?, in the sense of cannot, or must not j t Ju I 19 t^ninb tb *3 for it was not (possible) to dispossess, etc. Am 6 10 Xp '" D£?3 iwb, r Ch 5 1 15 2 (Dr & 202 - 2 ); cf. Aram. Kb Dan 6 9 Ezr 6 8 . On its use with the ptcp., see b c. (c) N? always negatives properly the word immed. following : hence, in a verbal sentence, where this is not the verb, some special stress rests upon it, GH32 29 2'PJP NP '51 "115? ION; not Jacob shall thy name be called any more, but Israel, 45 s V* OF)^ Dm t6 Not ye (in our idiom : It is not ye who) have sent me hither, but God, Ex 16 8 1 S 8 7 *6 "S '31 Vil »| ^DNO ?jriN, + 115"; without a foil, correcting clause, Gn 38 s1 Nu 16 29 ! ^nbf "• N^ Not '•< (but another) hath sent me, Dt 32 s7 tb riN't bye "■, i Ch 17 4 Dt 8" Is 28 s8 . . . nv3? n^> not for ever (but only for a while) ... (so 57 16 ^9 19 49 18 103 9 ; but Is^^nVJ? atttn Nb is, will not be inhabited for ever), Is 43 s2 Jb 13 16 32 s ; hence rhetorically, insinuating something very different, not named, 2 K 6 10 not once, and not twice (but repeatedly), Ezr io 13 Je 4 11 a wind I "'•inp Ni/I niljjj NP not to winnow, and mo< to cleanse (but to exterminate), Is 45 13 48 lb Jos 24 12 Dn ii 20 - 29 Jb 34 20 T3 N"b (but by a Divine agency : cf. Dn 2 34 ; also Jb 20 26 nS3 tb B>N fire not blown upon [but kindled from heaven], n 1 :

»h Lam 4 6 ; and px Is 47 14 ). (d) standing alone : (a) xVdx if not, Gn 18 21 : njHX kVdKI, 29" 42 16 Jb 9 s4 24 s5 J (0) «VdK . . . n, or not, Gn 24 21 waiting to know t6"DK ta"W '" PpJ^, 27 21 37 33 Ex 16 4 Nu 1 i a Dt 8 2 Ju 2 22 (cf. PX Q«, W 2 d 0, 8). In answer to a question or request, to deny, or decline, Nay, No : Ju 1 2 5 t/b "lOK'l , Hg2 12 ; '3nN«i5Gn23 11 42 10 iSi 15 + ; oft. sq. 13, No: for ...— No: but . . . , Gn 18 15 TtMW J^f "3 *?, i 9 2 Jos 5 14 24 21 1 S 2 16 Qr (v. Dr), io»(@ MSS), 2Si6 18 24 24 iK3 M +; Jb2 3 6 (strangely). (Cf., in deprecation, ?X.) (e) with an interrog. force, which however does not lie in X? as such, but (as in other cases) in the contrast with a preceding clause, or in the tone of voice (cf. ]l/;Ew tffl " Ges" 801 Dr 18u,w ): Jon 4" '31 DWX t6 »$H1 . . . PlDn nnx, Jb 2 10 ; 22 11 ; Ex 8 ffl ; 2 K 5 26 Je 49* ! (|| Ob 5 Xi?n), Mai 2 15 La 3 s8 ; and in passages, exeg. or text, doubtful (v. Comm.), 1 S 20 14 2 S 23 s (but v. Bu), Ho 10 9 (Ew We), n 5 (Ew), Jb i 4 16b (but ® Ew Di "fcjp), La i 12 (Ew Ke), 3 M (Ke Ba). b. with adjs. and substs.: (a) Gn 2 18 VTiij DIXn ni

31D tb not good is man's being 

alone, Ex i8 I7 +'oft. (b) EX4 16 D^rn tf* xb ^ix, Am 7 14 ♦BJK K»3J t6, Nu 23' S? B»* 16 S??'!, Dti7 15 (v. ->e>K 2 6) 20 20 32 47 iSis 29 2 S 18 20 tri>n nnx nrJfeflB t^x t6, 21 2 1 K 22 33 2 K 6 19 -mn nf jA, Mi'a w Is 27 11 Ho 8 6 ; noni tffb* K*> Je 2" 16 20 2 K 19 18 ; 1 K 19" 11 t6 "• «&$, Dt30 1213 Jb 15 9 28 14 *$ ^ *& (|| ItJ Hpy), ^74 9 Jes 10 rwn 'b tab, io 16 ; Dt 3 2 21 D3 fWK tb D»l|, Jeio 14 Hbi 14 Jbi6 17 3 8 26 13 D1X t6 13"]0; 1K22" ttyb DtflX ib, Je

31 ^ 2 2 3 ^ mpn t6i : , jb 1 8 1719 29" » -its? xS, 
1 " 33 9 ; Je 2 19 ^ WJIJ? X'bl and (that) my 

terror reached not unto thee, Jb 21 9 ; abs. Gn 2 9 7 nappn fipsn hpfc (Hgi 2 ), Nu 20 s 2X4" n3B» x^>i enn xi>, Is 44 s Jes 12 xin to^ nctoi, Jb9 32 22" 36 s6 41 s ; Pr 19 7 (si vera 1.) fRO npn~X7 O^DX words which or« no<, which are nought, (c) with the ptcp. to is rare, a finite vb. being usu. preferred (Ex 34 7 n|33^ X7 nijV3"l ■ Ew * K0 c Dr » 162 ) : 2 S 3 s4 nilDX t6 Jp^ Ez 4 14 2 2 M Dt28 61 f 38 15 J5W xi> if* B*K3 who is not hearing, Jb 12 3 13 2 D?P ^ ^£S *6, Zp 3 5 (very anom.) ; 1 K 10" ib is prob. text. err. in b> *p tb mm or b win iob xb, Dt 4 42 19 46 Jos 20 5 (cf. ^X Nu 35°), N?.'C is best construed as a subst., he being a not-hater to him afore- time. — In most of the cases under b, c, px could have been employed ; but the negation by X? is more pointed and forcible. . Not in predication : a. coupled to an adj. to negative it, like the Gk. a-, but usu. by way of litotes : Ho 1 3 13 D3n~X7 |3 an unwise son, ^ 3 6 6 310 ib "i-n a way not good, 43 1 ib ^ TDn, Pr 16 29 30 2 " 6 Ez20 25 2Ch30 17 : Is 16" ■V33 Kb, cf. io 7 CJ/D tb. b. with a ptcp. Je 2 2 nynt ib px, i8 15 (the finite verb is more com- mon : see Is62 12 nafjg tb -VJ (cf. 54 11 ), Je 6 8 n3CT3 »b px, i5 19 '22 6 31 18 Zp 2 '). o. tGn

13 txb tb pxa , Je 5" Hab i 6 b~tb ni33f p, 

Pr 26 17 V~ti7 y 1 "]. d. with a subst., in poetry, forming a kind of compound, expressing point- edly its antithesis or negation (Germ, un- is sts. used similarly): Dt 32 5(7)17 - 211 they made me jealous ?X X?3 with a not-God (with what in no respect deserved the name of God), v b DV tOS i.e. with an unorganized horde, Am 6 13 "9T Iw? D^np^n i.e. at a thing wh. is not, an un- reality (of their boasted strength), Is io 15 D'lro y]l X? ntSD like a rod's lifting up what is no wood (but the agent wielding it), 31 8 X? 3"in B"X, D1X X^ 3in, 55 2 Drb Xl^a for what is not bread, ny3B'7 Xl?3 for what is not for satiety, Je 5 7 D"n1)X 163 lyspi by not-gods, in late prose 2CI113 9 nnbyt x'^ jnb; + 44 ' s nbpn pn _ X?3 ^jpy for no-value (i.e. cheaply), Pr 13 23 Jb io 12 D^nD t6l ; m»*>5r darkness and disorder; so 'SJTX? Ho i 9 2 s5 : still more pregnantly Jb 2 6 2 * nb-x^ riqirnp ( poe t. for ra i!> px nt?xi>) the powerless, v 2b - 3 * (Ew' 286 " Ges » 15a - J "•), 39 16 n^> X^i) n»33 n-B'pn useth hardly her young ones (making them) into none of hers; and even Hb 2 6 vX? naipn M)Aa< 1* not his own (cf. Jb i8 15 b bso). Cf. with a verb, and ellipse of "IPX, Is 65 1 ^XB> X^i> to those who have not asked, v" Je 2 8 ^»'l6 nqx, v " b ; also npm xi? Ho i 68 2 25 , and prob. Jt>3i 31 X^ V3B'3 (pf. in p.) one not satisfied, e. in circ. clauses (Dr i 164 ), poet, and rare : qualifying a subst., 2 S 23 4 fiiay Xx 1j?a a morning without clouds, Job 1 2 24 fyi tb Vh2 in a. pathless waste, 38 26 *; and a verb Jb34 24 "l'5n ib Dn-?? y^ without inquiry, ty 59 4 ^HXDn xSl 'yB'Q X^ (cf. v 4 |iy bl), in late prose, twice, 1 Ch 2 30 " 2 nD'1 D'33 X? (px and y3, q. v ., are more usual in such cases). «V

mvbn . Once (ace. to many MSS), as a subst., Jb 6 21 & DT^r nnjpa for now are ye become nothing. Hi De Ko (cf. Dn 4 s1 (Aram.) nb Fffn, X here N^> puvin, and b« Jb24 26 ); but reading fluctuates (Orientals W, Qr v, Westerns, Baer (v. pp. 37, 56) V [' now are ye become that,' viz. the 3J3K bm of v 16 ] ; but even Sb yields a forced sense ; and text is prob. wrong: Mich Ew 01 Sgf Bu ♦!> . . . ?3 (® <3 also rd. % Bo Di f$ •♦•*?. Cfc Ko "• L ""■ . With prefixes: — a.tW3 S i (chiefly poet, or late), ace. to the varying signif. of 3 • (o) usu. with not=without, Je 22 13 ~K?3 irV3 i"IJ13 pnv without justice (|| 0000 X^>3; so EZ22 29 Pn6 8 ), IS55 11 Pn 9 2 , Jb 8" »6f KOrnWV] HXl without mire (|| D*D ^3), 30 28 nen N^3 (= not through the sun), La I 6 rD"xi>a 13^1, NU35 22 nm »6a..,na^ »6s, v 23 (sq. inf.) niN-i «b, 2 Ch 21 s0 Ec io 11 ; ^ 17 1 »6| ^Bfl HD"lO 'nsb ; used more freely in Chr, 1 Ch I2 18 PM? DOT ^3, v 34 3^1 3? ^3, 2 Ch 30 18 3V133 »6a. With' ellipse of rd., I*4 M ■&» W5? v3V without (that) men are able to touch, etc. (6) of time, in not, i. e. outside of, Lv 1 5 2 ' Rrnrny xbo, Je/ore Jbi 5 32 wrira, EC7 17 • ?!%)) N??. (c) where N^ belongs to the foil, word, and is only accidentally preceded by 3 (v. supr. 2 d), Dt 32 2121 Je5 7 Pr^ 23 C3BITO t&l through injustice; with 3 pretii, iff 44 13 Is 55 2,2 Je 2 11 b*ft Nib? /or (that which) profiteth not. b. *^?n nonne 1 Gn 4 7 + oft. Inviting, as it does, an affirmative answer, it is often used, (a) esp. in conversation, for pointing to a fact in such a way as to arouse the interest of the person addressed, or to win his assent: Gn 13" Is not the whole land before thee 1 1 9 20 20 6 2 7 36 20/ e Ex4 11 Who maketh dumb or deaf, etc. 1 Do notlt 33 16 Ju4 6 "8 2 9 28 - 38 iS 9 1!01! 'i5 17 etc.; with a vb. in 1 ps., Jos i* yrm nbn, Ju 6" ymbv N^Tl,

S 20 30 2 S 19 23 Ru 2': similarly in a poet, or 

rhet. style, Ju 5 30 bbti lp^rP 1KXD< N^n, Is 8" io 8 - ,11 28 2S 2 9 ,7 4o 21 - 23 4 2 24 43 18 etc.,Jb4 6 - 2l 7 1 io ,,,!!0 , etc. (/3) it ha? a tendency to become little more than an affirm, particle, declaring with some rhetor, emph. what is, or might be, well known : Dt 3 " |tey *js nana N»n ribn, n 30 1 S 2i 12 x^n '31 -in nt (cf/29" 2 S n 3 ), 23 1, 26 1 2 S i5 M ; it is thus nearly = nsn (@ 8 tg. represents it by ISov, as Jos i* Ju 6 14 Ru 2" 2 S 15 35 ); so esp. in the phrase of the compiler of K, And the rest of the acts of . . ., D'SIDS (iron) an tibn are they not written in, etc.? 1K11" 14" + oft. (with which there interchanges COVIS D3H 1 K 1 4" 2 K 15" 15 2631 , which is gen. used by the Chr, 2 Ch 16" 20 s4 , etc.), Jos io 13 (cf. 2 S i 18 nan), z K 8 M ®, Est io 2 ; f 56 14 (strangely : contr. 1 16 8 ).— run s6n tHb 2 13 2 Ch 25 s6 (Dan)._0n Ju i 4 u , see [j 1 end. C. tlOJ and not=and if not, 2 S 13 26 2 K

17 . Comp. b*j. a. tN^? oh 16 wi R*a xn, 

poet, for -)B>N3, as though they had not been. e. t"?p without, lit. m <A« condition of no . . . 2 Ch 15 3 (comp. pt??, also in Chr). Elsewhere X7 belongs to the foil, word, Am 6 13 2 Ch 1 3» Is 65 1 - 1 Jb 26 23 39 16 (v. supr. 2 d). Note. — Fifteen times, ace. to Mas. (v. De vices Fr hew Stl .r ro i.cr.M) ( K l, is written by error for lis, viz. Ex 21 8 Lv 1 1 21 25 30 1 S 2 s 2 S 16 18 2 K 8 10 Is 9 2 63' if> ioo 3 139 16 Jbi3 16 41 4 Pr 19 7 26 2 Ezr 4 2 (always with Qr V). The passages must be considered each upon its own merits : in some ? yields a preferable sense ; but this is not the case in all. There is the same '"ip (rightly) on Is 49 s r Ch 1 1 20 ; but these were not considered to rest upon equal authority, and are hence not reckoned with the fifteen. — In Ju 2 1 22 (v. GFM), 1 S 13 13 . 20 1414 , and in Jb 9 s3 (B* tib), rd. prob. *6 for *6. t-m N*V, ISl Sh n.pr.loc. in Gilead, near, perh. east of, Mahanaim (q-v.); — *l W S17 37 (® Aa&afiap, AaSa^ap); Gr We rd. also ">3"l iib Am 6 13 =same city (but v. Dr); ='T 'tb 2S9 45 (® AaSaPap); perh. also intended in 13-1? »p8 Q^neo Jos 13 26 (cf. Di Bla; ® Aat/Swv, A Aa/3«p, ®L A(&np) ; V. II. "^, p. 184 supr. Sy *f*7 n.pr.m. (not my people : see W 2 d) symb. name of Hosea's son, Ho i 9 , cf. 2 s5 (v. also 2 1 ' 3 ). n?3n~l is? n.pr.f. (uncompassionated: Ges $ira«.Nj g y m b_ name of Hosea's daughter, Ho i 6 ' 8 , cf. 2 s5 (v. also 2 3 ). Vh 2 Si8 ,2 Kt (Qrl^)if: v. k. !2K7 (v/of foil., cf. Ar. ^ (med. j) 6e thirsty, ViJ, 15$ a stony tract of land (v. Wetzst B,,l *' !b<,rlcht99 )). t[niW7ri]a.f. drought; — onlypl.intens, niSNpri jnt? 3 " I3 1? a Ho 13 6 . HN*? 521 T[nN7] vb. be weary, impatient (cf. g ravbn Ar. tjil be slow, hesitating (Frey); ^ UL? after difficulty, b $ with difficulty (Lane 3007 ) ; Aram.

    • ?, % -JJ) ;— Qal /mp/ 2 ms. nsbn Jb 4 J ;
  • ?91 Jb 4 5 ; 3 pi. fc^ Gn i 9 ";-be weary (in

vain endeavour) sq. Inf. Gnio"; 6« weary, impatient at attempted consolation abs. Jb 4 2 ; at calamity abs. Jb 4 S (|| bna). Mip^. pf nx!>3 Pr 26 ,5 +2 t.; 2 fs. TVNi>3 I 8 47"; »n^jf»j fc j H + 3 ft, etc.; — sq. inf. Je weary of doing a thing, Ex 7 18 ( JE), make oneself weary in doing some- thing Pr 26 15 (of sluggard's laziness), weary (i.e. strenuously exert) oneself to Je o/ 20 9 ; abs. of eager and hopeless prayer HDan-^J? '*?} Moab Is i6» (|| ran?, i>>ann|. Smpa-bn *a) . of va in consultations, (sq. 3) Babylon Is 4 7 13 ; subj. sq. inf. Is j"; Je6» i 5 «, a l wavs f exhausted patience; fig. of parched soil (abs.) f 68 10 . Hiph. Pf. 3 ms . s f. y^n Jb i6 7 ; 3 f s . mi>n Ez 2 4 > 2 (del. @ Co), 1 s. sf. T™!>D Mi 6 3 ; W V«?lJe 1 2 5 ; WJW Ig 7 » ; Infcstr.'mbnia 7 > 3 ;— wary, roafe wearyj ezAawa!, sq. ace. Jbi6 ? (subj. God); exhaust patience of, obi. God Is t 13 - obj. men Is 7 13 J e 1 2 5 Mi 6 3 . 7 ' TrTWfl n.f. weariness, hardship ;— 'n Exi8 8 -f- 4 t. ;o fdistressofIsr.inEgyptNu20 14 - in wilderness Ex 18 8 (both JE) ; from Assyr ' Bab., etc. Ne 9-; cf. La 3 5 (|| B*n , ga li ); Ma l 1 ' 3 .' ni ??s 4 a.pr.f. Leah, elder daughter of Laban, and wife of Jacob (perh. = wild-cow, Ar. ^% 0) [ c f. i>rn ewe], Dl 1 ™- 80 BS Ka " and (doubtfully) No ZMG * 118 *. w ; a l g o Gray B<!bN *^ 90 - others, as Hpt<™'«> comp. As. BV* in sense mistress; on poss. relation of n*£ to ^b v. , 1.^)- -mother of Eeuben, Simeon^'LevC Juda^ Issachar, Zebulun and Dinah- Gn 2 o llU7 - 23 ' 24 -2 5 - .3,32^,33.34.35) 9+ > 9 « 6 46- 4 o 3 'Bu 4 ";@ A(f ) tu : 3 ' 33 34 tOK7 Vb. cover, only Qal P/ 3 ms . V3B-HK 6 TJ^rn 2 S 10 5 , rd. perh. t»6 fr 06 WeDrBu. ". EN 1 ? Ju4» etc., v. ts6. B*7 , B^ gently, v. DK S ub DDN p. 3 j supr. yfP W oi *fo, "?*&, cf. Ar. (5*S, d5t «e»rf, dll messmc/er, Eth. AAh; s^d a wesserc- ger, v.-MvXh: Je serai, wat'< ora, minister; rro£fih; =Heb. TJKJJD; c f. Ph. "7^d messenger; NH f#l?, Aram. tqtgg, as in Heb.) WPft^n.m. messenger;— '» Ex 23 s0 +

8t.;cstr.'n«i>DGni6 7 +69t.;sfs. , 3Ni«5Ex23 23 + 

3 t.; to^p Gn2 4 ^ ; pi. Q^Gn 3^+63 ft + t»n!» 2Sn 1 Kt(<QrD^D); cstr.-?«i)D Gn 2 8 I2 +i 1 1. ; T??j>» Nu 24", 2K 19 23 ; fOS^B Na 2 14 error for 'aa^D =*py*fe Q gg } 9]> (2) A ^ 2 or < for 1R$9 by dittogr. fr. foil. fa Kb ll - , - en ). yWfi 2Ch 3 6 ,5 + 8t.; — 1. messenger, a. one sent with a message Gn 32" + 8 t. JE • LH2 26 , (not in P); Jue^ + St.; iS6 21 + 5 ift S K, 1 Ch i 4 ' 19 216 2 Ch r8 12 35 21 Ne 6 3 Jb i» Pr 13 17 17 11 Is i 4 » i8» 30 4 37 914 Je 2 7 3 Ez 17 15 2 3 i6.4o 3Q 9 Na 2 u. Qfo ^^ messengers of peace Is 33?. b. a prophet Is 4 2 19 44 M 2 Ch 36 1616 Hg i 13 ; the herald of the advent "3t6o Mal 3 1 . c. priest Mal 2 7 , prob. Ec 5 s (KV angel), d. || f?S Jbss 23 , a messenger from God acting as an interpreter and declaring what is right (angel of BV too specific). e. fig- Q T! "° messengers of evil V' 78 49 ; D1D '» messengers of death Pr i6 14 ; || nimi winds his messengers^ 1 o 4 4 . a. angel, as messenger of God, WK» with God in theophanies Gn 19 115 28 12 3 2 2 (JE), praising him ; f 103 20 i 4 8 2 ; in his sight not without error Jb 4 18 charged with the care of the pious ^91"; elsewhere sg. sent to a prophet 1 K 13 18 19 6 ? 2 K i 315 Zc 1' + 18 t. in Zc 1-6; excellent, wise, powerful 1 S 29' 2 S i 4 ™ 19 28 Zc 1 2 8 ; encamping about the faithful 1^3^; chasing his enemies V35 56 ; destroying by judgment of Yahweh 2 S 2 4 1617 = 1 Ch 2 1 12 - 30 ; 2 K 19 35 = Is 37* = 2 Ch 3 2 2 >. t3. the theophanic angel Bl5>n(n) 'd in the story of E: Gn 21" 31" Ex i 4 » also in Ju 6 20 13 69 ; WT'O in the story of J : Gn r6 7 - 910 "

11.15 £ x gS N-U2 25-2.23.24.25.26.27.3L32.34.35 ^ ^ Ju ^ 

g23 6 U.12.21.21.22.22 I3 3.13.15.16.16.17.1S.20.20.2I. ^^ Q

8' 8 (E); !$>P Ex2 3 20 (E) ) 33 2 Nu 2o' 8 (JE)! 

H012 6 ; ^Q EX2 3 23 (E), 32 s4 (J); bKSD Gn 2 4 - 40 (J), V3S 'D Is 6 3 » (referring to the ancient I^D); nnan 'o Mal 3' (referring to the advent of' 1 for judgment, see Br MF473 ). The theophanic angel is not mentioned in D and P. ! " T ?N7'? m n,f " oocu Pation, work (for

  • B?$e ; cf. Ph. r)3Nf)D labour)— 'o Ex 1 2 ' 6 +

102 ft; rCl^O 2 Ch 13' ; cstr. n=N^D Ex 35 <»+ 42 ft; sf. ^FDK^D Jon i 8 ; y$X&D Ex 20'+ 2 ft; irOK^O Gn 2 2 + 13 t.; pl.cstr. rfOK^D 1 Ch 28 19 ; sf. 'J'niaxpp ^ 73 s8 ; — 1. occupation, business, ^ri3X?tp no what is thy occupation Jon I 8 ; business of a steward Gn 39 11 (J); diligent in business Pr22 29 ; slack in business 18 9 . 2. property in which one is occupied, injn 'o his neighbour's property Ex2 2 710 (E); possessions of herds and flocks Gn 33 ,4 (J), 1 S i5 9 (cf.n3po); n3n 'O great property 2 Ch 1 7 13 . 3. work as something done or made: a. of God in creation Gn 2 2 -" (P), in judgment Je 5o 2S , in general V' 73 M - k. °f men > ^V 'O leatlter-work Lv I3 «. 5 i (p^ n Ye;n 'd wori tn the field 1 Ch 27 s6 ; in building Pr 24^ + , the walls of Jerusalem Ne 4 6 + , making the tabernacle and its furniture Ex 36'+ , the temple 1 K 5 s0 + ; work of the potter Je i8 3 , of the seaman i// 107 23 , of the Levites 1 Ch 26 s9 , of priests in the sacrifices 2 Ch 29 s4 ; tnn3S?(n) rnt6p phrase of P, Ex 35 24

1J LV 2 3M-21-25-3 T 5.36 ' Nu " 28 18.25.26 29 1.12.36 a l g0 
Ch 9 1319 28 13 - 20 2 Ch 24 12 ; mah 'on i ch 2 3 24 ; 

'rb may Ex 36 s (P) ; cf. the phrase tx nby workmen Ezr 3 9 Ne 2 16 ; t» D-fcty 1 K 5 30 <f + ; 'o 73 any work forbidden on the Sabbath Ex 20 910 Lv23 3 (P) Dt5 1314 Je 17 s - 24 ; on holy con- vocations Ex 12 16 Lv 16 29 23 283031 Nu 2 9 7 (P). t4. workmanship, n3K70 73 m euery /awtf. 0/ workmanship, phrase of P: EX31 35 35 29 . 31 . 33 - 35 ; and Chr: 1 Ch 22'* 28" 29 s ; 1 K 7 14 . +5. service, use LV7 24 n 32 Ju 16" Ez 28 13 . +6. public business: a. political 1K11 28 iCh29 6 Dn 8 s7 Est 3 9 g 3 . b. religious, putting away foreign wives Ezr 1 o 13 ; fW 'o 1 Ch 26 30 ; Ehpn'D Ex 3 6 4 3S U (F), vvhpn vhp 'o x Che 34 ; 7ns 'o lyio Ex 35 21 (P), '" n»3 'o 1 Ch 2 3 4 Ezr 3" 6 a Ne io 34 11 22 . t[D1DSlV^] »•*• message, cstr. Ott^ Hg i 13 . HDN7Q appar. n.pr.m. Malachi, Mai I 1 , but in fact not historical name of author, nor pseudonym for Ezra ; prob. a conjecture based on 3 1 ; so many moderns; see Dr'°"- I7N7 n.pr.m. (belonging to God; cf. Palm. COB>7: v . No WZKM - 18M - 3U Gray H "'- , " ,nM ' 2(l7 ) a Gershonite-Levite ; Nu 3 s4 , @ Aarj, Aaot/ijX. QJ^7 ('/of foil.; cf. Ar. '"} bind up, or together, ill. reconcile, bring together (Thes Ba »b »«».»). >Lag B;U80 who comp. ^j be low, ig- noble, 1U.I [pi.] common ones, hence Dfcy prop. common, vulgar people).

nfeefe 

n.m. Gn26 ' 2s people, poet. and chiefly late;— '7 abs. Gn 25 2323 Pri4 2S , Di*6 Pru 26 ; sf. 'SfiKJj Is 5^; pi. tWf«)» Gn 25 s3 + 28 t. ; Q*OW|> Is 55 4 -—people, both of Isr. and of Edom, Gn25 23 - 23 - 23 (J; Jacob and Esau; || ,| i3); elsewhere of Isr. only Is 51 4 (sg. || 0$) ; usu. pi. of other peoples :— '7 fX& Is 1 7> 2 (|| D'oy (ion), c f. v 13 ; || Dil Is 34 1 43 9 > 2 1 44 315 105 44 149 7 ', cf. Is 55" C» in v 5 ); || D'W Gn 27 M (J), Hb 2 13 Je 51 58 + 47 4 57 10 67" 108 4 Pr24 M ; further Is4i 1 49 1 (both || ta"»K), 43* (ii D m 60 2 (ii rm * 9' (ii *m> n* n (ii $* ri«, etc.) ; OT«£ rny : ^ 7 s , '7 [ion 65 s ; of any and all 2>eoples Pr 14 34 ; sg. indef. = people in gen., as making public opinion, 1 1 26 (coll., c. pi. vb.); = population, as subjects of prince " gibs).

  • C'tSN; n.pr. gent., as 'son' of Dedan

Gn2 5 3 . A®L Aooi/j(t)et^t. (Sab. n.pr. tnb. DON7, t»w6 SabDenkm 11 ). y? v. sub 337 infr. K27 (■/of foil; v. Ar. Xj2, 0, i*U lioness, cf. N , 37; v. peih. also Ph. n.pr. X37 CIS 1 - 147 ; Jastro T w JBL " (1892)120f - comp. Tel el- Am. n.pr. Labd' (Bez BM Labay[a~]); poss. is also Lapaya, whichWkl TA ' 1896 rds. ; deriv. only poet.) t^lb] n.[m., f.] lion; — only pi. and fig. of foes Dk:6 Tjina ^M ^ 57 s ; of Assyrians vnto£ Na 2 13 (II vrna ; sf. ref. to n^x). IN"!? n.f. lioness (on format, v. Lag uses) .J_E Z I9 s (II nins) fig. of mother of Isr. t W2; n.[m.] lion, poss. also [f.] lioness (cf. Ar. usage, and Gn 49 s Nu 24 9 Jb 4 11 , etc.; but this by no means certain); — '7 abs. Gn 49 9 + 10 t.;-Is 30 6 (|| B#), Jb 38 s9 (|| "^ ; Gn 49 9 in sim. of victor's repose (J*3"l ; || iT"1K), cf. Nu 2 4 9 (c. 33B> ; || ns), Dt 33- (1H?) my, v. also NU23 24 (DIP; || HK); fig. of Nineveh Na2 I2 (||nn«), c f.Is5 29 (n3sa i insim.; || D*Tffp); fig. of wicked Jb 4 11 (+ nn*. i>ng, tb?, b*:? v 10 ") ; sim. of devouring (???) in judgment Ho i 3 8 ; fig. of locusts '? rrtyjce Jo i 6 (1| W nns). t rTiN^7 n.pr.loc. a city in S. Judah, Jos 1 5 32 , © Ao0 W f , A®L Aafod = O IT 1 ? (q.v. p. 1 1 1 supr.) Jos 1 9 6 , ® Ba6apa>6, ®L BqOXcPaaS. Site unknown. aaf?

lib t227(mng.dub.; Dl PrS3ff findsorig.mng. in As. labdbu, in unruhiger Bewegung sein; — ./of 33 1 ), lb; cf. NH &., As. libbu, Aram.

  • $, Uk, Eth. «WI; Ar. ^J, Sab. 37, Sab.

D«lkm. ,,, ** fc111 ');— tin literary usage of 3 1 ) and 33? is : 1. earliest poetry, J and E chiefly, Eph doc. of Ju S K chiefly, Am Ho Zc 9-1 1 Is 15 use 2?. 2. 33? first appears in Is and certain strata of E and Eph doc. of Ju S K, and is continued in Zp Na (prob.) D H Dt editors and some i/n/f. 3. Je Ez Jb prefer 2? but use occasionally 337. 4. Is 2,3 La and exilic W use 3?. 5. Is i^-i^3e 50-51 Hg Zc 1-8 Jo Jon ^ 25, 90, 104, use 33?. 6. Mai Ob Zc 12-14 Memorials of Ezr and Ne Pr Eu Ct and many ^1^ of Persian period use 37. 7. Chr and Dn use 337. 8. Ec Est and latest i^f> use 37. Exceptions will be noted and suspected passages indicated by ? under 33? and 3? which are treated apart. See Br. 'Study of the use of 3? and 337 in the O. T.' in Semitic Studies in Memory of Dr. Kohut, Berlin, 1897. T3j? n.m. * m ' u inner man, mind, T •• 251 . 1 will, heart; — abs. '? Dt 2 8 28 + 31 t. ; cstr. 337 Dt 20 9 + 22 t; sf. '331) Is 2 1 4 + 24 t.; 133^ Dt 4*+ 35 t.; ypb Dt 4 39 + 21 t.; TRaji 1 S i" + 3t-; i23? Dt2 30 + 37 t.; n33^Zp2 15 + 3 t.; «33i) Dt i 28 + 3 t.; D333J) Dt io 16 + 37 t.; D3:6 Lv T 2 6 41 +22 t.; pi. m^b Na2 8 (Sta' aM *rds.

n33^ but see Ko"- 78 );' pi- ni33i> 1 Ch 28".—

The inner, middle, or central part : I. seldom of things D'B! 33p3 in the midst of the seas, Jon 2 3 (poetry); DUJE'n 33? ly unto the midst of h-eaven Dt4 n (so Sam but MT 37). II. usu. of men: 1. the inner man in contrast with the outer, , 33?1 'HNtS' n?3 my flesh and my heart (soul) doth fail ^ 73 26 ; antithesis with gar- ments Jo 2 13 ; hands ^ 73 13 La 3 41 (2); eyes Nu I5 39 (H) 1S16 7 ; ears Ez 3' ; mouth Dt 30 14 ; speech V 2 8 3 78 18 ; fns^y nbshtp tabering upon their breasts Na 2 7 (inner for outer). 2. the inner man, indef. the soul, comprehending mind, affections and will, or, in connexion with certain verbs, having more specific reference to some one of them. tyfi^PSSI 33? _ ?33 with all the Jieart and with all the soul Dt 4 s9 6 5 io' 2 11 13 13 4 26' 6 30 2 " Jos 22 5 23" 1 K 2 4 8 48 (= 2 Ch6 3S 37?) 2K23 25 2Chi5 12 34 81 (=2K 2 3 3 37 1) Je 3 2 41 ; abbr. 33?"733 1 S 7 s 1 2 20 - 24 K14 8 2K10 31 2Chi5 5 22 9 3i 21 ^86 12 in 1 Je 29 13 Jo 2 12 ; 33?3 IB'N what is in the heart (mind) Dt 8 2 1 S 9 19 14 7 2 S 7 3 (= 1 Ch 17 2 ) 2 K io 30 ; 2 Ch 32 31 ; cf. Jb io 13 , ^ 8 4 6 (?); 337 DJJ with tlie heart (mind), c. yT Dt 8 s , D'fe' fr 77 7 , usu. c. (iTn), of a thought or purpose, Dti5 9 J0S14 7 iK8 171818 (=2Ch6 7 - 88 ) io 2 (= 2 Ch 9 1 ) 1 Ch 22 7 z8 2 2 Ch 1" 29 10 (cf. 2 4 4 37); 33^3 according to the heart 1 S 13 14 14 7 + 20 7 . We may add Dt 5 26 1 1 1618 i7' 7 1 S 2* 2 S 19 16 1 K 8 3939 ( = 2 Ch 6 3030 ) 1 1 2 ' 3 (37 an error) v 49 r Ch 12 17 22 19 28' f 62° 86" 139 23 Is 7 2 Dn 1 1 2728 . 3. specific ref. to mind (charac- teristic of 337) : a. 337 HMN men of mind Jb 34 10 ' 34 ; 337 '7 DJ / also have a mind Jbi2 3 ; '73 n'lWn madness is in (their) mind Ec 9 3 (?); '337 3b3ni and thou didst steal my mind Gn 3 1 26 (E, the 37 of v 20 should be corrected to 33? cf. ' steal me ' v 27 ). b. knowledge, c. JFV Dt8 5 2 3 14 1K2 44 ; pan Is6 10 3 2 4 ; 33> D3_n wise of mind J b 9 4 ; , " 1 9?C "^r mind of wisdom yjf 90 12 . c. thinking, reflection, c. 3ETI Is 1 o 7 Zc7 10 8 17 ; (ni'E> V77 7 supr.); '7 nUBTlD -ly con- ception of thoughts of mind 1 Ch 29 18 ; '? ni'3'B'P imaginations of (their) mind i/' 73 7 ; '? " , ^tt x > possessions (thoughts) of (my) mind Jb 17"; 337 Dfe> «e< the mind, consider Hg2 151818 , c. 7 Dt 3 2 46 , 7y Hg 1 ". d. of memory 3373 Dfc* Zay «p m <Ae mijid 1S21 13 Jb2 2 22 ; '7 7K 3't?n Zay <o Aeart, call to mind Dt 4 39 30 1 2 Ch 6 37 ( = 1 K 8 47 37 "!) ; '7 7y n7y come upon <fie mi«d Jesi 60 Ez 38 10 (cf. 3.b 3 d); '70 "flD depart /rom <Ae mind Dt4 9 ; '? *pn3 "tot? keep in the midst of (thy) mind Pr4 21 ; 7 ?V upon the mind Dt 6 6 . 4. spec. ref. to inclinations, resolutions, determinations of the will (charac- teristic of '7): '? p3H set the mind, c. bx 1 S 7 3 1 Ch 29 18 , b 2 Ch 20 33 trri7 2 Ch 1 9 3 30 19 Ezr 7 >»; 7S '7 ntin Jos 2 4 23 (E) 1 K 8 s8 ; chii? '7 jna 1 Ch 22 19 , cf. 2 Ch 1 1 16 ; DyD n:s '7 miVwZ turn away from Dt29 l7 30 17 ; 'B '7 ^QiT; Pharaoh's mind was changed Ex 14 s (E). 5. spec. ref. to conscience *337 rpIT K7 my heart (conscience) shall not reproach me Jb 27°. 6. spec. ref. to moral character (characteristic of '7): God tries the O 1 Ch 29 17 : a. 'b IB* uprightness of heart Dt 9 5 i Ch 29 17 , f 1 19 7 (?) ; '7 n^ 2 Ch 2 9 M ; '7 niB^ t K 3 6 ; T^j '7 2 K ro 151615 ; '?"DR integrity of heart Gn 20 5 ' 6 (E) 1K9 4 ^- 78" 101 2 ; (Dy) nby 'b heart perfect (with) 1 K 8 61 11 4 I5 3H (=2Chi5 17 ) 2K20 3 (=Is 3 8 3 3b?) 524 i Ch I2 W 29" 2 Ch 16 9 19 9 25 s ; 6-13 pure in heart •^■24; '7 *3| V' 73 1 . We may add 2K22 19 =2Ch 3 4= 7 ,Ne9 s Je32 40 . b. it is the seat of naughtiness 1 S 1 7 s8 (?), erring yjr 95 10 ; is froward yff 101 4 . c. seat of pride, ifr 101 5 Is 9 8 10", 60 s (?) Ez 2 8 5 - 6( " Dn 8 s5 ; 6 DT lusart is lifted up Dt 8" 17 20 Ez 31'° Dn 11". d. is circumcised Dt io 16 30 6 Je4 4 , or uncircumcised Lv 26 41 (H) ; is hardened '7 }>BK Dt 2 30 15 7 2Ch 3 6 13 ; '7 133 iS6 6 (?); 4 TV?T f 95 s .

. = the man himself (meaning characteristic of 

«???) '?3 ION *ay in the heart (to oneself) Dt 7 17 8 17 9 4 18 2 ' i/M 5 Isi4 3 47 8 49 21 Je5 34 13 22 Zp i 12 2"; 3377 Ho f (?); *>3 n3T f 15 2 ; ^3 1313 Jb I s ; ^3 Ti3Dn Dt 29 18 ; D333b W fe< your heart (you yourselves) Kw ^2 2 27 69 33 (cf. 119 175 ). . spec, as the seat of the appetites (for which usually G?B3) '7 nj?D stoy <A« Aeari (with food) ^104" Jui9 8 (?); 1»jl 3D') i/ta* thine heart may be merry (with wine) Ju 19 9 (?); £! '7 nefe^ «nne gladdens the heart ty 104 15 . 9. spec, of seat of the emotions and passions (for which usually C2>B3) : a. of joy Is 30 29 Je 15 16 Ez 36 s , gladness Dt 28 47 , desire Pr 6 a (?) ; 1ST ? ?y speak into the heart (comfortably) 2 Ch 32" (elsewhere 3.b). b. of trouble 1 K 8 s9 ty 25 17 73 21 ; weakness, faintness Lv 26 36 (H) Dt 20 3 - 18 2 Ch 13 7 Is i 5 7 4 Je 51", grief Dt 15 10 1 S i 8 , sorrow V' 13 3 , fear Dt 28", dismay Is 2 1 4 , astonishment Dt 28 s8 , anger 19 6 , hate Lv 19 18 (H) ; *> Dtt* the heart melteth Dt 20 8 Jos2 n 5 1 f (all D) Is 13 7 19 1 ; '7 Dm Dt i 28 (so rd. prob. also Jos 14 8 , where 3? error). 10. seat of courage (for which usually nr>), il"l3 1JP 133p1 stir up his power and his courage Dn n 25 ; E333? J*!9t<2 let your heart take courage

  • 3i 25 -'

Zlb n.m. PrBI5 (tf. Pr^ 35 , fr. influence ,699 v ' of B'BJ v. De Now) inner man, mind, will, heart, abs. and cstr. 35 Gn8 21 + 239 t.; ~3J> Ex I5 8 + 15 *•; sf."?!' Gn 2 4 45 + 102 t.; *$ Ex 9 14 + 28t.; 1^> Jui 9 6 +25t.; l»j> Is 4 7 7 + 7t.; tab Gn 6' + 93 t.; aab Ju i 9 3 + 7 t.; OJP Is 41 22 + 5 t.; t533bGn8 5 +2t.; CClj" Gn 42 s8 + 56 t.; jsb Ex 35 M ; fnsjj Ez i 3 17 ; pi. niab ^7>» p r 15" + 3t. Pr.; sf. bn"3bls44>» ; Dni3i> ,/, 125 4 .— inner part, midst : I. seldom of things, D'~3J>3 in the midst of the sea Ex 15 8 Pr 23 s4 30 19 ; 3?3 D'b: V' 46 s Ez 2 7 4 - 26 - 26 - 27 2 8 2 - 8 nbxn 3b 2 S 18 14 '; < 3)N 3?3 in the midst of the enemies of ^45 2 (v. Br Mp to io °° ; AV EV al. in the heart of). II. elsewhere of men : tl. tine inner man in con- trast with outer 133"V n'E>31 '37 my heart and my flesh cry out ^84 3 ; || Q'yn ^22" Je4 19 , the inner for outer D'JJD Je 49 s2 ; as within the breast 37 7J) Ex 2 8 3 - 29 - 3( '- 30 (P); 370 2 K 9 24 ; 373 *37 1S 2 S 18 14 ; Q3^-iiJD Ho 1 3 s ; antithesis with "to Pr 14 30 Ec 2 3 ; head Is i 5 , face Ez I4 1 - 4 - 7 ; arm Ct8 6 ; handsEz22 14 ; bone8^io2 5 ; eyesiK9 3 ( = 2Ch7 16 ) Je22 17 ; earPr22 17 23 12 ; mouthy S5 22 ; lips Is29 13 ; "ij/ 'aS nj'tf* '3N / s ?ep< 6m* my Aeari waked Ct 5 2 . 2. <Ae inner man, indef., soul, comprehending mind, affections and will, with occasional emphasis of one or the other by means of certain verbs : 1 37 733 iK8 a ( = 2Ch6 14 ) ^ 9 2 h 9 mmumm* I3 gi p r3 5 Je 3 10 24 7 ; t37 DJ? 2 Ch 24 4 (see 337 2); t373 2 S 7 21 (= 1 Ch 1 7 19 ) Je 3 15 ; 3.b ntobj|n secrets of the heart ^44 22 ; "IjMl pK D'3^D 3& </t« A^ri of kings is unsearchable Pr 25 4 ; D3p "1HJ "lX*n V' 33 15 etc. 3. specific reference to mind: a. t3.?t? of one's own mind Nu 16 28 24 13 (JE) 1 K 1 2 53 Ne 6 8 Ez 1 3 217 ; + 3.S Ipn destitute of mind p r6 32 ^ 9 4.16 , 13.21 jjlS I2 11 Ig !l I? 18 ^W. DPI 13> Ec io 3 ; 3.S f'N Je 5 21 Ho 7"; pM 3^ Pr 17 16 ; 37 rup ^e< a nw'nd Pr 15 s2 19 8 ; 37 nb power of mind Jb 36 s ; 3P 3nT breadth of mind 1 K 5 9 , 37 333 2 S 15 6 Gn 3i 20 (E ? see 337 3 a). b. knowledge, c. tST Dt 29 s Pr 14 10 22 17 Ec i 17 7 22ffi 8 618 Je 24 7 ; ntO ^66" Ec i 16 ; 37 D3n witncZ is iCTse Pr 23 I5 ; + D3n 3? wise mind 1K3" Prie 23 Ec8 5 ; f3.b D3.n Ex 3 i« 35 10 36 128 (P) Pr io 8 1 1 29 16 21 ; t3^ 'D3n Ex 28 3 (P) Jb 37 s4 ; t37 riD3n EX35 28 - 35 (P);' D'D3n 37 Ec 7 4 io 2 ; D'7'D3 37 Pr 12 23 15 7 Ec 7 4 io 2 ; c. nD3n Ex 3 6 2 (P) 1 K io 24 (= 2 Ch 9 13 ) Pr 2 10 17 16 Ec 2 3 ; ffi33 37 intelligent mind Pr i4 33 i5 14 i8 15 ; with P3H Pr8 5 ; H313TI p r 2 2 ; % Jbi7 4 etc. c. thinking, reflection, c. 355*11 V' 140 3 Pr 16 9 ; ni3B»no Gn 6 5 (J) ^33" Pr 6 18 i 9 21 cf. Gn8 2, (J); H3H »»m*«, s««Jy Pr 15 28 24 s Is 33 18 59 13 ; [V3n ^ 19 15 ; D«n ^, 4 9 4 ; f3 ? q'b> w < ||g wiwrf, con- sider Is 41 22 Ez 44 s , c. *? 1 S 9 20 2 S 13 20 Ez 40 4 44'; 7N Ex 9 21 (J) 1 S 24 16 2 S 1 8 ls Jb 2 3 34"; 75? Jbi 8 ; t37 DB> V62 10 Pr22 17 24 s2 , c. 5» Ex 7 s3 (JE) 1S4 20 ^ 4 8 14 Pr27° Je 3 i 21 , 7K Jb 7 17 . d. memory t37 7X S't^n caK to mind Is 44 19 La 3 21 ; 37 7V Is 46 s ; t37 7V H75? com«  into mW (occur to one) Is 6^ n Je 3 16 7 31 525 m"?

6 32 M (cf. Acts 7 M ), so 3b by N3 2 Ch 7 11 ; 

t3b by ti& lay to heart Is 42 s5 4f 57 1 " Je 12 11 Mai 2" Dn i 8 ; 2b bs 2 S 13 33 19 20 3b by ana Je 31 s3 ; 3^ ^y iB»p Pr 6 21 ; f3.b QW «oi/«< of the memory Pr 3' 7 s Je 17 1 ; 3bt3 J1D3 'JinstM 7 am forgotten as a dead man out of mind yjr 3 1 13 . 4. spec. ref. to inclinations, resolutions arid determinations of the will; t3? p3n set the mind 2CI112" f io 17 78 s Jbn 13 ; tab J133 ^57 88 (= 108 2 ) 78 s7 1 1 2 7 ; tb =b fTU Eci* M 7 21 8 91e ; t?n3 3b bs Ec7 a 9 1 ; Ne 2' 12 7 5 , 3b3 Ex 35 M (P) Ezr7 27 Ec 3 11 ; t^b iK'^p^K whose Jieart stirred him up Ex 35 21 3 6 2 of. 35* (all P); tab 3H3 wtfZiKp of mind Ex 35 s - 2 (P) 2 Ch 29 31 cf. Ex'25 2 35 s9 (P); flPIN 3b HD3 inclined to follow Ju 9 3 Vri9 m ; tab nun 1 K 11 8 fug 36 141* cf. 2S 15 13 :— ab^gpn D'bha jrrat< resolves of heart Ju 5 15 etc. 5. spec. ref. to conscience, 3? ?|M

  • inN "in a»wZ David's heart (conscience) smote

him 1 S 24 s ; 3J biB'Dtp offence of conscience 1 S 25 s '. 6. spec. ref. to moral character, God tries the heart ^i7 3 Je 12 3 ; sees the heart and reins Je 20 12 , tries them i//- 7 10 Je 1 1 20 , refines them a/^26 2 ; searches the heart and tries the reins Je 17 10 . a. Ir""!^ Jb 33 s ; t^'"!?* V'? 11 11 s 32" 36 11 64" (all c Til in title), 94 15 97"; tabti 3.b 1 Ch 28' 29 s Is 3 8 3 (all originally 33b, see 33b 6 a) ; 3b" , 13E'3 broken of heart + 34 19 Is6i'; lafrsb ^5i 19 ; sb nof> ^147"; 3.b D'SO-13 Is57 16 ; line 3.b clean heart V^i 12 ; t*^JO ^ ««w /'eart Ez 18 21 36 26 (prob. also 1 1 19 for im see Co) etc. b. V) 3? evil heart Pr 26 ; 3jnwn godless in heart Jb 36 13 ; 3b (»)B>py perverse in heart Pr 1 1 20 1 7 20 ; t D3? IDTFI cfece^ of their heart Je 14 14 23 s6 ; abl ab3 wiVA a double heart i//- 12 3 etc. c. seat of pride Pr 21 4 Je 48 s9 49 w Ho 13 6 Ob 3 3.b-rl3? Pr 16 5 ; 3b 333 2 Ch 32 s6 ; +3.b .133 2Ch26" 1 32 s5 ^131' Pn8 12 Ez 28 217 . d. the heart is uncircumcised Je g® Ez44 77 - 9 and hardened : t3b pin Ex 4 21 itf**(E), 9 12 11 10 i4 4JU7 ( p ). Josh 29 (DM); t3.b pr,; Ex 7 1322 8 15 g 35 (P); 3.b-'pin Ez 2 4 ; t 3b nc'pn Ex 7 3 (P) Pr 28"; sb-^p Ez 3 7 ; 3b T33.1 Ex 8 1 '- 28 9 s4 io 1 (J); 3b 133 Ex 7 14 9 ' (j) ; 3b las 1 s 6 6 ; rtJPi oyn-ab CVn make the heart of this people fat Is 6 10 (1); f3.b nr(i)-)f Dt 2 9 ,8 f 81 13 after Je 3 17 7 24 9 13 11 8 13 10 16 12 18 12 2 3 ' 7 ; tP«n 3b the heart of stone Ez 1 1 19 %6 M etc. 7. for tfie man himself, t3b3 idn Gn i7 17 (P), 27 41 (JE), iKi2 M Est 6" + IS" 1 " I4 1 (=53 J ) 35 B 74 8 Ec2 116 3 17 ' 8 Is47 10 Ob 3 Zc la*; 3b"b« Gn 8 21 (J) I S27 1 ; f3b3 131 Ec2 15 ; 3b"b« Gn2 4 45 (J); 3b by iSi 13 (1); b oy Ec i 16 ; rab 3ips vahb vcte-ow ,/,36 2 . . as seat of appetites, 37 lyp stay the heart (with bread) Gn 18 s (J) Ju 19 5 . 9. as seat of the emotions and passions: a. of joy and gladness, in various combinations of taitj, Ju 16 25 18 20 19 622 Ru 3 7 1 S 25°° 2 S 13 28 iK8«  ( = 2Ch7 10 ) 21 7 Esti 10 5 9 Pri5 16 Ec7 3 9 7 u> Is65 14 ; various combinations of tno't5>, EX4 14 (J) 1 Ch i6 ,0 (=V' 105 3 ) V^4 8 16 9 19 9 33 21 Pr I5 ,3M I7 22 2 7 911 Ec2 1010 5 19 Ct 3 " IS24 7 Zcio 7 ; bl'B'^ii9" 1 Is66 ,4 La5 16 ; yh}> 1S2 1 ; tby^28 7 Zp 3 14 ; pi Jb2 9 13 ; h ^i3 6 2 4 17 Zc io 7 ; of desire, ^2i 3 37 4 ; +3,b by 131 speak unto the heart (kindly) Gn 34 3 5o 21 (JE) Ju 19 3 2 S 19" 2 Ch 30 22 Is 40 2 Ho 2 16 Ru 2 13 . b. of trouble 2 K 6" Is 65 14 , sorrow Ne2 2 Pr 14 3 , pain ^55', vexation Ec 1 1 10 , trembling Dt 28 M (?) 1 S 28 3 , faintness Las 17 ; it is wounded V' 10 ^. dies within one out of fear 1 S 25 s7 etc.; tDOJ 3b the heart melteth (in fear) 2Si7 ,0 ^22 16 Ez2i 12 Na2 n . flO. seat of courage: 1|b H?^- let thine heart take courage ^27"; 13? fVf$ Am 2 16 ; 3.b n<3K stout-liearted i/r 76* Is 46 12 ; J3S-to3 pw iab his heart as firm as a stone Jb 4 1 16 J tjfij 3.b3 i3b At* heart as the Jieart of the lion 2 S 17 10 . t [Ha?] */ ?in3b Ez i 6 s0 should be corrected to ^10*13? (see Co). > older view, as fern, of 3.b. "^ y? prob. late Atbash (cf. WE») for DHBO the original reading (©) Jesi 1 . fl. [H17] vb. denom. Niph. Impf 33^ get a mind; lb^ D1X KlS 1^ 33^ 3133 &<K) shall an empty man get a mind or a wild ass's colt be born a man? Jb 1 1 12 . Pi. encourage; Pf WVS ^DKa **oa!> .... 'OT^b ct 4 9 - 9 thou hast encouraged me, thou hast encouraged me with one of thine eyes Ew Gi Gr R Vm ( AV RV Ges Hi De Ot (cf. 5 6 ) ravished my heart, — Pi.^rtc.Ges' 62 '). ' L'"0? 7 J »-pl- cakes (prob. pancakes, from shape'!) rri33i> 2 S I3 6 - 810 . f 11. [32T>] vb. denom. PL make cakes. Impf. 3?bn 2 S 13 8 ' 8 . "13.7 alone v. "ia sub TI3 p. 94 supr. [mV], reft Ex 3 2 v. ro$ su b inb. [1011 /] vb. thrust down, out, or away (NH id.; Ar.lil) strike the ground with a per- son, i.e. throw one down; Syr. Pa. A~>S!, in- citavit, stimulavii; — only Niph. Impf. be thrust doum, away, i.e. ruined; oJ?) ]>T 6. • : ' • t t • : □■aS v. tiyb. t[p7] vb. be white (on _ v. Ba HB1K ; La gBNS3.i6s.M infers * < 2 <y from n ja!>; NH id, Pi. Hiph., and deriv.; Ph. p? white; Ar. jT^l) «w7A; ^-J also be white, dial, of Yemen, Maltzan zmqiivu, 1873,247. a pp a r. / of foil, fourteen words, but this dub. esp. in case of 11. in. f??, Njop, njab, 11. njiai*, i. n. '?$);— Hiph. Pf. 3 pi. o4j»? Jo i 7 ; /mp/. 1 s. r?j* *5i 9 ; 3 pi- °^ Is i 18 ; Inf. cstr. )^?b) (=J8J*Jf*) Dn n 33 ;— 1. wuui-e white= purify (ethical) Dn 1 1 35 (no object expr., || ^n^f, T?3). 2. s/tew whiteness, grow white, of fig-tree, stripped by locusts, Jo i' ; fig. of moral purity, '3$ J&* Is i»; 'SpU i)f1? ^51*. Hithp. imp/. «f^ Dn 1 2 10 Je jmrified (ethical, || ^I! 3 , 1 ??)- — 13?, ma&e 6ric£, v. infr. f i. 117 adj . white ;— $ abs. Gn 3 o 35 + 1 3 1. ; cstr.-f3^G T n49 12 (cf.Ges» M ' 2 ' B - 1 Ko L!b "' 74 Ba !,B,M ); f. mb Lv 1 3 4 + 6 t. ; pi. D , ??p Zc 1 8 + 3 t. ; nijai> Gn 30 3 ' 4- 2 t.; — white, of wood under bark Gn 30 37 - 37 (cf. Jo i 7 ); of spots on goats v 35 (all J); of manna Ex 16 31 (P); garments Ec 9 s (sign of cheerfulness and joy); of teeth 3?n» D&n? 1 * Gn 4 9 12 (poem in J; || |«B OffS fybin) of Judah (on interpr. v. Di and, differently, Marc. Jastr wn.mi^. ofhorses Zc i 8 6 3 - 6 (invision); chfly. of diseased skin or flesh on body (nnna Lv 1 3 4.>»-«-».a>.») Lv 1 3«mmmmm»»; and of hair on such spots i 3 "-io.2o.2i.!».i». + nOTD"]K X3 ltMM , cf. Y «; + nn? v 39 (all P). f 1. M317 n.f. moon, poet. (NH id.); — 'b Is24 2S -r2 T t.'; shall pale before Is24 23 (||nt2n) ; shall become like sun (|""?U) in day of s re- demption 30 s * ('p? " 1< " < ); sim. of woman's beauty, 'bns; Ct6 10 (||nsn).

p^L, 

. y? n.pr.m. son of Bethuel, brother of Eebekah, and fathex--in-law of Jacob (© Aafiav), Gn24 29S9M 27 4S 28 ! - 6 4- i7t.J(Gn 29,30,31,32); >9 ummuui + l8 t.E(Gn3i,32,"S18<n63i M ); 25 20 CB^n 'b) 28 s (id.), also 28 s 29 2429 46 182S (all P). f in. p7 n.pr.loc, connected with desert- journey of Israelites Dt I 1 , © Ao/3ow; poss.= mb 2, q. v. tt«17 Ne7 48 = n. nnb Ezra 45 ;— head of tt : ' T T : ' a family of returning exiles, © Aafiava, Aafiava, ©L Ao/3i/a. THilb n.pr.loc. 1. city in SW. Judah, exact site unknown, captured by Joshua, ace. to D, Jos io 29 - 29 - 313239 12 16 (all D), 15 42 (P); Levit. city 2i I3 (P)= 1 Ch 6 42 ; further 2 K 8== 2 Ch 21 10 , 2Ki9 8 =Is 3 7 8 , 2K23 31 2 4 18 =Je52 l ; © A«/3i.a. Vid. Lag " -- 274 - 136 ' 26 ' a"*'"- 273 Atfim ; Buhl Geo8r193 . 2. station of Isr. in wilderness, between H£ fol and H DT Nu 33 2021 (perh. = faS Dt I 1 ); © Atpuva, A®L Affiava. j- 1. nD3.b, tlDiH? n.f. frankincense (from Wti'te colour, cf. Lag BN33 ; NH id.; Aram, id., tWaO^, J&<£^; Ph.n:ai>; Ar. ^'(Lane 3007 ); Eth. A-OTfl: is fr. iPai>os);—'b Ex 3 o M + 18 t.; nrijap Lv 2 216 ; — used in prep, of holy incense Ex 30 s4 (|| D'SD) ; used as incense Je 6 20 , on meal- offering Lv 2 121516 6 8 , cf. 5 11 Nu 5 15 ; also Je 1 7 M 4i s Is43 23 66 3 ;withshew-breadLv24 7 ; Nei3 59 1 Ch 9 M (|| m$ft); burned as perfume (art. of luxury) Ct 3 6 (|| lb); njia^>n nya? 4 6 (||-riBn -in); njinb >ty v 14 (|| fi , Dinj , njij , ;i»sp , nb, ni^nK) ; as tribute to ZionIs6o 6 (|| 3nt).^In Hex only P. f n. nSilT* n.pr.loc, by which, among other places, loc. of Shiloh is fixed Ju 2i 19 , © Af/3<ora; mod. Lubban, c. 3 m. WNW. fr. Shiloh (Seilun), Rob BBllmf - Gudrin 8 *"-"- 164 '- Bd™- 217 Buhl """- 176 . •j-i. "0^7 n.pr.m. a Levite, son of Gershom, Ex 6 17 Nu 3 18 1 Ch 6 2 - 514 (© Ao/3«{*]<). fn. s 3l7 adj. gent, of foregoing, always c. art. 'kl as subst. coll., Nu 3 21 26 s8 . tp3n^ (Dts 25 Jlaiin van d.H.) 7i n.pr.mont. Lebanon (Ph. JJ2^; As. Labnanu, etc., Schr C0T on 1K5 13 , Dl p " Iraft ; Egypt, &-»»*m WIM nsn 1 :

m 1 ? A,i.„u.E U ropa.iff7(t. ; Ar 'LXJ; c f. further Rob BBi..«5ff.493 GASm G^.« ff . Buhl" 3 **'- 110 and reff.; name prob. fr. whiteness of its cliffs Rob BB " ,49:i ) ; — wooded mountain-range on northern border of Isr. [usu. c. art.'?? (51 1.); without art. fi^p, poet, and late Ho 14 8 Na I 4 2 K I9 23 =ls 37 s4 , Ez 3 i lsl « Is 14 8 29 17 33 9 4o 16 Je 18 14 Hb 2 17 Zc 10 10 11 1 + 2 9 " Ct 4 8 - 91116 ; c. n loc. nji&jj iK S 28 *]; perh. first mentioned in definingalocality, as fiil'?? in, Ju 3 3 (E ace. to GFM ; this com- bination only here), but also in early proph., then in D, and later ; — in defining a locality Joso 1 ; '?H nVi?3 Josh 1 ' 12 7 (side of Baal Gad); as a marked feature, in describing extent of land Dt i 7 3 2S 1 i M Jos i 4 1 3 s ('^-b) v 6 (all D), 1 K 9 19 =2 Ch8 6 , Je 22 M Zc io 10 ; 'Wl fc*h Je 2 2 6 (fig. of royal house of Judah), as a height Ct 4 8 - 8 ; ^H hat? Ct7 5 i.e. a tower built on Lebanon; '? iff Je 18' 4 snow of L.; L. as source of streams Ct4 15 ; 'b i" Ho 14 8 ; most often, however, as bearing forests, esp. of cedars, v? Tl^ Ju 9 15 (in allegory ; perh. J, ace. to GFM), Is 2 13 14 8 f 29 s 104 16 , cf. 1 K s "-*>-»-»-» 2 Ch «**» 2 K i 4 9 - 9 =2 Ch 25 1818 (in allegory), Je22 a Ez i7 3 27 6 3i 31516 Zc 11 1 Ezr 3 7 ^ 9 2 13 Ct3 9 5 15 (sim. of majestic figure); ^ mj Na i 4 ; 'bn 1| Is 352 6o 13 ; bo-yjp 'b an 29 ,7 (|p5?:); 'b WV w ith the same ref. Is 37 M =2 K 19 23 ; '?n=trees of Lebanon Ho 14 6 Is io 34 40 16 ifr2g 6 72 16 ; '? IS33 9 fig., as mourning; '? DDn Hb2 17 i.e. violence done to Lebanon, prob. by cutting down its trees ; '?n "IJT TVS a royal mansion of Sol., 1K7 2 and io ,7 - 21 =2 Ch 9 1620 ; 'b as home of wild beast 2 K i4 9 =2 Ch 25 18 (in allegory); my 5*1, of the odour of cedar forests Ct 4 11 , cf. Ho 1 4" (in sim. ; We thinks 'j here to be a specific plant). tnp7 n.[m.] iwplar (appar.=Ar. ( j£j; Eth. jV-fll: styrax officinalis; but @ cvK>q, cf.  ; Zinj. pi>(?) DHM 8 " 1 ^^ 37 - 59 ; As. libittu; Ar. ^^IJ, cr J, ,2>-*J> *-^-J. *-U-l (loan-words ace. to Fra 4f ); ace. to Thes and most from whiteness of clay, or light colour of sun-baked bricks ; so No z *° «'• ,s * 735 Lag BN m ; > others regard as As. loan-word VOJ L 22tt ; in As. a deriv. fr. labdnu, throw down, prostrate, is sought Dl PrM,1(ofHWB369 >);— 'b Gnu 3 Ez 4 >; cstr. n?3? Ex24 10 ; pi. CP»|> Gnn 3 +7t.; sf. DD'O.apO Ex 5 19 ; — 1 . brick, as building-material, Gn i i 3 (sg. coll.; elsewh. pi.) v 3 ; Ex i 14 ; straw used in making Ex 5 7 , cf. v 8161819 ; Is9 9 (fig.; as inferior to rW| hewn stone); incense burnt on Is 6 5 3 ( = roof-tiles? cf. Che Di). 2.=tile, on which plan of city could be engraved (ppn) Ez 4 1 . Z.=2>avement, Ex 24 10 (cf. Di). T[}lb] vb.denom. make brick (as As. labdnu fr. libittu D1 HWB370 ); — Qal Imp/. 1 pi. '"•J??? Gn 1 1 3 (c. ace. cogn.) ; Inf. cstr. J3pp Ex 5 7 (c. ace. cogn.), v 14 (abs.) T|270 n.[m.] 1. brick-mould; 2. quad- rangle (on meaning brick-mould, and fig. some- thing rectangular, v. Hoffm ZAW 1882 - **■ Dr 2 s » ", cf. NH Bj»P; Ar. ^L ; Syr. |>i-,N^);_ 1. brick-mould, 2 S 1 2 31 Qr (Kt, by error, p^O), Na3 14 . 2. quadrangle, Je 4 3 9 (at Tahpanhes). }3.7 in '? IWPy ^ 9 1 of dubious meaning, v. Thes Bae P!, " n<m • ,, • x, ". nn 1 ?, v. P33? nfrr^.

1£0 7 ? t£07 vb. put on (a garment), 

wear, clothe, be clothed (NH id.; Aram. Wlb, *&>; As. JaMfe; Ar. J^J; Eth. rtflrti); —Qal Pf. 3 ms. P3 1 ? ^ 93", vib Jb 7 5 + 2 t., Eobl (consec.) Lv6 3 +3t,; sf. Dt?3J» (consec.) Lv 16 4 ; 3 fs. rflb Ju 6 M + 2 t., etc.'(Ez 4 2 14 rd. prob. IBbJri Qr, for 1Bai» Kt, but cl. perhaps interpol., v. Co); Impf. 3 ms. K'Sp* Dt 22 5 +; sf/J^l Jb29 14 , OVlb) EX29 30 ; 1 s. sf. n|£spK Cts 3 ; 3 fpl. -ffaitfi 2Si3 ,8 ,etc; /w.m^ 1 K 22 30 , etc.; Inf. abs. Wlb Hg i 6 ; csir. Vl? 1 ? Gn28 M Lv2i 10 ; iY ac«. pi. Wfipq Zpi 8 ; jtjass. abs. ^ iSi7 s Dnio 5 ; Bb£ Ez 9 2 + 3 t.; cstr. &toS Dn 12 67 , B^ Ez 9" + 3 t. ; pi. cstr. 'gab Ez23 6 +2 t.; — 1. a. lit. ^< <m (one's own) garment (ace.) Gn 38 19 1 S 28 s 2 S 14 1 1 K 22 30 =2 Ch 18 29 , Ex 29 30 Lv 6 34 i6 4 - 42324M 21 10 Dt 22 6 Ez 44 17 ", and so 42 14 Qr (v. supr.), Jon 3 s Ct5 3 Est4> 5'; c. ace. garment + hfcf 5>J Lv 16 3 ; of putting on armour Je46 4 ;=wear (more or less habitually), c. ace. of garment, tick Ib 4 1 Dt 22" Zp I s Zc 13 4 ; of Jerus. under fig. of woman Je4 3P ,of rulers under fig. of shepherds Ez34 3 , cf. 'If?!"? ?? 2 Si3 is (no ace.) b. very oft. fig., put on, be clothed with, c. ace. of gar- ment;—™^ i-lBO Bob Jb f my flesh is clothed (i.e. covered) with worms; of Jerus., be clothed with inhabitants Is 49 18 ; of pasture, with flocks i/r 65"; more oft. the garment is some abstract quality, e.g. righteousness, majesty, beauty, strength, etc.;—?:!?'? n i?1? ^f*?- Is 59 17 h e ('») hath put on righteousness as a breastplate, cf. v 17 (vengeance), ^ 93 1 (majesty), v 1 (strength), 104 1 (honour and majesty), Is 51 9 (strength); also Jb40 10 ; said of men, 2 Ch6 41 (salvation), yfr 1 32 s (righteousness), Jb 29 14 (id.); of Zion Is 53"; also in bad sense, clothed with terror, trembling, shame, etc., Ez f 26 16 Jb 8 s2 + 35 s6 109 29 , cf. v 18 (cursing). C. lit. put on, obj. om., tfabb Ija • • • ?nj Gn28 M Jb27 17 ; Inf.abs. B>i3b Hg i 6 (there is) a clothing, but he has nothing for warmth, d. once c. ?, to B>ab nB>K . . . Bfcjjl Est 6 s . e. Pt. pass., clothed with, chiefly Ezek.;— c. ace. of garment, Ez 9" Zc 3 3 Pr 31 21 Dn io 6 ; of wearing armour 1S17 5 ; cstr. before garment, D"!?? Bob Ez 9 11 io 2W , cf. 23 s - 12 3 8 4 Dn 1 2 67 . f. fig. :— PH?" 71 ? n ?^i? "■ -H Ju 6M and the spirit of '< clothed itself with Gideon, i. e. (GFM) took possession of him (cf. ,«.^N pos- sessed); so 1 Ch 1 2 18 2Ch2 4 20 ; '#|{tt 'Vfft ft* Jb 29 14 and it clothed itself in me, as it were, became incarnate in me. Pu. only Pt. pi. D^??tp arrayed, c. ace. of garment 1 K 2 2 10 = 2 Ch 1 8 9 , 2 Ch 5 12 ; abs. in full apparel Ezr 3 10 . Hiph. Pf Sma.BVif^n Is6i 10 ; 3 fs. nB*abn Gn27 1 ';

ms. r)fzbn) Ex 2 8 41 + 3 1. ; sf. DW?bm (consec.) 

Ex 29 s Nu 20 26 ; 1 s. sf. vnfabni. Is 22 21 ; 3 pi. lEtobn 2 Ch 28 15 , IBobni (consec.) Est 6 9 ; Impf. 3ms.B>3J>?. Gn 4 i 42 +5t.; sf. Dj^S Gn 3 21 Lv8 13 ;

f 8 . t^abn Pr 23 s1 , etc.; 7n/. a£«. E>a9n Zc 3 4 ; 

cstr. B*?pn Est 4 4 ; P<. sf. D^abian 1 S i 24 ;— clothe, array with. 1. usu. c. 2 ace, a. lit. srtrn?? ink tfab'i Gn4i 42 2 S i 24 Is2 2 21 Ex 28 41

5 - 8 40 ls ' 14 Lv8 713 Nu20 M28 ZC3"; of clothing 

Jerus. under fig. of infant Ez i6'°; of putting armour on some one 1 S 1 7 3838 . b. fig., Jb io 11 thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh; cf. 39 19 (quivering of horse's neck) ; Is 50 3 6 1 ,0 ^ 1 3 2 1618 . 2. c. ace. garment only,Gn27 I6 ( + VT-^S); fig., Pr 23". 3. c. ace. pers. only, Gn 3" 27 15 2 Ch 2 8 ,M5 Est 4 4 6 9 ".

-b 

tttftl 1 ?, VJ?b n.m. Jb30 ' 8 garment, cloth- ing, raiment (on format, cf. Ges i84 *• ,2 Lag B> ' 64 • iJ9) ; _B«iaS) abs. 2 Kio a +9t.; cstr. B*dJ> Est 4 2 + 2 t., Bob Is 14 19 ; sf. 'Btob Jb 30 18 +3 t.; ^lab is 63 s Pr 27 26 ; iehab' Is 63 1 Jb 41', it?a>'2S20 8 +2t.; FlCTa^45 14 +2t.; f?^ 2 S'1 24 ; EHfta^ Je io 9 ; pi', sf. Dn-B/a) La 4";— garment, clothing, Gn 49 11 (poem in J ; || nniD), Jb24 7 (||niDa),v 10 3o 18 3i 19 Pr2 7 2li f 22 19 La4 14 ; of women's raiment 2 S I 24 Pr 31 22 , also fig. T'jl rlB^a? "nni y 23 ; specif, of princess ^45 14 > of warrior's tunic 2 S 20 8 , cf.Ises 12 ^ as warrior); raiment for worshippers 2 K io 22 ; for mourners, pe> ^a|» ^ 32^ c f. 6 9 12 ; pf t^3b? Est4 2 ; of royal apparel riWJJO 6 Est 6 s 8 15 , cf. (without 13) 6 9.io.u. gca iy coa t f croco( j. iB*ab "3S Jb4i 6 ; cover garment with violence Mai 2 16 , fig. of put- ting away a wife, cf. RS^^We; in other fig. uses : — as changed yjr 1 02 27 (sim. of heavens and earth), as covering 104 6 (sim. of deep upon earth); of cloud as garment of sea Jb38 9 , sim. of terrestrial objects in the light v 14 . tCTG^D, [WpQ] n.m. **•« raiment, attire ;— abs. 2 K io' 22 + 2 t.; sf. ^3bo Ez 16 3 ; pl.sf.^3i)OIs63 3 ; Dn^bo 2 Ch 9 4 - 4 , Dn^abo 1 K io 5 ; — raiment, 2 K io 22 (for worshippers, ||BtoS), Jb 27 16 (as wealth); of Jerus. under fig. of infant Ez 16 13 ; ^J '^P Zp i 8 foreign attire (ace. with K*??) ; pi. of garments of Sol.'s ser- vants 1 K 1 o 5 = 2 Ch 9 4 ', + 2 Ch g ,b ; of *> under fig. of warrior Is 63 s . tntfa^n n.f. raiment;— 'n Di» H33 B*?!* v : • ' Is 59 17 and he put on garments of vengeance as raiment (of '< as champion of Israel). t^7 n.m. Lvl4 ' 10 a liquid measure (NH id.; Aram. n«b; also |^£, )fc^£ « (dessert-)dish, etc.jmng.of -/dub.; Thescomp. Ar. * be deep,

  • J depth, abyss) ;— A > abs. Lv 1 4 10 ; cstr. v ,2 + 3*-

EV14; always of oil (?CB>)Lvi 4 ,0 - ,215 - 21 - 24 (P; all in law of purif. of leper); ace. to Talm.= T V hin (v. P supr. p. 228; Zuckermann" dM "" J,tM ° 9 ) i.e. c. litre; Benz^-^Now*"* 1 - 204 '- t~17 n.pr.loc. = AvSba, 1 Makk 11 s4 Acts 9 32.3s.38 j Lydda, mod. Ludd, c. 1 1 miles SE. fr. Jaffa, toward Jerusalem; Rob 811 "- 244 - 248 GASm Geogr.lWff. g un J Geogr. 197 j Q}, gl2 (nTO?* '?), Ezr 2 s3 ("fa V.3) - Ne 7 37 , cf. 1 1 35 ; ® A»8,' Ao8, Avd6<o», Au88a. tll")7 n.pr.loc. only in 6 i>W3 Jos I3 M ; E. of Jordan, in tribe of Gad ; ©B Aai&o>v, A Aa|3«p, ®L Afj3.,p; perh.=13n {6 q. v .,and cf. II. T3T 2 b. mS v. "6 1 , 7ra/. cstr. rib v. 16.

7 -/of foil. (cf. Ar. J^3 be thirsty 

[prob. burn with thirst Lane 2674 ], n. ma&e a fire blaze fiercely, cf. IV ; v. blaze fiercely (of fire), cf. vin ; Aram. [ar6, oo»X] ftitrw, in Shaph. Ishtaph. and deriv.; also N^n?, ^^ib flame; Eth. A00:; As. Za*a6«, - /Zam<?,'Dl HWB3 ' i4 ). tnnj n.m. flame, blade; — 'b abs. JU3 22 - 22 + 2t.; cstr. Ju i3 M +5 t.; pi. D'anij i B 138; cstr. Van? Is 66 15 ; — 1. fiame, of altar, Ju I3 2020 (DSPM 6); nbiK t?K 4, of V 8 judg- ment Is 29 s 30 30 66 15 (in all || forces of nature, whirlwind, thunder, earthquake, rain, hail, etc.); fig. DrTJB 'j> via Is i 3 8 (i.e. hot with ex- citement, cf. Di); sim. Jo 2 5 BW 'b bsp3 (of rush of locusts) ; fig. of breath of crocodile Jb 41". 2. of flashing point of spear Jb 39^; blade of sword Na 3 s ; in prose, Ju 3 22,2S . tnnrn n.f. id.;— 'b Nu 2i 28 + ia t., nanb abs. Jb 15 30 ; cstr. Ez 21 3 ; na> Ex3 3 (=narr> ; Sam. rarb, v. Di); pi. ntar$ ^io5 32 ; cstr. ni2n? ^ 29 7 ; — 1. flame, poet. (|| or + B*N, exc. jf 29' Dn 1 1 33 ) ; of fire consuming (BD?) Dathan, etc. ^ 106 18 (cf. Nu 16 35 ); wasting (Br6) mts. 83 15 ; consuming (b«, 1V3) chaff (in sim.) Is 5 s4 ; cf lightning (with hail) 'i> C>K f 105 32 (cf. Ex 9 24 ), f 2 9 7 «W ^ (on text of v. cf. Che); sim. of judgment, 'b m La 2 3 (vb. i?K) Ho f (vb. 1J>3) Is 47" (6 IV?); cf. io 17 Ob 18 ; ^ 'b Ez 21 3 ; fig. of drought Jo 1 19 , of locusts' ravages 2 3 (vb. orb in both) ; of war Nu 2 1 28 Je 48* (both vb. b?t(); cf. Dn 1 1 33 (|| 3-jri) ; of calamity Is 43 s ; symb. 'b m a;b of »'s presence Is4 5 (cf.Ex 13 21 ); m nsb. Ex 3 2 . 2. point, head of spear 1 S 1 f. C^naS Ex 3 s v. ran). tninbtt) n.f. flame (Aram. K)Tain|)B' j jCSo^i)— in 'V rqrb Ez 2 1 3 , of judgment; so rnnby j b 1 5 30 ; ^nanisE' b»s <s?n ct 8 s i. e. Yahweh-flame = powerful flame (> Jiiger BA8u71 Jastrow JBI - "" (1894) ' '" expl. iT" here as encl. part.) nrh tCin 1 ? n.pr.gent. Gn 10" = 1 Ch 1", prob. = Q^b q.v.; © Aapitifi. J(l 7 a/ of foil. (Ar. "4J be devoted, attached to a thing, apply oneself assiduously to it). T^n^ n.m. (late) study, i.e. devotion to books; "^| ny?} na-in '*> Ec i2 ,2 (cf. Now). t trO n.pr.m. son of HIV of Judah 1 Ch 4 s , © Aaa&, ®L AaaS (etym. and mng. unknown). t [51(1/] vb. languish, faint ( = ™<6) (X iff, id.);— Qal Impf. 3 fs. apoc. HS *6ffl Gn47 13 (of famine). [n7n7] vb.qnadril. amaze, startle (cf. Syr. Palp. cdSIoiSI confudit, obstupefecit ; Ethpalp. stupore percussua est; )oCxoto'. consternatio, all in Lexx., PS l89f ) — Hithpalp. Pt. i?.?n2ril? as subst.=j»ac?j»an, sq. D , i?1 iTVn Pr26 18 '(v. Now). t [13717] vb.blazeup,flame(NHiW.; Syr. jjc»^ ; As. la'dtu, in der. forms) ; — Qal Pt. act. Orb m + 104 4 a flaming fire (so Bae; tjn^l ete Bi Che, cf. 01), made into '"< 's servants ; pi. CCrp 5 7 s (fig. of enemies, cf. &N3p v a ). Pi. Pf. 3 ms. orb Mai 3 19 ; 3 fs. nori> J i»»; 7™^/: 3 fs. or£n jo2 3 + 4t.; en^rn. Dt32 32 ; sf. wcn^ni Is 42 s5 ; — «e< ablaze, usu. c. ace; — foundation of mts., Dt 32 s2 (subj. tW, fig. of s judg- ment, || rrjj, n^, bs), c f. nnn '^n y, 8 3 1S (in sim., subj. rnrb; I TIJpSalJ Bfc?); of flame (nanj) consuming trees Jo 1 " (of effects of drought; || n^OK Bfc); persons Mai 3" (subj. Nan Di>n ; |pya) ; cf.^97 3 (subj.tw), io6 18 (subj. rnr£ ; || B«-iyani); hyperb. of v 8 wrath (non nonpt? WJJ1. ia«) consuming Jacob Is 42"; of crocodile (hyperb.), Dn&l D'ftna 1B>W Jb4i ,3 Ais breath setteth coals ablaze; abs. Jo 2 3 , fig. of devastation by locusts (subj. nar£ ; || tPK n^3M). ttOH7 n. [m.] flame; — only cstr. 3}nri cnb n 9f L ir,t ?D Gn3 24 the flame of the whirling sword. ffspn? v. ci^. t[Dll7] vb. swallow greedily (=Ar. j^J ; Di "«■»•« comp. Eth. HOT: ox, cow);— onlyHitb.p.P/;.n' l pn')rip p rl 8 8 i. e . bitsgreedily m m V*

rvr. swallowed, dainties,— 26^ , aim. of tale-bearer's words. T}rt7 conj. on this account, therefore, Rui 1315 (either from j» and ft (v. sub m?h); or the Aram, ft? Dn 2 69 4 24 : see the Aram. Lex.) t[npn7]n.f.dub.; acc.to®@J AqSymm band, company (pern, by transp. from npnp, cf. Thes (r6nj3) The Klo Bu; v. also HPS).— Dwrisn npnb 1 S 19 s1 . Sb (Kt I S 2 M 20 2 ), VS V. A. tl7„ and K17 (ti S 14 30 IS48 18 63"), also t6 (Qr £), +2 S 18 12 19 7 (Ar. JJ, Aram, .ai, 'lp, Mishn. " I )i>, As. Ztf, with opt. force, £llt««*«.M5. cf K5 W S33 ), conj. if, O that:— 1. if (stating a case which has not been, or is not likely to be, realized): a. sq. pf. (so mostly), Dt 32 s9 n«r lbB* U33n lb if they had been wise (which they are not), they would under- stand this; Mi 2 11 (apod. HW); Ju8 19 13 s lb npb «b WVDflb '< }»Bn t/ J. had desired to slay us, he would not have taken, &c; 1 S 14 30 2 S 1 9 7 . b. sq. impf. Ez 1 4 1S if I were to send, &c. (but rd. prob. Is, cf. v 1719 ). C. sq. ptcp., 2 S 18 12 bip't? 'a'JK Kpl and though I should be weighing 1000 pieces of silver upon my hand, I would not, &c; *8i ]4 -' 7 'b Jffif n» lb t/ my people were hearkening to me, . . . quickly would I bow down, &c. d. sq. & Job 16 4 . — With the apod, omitted, Gn 50 15 UDBfr lb if Joseph were to hate us (how should we fare then ?). . If only . . .! i.e. that! would that! (cf. tl yap, tWt) usu. sq. perf., as Nu 14" Uno Y? if only we had died in the land of Egypt 1 20 3 Jos7 7 35?j)iypKirnbl Is48 ,8 63 19 ; sq.B'.' , .Nu2 2 29 ; sq. impf. Gn 17 18 nm lb that Ishmael might live before thee ! Jb 6 2 ; sq. juss. Gn 30 s4 W lb T>313 ; sq. imv. 23 13 •3JJ08 1 p nnS DN if thou — that thou wouldst hear me ! ( + prob. v 5 tqiMS* lb : iDNb for 'b> : b taib, and similarly v"). — Rd. also prob. N? for Mas. Nb Ju2i M (with nny •? f or nys), i s 13" 2 o ,4M Jb 9 s3 (sq. B*) ; and perh. 1 4 4 (Ew Kb). t tH^b Gn 43 10 Jui 4 W 2 S 2^2 7", elsewhere V© M if not, unless (fr. v> i^j and Np, by dissim. (Kb" 86 ' 489 ) for t<b «o<; cf. Ar. S)J), the neg. of lb, and used similarly :— a. sq. pf., Ju 1 4" xblb DDNVD V?? . . . Dnenn unless ye had ploughed with my heifer, ye would not have found out my riddle, 1 S 25 s4 (second "O resumptive: '? 1 d), yjr 106 23 ; with apod, introd. by nny '3 Gn 31 42 43 10 ; by W? 2 S 2 W (*j resumptive); by t35?D3 Is i 9 ; with an aposiop. f 27" if I had not believed. . . 1 b. sq. impf. Dt 32 s7 ">UN 'bib , . . WON I should have said, &c. . . . except I dreaded, &c. c. sq. ptcp., 2 K 3 14 . d. without a verb, ^94 17 (apod. By»3), 11 g m (apod. TN). In the later language, ^ 124 12 -f "" b*b (apod. "TN) except that . . . (cf. Aram. ? . . . ji ct^r ^ 106 23 , h . . . »b^« ^ 27 b $).— Rd. also b*b for '?W in NU22 33 (apod, IWJ? -3). See further on lb and V&b Dr*' 139 " 146 Kb'"- 487t6,B . fto*? poet, for k Job 2 7 14 29 21 38 40 40 4 , like IDS for'?, to? for 3; see to. t [yb] , &yh, &Sb n.gent.pL Lybians, in N. Africa, W. of Egypt;— Na 3" ( + BIB), 2Chl2 s (® Ai£u«; +Dnvrp j D«3D ! D'B*0), 16 8 © A./3u« ; ( + Bfto) ; D^b Dn 1 1 43 (v. Baer ; c. DnsO.D'fe), Theod. Atfvw ; prob.= D»3.nb (q.v.)' Gii io 13 = 1 Ch i" A@L Aa/3wi^; read D»»!? perh. also Je46 9 (for ^ HT^, cf. Sta J * v ' n6 '), ® Ai;8oi (BIB t&. = Ai/3u«); ® SmCoSta J *" n6 Berthol rd. 3^ Ez 30 5 (for ^ 313, q.v.) See WMM*"^ 1 " 115 . tlr?, D l, "l ! l7 n.pr.m. et gent. 1. Lud, Lydia, As. ZWdtt .— -CrVQ l6j H^B-IN Gn io 22 = 1 Ch 1 17 ® Aou8. 2. appar. a people in NE. Africa I^J Sb K"Enn Is 66 19 , ® AouS; ^ DIB BIBI Ez 27 10 ; Tlh BW E^3 30 5 ( + 3^ q.v.), in both ® A(o)u8ot ; also pi. D*"!!? a ' son ' of Misraim, Gn io 13 @ Av8.« F (|| ^3^)= 1 Ch 1" (D°nib); Je 4 6 9 (|| D»,«to) v. yb supr.— On this African 1^v.Di Gnl0>13 ) opp.Sta ,lv * n6ff cf.WMM A, - Kurl,i . in"| *h n.pr.loc. v. 131 tib. fl. [m7] join (intr.), be joined (NH Pi. Hjp (m'i>) trans., Hithp. intr. ; Aram. 1^ ac- company; bo ]q2±; Ba ME comp. Ar. ^Jj 6e near);— Qal (late) /m;;/. 3 ms. sf. ^ Ec 8 15 , be joined to, attend (of mirth). Niph. HlpJ ^ 83 s Is 14 1 ; 3 mpl. consec. *??1 Nu i8 4 + 2 t., + Je 50 5 (Ges Lb «- Bo Kb LC88 Gf Gie ; > Imv. Ki Ew >226c OP 264 ) ; Impf. H^J Gn 29 s4 ; *^ Nu 18 2 ; P<. flj^? Is 56 3 (pointed as Pf., rd. prob. nib?) ; pi. D' , '!P? Est 9 17 Is 56 s ; — join oneself or be joined unto, sq. ^ Nu i8 2 - 4 ($ n W to Aaron, by m b

Wh word-play), Is 1 4 1 (strangers to Isr.), Dn n 34 (flatterers to the people), cf. Est 9 s7 ; Is 56 s (to '"); sq. 'bit Is 56 3 (to •), Zc 2 15 (to '"), Je 50 5 (to

  • ►), Gn 29" (J ; husband to wife); *q. DV ^ 8 3 9

(Asshur with enemies of Isr.) fH. [HI 7] vb. borrow (NH id.; cf. Ar. u^J delay payment of debt (cf. Ba KS12 )) ; — Qal Pf 1 pi. wb Ne 5 4 ; imp/. 2 ms. rnjin Dt 28 12 ; iY ni*S Fr 22^+2 1.;— borrow, e*«i> nil) nay nipD Pr 2 2 7 a borrower is slave to a man who lends; abs. Dt28 12 Is 24 s f 37 21 ; sq. ^DS Ne 5 4 . Hiph. iy. 2 ms. consec. n»Tli>m Dt28 12 ; Impf. 3 ms. sf. 1$! Dt 28"; 2 ms.' nibn Ex 22 M ; sf. «jbn Dt 28"; Pt. TtffQ + 37 M + 3 t., cstr. t1$Q Prig 17 ; — cause to borrow, i.e. lend to, c. ace. pers. + reiEx2 2 24 (E); c. ace. pers.Dt 28 124444 ; abs. fr 3 7 M 1 1 2 s ; nii>9 K"K Pr 2 2 7 (v. Qal supr.) ; as subst. Is 24 s ; '* ni?D Pr 19 17 a lender to *> is one shewing favour to the poor. III. ("07 (■/of foil.; cf. Ar. <j2 turn, twist, wind; As. larmL, surround, encircle ; D1 HWB368 J en ZMG illll (188B),20l t [rPr?] n.f . wreath ; — cstr. jn rn.j> only fig. Pr i* (|| D'PJS!) of instruction of parents, 4 9 (|| n-J«ari rVJBJj) of work of Wisdom.

[rP7J n.f. wreath 1 (mng. dubious, cf. Sta 

ZAW ULIM. Ml. poss.rzrn^ii));— pi. Tf^ I K 7 29 - 30 - 36 of carved work on bases of la vers in Solomon's temple. t]Jn^7 n.m. Jb4025 serpent, dragon, levia- than, poet, and rare (on format, fr. ill? c. fern. n+ f_v.Thes and cf.Ges* 85 ' H Kb"^ 99 Ba NB!2 ° 7c ; Lag BN20S thinks foreign loan-word) ; — sea-mon- ster — crocodile Jb40 25 ; whale ^io4 26 (v. Che); dragon producing eclipses (mythol.) Jb 3 s ; fig. of Egypt as all-engulfing ^ 7 4 14 (|| ttf& v 13 ); cf. Is 27 1 - 1 (|| n-a tfru, jinbj?y tfnj), v . Che Di and esp. (on 'i> in gen.) Barton *'*-"• JA09 " (189,, ' 22ff - Gunkel Sch,>,,f • u • clu<> • 46 . ttT 5 )/] vb. (poet., mostly WsdLt) turn aside, depart (NH Niph., Hiph.; Ar. iil have recourse to, take refuge in) ; — Qal Impf. W^'/tf I'J'SO Pr 3 21 let tlvem not (i.e. sound wisdom, etc., si vera L, cf. VB) depart from thine eyes (v. Hiph.). KTiph. Pt. WJ Pr 3 32 Is 3 o 12 ; cstr. 'i?? Pr 14 2 ; pi. Ow? 2 15 ; — fig., devious, crooked, Dri^yoa 'J p r 2 15 (|| D^ipV); P^ *> 14 2 ; as subst. of pers. 3 s2 ; of course of action Is 30 12 (II P?^), i- e. crookedness=craftiness, cunning, cf. De Che Di. Hiph. /mp/. fj»JfB tfcfa Pr 4 21 (subj. 'I? 11 !) ?e< them [my words] mo< depart (on form v. Ges !72B-9 ) /row thine eyes (strictly, let them not practise, exhibit, deviation, direct causat., Kb'- 205 ). T [rVll 7] n.f. deviation, crookedness (fig.); ^only cstr. &T$f rmij Pr 4 24 (on form cf. 01 SH9» vr ;; lL 1««, *74 f I. T17 n.[m.] almond-tree, almond-wood (NH id.; Aram. *&, Jidi^. aZmon^Lbw*"'- 31 '), whence Ar.jp as loan-wd. (Fra ,45 Lag BN1CTt ), Eth-rtavU:);— Gn 3 o 37 (J; + nxi'?, r£ pD-)S)of rods stripped by Jacob. fn. XV7 n.pr.loc. 1. former name of Bethel Gn 28" (J), 35 6 (E), 48 3 (P), Jos 18 13 " (P), Ju i 23 ; appar. distinct fr. B. nfi SfWW Jos 16 2 (JE ; but 'p here perh. explan. gloss, v. Di); © Aov(a, Gn 28" [OuXa/i]/iavr. 2. city in hands of Hittites Ju I 26 (on conject. as to site v.GFM); OAoufr. L Ml 7 (v of foil., mng. unknown; cf. perh. Ar. 1M shine, gleam, flash (of star, lightning, etc.), or Syr. J^iik. wipe out, efface, with ref. to smooth surface ; but this =nr6). Trft? a.m. tablet, board or plank, plate (NH id., Aram. t<ivh, J^oi^ ; Ar. £jl (mod. pron. Uh, loh, cf. e.g. Spiro Ar *"- lto «- Voc » 1> - Buhl), Eth. Aco-thi, but As. li'H (as if from nrv) in D1 HWB366 ; see, however, lejum {leyum) Jager BA81 ' 486 );— '$>abs.Is 3 o 8 ; cstr. Pr 3 3 + 4 1. ; du. n'nhb Ez 27 s ; pi.nmb (rtnjj, nhb) a bs.Ex32 16 - 1 7 t. ; cstr. Dt 4 13 + 1 6 1. ; — -1 . chiefly of stone tablets on which ten words were written Ex 24 12 3i 18b 32 1616l9 (allE), 3 4 11 '- 4 - 4 »(all J), Dt 4 13 5 19 9 ».io.ii.i 7 I0 i.w.3.3A.i lK8 » 2Ch g ». jyiyn '|j Ex

i 1 "32 ,6 cf.v 15 , 34 29 (all P); nnan 'b bt 9 9 " is ; 

tablet for writing prophecy Is 30 8 (|| "'S??), Hb 2 2 , and fig., *ja? fpo Pr 3 s 7 3 (for writing wise coun- sel), cf. Je 17' (inscribing sin of Judah); (vb. mostly ana Ex 3i 18b 32 13 Dt 9 10 ; in? '3 Ex 34 128 Dt 4 13 5 19 io 2 - 4 Pr 3 3 7 3 Is 30 8 ; 5>y B^ Je 17'; ma sq. ace. Dt 9 9 cf. 1 K 8 9 =2 Ch 5'°; i>5? TYV Ex 32 16 ; ^ isa Hb 2 2 ). 2. wooden boards, composing altar of tabern. Ex 27 s 38 7 ; planks composing ship (fig. of Tyre) Ez 27 s ; cf. TU D* V'ty ™? Ct 8 9 , of door. 3. (metal) m m 2 JT mb plates on bases of lavers in Solomon's temple 1K7* trfrrn n .pr.loc. in Moab ; c. art. nbjJD rrn&n j B l5 ' j e 4 8 s Qr (JVr&n . Kt. mbn); it lay S. of the Arnon ; cf. Buhl ™"*- 24 ' m and reff. ; © ovad. [JD'I /] ~*b. wrap closely, tightly, enwrap, envelope (Ar. ]o^> cleave, stick io a thing; also trans, make to stick, or adhere) ; — Qal Pf 3 ms. 0*b 2 S 19 5 (so rd., for MT Bt6, We Klo Dr Bu); Pi. aci. B^ Is 25" (cf. Kb 1 " 5 ); Pi.^oss. f. n^O 1 S2i 10 ;— nbora no£ 1S2 iritis wrapped «p m a garment (of sword of Goliath) ; fig. of covering as sign of mourning, Bi?n ttfprr'JB D'Qyri"?!"?}? Is 25" iAe surface of covering which covereth over all the peoples (||n2?D3n n3DD). Hiph. Impf. envelope, wrap 1"TW¥ V3B t5p>l 1 K i 9 13 . TID7, ISfrO n.[m.] seoreoy, mystery; — abs. ob 1 S i8 M + 2 t., 0*6 J u 4 21 ; pi. sf. Drrpb Ex 7 M + 2 t.; DTfOn^ Ex 7";— alw. c. 3 : 1. D^i = secrethj 1 S 18 22 24 s Bu 3 7 ; so BN& J u 4 21 . 2. EiTCpS with their mysteries— enchantments (i. e. of BFnppf "SB"!?) Ex 7 s2 8 3 "=DiTt2n^3 7 (all P). "fi- 1217 n.m. envelope, covering; — Is 2 5" v. sub vb. supr. . tSi 7 S3 n.pr.m. Lot son of Haran, and nephew of Abram ; © Aut ; — Gn n 2 " 1 I2 4J ! 3 u.7AiMi.n.ii.M r 4 '2i« + j 5 1 . Gn 1 9 ; -t-Di? "33 = Moabites Dt 2 9 ; = Ammonites Dt2 19 ;=both,

  • 83'.

t}tCn~> n.pr.m. © A<orm.; a son of "V$5> Gn 3 6 2022 = 1 Ch i 3939 , and father of Th etc. Gn 3 6 3 = 1 Ch i 39 ; called a chief («1^K) of ^hn Gn 3 6 M . fi. ^7 n.pr.m. Levi (•/and mng. dubious; Gn 29 M (J) interpr. as joined, i. e. husband to wife; Nu i8 2 - 4 (P; appar. in word-play) of Levites as joined to, attendant upon, Aaron ; orig. as attaclied to, accompanying Isr.fr. Egypt, Log ' - " - * 1 ; as attached to, attending upon the ark, Bau PrlMt -' 4 ; in this case 1. 'I? would be derived fr. 11. *£> in priestly sense; Hom Au - A - ia»,3oi prop. Minaean tvb, lau'dn, priest, cf. Id 8od-A»b. or*, is. ag all guch yiewg y Rau BKlMO.TTir.. •^r e rrol.ed.5,Hl;Hltt.lir.H5ai a ZAWI(18Sl).112(t. Q Iay Prcp-Kim*. p. M cf _ JJjjZMOxKlWJ.W mate ^ n. gent. fr. flN? (q. v.); cf. a further sugg. We 8 "*-""- 114 )— @ a«(,),(,) ; — 1. a. Z*w, son

^ 

of Jacob and Leah, as individual, Gn 29 s4 .25.30 . " 35 s3 49 5 (all J) ; 35 23 46" Ex i 2 6' 6 -' 6 Nu

6 Ezr8 18 ; 

as ■>'" "i6'(allP); 1 Ch 2 1 5 s2 6 1 - 4 ' 23 - 28 - 32 so 'i>-na [-n«] Ex 2 l (E), Nu 2 6 69 (P). b head of a family of descendants, in phr. *& 1V3 Ex 2 1 (E), and (with ref. to tribe ; late) Nu 1 7 s3 ,

rva nmfo Zc 1 2". c. oft. ^(")*aa Ex 32 s6 - 28 

(E), Jos 2 1 10 (P), '7>(-)-J3 with tribal ref. Nu 3 15 4 2 1 8 2 ' (charged with service of tabern., and hence to receive tithes; allP); as priests'^ "33 D^n'an Dt 2 1 5 3 1 9 , cf. Mai 3 3 , and 6 "330 WJ t6 i K 1 2 31 ; from the 'b "SS the Zadokites are selected as priests EZ40 46 ; ace. to iCb.9 18 23 24 - 17 'b *?3 are subordinate officials in temple (cf. v 28 '), cf. 24 20 ; sharply disting. from priests Ezr 8 16 , N6I2 23 (cf. v 22 ); so also in later stratum of story of Korah's revolt Nu 1 6 7 - 810 (F). 2. as name of tribe, 'b B3S? Dt 18 1 (priestly tribe), 'b HBO Nu i 49 (in charge of tabern.), 3 6 18 2 (ministers unto Aaron) ; *ff alone = (tribe of) Levi Dt27 12 33 s (earlier poem), Nu 26 s8 (P), Ez 48 3 ' Mai 2 4 (priestly tribe, cf. v 1 ), 1 Ch 21 6 27 17 ; 'b "B»— rod of (the tribe of) Zero Nu 17 18 (P) ; also (no inheritance, because charged with service of tabernacle) Dt io 9 . . " I "!7 291 adj. gent. Levite; — *&, 40 1.; pi. D^JJ 350 1»; sf. 1 pi. 0$ Ne io 1 ;— fl. sg. of individual,'? B^N Ju 19 1 a certain Levite; pred. '? WDl Ju 17 1 and he was a Levite, so v 9 ; c. art. 'bn as' subst. the Levite Ex 4" (J), J u 17 10111213 (as priest), Dti8 6 2 Ch 20 14 31 1214 , Ezrio 16 ; >br nysn j u is 8 -"; ^n e*kh 2 o 4 . Sg. usu. t2. c. art. "tjO as subst. coll. the Levites : Ex6 19 Nu 3 20 - 32 26 67 (allP); i8 3 (P; charged with service of tabern.); esp.D, Dt I2 ,21819 i4 27 - 29 16" 4 26 1012 "; also 1 Ch 24 6 ; Mai 2 8 (as priestly tribe); ^n B& Dt 1 o* tribe of the Levites (set apart for ser- vice), cf. Jos I3 14S3 1 Ch 23 14 ; ijkrj! 1 Ch 12 27 (van d.H v 26 ) sons of the Levites (i.e. of the tribe); so Ne io 40 (as tithe-collectors) ; *])? 7V3 f 135 20 Aow.se (family, tribe) of the Levites. 3. pi. &$> chiefly Chr and P ;— alw. c. art. D'lfjH except sf. W? Ne io 1 ; the art. is om. by ©2? and most in Is66 21 ; always = subst. Levites; — 1. ta. earlier usage: — as bearing the ark 1 S 6 15 2 S 15 24 Dt 31 25 , so (with priests) 1 K 8 4 = 2 Ch 5 5 (£ '!>n D^ron ; rd. prob.^ni as in K, ©693 cf. Ot VB) ; also 1 Ch i5 2Ma7 23 20 2 Ch 5 4 (for D*3ron II 1 K 8 3 ). +b. not disting. from priests by D: 'br D"3q3n Dt i7 9 - 18 18 1 24 s 27 s , w. Jos 3 3 S 33 (both D ; as bearing ark), also Je 33 1851 ('sn '7?), Ez 43 19 44 16 ; cf. Dt 18 7 27 14 Je 33 s2 ; '7H '3n likewise 2 Ch 23 18 30 27 (but id. prob. 'br) after ©653, cf. Ot and infr.) tc. as tribal designation, Ex 6 M Nu 3 39 4 WM Jos 21 1 (all P), 1 Ch g 33 " 15 12 2Ch 35 5 Ne 1 1 1516 12 24 ; with ref. to share in land Lv 25 32 - 32 ' 33 - 33 (H), Nu i 47 2 s3 Jos 1 4 3 - 4 2 !"■*■*****>*> (all P), 1 8 7 (D), 1 Ch 6 49 ; cf. also 2 Ch 1 i 14 t. d. set apart for service in tabern., Ex 3 8 21 Nu i«"»-m»» 2 17 f" 8 6 + 18 1. Nu8 (all P), cf. 1 Che 33 16 4 ; ministers to Aaron and his sons Nu 3 9 8 19 i8 6 (P); set apart for '< (as redemption for first-born) Nu 3 1212 +7 t. Nu 3 (P); with certain per- quisites Nu 1 8 24MSO + 9 t. Nu (P). 2 . in Chr. the tribal idea is in the background, and thought of Levites as official class is prominent: a. disting. from priests '7ni 'an 1 Ch 9 14 (cf.v 10 ), 13 2 15 4 "" 23 s 24 631 + 67 t. Chr.; also Is 66 21 (ace. to Vrss., but dub.), Ez 44 10 45 s (cf. v 4 ), 4 gn.aJMf. -b. as porters, 1 Ch g- 6 26 17 , cf. 34 s ; as in charge of music, 1 Ch i5 16 " i!1 2 Ch 5 12 29 2530 34 12 Ne 12 27 ; yet disting. fr. porters and singers, Ne 7 1 1 3 310 ; disting. also fr. DT™ I Ch 9 2 Ezr 8 20 Ne io 29 ; further (with various official functions) 1 Ch9 31 +29 t. Chr.; of groups of individuals, 2 Ch 17 88 29 12 34 12 Ezr 2 40 =Ne7 43 , Ezr 8 s3 Ne 3" 9 s 1 o 10 1 2 9 , also 8 7 (om. 1 ; 33 BeRy Ryle). c. B^rrjf 1 Ch 15 15 (bearing ark), 24 30 (tribal designation). — See, on Levites, esp. p f Gesch. d. Stammes Levi : n "VTgArchlv 1. 68 ff. 208 1W Prol. Cap. lv T> c OTJC. 435 f.. 2nd ed., 360 f. "Povi Priesterthum 80 f.. 68 f., and ott. t[717] n.[m.] shaft or enclosed space (poss. in wall), with steps or ladder, only pi. D'W? i K6 8 (^ B^M), on mng. v. Sta ZAW in, 1883, is6«r. > @(£ winding-stair, cf. Buhl, v. Sta ,c - (NH 7*7 winding passage or stair, or enclosed space in which is a winding stair, ace. to Levy HireBii.4w t, utT- sta Uc -; </ dubious; hardly 1717 infr.) vhb, *bib v. sub *?.

/w (appar. secondary V from in. m? 

turn, twist, wind, whence following). t ["h^b] n.f. loop (probably from 1717 ; cf. [HTl] p. 188 supra; Zehnpf BA8lli35 , comp. As. lu-lu,' Schleife')]— only pi. abs. Twbh Ex 26 555 + 8 t., cstr. HKp? Ex 26 4 36 11 ; — loops on edges of curtains of tabernacle, matching the hooks (D'Cnp), for joining the curtains : Ex 26 4 ' 5 - 5B10 " ul

ll.lVl2.1J.17.17 ( a u p). 
jfoj 

"h^b v. tfrb sub 6. I * I • v ^" lod Ke. pass the night, fig. abide (NH njv n.lodging, spending tlte night; cf.No z " QMXTll(18S,, - 6a8ff -; ace. toThes kindred with i"6'? (q.v. infra), with change of 7 and )) — Qal Pf. I? Gn 32 s2 2 S 1 2 16 ; 3 fs. iwl consec. (before monosyl.) Zc5 4 ; 1 pi. ^7 consec. Ju 19 13 (v. Ges'^^Ko '•"»); Imp/. pfc Ex 2 3 ,8 + 13 t. 4- 2 S 17 8 , but cf. Hipb..; $! Gn 28" 4- 4 t.; 3 fs. Hrfl Lv i9 13 + 4 t.; ?$? Jb i7 2 (v.Kb ,50 »);

ms. juss. ;bn-7K 2 S 17"; £n Ju 19 20 (v. Kb' 

l0 ), etc.; Imv. ?*? Jup 619 , etc. ; Inf. cstr. fbb Gn 24^+ 5 t.; r$a»"; P«.pl. CWNei3 21 ;— 1. lodge, pass the niglti : a. lit., human subj., oft. c. prep, or adv. of place, Gn 19 2 28' 1 Ju 19 1316 2S 17' 6 Jb24 7 4-oft.(on 2S i7 8 v. Hiph.); c. n loc, nS-)K 33eh ) 2 S 12 16 ; c.3 loc. + 3 temp. MVOT n^a Gn 32 1422 Jos 8 9 ; c. n^n (accus. temp.), Nu22 8 Jos4 3 2S I7 16 i9 8 Ru 3 13 ; of the wicked i/f 59 16 , ace. to HupDePe al.; <fr. n. [17 @93 Aq Che Bae al., cf. A V; aim. of temporary sojourn Je 1 4 s (of '» in Isr.) b. of animals : wild ox (D??"!) Jb 39 9 (sq. 1D13K"75>), porcupine P a i?) Zp 2 14 . c. inanim. subj. a remain all night: of fat of sacrifice Ex 23 18 (E; sq.T^njfy passover meal 34" (P ; sq.1R3?), Dt i6 4 (sq."»p2p; all these without local designation), wages of hireling Lvi 9 13 (H; TVA = with +TpnV) ; of dead body Dt 2 1 23 (7$> loc); dew Jb 29 19 (3 loc); bunch of myrrh Ct i 13 (PS loc.) d. fig. 3Tj;3

ppj ^ go" at evening weeping may come to 

lodge (opp. H3T "lp3?l). +8. fig. abide, remain, subj. P5? {=lootc upon), c. 3 Jb 17 2 ; of error, 19 4 (c. prep. OK pers.), strength 41 14 (of crocod.; c.3); of righteousness, Is 1 21 (c. 3); ^123 te^a P?9 V' 2 5 13 j of hearkening ear Pr 1 5 31 , c. 3 !i? 3 ; of thoughts Je 4 14 , c. id. ; abs., of man, continue, endure, V'49 13 , lv' 5??^ Pr 19 23 he shall continue satisfied. Hiph. Impf. fyj cause to rest, lodge, sq. ace, 2 S 1 7 8 v. Kb' IM9 . Hithpalp. Impf. pn Jb 39 28 dwell, abide, of eagle ; fig. "& ?S3 ppn) yjr 9 1 ' of one trusting in T r?12 n.m. lodging-place, inn, khan ; — abs. 'D G T n 42 s7 4- 5 1.; cstr. |17D 2 K 19 23 Je 9 ';— lodging-place, inn, khan (?) Gn42 w 43 21 Ex 4 24 ; D'niN 'D Je 9 1 ; = camp (of Isr.) for a night, Jos 4 3 (4-pt,),'v 8 ; of Assyrians Is 10 29 ; fig. n»i? t^? 2 K 1 9 s3 , i. e. its (Lebanon's) remotest camping- ground, hyperb. of Assyrian conquest ; so rd. prob. in || Is 37 s4 for MT 'P B*», cf. Di Du Kit Che H «*- rorfcp irMTT? tn^n n.f. lodge, hut;— nB'poa 'D Is i 9 (i.e. a watchman's hut); sim. of frail, insecure structure ilMTOS flTriJTirn Is 24 20 and it [the earth] shall shake (or totter) like a hut. fll. [p/] vb. murmur, onlyExiS, 16,17, Nu 14, 16, 17, and Jos 9 18 (Sam. always defect., hence No z " Qm, "• 188s ■ 635,1 • thinks poss. p? [cf. J31 ?]; from limited occurrence, he supposes it disappeared early ; hut found chiefly in P) ; — Niph. Impf. 3 mpl. ttft*! Ex 1 5 24 + 3 1. + Ex 1 6 3 Qr (Kt Xiki) + Nu 1 4 s6 Kt (Qr «*?»? , Hiph.) ; 2 mpl. vfot Ex 1 6 7 Nu 1 6", both Kt (Qr *>*fe) ; on forms v. Ges 572W8 Ko'- 509 ; — murmur against, sq. PJ? Exi 5 24 (JE), i6 2 - 7 Nui 4 2 16 11 1 7 6 Jos 9" (all P ; all of people Isr.); abs.V'59 16 (v. I. $ 1 »)• Hiph. Pf. 2 mpl. Drt^q Nu 1 4 29 ; Impf- $1 EX17 3 ; tfhl Exi6 2 Kt, Nui 4 36 Qr; 2 mpl. U^n Ex 16 7 Qr, Nu 16 11 Qr (on all vid. supr.); Pt. pi. D , ?' , ?0 Ex i6 8 +3 t.; — murmur = Niph., sq. by Ex 17 3 (E), elsewhere P: 16 8 Nu 1 4 27 - 27 - 29 1 7 20 ; cause to murmur sq. ace. + P5? Nu 14 36 Qr; (cf. also supra Ifiph.) I [n37ri] n.f. murmuring; — pl.cstr.nWJjl (n^n) T Ex i6 12 +2 t.; sf. Da-nliS-jj i6 7 + 3 t.; DrijflPR Nu 1 7 2S ; — murmurings of Isr. against (only P); Ex 16 912 Nu 17 25 ; sq. P$! Ex i6« cf. v 8 , NUI4 27 i^( + bv DJ^P). f I. [^7, or WOf] vb. swallow, swal- low down (Syr. , *^, ■'fcX lap or lick up Ju 7 5 - 7 ) ;— Qal Pf. 3 pi. $?) consec. Ob 16 (Ges ,67B12 ); — abs., fig. of nations drinking (cup of judgment). — Hi De talk wildly, vid. II. JTIP; We Now W3 reel, totter (cf. Is 24 20 29'). t [y7] n.[m.] prob. throat (external) (cf. NH tb jaw, cheek, Aram. V$>, Jlc^. id.);— 1^)3 p?fe> PlDn Pr 23 s and thou shalt put a knife to thy throat (fig. for restraining oneself from indulgence in food). fll. [Jfi/, or^JH] vb. talk wildly (MT Vlb, V% perh.better wd.be&b, &$ Vrrfc), cf. Thes and Ar.liu, 'j&makemistakes in talking, Ba ZMO I U.Wr7.606.»H) ; _Q al pf 3 mpl ,5,1, J b 63j subj. Dnan (v.Di); Impf. &p )h D™ eft» Pr 20 25 it is a snare to a man that he should rashly cry, Holy! (construction unusual, and perh. text, err., cf. Frankenberg ; on form v.

}*3.Anm.. B5 1.296 K6 i.S75t der fr yjfr . g^ 

Hiph. fr. yyp). If-h v. ffy. IVfY? vb. knead (NH id.; Aram, tib, +ZL, Eth. tev>: or ft«A;);— Qal Impf. 3 fs. tfbh iS28 24 2Si3 8 Qr(KtBh-);/»ni;.fs.' , ^ < Gni8 6 ; Inf.cstr.whs Ho 7 4 ; -P<. fpl. nie6 Je 7 18 ;— /t/wad (obj. not expr.=nVD np|?) Gn 18 6 (J), cf. 1 S z8 24 ; obj. pS3 dough Ho 7 4 Je7 18 cf. 2 S 13 8 . Xljfo (Kt) n.pr.m., t5>£v. B*P. t /, rtt/5, W? v. )?n etc., p. 229 supra. JTlTy v. TIP supra. rfp v. sub nnp. (in/ (/of foil., poss. fr. smoothness, cf. Ar. (^J peel off; Syr. Lli»> «<np off, erase^. fi.T& n.m. c ' iw jaw, cheek (NH ti.; Aram. Snip ; Ar. J^j ; on As. laM cf. Dl 1 "™ 375 , but -.=$*);—• / pabs.Jui5 17 Mi4 14 ;cstr.Jui5 16 + 2 t.; »rg 1 K 22 24 +3 t. + Ju 15 1919 ; sf. *TO Jb 4 o 26 ; iw£ La i 2 ; du. &$ Dt 18 3 ; crt*.*$ L330 28 ; sf. ; :nb IS50 6 , cf. Jb 16 10 , etc.; DTVnj) Ho 1 1 4 ;— 1. jaw, jawbone, of animal, Ju 1 5 1516 - 1617 (under jaw of ass), cf. n.pr.loc. 'TO DO"} v 17 ; in sim. Dn'nirpu Pj> 'Dntpa Ho 1 i* like those lifting up a yoke from upon (rd. Py? X) their jaws (Isr. under fig. of oxen); of sacrificial ox or sheep Dt 18 3 ; of crocodile Jb 40 26 ; of Pharaoh under fig. of M Ez 29 4 (cf. v 3 ); cf. 38 4 Is 30 28 . 2. cheek, of man iK22 24 = 2 Ch 18 23 , Jbi6'° ^ 3 8 Ct 5 13 Is 50 6 La 3 30 Mi 4 14 ; of woman Ct 1 10 La i 2 (fig. of Jerusalem). fn. *TV7 n.pr.loc. scene of an exploit of Samson ;— '? Ju 1 5 1919 (© Smyav), "•$ v 14 ; c. art. Tib v 9 (© Atuft, ©L Ac X «), cf. TT^ DOT v 17 = height of Lehi (expl. as fr. 'Hp jawbone, cf. GFM, © ' kvaiptais o-iaywoc) ; also 2 S 23", where read njrij <o ie At, for njn 1 ), v id. 11. n;n , p. 3 1 2 supr. ; (© tiqpla; ©L o-tayoVa). It must have lain in the Shephelah, near the border of the hill-country of Judah (Buhl G90P '• 9, ),• site un- known; conjectures are cited and criticized byGFM ,ul0 - 19 q.v. nri7 nrf7 (7of foil.; cf. Eth. Aflurirh: ii. i. moisten, cool; tlthhth: be moistened Di 1 ""*- 30 ; NH npn? Pilp. moisten thoroughly, Aram. npnp id., NH np moist, fresh ; HIT? moisture, fresh- ness, etc.) t I~lS adj. moist, fresh, new; — ^ Gn 30 37 Ez2i 3 ; n? if*. p l. B*6 Nu6 s +2t.;— 1. moist, fresh, of trees, fruit, etc.; np nja? Gn30 17 (J); 'S W Ez 17 24 2 1 3 ; grapes h Drajj Nu 6 3 . 2. new, of cords, v DniT Ju 16 78 , prob. made of fresh sinews of animal (cf. Syr. »£T PS 16 ° 2 ; GFM .d.oc.) t [PJ7] n.m. moisture, freshness (i. e. force, vigour); — sf. rin? DJ tO) Dt 34' and his freshness had not fled ; rd. prob. also Vila for MT tonpa Je 1 1 19 (v. Dr6 ad fin. ; on Zp 1 17 v. Din?). W, Y?b v. sub rxb. t [^IJfVJ vb - liok ( NH «' d -' s0 Aram - 1$. y r A ; Ar. eU3); — Qal Inf. cstr. ^hi)3 Nu 2 2 4 (E), sq. ace; of ox licking up grass. Pi. Pf. 3 fs. nan? 1 K 18 38 ; Impf 3 mpl. «!& Nu 22* Mi 7 ,: ; CTO] ^ 72' Is 4Q 23 ; /ic& wp (sq. ace), fire fr. heaven the water in trench 1 K 18 38 ; of Isr. consuming produce of land Nu2 2 3 (E); esp. "l?y '? lick the dust, sign of humiliation Mi 7 17 '^ 72" Is 4a 23 . I. [007-1 171 vb - fight ' do battle ( NH Hithp. ; Qnrbm MI" 1519 ; perh. = order the battle, cf. No 2 " ' 1 - 188 "- 721 ; Ar. liJ fit close togeltier, so NH Dr& Pi., Syr. p~iv Pa. unite, fl^Lfit; also threaten; Gerber VorbI>enomM thinks vb. in Heb. denom. fr. nonpo battle-line, but dub.); —

Qal (poet.) only Imv. ms. and Pt. act.— fight, 

do battle with, rare, only i/^, appar. later usage : — 'grp-ns Dn p -^ 35' do battle with those battling with me (dub. whether TIN is ace. sign or prep, with, cf. 01; || *3n;-ns nan); b D<r?n1> 56 s doing battle against me; Dry v 2 as subst. fighter. ,f Niph. 167 Pf. Dni>3 Ju 9 17 + , riDn^l ii 8 1 S 15 19 , yoni)^ Dt i 41 consec, etc.; Impf. nnS Ex 14 14 Dt i 30 ; «!? orf?) Ne 4", DH^h Ex i7 8 '+ 19 t.; 3 fs. OnWji Zc 14"; 3 mpl. wqfe) Ju i 5 + 13 1.; sf. ^!! ^ 109 3 ; 2 mpl. Wjp iK22 31 + 4t.; J»n£n 1K12", etc.; 7mK Dr&n EX17 9 1S18 17 ; ia or&n Jup 38 ; pl-W^n

K io 3 Ne 4 8 ; /«/. abs. ttfyi Ju n 25 ; cair. 
QinV 

DnVn i 9 + 35 1.; ta Br$h etc., Nu 22"+ 6 1.; sf. ion^n 2 K g2» +3 t . p <# Qpipj e x I4 » + IO t-; pl. D'onpj Jos 1 o 25 + 1 o t. (but 1 S 3 1 l rd. rather

  • »n|>: , so || 1 Ch io 1 We Klo Bu, cf. Dr);— engage

in battle (recipr.), sometimes wage war (Jos io 5 Ju 1 1 5 1 K 14 19 22" 2 K 6 8 14 28 etc.), oft. c. 3 of enemy (60 t.) Exi 10 17 910 Nu 2I 23 - 26 22" (all E), Ju 1 i 82S 1 S 15 18 2 S 8'°+ (49 1.); less oft. c. a of city attacked or besieged tJu 9" 1 S 23 1 2 S I2 26 - 27 - 29 Is 20 1 Jos io 31 (D), 1 K 20 1 Ne 4 2 ; of tower Jul 52 ; sq.T!*?? n 12 t; also c. DV of enemy (26 1.): Ju 5 20 i i«*" Jos 1 1 5 (JE), 1 S 13 s 17 19 , also 1 S 1 7 s2 - 33 (of single combat), Dt 20 4 Jos 9 2 (both D), 2K13 12 i4 , *2Chii 1 i7 w 27 s Dn io 20 11"+; c. DV of city tJos io 29 ^), i9 47 (JE)t; c.~nX = with, of enemy, tJos24 8 (E), 1 S 1 7 9 (single combat), Je 21 5 1 K 20 23 2 K 19 9 =Is37 9 ,Je37 10 ;alsoJui2 4 2Sn ,7 2i"iK22 31 2K8 1 9 15 Je 2 1 4 32 s 33 s 2 Ch 18 30 22 s , and c. Drrix (=DPW) Jos io^D), 1 K 2o 25 (Ko l « b - "• W8 )t; c. ?5?, against, of enemy only Je 2 1 2 ; elsewhere (16 t.) of city: tJos io 5 (JE), IS7 1 2Ki2 18 i9 8 = Is 37 8 ; esp. D and Je: Dt 2o T019 Jos io 34 - 3638 (all D), Je 32 s4 - 29 34 17 - 8 ' 22 t; c.'b« of enemy +Je i 19 i5 M t; c. sf. "^on^l f+ 109 3 and they have fought against me; 0.1DJL i.e. fight together =with (against) one another +1 S 17 10 ; abs. c. ace. cogn. nionpp fight battles ti S 8 20 18 17 25° 2Ch32 8 t; abs. elsewhere Ju 5 191920 Dt I 41 Zcio s + 26t. + Dn)n^ vby TO*L i K 2 2 m ; tc. *?¥for, in behalf of, Ju 9" 2 K io 3 Ne4 8 ; c. ?=«£., Ex 1 4 14 (J), v 26 (J ; + a of enemy), Dt i 30 3 s2 20 4 ( + E? of enemy, vid. supra), Jos 1 1442 2 3 310 (all D), Ne 4 14 t; '^n*j> Vy be able to fight, c. nK of enemy 1 S 17 9 , c. 3 of enemy Nu 22", =be successful in fighting, prevail against ; so c ^5? of city Is 7', and abs. 2 K 16 5 (after b$ njn besiege). tan 1 ? n.[m.] only in DTJJ^ Dr6 TN Ju 5 s (so Mass.; Codd. On?, D.n<), usu. tr. then was there war of ( = at) the gates, but improb. ; text and meaning dub.; A©L rd. us apron Kpi6tvov, whence Bu 83103 BnS$> D$ IK t^n they used to eat barley bread; but Bu Comm - 1? 6 !>W </je barley bread was exhausted; Mayer Lambert B * JI "' U5 Qny vmn? tX then for (in) 5 cjft'es no shield was seen, etc.; other conj. in Kau AT ; cf. GFM* 41 " - t [D^nb] n. [m.] perh. intestines, bowels (mng. and V not wholly certain, cf. No ZMa A VSK - 721 ; from Dn? =press togetlier, acc.toDl Pro1193 );--rrarr? D

rfc

only B f.: d$fl Oorku Zp i 17 their blood shall be poured out like water, and their bowels like dung,m-St (eft 2 S 20 10 ), DI' - We (<ihr Mark '), Rothsteiu ]UuAT Di ,,>il °- S3 ; Gr D^n cf.v 12 (to wh. Now inch); Now suggests also Dripi and their moisture {freshness, viijour, cf. Dt 34'); >al. who renderflesh, © Tar o-dpras (cf. Ar. '^iJ flesh, meat, v. sub D^); tonb? Dlty 1&ft Jbzo 23 to fill his belly, God sendeth into him his burning anger, and raineth it upon him, into his (very) bowels Hi Dl 1 -* Bae KwAT (cf. Di, and into his Jlesh De, v. supr.); >disting. from Zp 1" Di (in transl.) Da Hoffm Bu his food (as obj. of TO* ; rd. then ion?) ; © d&ivas, whence Me Sgfr 0^9" , Schwally ziw * im - «* nnb ; No lc - wrath, cf. Syr. yi» threaten. rrcn^Q n.f. battle, war;— abs. 'd Gn " Ex i 10 +; cstr. nor6p 1 S 13 22 (eta?» 'D © Th We Bu HPS Ew >™° Ko "- 182 > abs.Thes al.); sf. wonbo 2 ch 35"; inpnlsp 2 S 11 26 ; inpnbp is 41", etc. ; pi. niarfyj) is 4 2 13 + 7t.Ch V"/'; cstr. niDnpp Ju 3 1 4- , etc.; — battle, Gn 1 4 s 1 S i7'- 2 - 8 3 1 3 i"K 20 14 - 18 - 29 - 39 + oft.; war, Gn i 4 J Ex i'° Dt 20" Jos 1 I s8 14 15 2 S 3 1 (npnbsn wij nr>K) + ; JJM3 ntonpp JU3 1 ; * nbnbp -bd n'u

i I4 (JE); ace cogn. c. onbi ti S 8 :0 2 Ch 32 s 

and ("• niDnbp) i S 18" 25 28 t; =art of war, 'D lab Is2 4 ieam war=Mi4 3 ; '» 1®b Ju 3 2 teacA icar, fighting; 'B? *J» IBpD 2 S 22 35 =

  • 18 s5 , cf. * 144 1 ; ' D *7D^ 1 Cb.5' 1 ", 19 "nobp

Ct 3 8 instructed in war; once=^battlefield 'N3J1 / WJ ^ 1 S I4 20 (so Kit K ^ lT ). The most freq. phrases are : t'B tTN Is 3 2 1 S 16 18 17 s3 2 S 17 8 Ez 39 i0 Jos 17 1 (P), also (coll.) Ju 20", of "• Ex 1 5 3 (poem) ; Hn ^JK Jos 6 3 io 24 (both JE), Dt2 1416 Jos 5 4 - 6 (all D), Je 3 8 4 39 4 4i 316 49 26 51 32 52 72S , also 1 K 9 s 2 K 25 4 Nu 31 2849 (P), Jo 4 9 ; late 'D <t?3K J 2 7 1 Ch 1 2 39 (v 38 van d. H) 2 Ch 8 9 i7 ,a ; ntonbp b*k Is42 ,s iCh28 3 ; nntpnbp vwt«  Jeso 30 her men of war, cf. IS41 12 Ez 2 7 10 - 27 ; "VH nionbp E*K 2 S 8 10 a man of battles of Toi, i.e. his frequent opponent (v. Dr), = 1 Ch 1 8'°; seldom '» "fa| ^ 24 s (of '»), '13 ni33 2 Ch 13 3 ; ntonjn? n'e> 2 Ch32 6 ; 'on 05? JosS 1 -' io 7 n 7 , cf. 8 n (all JE), cf. also 1 S 13" add. © We Dr, cf. Klo ; '©? b*n «gb« Je48 14 ; 'D K3S battle-host Is 13 4 , so tan 'S Nu 31" (P); also 'B N32T nna 1 Ch 7 4 , 'B? '2f W* v", 'B? tOS 'CTK iCh 12 9 (v 8 van d. H)t; weapons of war, 'B(n) ?3 Ju

1117 Je 21 4 51 s0 1 Ch 12 34 (v 33 van d. H), also 

fig. 2 S I*(j Dni33) ; IS X3? »*» 1 Ch 1 2 s8 (v 37 van d. H); 'D nB»j3 Zc 9 J0 1 o 4 ; WBnbo ?3 his weapons of war 1 S 8 12 Dt i 41 , cf. Ju 1 8 16 Ez 3 ' 2 37 ; "W n:n = <Ae raew>s 0/ «/te taM'e 2 S 1 i 1819 + v 22 add. © The We Klo Dr Bu. Freq. combin. with vbs. are: 'B ^1!) draw up battle-line Ju20 22 + , sq. AN with=against Gn 14 8 Ju 2o 20 ,sq. Dy 2 Ch 1 3 s ; 'tan nDN i. e . begin the battle 1 K 20' 4 , cf. 2 Ch 1 3 s ; 'tan 3"ippn 1 K 20 29 and the battle was joined; 'B n°E>y make war Pr 20 8 24 s I Ch 2 2 8 , sq. riK with Gn 1 4 2 Jos 1 i 18 (D), sq. DJ> Dt 20 12 - 20

Ch 5 1019 ; +DV ?k K£ J u 20 i,K/:s , c. ^S 1 K8 44 

2CI16 34 ; DV 'B? S|?n 2K8 28 ; Df 1l6 B*« JU20 23 , c. 3 1 S 7 10 2 S io 3 , abs. Je 46H; DV 'Bl 1 Vfa

S 2i 1819 , c. f"? 2 S 3 1 , cf. v 6 + ; t'D B^g con- 

secrate war, i. e. open a campaign (with sacred rites, Che) Mi 3 6 Je6 4 (both c. by), J04 9 ; cf.f*jj ^nn^Sin Ju 20 42 and the battle clung to them; 'BH n^gni 2 2^ and the battle rose (high) =2 Ch , 8 34. inn Bhani r s 4 2 , rd. 'BH tWJ (© We Klo Bu, cf. Dr) and the battle inclined (in favour of one side); 'B? "SiBJ 2 S i8 8 Qr the battle was spread (extended), so read 1 S 14 24 add. © The We Klo Dr; '0 "^ Dlpn f 27 s if itur rise against mei; <^}^ '^l 1 Ju 20 34 </te JaWZe «;as severe, cf. blKB'-b« 'Dn n33J]l| j S 3 i 3 = 1 Ch io 3 (by for ht)j so njjtn 'tsn ■•'nni i s i 4 52 , wee pin 'sn 2 K 3 26 ; nf> 'en inrii 2 S 2 17 : cf. '» *nb Is 2i 16 , / omy ! 42 25 . T fit ["u7^1 'k^ use m fo ° d ' eat > p° et - (so ThesBuhl, cf. Fra 30 Guidi"* 1 " 8 "" 1 ®; this would explain diff. between Dnj and IsJ ; yet verb rare and chiefly late) ; — Qal Pf 3 pi. "°rj? Pr 4 17 ; Impf. 2 ms. Dnisri p r 23 6 , 1 s. DfJ^J i/ri4i 4 ; /me. mpl. ton? Pr9 5 ; 7w/. cs<r. Dinb Pr 23 1 ; P<. pass. pi. cstr. ^np Dt 32 s4 ; eat (mostly Pr), abs. Pr 23 1 ; sq. ace. cogn. Dn? 4 1 " 23"; sq. tonpB 9"; gq . Dn-B^DB ^, I4 i 4 eat of their dainties; *JBn 'pn? Dt 32 s4 (poem) ea<«» wp wi<A <Ae Fire-bolt, fig. of pestilence (Dr). ^ n.m. 189 - 7 and (rarely) f. G " 49 - M (vid. infr., and Dr 1810 - 4 ) bread, food (Ph. Dnb bread; NH Df^; Aram.NOn?, £*2L, as Heb.; Ar.^ flesh, meat (cf. Fra 30 ));— abs. 'b Gn3 19 + ; Dnb Gn3i M + ; D^V»4*+at.; cstr.Dr6Ho9 4 +; sf. ton? Jb 3 24 +, ion? Ob 7 +, Den? Ho 9 4b , + v 4 * (for MT Dnb), We GASm Now, + etc.;— 1. a. OiT

bread, the ordinary food of early Hebrews (Benz Arch.8« 1 f. Now Aroh.l.l0 9 «r.) Ex2I»(E), Nu2 I s JoSC, 512 (JE), Dt8 3 2 3 5 Ex i6 3 (P) + ; 'bstt loaf of bread i S 2 s6 4- (vid. 13? sub TO), and without 133 (always c. num.) ti S io 4 16 s0 (v. Dr), 17" 2 i 4 25 18 2 S 16' 1 K 14 3 2 K 4 «+; 'b n^n C ake of bread 2 S 6" Ex 2 9 23 + (v. n^n 8U b I. bbn); made from barley (O^W) Ju7^ 3 2 K 4" (v. also Dnp supr.) ; from wheat-flour (D'tan rbb) Ex 29' (P) ; cf. the mixture Ez 4"; made by baking (flSH) Is 44 1518 Lv26 M (H ; cf. Je 37 21 ); t'^na a bit of bread 1 S 2 M 1 K 17" Pr28 21 , cf. Ez i 3 19 , as modest term for a hospitable meal Gn i8 5 (J), Jui 9 » iS28 B t; disting. from meat (flesh), Gn 2 7 17 (J), 1 S 25" 1 K 17 66 Ex i6 812 (also v 3 supr.), 2 9 3234 Lv8 31 (all P), 2 3 ,8 (H), 1 Chi2 40 '+ ^*> Dn io 3 ; =a meal 1 S 20 27 , *> b^=take a meal Gn 3i" H 37 25 43 J5 - 32 + ; 1^6 5>3K ^ 4 i>» eat my bread, establishing an obligation, cf. Ob 7 (rd. 'b ^3N ace. to Mjirti K,uAT ; del. 'b © Hi We, cf.VB) 'b rwy=make a feast Ec io 19 ; 6 ntsp staff of bread (as support of life), only late tEz 4 16 5 16 14 13 Lv 26 M (H), + io5' 6 ; cf. 'b ]WO Is 3 1 (gloss) t; leavened bread is JW 'b Lv 7 13 ; unleavened bread is HiStt 'b Ex 2 9 2 (both P); fD^S(n) >b bread of the face (of A; i. e. in his presence, Di 1 " 24 ' 9 Dr ,sa ' 7 ): in the sanctuary 1S21 7 1 K7«=2Ch 4 » Ex 2 5 3 »35> 3 39 3 «, with- out 'B 40 23 (all P); = TJ?nri 'b Nu 4 7 (P), BHJ> 'b

S 2 1 5 ; in Chr flSipn 6 1 Ch 9 32 cf. 23 w 

Ne io 34 , ") 'o 2 Ch 13"; opp. i>h 6 1 S 2i 5 t; flBUn 6 L v 23* wave-loaf; D'"133(n) 6v» 2 K 4 42 Jrati of first-fruits. +b. = bread-corn, the material from which bread is made, i.e. wheat, barley, etc.: Gn 4i 6455 (E), 4713.15.17.17.19 (j^ 4Q 2o (poem in J), Is 2 8 28 30 23 55'° Je 5 17 Ez 48™ Jb 28 s Pr 28 s * 104 14 ; n»3 % Nu i 5 19 (P), *> p N

K i8 3; =Is 36 17 t. 2. /oorf in general : a. 

of man, Ju 13 16 (kid, v 15 ), 1 S i 4 »-»-» (honey), 28 20 30" Pr 22 9 ay"* (goat's milk) +; *> ffiS -iB'a-bij ,/, 136 25 . fb. of animals, Pr 6 8 30 25 65 s5 Jb 24= 'jr 1 47 9 f. c. of God (in sacrifices) : fDnvpN 'b ( c f. ES SMnl - 207 ' 2nd<ld - 224 ) Lv2i 6 cf.

    • »*", aa» (all H), cf. Nu 2 8 2 (P), Ez i6»4 4 7 ,'

and 5>tUtp 'b Mai i 7 ; also ("b) ntftf 'b Lv3 1M «  Nu 2 8 24 (all P)t. 3. other phrases and fig. uses are: a. W^'b Pr4 17 (acc. cogn. c. Dr6), prob. =food gained by wickedness (|| Q'DDn |") ; Q£ 1$ 'b 20 17 , D??3 >b 2 3 3 ; n^X5? 6 3 !"'= w yn 1 ? / idleness, i. e. unearned ; , i'?n Pr 30 8 (opp. to riches and poverty, v. ph) ; yvb 'b K 2 2 27 = 2 Ch I8 26 , vid. f*t£ infr. ; D'QXJJri ^ ^ 127 2 , vid. 11. 3$ ; D^K 6 Ho q 4 , vid. |J9, p. 20a ; D^JK 4 Ez 24 1722 of food offered to mourners, cf. Je 16 7 (where ins. 'b © Gf Gie); D'OH ^trb)S "|Or6 nk? Ecu 1 usually interpr. of benevolent giving (cf. Now); De al. of sea-commerce in bread- stuffs, cf. Pr 3 1 14 . b. fig. Dn ucnb Nu 1 4 9 (JE) our food are they, i. e. we will devour, destroy, them (cf. Dt 7 16 ); H 'njJOT + A2 * c f. 8o « ( vid . P3N, p. 37b supr.); 'b of evil deeds of wicked Jb2o' 4 ; i»n>3 ^ Jen 19 appar.fig.of destroying the prophet and his house, but read prob. inba in its freshness (i. e. untimely), so HiGfChe Gie (vid. D? su b nni> supra). "h^rn n.pr.m. brother of Goliath of Gath (q.v.) slain by Elhanan, ace. to 1 Ch 20 5 (nx "Cn? ; © EXffut, Aet/iti, Aoo/at) ; orig. reading prob. (as in || 2 S 21 19 ) «^n n«| q.v. p. 112* supra. TDnnS n.pr.loc. in Judah (32 Codd. BOTO);— Jos 1 5 40 , © Ma^ t , A® L Ao^)ar ; perh. =M-lahm, c. 13 miles WNW. from Hebron E n «ai<>«- pEF Meml "- 261 Buhl Ge0Br - 1K . T^rT/ vb. squeeze, press, (Ar. JJJ; Chr.-Pal. ^. Schwally (with which No* 74 comp. Mand. NVX^n, torture, NS- J^** ^ ress t0 9 et her, urge, exert oneself); see also rare deriv. in Syr. PS 1932 ) ; Qal Pf. 'bSn 4 3 + 2 t. etc.; Irapf. sf. ™b ^ 56 2 ; 3 fs. r0 : ^! Nu2 2 25 , etc.; Pt. pi. D-3fn*» E x 3 9 + 2 1., etc - — I- squeeze, press: sq. ace. +b& Ju i 34 Nu 22 25b (J); sq. acc. + ? instr. 2 K 6 32 shut the door and press him (back, out) with the door. 2. opjyress: sq. ace. pers. Ex 22 20 (||n3in) ( 23 s9 (bothE),f 5 6 2 ; of people Ex 3 9 (E;+acc.cogn.), Ju 2" 4 » 6» io" 1 S io' 8 Am 6 14 2 K 1 3 422 J e 30 20 ^ 106 42 ; abs. Is i 9 M . Wiph. Impf. 3 f s . ynbm Nu22 25i (J) squeeze oneself, of Balaam's ass, sq. TRTTff Tyn? n.m. oppression, distress ;—b abs. 1 K 22 2727 + 5 1. ; cstr. 2 K 13 4 + 2 t.; sf. Vfafr Dt26 4 f 44 a ;—o2>pression of Isr. Ex 3" (E ; + vb. cogn.), 2 K 1 3 4 cf. Dt 2 6 7 (|| "3V, bay) + 44" (II %)', oppr. of {i.e. by) an enemy, f42 10 43 s ; in gen. Jb 36 15 (|| '3V) ; 'b DW 'b mb 1 K 22 27 fig. oppress . Idiotieon 48 tt.T)7

nW? = 2 Ch 1 8 M bread of oppression and water of o]>pression, i. e. prison-fare ( > Klo scanty fare); cf. '*? OV?) n S Q r6 Is 30 20 , appar. of privations of a siege (cf. Che Di Du ; on the apposition in these passages v. Ges*' sl - 2(,> > Ko 11 '-* 833 "-'"- Da 8 ""-' 29 "). t [t^'ll /] vfc. whisper, charm (NH id.; Aram. 55*0^ jjji.; Eth. ftihft: whisper, v. ES jph in. lass, 1* p 0S8 ibiy originally serpent-charm- ing) ;— Pi. Pt. pi. B"e>r£D i>ip ^ 58 s voice of whisperers (i.e. serpent-charmers; || B'It'D " l ?i n )- Hithp. whisper together, Impf. ^D/ 1 ?. c. ?5?

  • 4i 8 ; Pt. pi. a*#$n» 2 s 12 19 .

tttjn7 n.[m.] a whispering, charming; — 'b Is 26 16 ; K>r6 T Ecio n IS3 3 Je8 17 ; pi. tFftfr Is 3 20 . — 1. serpent-charming Ec io 11 ; K*n^ jfaj Is 3' (prob. more general). 2. charms, amulets, worn by women, Is 3 20 . 3. whisper of pirayer, K'D? Ppy Is 26 16 <Aey pour forth a whisper of prayer (but Koppe Bo Gr Di Du rd. && t^pX 'Zauberzwang,' compulsion of (by) magic). tffini? n.pr.m. (= whisperer) only c. art. ^n, a chief of the people Ne 3 12 io 26 . ttb v. sub B&. T t 137 n.[m.] myrrh, or ' ladanum (Gk,), an aromatic gum exuded by leaves of cistus-rose, cistus viUosus, Tristr WP - ■* *" d «• NM - Htat - Blb - 468 "■ ; Ei HWB897 ,cf.Low No - 79 Di GnS7 - 25 Now*"*- iu (Sab. pi>, Sab. Denkm. 84 ; As. ladunu (fr. Damascus) cf. Schr C0T Gn "• *■ MBAt - 1881 ' p ' > - ns * ; Ar. ^1% whence Gk. X^mw, JuMoiw Hdt 1 "- ,12 );— DN33 C?J ,- l2n Gn 37 25 , merchandise of Ishmaelite caravan, cf. 43 11 , present to Joseph (both J ; © trraKTT)). i$u7 ( -/of following; meaning unknown). tpNtaS n.f. a kind of lizard (NH re- named as unclean Lv 11 s0 (with 2X, n^JN, PI3, BDh, riDB'jri), © X aapuTt,i, 33 stellio.— Vid. j)i«di»c. fristr 1 '"' Hut ' Blb ' 266lr ' tftftD/] vb. hammer, sharpen, whet ~ T • L P (NH t'd., hammer, tap; Aram. tfDp, u»^->>. sharpen ; Ar. ^jlWJ strike, tap) ; — Qal 7mp/. trioi* Jb 16 9 ^ 7 ,s ; /?»/. crtr. «^o|^ I S 13 20 ; Pt. E'er? ; — 1. fiammer, only Pt. sr hammerer, sq. BTlH"?! Gn4 M (J). 2. slutrpen sword, S'l.n (ace.) >// 7 13 ; cf. 1 S 13 s0 , obj. nfjno, ns, d'tijj, nennp ; fig. $ BS»Jf ^ Jb 16 9 my foe w/ie«s Ma eyes for me. Vn.Pt. EwC ">yn ty $2* a sharpened razor (in sim. of evil tongue). TDtp'1107 a-pr.gent. Gn 25 s , descendants of Abraham and Keturah ; © Aarowiap. [fff?], nV^ v. sub hi. trb. n^ 1 ?, ^ l ? 242 a.m. Gn40 ' 6 night (NH id.; MI» T n^); Aram. t?W, Ux^, |~^X ; Ar. JJJ, 113; Eth. AAt: all=wijFfcj As. Uldtu, evening D1 HWB ; meaning of -/dubious; form probably 9Vi » nQ ending n__ radical, and not n loc, N5*" Dl Prol - 128 G«»» fc ** Ko n.p.67.B.iJ._ abg nW* Gn ip^-r- 214 t.+ 2 t. Qr (v.infr.); n^j> Gn'i 6 +3t.; ^Is i6 3 + Pr 31 18 La2 19 Kt (Qr n^); ^ Is 15" ti 1 ; cstr. W? Exi2 42 Is 3 o w ; pi. abs. tilty 1 S30 I2 + 4 t.; cstr. id., Is2i 8 + 5t.; — 1. lit. night, opp. day, GnS 22 ^), Dt i^ + veryoft^v.BV); alternation of day and night divinely ordained Gn i 6 (P), Je 33 20!!OSS + ; 'W Bi>» Is38 1213 i.e. within one whole day ; as close of day, v""J|! 2 Ch 35 14 ; as time of sacred 3H (?v) IS30 29 ; of suffering and weeping 7ffl IWv Jb 7 3 , cf. ^6 7 77 s etc.; of pious desires, prayer, praise, meditation, etc. (sts. || by day) Is 26 s Jb 35'° ^ i ! 22 s 42 s 77 7 88 2 92 3 119 5 ' 6 , cf. 16 7 17 3 ; of night-service in Temple 134 1 ; of sudden assault, or destruc- tion, IS15 1 Je6 5 Ob 5 Jb27 20 34 2026 36 20 ; divided into watches ^ 90 4 ; Bnatf fy Ex 12 42 v. sub lot? ; c. num., denoting duration of time, I forty days and forty nights Gn 7 412 Ex 24 18 34 s8 Dtp 9 " 1825 io'° 1K19 8 ; three days and three nights (IwY TWp&) I S 30 12 Jon 2 1 ; seven days and seven nights (OiPv ri5P$) Jb2 13 t; '^>n Dibn fGn 20 3 3 1 24 (both E), 1 K 3 5 ; ^3 T)iqQ Gn 4 6 2 (E); *9 fitfj Jb 20 8 33 15 , *5 rfi^n 4 » 'b J*iTn a^n Is 29' (cf. Mi 3 s infr.)t; V}? Jon 4 10 - 10 v. J3 8. p. 1 2 1 b. Chiefly in adverb, phr. : — TQ "'Jfn? at midnight Exi2 29 +(v. 7" , rtsl ? p. 345b), cf. '^D tj5na+i k s 20 /!' p^sapr ft; '">jn '^3 Ex 1 2 812 on this night (P ; the night of which one is speaking); twin '?? on that night Gn 19 35 (J) + oft„ (P only Nu 14 1 ); N,n '^ 3 Gn 19 33 30 16 ; so 'kl alone ti S 14 34 , but del. © We Kit, cf. Dr; Klo Bu rd. rmb; ^B to-night tGn 19 634 30" (all J), Nu 22 819 (E), Jos 2 2 4' rM

t& (botli JE), 2 S 17 116 19 8 Ru i 12 3 2 -' 3 , opp. in» to-morrow 1 S 19"; '?D = (Am ju'yA* just past, 7as< night 1 S 1 5" (cf. Dr) ; '!*r^! a?/ n^A< Ho 7" (opp. IpS), Ex 14 2021 (J), Nun M Jos io 9 (both JE), Ju'16" 19 25 1 S 15 11 31" 2 S 2 MM 4 7 ; opp. Ninn Blf fffa (of continuous action) 1 S 19 24 28 20 Is 62", opp. DOT f 78 14 ; '^33 f 6 7 every ray/** (prob.); cf. JTC>?rr->3 I s 2 1 8 aK the nights (opp. DO*)-!-; esp. n$£ 6y m^ Nu22 20 (E) Jos 8 s (JE), Dti6' Nu 9 16 (P) + 5 it.; of these Gn 14" and Ex I3 2,K (J) + 25 t. opp. DD^, covering all the time; otherwise Ju 6 s7 (opp. DOi^); DIM J1^ n i g ht and day 1 K 8 M Is 27 s Est 4 16 ; less oft. nii>? f 16"; '^>n j y „^a< f 2 K 25* ('b in || Je 52 7 ), Zc i 8 Ne4 16 (opp. Di»n)t; ^! irf., Je6 5 + i8t. (chfly late; oft. opp.Di 1 ?, D»i etc.); niWa +^ 9 2 3 (opp. -ipsa), i 34 i Ct3 18 ; n^a Ne 9" (opp. DOi'3); i>?3 Is 15"; 'b a * a< n^Af Jb 5" (opp. Q^ T nV)t. 2. fig. tfrlf ^3 Wtf Is 16 s sim. of shadow of Zion as protection; more oft. in gloomy sense, of avenging calamity without divine guidance or comfort Ji"? 1 ? ""V V Mi3 6 ; personal distress Jb35 10 ; judgment perh. also Jb 36 20 (Ew De Di Da ; night of death Bu; 'unintelligible' Siegf); b*W?H? n^>ernpi S 2i n i.e. what hour of the night of calamity is it? cf. v 12 (opp. ii?3). tj"V , 7 , 7 n - f - Lilith (Milton Che night- hag), name of a female night-demon haunting desolate Edom ; prob. borrowed fr. Bab., Is 34 14 (NH id.; As. lilttu, D1 HWBS77 ; Syr. jl'-y-y PS 19M ; on the development of legends of Lilith in later Judaism, v. Bux Le,T * ta,ud -»- T - Che* d,oc ' Griinbaum z "° *"'• m - *° '—Connexion with rbb perhaps only apparent, a popular etymology). t [tp 7] vb. scorn (NH id.; vb. not in cog- nates; cf. Ph. yba interpreter CIS 22 "- 88 ; Ar. J& is<w»i<m'efe(intrans.); hence perh. prop, speak indirectly or obliquely, Fl D " rr - 1 ' 6 ) ;— Qal Pf. 3 m. n?b Pr 9 12 ; Impf. ffy Z M + 2 t.; Pt. )£ 9 7 + 1 1 t. ; pi. &*)> V' 1 * + 3 1.;— scorn, Tj3^ Vffa NBTI Pr9 12 if thou scornest thou alone shalt bear it (opp. ^P??), c. ace. 14 9 19 28 ; c. ?, t3*J?? pTTWl scorners lie (God) scorneth 3 s4 ; }*?n the scorner is proud and haughty 21 24 , de- lights in scorning i 22 , is incapable of dis- cipline 9 7 , reproof 9 s 15 12 . or rebuke 13 1 , cannot find wisdom 14'; is an abomination 24', should be avoided V 1 '? smitten and punished for the benefit of the simple Pr 19 s ' 2 i u and banished for the removal of conten- tion 22 10 ; judgment is prepared for him 19 29 ; || P"}y Is 29 20 ; wine is a scorner Pr 20 1 . — Hiph. Pf. 3 mpl. sf. W?n ^119"; Pt. r!"? Gn 42 23 Jb33 23 ; pl.cstr.T)o 2 Ch32 31 ; rf.T&Jb i6 M ; X$B IS43 27 ;— 1. deride Jb 1 6 20 ^ 1 1 9". 2. Pt. interpreter Gn 42 s3 (E) ; fig. of interme- diaries between God and man, Jb 33^ Is 43 s7 ; ambassador 2 Ch 32". Po'lel Pt. pi. &TP (9 dropped Kb' "• 479 ) scorners Ho 7 s . Hithp. Impf. WXi?nn act as a scorner, shew oneself a mocker, Is 2 8 21 . tpr? n.[m.] soorning, Pr i 22 ; ftib n?JK mew of scorning, scorners = D'Jfp 29 s Is 2 8".

  • nJT'bft n-ff-l satire, mocking-poem Hb

t • : .

6 , also Pr i 6 (al. here figure, enigma). 

t£*7 (-/of foil., Thes vrb) perhaps=6e strong (Thes) cf. Ar. ojl , i^J , strength ; oS (med. 1) ill. v. be strong, etc., appar. denom. =be lion-like. ti. tf$ n.m. Jb4 '" lion (Ar. viLJ, $ XJ F^ As. rae&t, lion is comp. by Hal (cf. Hpt KAT2IS10 ) Ba ZABLiw.»J._ Kow j b4 n I S3 o 6 (|| *W),Tto| O non33 Pr 30 30 . f n. 2^7 n.pr.loc. (on meaning lion, cf. B g« M »ife (H »M«u) ; _f orme r name of Dan, in extreme north of Canaan, Ju iS 714 - 27 - 29 (v. f^ p. 192b); ® Aaura; —Df) q.v. ; cf.Buhl 6 "*^ 124 . fin. t*j^7 n.pr.m. father of Michal's second husband, 1 S 25" + 2 S 3 15 Qr (Kt &b), ® Apta, 2fXXi/f, A Aa(f)iy, ©L Ighzs, ^eXXttfi. tnttT7 n.pr.loc. N. of Jerus. Is io 30 (perh. akin to in. 55*??, v. Di); site unknown; v» Kasteren ZPVl1 "- 101 conj. 'Isawiye, village two miles NE. fr. Jerus. ( PEF "»» ' Mom - '"• OT Rob BB '• *" cf. Buhl 000 * 1 - 175 ), @ cV 2a, Aataa. Tr7 = '"13 p 7m«. of V?j! q.v. |D7 vb. capture, seize, take (by lot) (Ph. yb take out, choose (1); X 1?b as BH; Ar. S5J is strike, push, with the hand, etc., I5^L. pestle, cf. mod. & attack Wetzst ZMO "" 1868 ' , * > ; Th

■«£ p stick or cleave to); — Qal Pf. ^ Jos 8' + , w'"]?^ 2 S 12 27 etc.; 7mp/. 3 ms. I 1 ®*?) Am 3'; 13^!Ju8 1!, + ) etc.;7»it).ms.sf.n , 7D^2Si2 28 ,mpl. "pi' ; Inf. abs.'rcb Am 3 6 ; cstr. sf. 7Jp$ Je 1 8 s2 , "^j 5 32 34 ; «• ^ Jb 5 13 Pri6>*;—1.' capture, ««£«« (not in P) c. ace, usu. a city or town, in war Ju i 8 - 12 Jos8 21 io l (JE), Dt 2^ + 48 t. (but Ju i ]8 del." as gloss Bu Kit GFM al.); land Jos io 42 (D), Dn 1 1 18 ; water-courses (fords), Ju 3* 7 24 ' 24 1 2 8 ; obj. men (usu. princes, kings) in battle Ju 7 25 8 12 "Jos i i I217 (D), 2 Ch 22 9 33 "; captives and spoils 2 S 8 4 = 1 Ch 18 4 ; of Saul's seizing the kingdom (naiPDn), i. e . acquiring it actually by force of arms I S 1 4 47 ; also of Samson's catch- ing the foxes Ju 1 5 4 ; of a lion catching liis prey Am3 4 ; of atrap, snare, liS^To 1 ? 3 +2. fig. of entrapping men Je 5 26 1/' 35 8 > cf. Pr 5 s2 Jb 5 13 and (of a pit) Je 18 22 . +3. of taking by lot Jos7»- ,41417 (JE;v.Niph. 3). tWiph. Pf. 1Jf>J La 4 20 ; 3 ft. rttfe 1 K i6 18 +,etc; /mp/.n?^Is24 !8 Je48 44 ; n? 13^ Ec 7 M ; "W^l Jos 7 I8 + , etc. ; Pt. 1$} Jos 7 15 ;'— 1. be captured in war, of city 1 K 16 18 2 K 18 10 Je 3 8 K28 48 14 ' 50 2924 5 i 31 - 4 ' Zc 14 2 ; of men Je 5 i 5S La 4 20 (cf. Qal 1). 2. of men, be caught, viz. in a snare or trap, only fig., usu. by divine judgment Is 8 15 24 18 28 13 ^ 9 16 59 13 Pr6 2 n 6 Je6 n 8 9 ; so of Moab Je 4 8 7 - 44 ; ofbeing ensnared by a woman Ee f e ; of being caught by cords of distress, ♦$ ^03, Jb 36 s . 3. be taken by lot Jos 7«""T-» (all JE), 1 S io 202121 i4 41M (cf. Qal 3). tHithp. Impf. 3 mpl. ; WE1T K^l ttS^ns Jb 4 1 9 they grasp each other, and cannot be separated, of crocodile's scales ( || *iVnK3 tf'K

  • $XY> "1^ D4n «7 V? Jb 3 8*> the face of the

deep compacts (of freezing; |pN3riJV rj*p J3S3; vbs. transp., plausibly, by Me Bi Siegf Buj. ["•5^] »■["»•] a taking, capture (cf.fp 16 ) ^ W "^ Pr 3* 6 (subj. '>). ' L^"^ ■ ^-1 n "*" a catohing Instrument, i. e. a snare, trap, only fig.; sf. StfiJ »J» ifinsblO Jb l8'°of the wicked (|| i^3n }nN3 poo). n ?f» n ?7 Zme. fr. T^n q.v.; n3*J also for 1? to thee tGn2 7 37 . tnD7 n.pr.loc. in Judah iCh4 21 ; un- known. © Ai/xa, Aatxa. +^37 n.pr.loc— so Jos io 3 + ; c. n loc. nffy Josio 31 + 5t.;— Canaanitish (Amorit.) city, with king, Jos io"- ffl (all JE), v 31 12 11 (both D); (=Tel el-Amarua Lakiia, Lakisi wkl TAT.bi.u. NM . a 7. !n8 .. 8 «.i8i ) . captured by Jos io 32 - 333436 (all D) ; reckoned to Judah Mi i 13 Je 34 7 Jos 15 39 (P), cf. 2 K i4 191 »=2 Ch 2 5 27 - 27 , 2 Ch 11 9 Ne 11 30 ; base of Assyrian operations

K 18", cf. 2 Ch 32 s , also 2 K i8 17 io 8 =Is 36 2 
7 8 ( = As. Lakisi Schr C0T 2K1 * ") ; prob. = mod. 

Tell el-Hesy, c. 33 miles SW. from Jerusalem FJB MoundofM * nrCltlM ' 18M Buhl Geo8r - 5103 GASm Geoer ' 234- > Urnm el-Ldkis vdVelde Mem - s20 Guerin Jud "* "• 2Mff -; Urn Ldkis opp. by Kob BRll<7 .— © Aa X «r. db v. 1?. rrwhh v. $b] sub M t^TD/ vb. exercise in, learn (NH id., be accustomed to, learn; Aram. IDp (rare) learn; Syr. 1 viS Pa. accustom, combine; Ettaph. be taught, etc.; As. lamddu, learn, Dl Pro129 ); — Qal Pf. 3 ms.^ Is 26 10 ; 1 s. 'rt'VQb Pr 3 o 3 + 3 1. Pf. ; Impf. 3 ms."^ Dt 1 7 19 ; 1 s. ""J»^i 19 73 ; 3 pl.[nD^Dt4 10 +i2 t.Impf.; Imv.ntj? Isi 17 ; Inf. abs.lbb Je 12 16 ; cstr. sf.ntpb f 119 7 ; Pt. pass. cstr. HIO? 1 CI15 8 ; — learn something, c. ace. Dt 5 1 ^ rig" 178 106 s5 Pr 3 o s Is 2 4 26 9W 2 9 24 Jei2 1616 Mi4 3 ; c. 5>K Je io 2 ; c. inf. Dt 18 9 Is i' 7 Ez 19 3 ' 6 ; HKTij Dt4 10 14 23 i7 ,9 3i 13 ; WJ] Dt 3 1 12 ; non)fO >ycb trained to war 1 Ch 5 18 . Piel Pf. 3 ms.TBb Ec 12 9 ; 2 m. sf. Wieb ^yr 17 + 7 t. Pf.; Impf. 1B^ + 25 9 ; ~1S^ Jb 21 22 ;

ms. sf. lait^n ^94 12 ; 1 s. nntp'jK ^ 51 15 ; 
mpl. IVTO^ Dt4 10 + 12 t. Impf.; /m». sf. "Jntpb 

^ 25"+ 12 t. Imv. ; Inf. Tfl& Je 32 33 + 9 t.; i><. IG^O Dt 4'+ 7 t. Pt.;— teach, abs. 2 Ch i7 7 - 9 - 9 •^ 60 1 ; teach some one something, c. double ace. Dt4 s - u 5 28 ii 19 3 i 19 - 22 Ju 3 3 2Si 18 (?),f25 49 34 1!! 51" 94 10 n9i2M.64.66.68.108.134.136.1n I32 i2 Ec I2 9 j g

14 Je 2 s3 9 ,3Iil 13 21 Dn i 4 ; c. ace. pers. Dt4 10 

+ 25 s 7i 17 Ct 8 2 Is 48 17 Je 31 34 32 s3 - 33 Ezr 7 10 ; ace. rei Jb2i 22 ; ace. pers. b rei 2S22 35 — ^i8 K , ^ 144 1 ; ace. rei 7 pers. Jb 21 22 ; ace. pers. JO rei yff 94' 2 ; ace. pers. 3 rei Is 40 14 ; ace. pers. inf. rei Dt4> 6 1 20 18 f 143 10 Je 9 4 12 16 ; "IbJiD my teachers f 1 19 99 Pr 5 13 . Pual P/ 3 ms. TO^ Je 3 i 18 ; P«. pi. cstr. Htfta 1 Ch 25? Ct3 8 ; f. '"H^PD Is 29" Ho io 11 ; — trained, as soldiers Ct 3 8 ; singers 1 Ch 25'; a bullock to the yoke Ho 10"; taught, of a human command Is 29 13 . ich Ugh adj. taught;—'^ Je 2 24 ; pi. frful? Is5o 4 - 4 ; cstr.H*£ Is54 13 ; nai» Je^ 2 "; •£*!»!> Is 8 16 ; — 1. taught, as disciples Is 8 16 50 44 54 13 . 2. accustomed to something, "I3"TO "IE? Je 2 24 (wildass)accwsto»iecZ <o the wilderness; jnn 'IB? 1 3 s3 accustomed to do evil. t ["rp^D] n.[m.] ox-goad ;— cstr. ipi 5 ? Ju 3 31 . t"TO7fl n -f m -] scholar (late; NH) 1 Ch as 8 .' " nob, nob, no 1 ?, nab v.n?4i T I " T ' T T ' T T T IO7 poet, for ?, v. p. 518 a. t^WWD?, 7NiQ7 11.pr.n1. king of Massa (prob., v. kV°)J *£ Pr 3 1 1 , 'ioi> v 4 . ^AiTD 1 ? Ne 1 a 38 rd. i>KB0, v. j>N»B T7JD7 n.pr.m. (on orig. form cf. Lag BN ' 7 ; conj. as to meaning Bu^" " 102 - 129 );— ^ Gn 4 19 + 7*-; ^ 4 18 +2 t.;— 1. son of ^KWip (Cainite) Gn 4 ">-«»-a-a-* (all J). 2. son of n^np (Sethite) Gn 5 »-»-»'o-»> (all P), 1 Ch i 3 . ]y*37 v. jyo sub njy. 5*S v. sub I. 8&. tp.J/7] vb. jest (NH Hiph. id.; X 3yp Ethpa. id.; Syr. ,-» Ethpa. mock, delight oneself, be greedy; Ar. l^-j«J ^ay, sport, jest); — only Hiph. P<. '? tJ'aypp vrm 2 Ch 36 16 and they were (continually) making jest at the messengers of God. t [}}? 7] vb. mock, deride ; also (Niph.) stammer, poet. (NH Hiph. id.; % 3yp Aph. id. ; ^Sit stutter (cf. NH &J? mock, X && id. ; Syr. ^T^v stutter, Ar. '1$ id.));—QalPf.

fs. nwl? 2 k i9 2, is37 B ; 7mp/. -ayp? Jb 22" 1 

^ 2 4 , Jjfe Jl> 9 13 ; 3 fs. 3ypn Pr 30 17 ; 2 ms. 3yi)n f59 9 , 'V Jbn 3 ; 1 s. 35?p« Pri 26 ; 3 mpl. -«yj>- f 80 '; ^<- 3 $ P rI 7 5 Je20 7 ;— mock, deride, have in derision, of Jerus. triumphing over enemy (c. ? pers. vel rei) 2 K io 21 =:l8 37 s2 (|| ma); of the innocent Jb 22" (|| nc'c); of God (c. b) 9 23 ^ 2 4 59 9 ; abs. of wisdom Pr i 26 (|| prw);

xxh 

of wicked (c. p) Pr 17 6 (|| nob*), 3o' 7 (|| tin), Je 20" (|| pnc); so also perh. ^ 80 7 (read W for i»b with @ @ 33), cf. (abs.) Jb 1 1 3 . Niph. Pt. fMSO 3yi>3 . . . Dy Is 33" a people stammering of tongue (i.e. barbarians, cf. v ft ; but rd. 3?y3 [ Viby] Gi- 3 " -"*" 1 "- "**•*■; || na^ 'ppy). Hiph. (late; cf. NH) Impf 3 ms. a*;?!? Ne 3 s3 ; 2 ms. Vypn Jb 2 1 3 ; 3 mpl. Uyp! f 22 s , «?!n Ne 2"; Pi. D'aypp 2 Ch 30 10 ; — mock, deride, always in bad sense: c. p pers. Ne 2 19 (|| nt3), V'2 2 8 ; c. ~7g pers. N6 3 33 ; c. 3 pers. 2 Ch 30 10 (|| pViBTi); abs. Jb 2 1 3 .— So also V$ (or 3yp?) Pr 18 1 for MT VW Gr'- C - (v. y^3, p. 166 supra). TJJr? n.[m.] mocking, derision, (bar- barous) stammering ; — abs. '7 Jb 34 7 + 2 t. + ^ 123 4 (flQ MT cstr. c. art.— so Ko Srnt - t3l>38 — but prob. insert ? foil. Hup Now Bae, cf. also Ges* 1278 ), + Ez 2 3 32 (but del. ©BHiCoBerthol), + 36 4 (where Co reads y?3, but less prob., cf. Berthol); sf. D}$ Ho 7 16 (v. infr.); pi. cstr. 'jy) Is 28 12 (v. infr.); — 1. a. mocking, derision, tJt 1 23 4 (|| T13); so appar. c. sf. as gen. obj. H07 18 (but very dub., probably corrupt, cf. We Now) ; nearly = 6fo»p/t«TOyJb34 7 . b. = obj. of derision ^44 14 =79 4 (||nBin,Dbi5); so also Ez2 3 32 (||pnv; si vera 1., v. supr.), 36 4 . 2. stammerings (of barbarous language), risk 6 Is 28 11 (|| |**$ nins ; so Ew Brd Di Hup-Now* 35 ' M , De al. sub 3yb); but Gr" 0MUKhr - "breads l!>y, Vlby. t [23?7] adj. mocking, only pi. cstr. as noun (si vera!), 3iyp *}$ + 35" mockers of 3iyp (q.v.), but text dub.; Che reads Vjjj?, Schwally zaw .1.1890. 268 yj£._To [J$] is also referred *lj& Is 28" by Ges^De Che Du, < sub i& q. v. t niy 7 n.pr.m. a man of Judah 1 Ch 4 21 , (S) MaBaO, A Aa8a, ®L Aa8i?(. tpJD n.pr.m. 1. an Ephraimite 1 Ch f 26 ® Aa«(8)a V . 2. a Gershonite 1 Ch 23 7 ' 8 - 9 2& MM @ V.Rcw, A A(f)a8av, XaSav, ®L Aaadav. t[U/7] vb. talk indistinotly, uninteUi- gibly (NH id., in deriv. (ty? foreign language, ftyp foreigner), also murmur, remonstrate; Syr. fcafcfr ,nl1 ' indistinctly; Ar. JXJ distort; iv.talk obscurely, ambiguously) ; — only Qal Pt. VP Dy ■^r 1 1 4 1 a people talking unintelligibly On? )t m^/l vb - swallow (greedily) (NH id., Hiph. stuff cattle with food j Syr. J^o^ ja«V cf. Ar. WiJ speak confusedly, utter indistinct sounds); — only Hiph. Imv. ms. sf. causat. 'JB'ybn Gn 25 30 (J) let me swallow, sq. f«? rei. tn2>*7 »•*"• wormwood (NH id.; Ar. ,^JL1 is cws« (vb. ^ id.), so Nab. nJ^> (vb. |J&) cf. Cook 010 "); — only fig. of bitter things : — of perverted justice, Am 5 7 6 12 (|| Bfch); of result of idolatry, Dt 2 o' 7 ( || id.); of s chastisement Je 9" (|| BWr^D), 23 15 (H id.), La 3 ' 6 (|| Wft v™ (1| K*«->); sim. of bitter (rno) result of intercourse with strange woman Prg*. — On wormwood (Artemisia absinthium, etc., Gk. tyfrAo,) cf. Low- 1 ** Tristr""-"*- B »- 493 . T? v. jn!>.

  • 7S7 (■/of following; meaning unknown).

t-pQ 1 ? n.m. Ju154 torch (NH id.) ;— 6 abs. Ju 15 4 Is 62'; cstr. Gn 15 17 Zc 12 6 ; pi. D*T|& Jui 5 5 + 2 t., BTO& Ex 2o 18 , D*T|J Ju 7 16 + 3 1.; cstr.'TB^ Dn 1 o 6 :— torch, Ju f ix i 5 4<5 (kindled, '3 e*'-v?3n) ; ** V& Gn 15" {+]?}) -*W; JE), Zc 1 2 6 (sim. of conquering power of [chiefs of] Judah ; || B"K ""*?), &6 'T?^ Dn io 6 (sim.of eyes of angel in vision ; || P")? nK-]D3 ™M); sim. of flashes (reflected from) darting chariots Na 2 15 (HD^ia); "j> of lightning-flashes Ex 20 18 (E; + T&ip thunder-peals); of flashing water-drops expelled by snortings of crocodile Jb4i ,1 (|| v 3ft , 3 BW); of flame between cherubim Ez i 13 (|| ~?n3 B*K, #«); sim. of Zion's glorious deliverance Is 62 1 (j| nji). — tb^ Jb 12 6 v. sub tb. tn'iT'S? n.pr.m. husband of Deborah Ju4 4 ; © Aa<p(f)iotod.— On fern, form cf. GFM. "OD 1 ? 1 K 6" v. sub [n»l tf?B.

  • T: • ,

D'TD? iK6 w v. sub nD<».

t [

m );— Qal 7mp/. n'sbjl Ju 16 29 sq. ace, Samson grasped the two middle columns. Niph. Impf. 3 ms. 1"IB?H Ru 3" the man started up and twisted himself; 3 mpl. inD<£ Jb 6 18 the paths of their way [i. e. of the streams] turn aside (twist, wind, with lessening force), so AV Hi De Da Bu>Ew 01 Di Siegf Du, who read Qal V>B?> r Pi. W??., making nimK, =caravans, subj. rpb yh, yi!& v. sub y*b. "D*)j?S n.pr.loc. northern border-town of Naphtali, Jos 19 33 (P), ® Aw8afi, @L AaKot^. so also Lag """ n - !!76 - M ; site unknown. np7 vb. take (NH id., esp. buy, and (Niph.) be taken in marriage; MI 1720 Impf. nptn; Ph. npb; As. UkA, laM DI 1 "' 8384 ; Ar. £jj conceive (of female), iv. impregnate; Eth. rt$rh: receive; Zinj. np£ DHM SM " UchM ; Aram, also Inscr. of Carpentr. 3 (Imv. »np) ; cf. Cook 010 "' ArMD - i»cr.) ; _Qal Pf. *f Gn2 M + , »J5 27 36 + (nP T Ez 1 7 6 is textual error ; om. © © Co, cf. Ges » ,9>3a ) ; sf. *?0$ Gn 24 7 , Dnp T J» J e 27 s0 (for Dnp r Ho 1 1 8 rd. prob. Dnj3« ©SEwSt Sta 5384 ' 4 Now Che Or We); 2 ms. nnpS Gn20 3 + , etc.; 7mp/. n^ Ex2i 10 -r, f^M-Gn2 15 + (Nui6 l read 0>* Bo WeDi Dr 281M6 ; 1 S 30 20 read inp»l We Dr Kit Bu); sf. *»fc 2 S 22" + ; ^JR Jb is 12 ; 3 fs. njsn Gn 3 8 23 + ; 1 s. ngK 1 4* + , nnpso Zc 1 1 18 ; 1 pi. n@3 Gn 3 4 6 + , nnpa 1 S 4 3 +; n &?l Dt 3 8 29 7 ; 7m«. npb Ex 29 1 Pr 20" + Ez 37 16 (Co nnpb}, after ®); fs. ^pi* 1 K 17 11 ; usually np Gn 6 2l + , nnp 15 9 , sf. 3 ms. «np 1 S i6 u + 2 t.; sf. 3 fs. njnp Je 36"; sf. 3 mpl. W-Dnp, Gn 48' (cf. Ko L330 'Ges'"' 2 ); fs. *f Is2 3 16 + 3t; mpl. Vlp Gn 42 33 + , sf. 3 ms. innjj 1 K 20 33 ; 7n/. a6*. nipS Je32 a4 +2 t., DpS Dt3i 26 ; arfr. nnp J e 5' + ; -nnp s 2 K 12 9 (Ko 1 - 318 ); usually c. prep. nnpS Gn 4 n + , nnjb 1 K 22"+ , etc.; sf. 'nnp Ez 24 26 ,^nnp Gn 30" + , etc.; Pt.act. npj> 27"+ , etc.; pass. pi. WJ^f Pr 2 4 U J — 1 * ta ^ e ' taJce in the hand, sq. ace. rei, Ex7 16 (J), i7 6 (E), Nu 25 7 (P), 2 K 4 29 (all c.T3) 2 S 18 14 (c. «!??), cf. Gn 8' (J), Ex 4 17 1 2 M (JE), Dt 1 5 17 + oft. ; Gn 40 11 (E ; of plucking grapes. 2 S 4 6 read nbpjs for l Q^», v. nen, p. 334 supra, and bpD). This easily passes into 2. take and carry along with oneself, B^g? WTp I?? Gn 4 3 ,2 (J), Jos 9 11 (JE), 1 K 1 4 s 2 K 5 s 8 89 9 1 Pr 7 20 (all c.T3); cf. G1143" Jos 9 4 (both JE), + . 3. a. take from, or out of, sq. ace. rei vel pers., + V? h>c. : Gn 2 n (rib from man), 3 s2 (man from ground; both J); Dt 19 12 1 S i7 4 » 1 K 1 7"+; S$>» 31 n D _ n? njRJ Srv) -]-v; J u 3 21 (i. e. drew it); c. 3 instr. B^D^rf nateri Sj?D 'b Is 6 6 ; sq. JO partit. 2 S 12 4 . b. take, carry away : Ez 3" spirit lifted me up and carried me away; fig. of passion carrying one away Jb 15 12 . c. take away from, so as to npb deprive of, sq. ace. Gn42 M (E); sq. acc. + fO, Gn 44 s " (DVP; J), i K i i 34 V 51"; "™ B& " ^ bj» lt«S ^2"' M «6o«< to tayfe away thy lord from over thy head, so v 5 ; cf. abs. IM'W D'nbN W« 'in? Gn 5 24 (P); more oft. without i«?, Gn 27 3615 3 o ,61i 31 1 (all J), Ju 1 i 13ls 15 6 18" 1 S 12 33 2 S 12 4 1 K 11 34 Jb 12 20 ; abs. Jb i 21 ; yroya n^ <bk3 •£» «|Jr|ng Hoi 3 » ; of the sword, taking away its victims Ez 33 4 6 ; fig. of taking away understanding Ho 4". d. esp. take away life 1 K 19 1014 1/^ 31 14 Pr i 19 Jon 4 s . 4. take to or for a person : a. for oneself, sq. ace. + p, ^appropriate to oneself Dt 7 25 Nu 8 16 (P), Dt22 7 2Ki2 6 ; c. ? as dat. comm., Zen 7 ; B*Ti# & ^ ^nx *> 2 K 4 1 to take my two sons for himself for slaves; so (without i> reflex.), Dpij? xjjft unjjn Jb 4q28 wilt thou t J. e him as slave for ever? h. = procure, get, sq. ace. + p, ?3PI D3p inp Ex 5 11 (J) get you straw; Jvi? v T$> Pr 9 7 ^MetA to himself shame ; so oft., esp. Jp ng, etc., Gn6 21 12" 16 21 45" + ; with- out ?, Ne 5 2 Ze< w« procure corn, and eat and live; of acquiring a field Pr3i 16 . c. take possession of, sq.acc, of land Dt 20/ Jos 11 1623 (all D), 2 Ch 16 6 ; cf. "VIS n^ frVlpB ^ 109 8 to o^sce Ze< another take; fig. ?BS< *nPli£ tOnn nWffl Jb 3 6 that night — let darkness take possession of it ! d. = select, choose, " 'S> D3nsi Dt 4 20 , cf. v 34 ( + 6), 1 K n 37 ; of men Dt i» Jos 3 I2 (JE; + B3?)J + » Dt i 23 Jos 4 2 (JE). e. esp. take in marriage : (1) for another, esp. a son, c. i>,
  • ??? nE'N nrippl Gn 2 4 4 onrf i!AoM aAafc tofce a
wife for my son, so v 7 - 38 - 40 - 48 (all J), 21 21 (E), Je 29 6b ; (2) more oft. for oneself, usu. c. b reflex. (sts. + ne*8<p), Gn 4 " 6 2 11 29 i2 u (all J), +oft.; without p Gn 20 23 (E), etc. f. =receive, accept, esp. a bribe, gift, ransom, etc., 1 S 8 3 i2 3c4 (both sq. ft?),Am5 12 2K5 1516 - 2 °- 23M - 26 ^i5 5 ; interest-money Ez i8 I317 2 2 12 ; inheritance Jos i 3 8 i8 7 (both D), Nu 34 14 ^(P); of earth, receiving Abel's blood Gn 4 n (J) ; chastisement Is 40 2 ; of perceiving a sound, Jb 4 11 mine ear received a whisper of it; receive mentally: npbl Vbya Ex2 2 ,0 (E) i.e. shall accept the oath Is satisfactory; Wlgb -pa Nu 23 20 (JE), i.e. / have received (commandment by revelation) to bless; receive instruction Pr 24 s2 Je 2 30 -f; entanglements of temptation Pr 22 s5 . g. take as preliminary to further action : Gn 3i 34 (E), npb sfie took them and put them ; Ju 3 s5 take key and open ; Jos 2* she took the two men and hid them ; 1 K 1 8 4 Obadiah took 100 prophets and hid them; 19 21 Elisha took the yoke of oxen and slew them, cf. 2 Si7 l9 i8 18 ; sts. wholly redundant, .IBHn npjjf &$ irtp x g 6 7 take and prepare a new cart, etc.; somewhat different is WJJ ttKn DjW? D<np>n Je2 3 *U. they take (=make use of) their own tongues, and talk oracles. 5. take up, upon=put upon, sq. bj>: SfWrSj* 1DN nori ngft] 2 S 13 19 and Tamar put ashes upon her head; "liBPirrby nn]3>1 J u jg^- cf. WBj; VDJ3 fch£ Dt 3 2» he ^'eadeth his wings, he taketh him up. 6. = fetch : *U -, np OVrtSgD $ iKij" _/&* TOe , jrcy, a Jfcfc »"««•, cf. v 1111 , 2 K 2 20 4 41 ; "Sj , 3B' DBto ^rnp D^V Gn 2f and fetch me thence two kids, cf. v 13 (J)i + , TJ3 1S21 9 ; an offering Lv 1 2 8 (P; || Wgn v 6 ); c. human obj. oft. nearly =summon, 2pb «p«nEp »3* Nu 33" (JE) to curse mine enemies did I summon thee, Ju 11 s i g i6 u ; Hp} n^ VK folk 1 S 20" sewci and bring him unto me; 2 K3 1S 6 I3 + ; of", summoning his people from exile, .i£ Qtsto Dt 30 4_ 7 take= i ead> con . duct (with or without contact): JB'TIt? ngjl to? V33 Gn 4 8'; W^ Danps D3 Exi2 32 (bothE); toy n^ ? toy-nxi Ex i4 6 (J) and Ms people he took with him; cf. v 7 (J), Jos 8 1 (JE), Ju 4 s ; iriK DipD-bK inipN Nu2 3 27 /W« tab thee unto another place, cf. v 1428 (all JE); '> subj., ngNI Q? , ?« , l? Jos 2 4 3 (E) and I took your father Abraham from beyond the river; O'npi* blfn niB? Pr 24" rescue those led to death. 8. take= capture, seize : np T tri3 'rinpb x S 2™ I will take by force, sc. flesh ; of spoils, 6 s6 f|D3 J)X3 Ju 5 19 S'a*'* 0/ silver they took not; of capture of ark 1S5 1 ; bronze 2S8 8 , etc.; territory Gn 4 8 22 (E), Dt 3 14 ; cities Nu2i 25 (JE), Dt 3 14 Jos 11 19 (D), i g 7 14 2 g 8 l ; of capture of hip- popotamus Jb 40 24 ; of seductions of woman n^BysyS ^rr^l P r 6 s5 and let her not capture thee with her eyelids. 9. take=carry of: a. as booty Gn 14 11 1 S27 9 30' 61819 - 20 1 X I4 ™-™. b. as prisoners Gn 14 12 2 K i8 32 =Is36 17 , 2 K 2 3 M = 2 Ch 3 6 4 . 10. in phr. take vengeance : §QQ WriBpi nripj] J e 20 >» anrf «« will take our vengeance upon him; abs. HgN Dp T 3 Is 47 s ven- geance will I take. tNipli.i'/ npi» !g 4 ^. np^3 4 iiEz33 6 ; 3 f 8 . nn^a 1 s 4 17 ; 7wp/ 3 f s . npbni Est 2 816 ; 1 a. np_?K npb K 2'; Inf. cstr. np^>n i s 4 1 " 1 , sf. "inpjsri 1 s 2 1 7 ; — 1. be captured, of ark 1 S |'i-ir.».».a . be taken away, removed, of shewbread 1 S 2 1"; of removal by death Ez 33 s ; of translation of Elijah 2 K 2 9 (c. DJTO pers.) 3. be taken, brought unto ("-'?), only Est 2 816 . tPu. Pf. ngb Gn 3 :o +, 3 fs.-nn^2 ;s ) 2 ms. nnj37 3 19 , etc.; — 1. be taken from, out of (IP of source) Gn 2 a 3 ,9S3 (all J); cf. 0n$ ngbl n??p Je 29" and there shall be taken from tliem (derived from their case) a curse-formula. 2 . = ic stolen from, Ju 17 2 (7 pers.) 3. be taken captive, Je 48 46 , cf. Is 52 s . 4. be taken away, removed (=Nipli. 2), of Elijah's trans- lation 2 K 2 10 (c. nso pers.), of death Is 53 s (c. fp, prob. instr.) tHoph. Impf. n^ Gn i8 4 +, etc.;— 1. be taken, brought unto Gn i2 ,s (J ; sq. TV3 to the house of), 18 4 (abs.) 2. be taken out of Jb 28 s (IP of source), from, of Ez i5 3 (IP partit.) . be taken away from Is49 24 (fP pers.); abs.v 25 . tHithp. Pt. fs. nnlbriD m lit. fire taking hold of itself, of lightning Ex 9 24 (JE), Ez i 4 , exact signif. dub. ; in close successio?i, incessant Di Sm, infolding itself, i. e. a mass of fire, Thes RobGes AVVBSS, > of quivering flashes Buhl, of forked or zigzag lightning Da. tn£7 n.m. Pr - 4 ' 2 learning, teaching (con- crete; prob. what is received); — 'b abs. Is 29 s4 + St.; sf. Vipi) Dt 3 2 s Jb 11 4 ; nnp? Pr7 21 ;— . instruction, subjective, as personal acquire- ment ; np? *7u?) Is 29 s4 , they shall learn in- struction (||njp); np? «]Di*1 Pr i 6 a wise man will hear and vyill increase (his) learning, so 9'. . teaching, obj., as thing taught, "OS3 epjP 'np? Dt 3 2 2 (|| won), Jb 1 1 4 ; 02b wpj afc? '*; Pr 4 2 ; also = teaching -power, persuasiveness, ^ I'DV tWJ5^ pTO Pr 16 21 sweetness of lips in- crea.ieth 2>ersuasiveness (v. p)"ID), T?^ I^Jnse* PJl "EJ v 23 ; in bad sense, of seductive words of adulteress, '*? 31? Pr 7 21 (||> , nB'e> pbnS). 'T'P? n-P'.Jtt. a Manassite, 1CI17 19 , ® haKdip, A Aa««j, ©L AoKCdfi, fi. rtlp^D n.ni." 4925 booty, prey (cf. H^ );_'e -liasp na»n i 8 49 M (|paf), c f. v 26 (|| «.); Nu 31" (|| id.), 31 11 (|| bbf), v « (II «. + '#, i.e. here, only, disting. fr. captives), v 32 (y)l tin), v*. ^pL, f 11. [rrip7PJ n.[m.] jew (&$ taking, seizing food);— du. sf. '•nip^D pfJB 'jte^ + 2 2 le and my tongue is made to cleave to my jaws, i.e. my gums. tD^^rD, [aTlj5 , ?0] n.[m.]du. tongs, snuffers; — 1. tongs used at altar of temple, for lifting coal, in ls.'s vision, Is 6 6 . 2. lamp- snuffers, in temple 1 K 7 49 = 2 Ch 4 21 ; in tubern. sf. (ref. to lamp-stand, ITjUO) rvnp i? D Ex 25 s8 37 23 Nu4 9 (aIlP). '[npO] n.[m.] a taking, receiving; — ■ cstr. "inte*-hj3p 2 Ch 19 7 a taking of a bribe. T [nnjpjp] n.f. ware (prop, thing received, sc. in trade ; cf. np_? in NH) ; only pi. Din^pn Ne io 32 (their) wares.
  • L"*jc 'J v l>- Pick or gather up, specif,
glean (NH id. and t3pj ; Ar. kiJ j>i'c& wp (as a bird, grains, etc.) ; Aram. Epp, and Opjl ; ^il ; Mand. Dj|> (No* 64 , also on Talm. BpJ); cf. As. Za^to Dl HWB38i (but B = <?)); — Qal P/. 3 pi. »PJ2 Ex 16 22 Nu 11 8 , 'i>1 consec. Ex 16 4 , W$ Exi6 18 ; /mp/ gttpLWfk Exi6 6 , fVO'p^ ^ 1 04 28 , 1Bpp>l Ex 1 6 17 - 2 '; 2 mpi.'sf.inppbri Ex 16 26 ; Imv. mpl. 'iDp? Gn 31 46 Ex 16 16 ; Inf. cstr. Op?? Ex I6 27 -!- 2 t.; — 1. pick up, gather, c. ace, stones Gn 3i 46 (J), lilies Ct 6 s ; usu. the manna: Ex i6 46M (J), v"- a (P); sq. ?p partit. v 16 (P); bo abs. v 27 Nu 1 1 8 (both JE), Ex 16 171 (P); of animals gathering food JV.2pp? Dr6 jnn •^ 104 28 . 2. specif, glean, abs., Ru 2 8 (c. 3 loc; usu. Pi. in this sense). Pi. Pf. 3 fs. npippl consec. Ru 2 16 , flBp.p Ru 2 1718 ; 2 fs. m& Ru 2 19 ; imp/ B^ Gn 4 7 u +2t.; 3 fs. Bijfcn Ru 2", 'ril Ru 2 317 ; 2 ms. Bj?>i>n Lev 19'+ 2 t.; 1 s. nO^lj Ru 2" (cf. Ba NB1, °' 489 ); Inf. cstr. Bj^p Ru 2 15 + 2 t.; Pt. Bjj&p Is 1 7 s , pi. Msfe Ju I* Je7 18 ; — 1. gather, gatlier up, fallen grapes, Lv 19 10 (H), arrows 1 S 20 38 , (fire-)wood Je 7 18 ; abs. (food from ground) Ju i 7 (cf. GFM); = pick, pick off, 2 K 4 39 - 39 ( + fp of source). 2. fig. collect (money) Gn47 14 (J). 3. specif, glean, after the reapers, usu. abs. Ru 2 3 ' (HHPK), v 17 (all c. 3 loc), v 16 (?"3 loc), v 19 (adv. loc), also v 2 (where 3 may be loc. or partit., cf. Be), also v is.i«.23. c acc j g j ^5 (t3 , p3E', sim. of devastation of land; Ip'Si? *IP«), Ru 2 17 - 18 ; c acc cogn. B$ Lvi 9 9 =2 3 22 (H). Pu. Impf 2 mpl. ^Oppri topS Is 27 12 ye shall be picked up (of Isr. under fig. of grains or berries, after the threshing process of ' v s judgment). Hithp. Impf. *3^$lJll 1 i 3 and there collected them selves worthless menunto (?N) Jephthah (were raked together GFM). TEp7 n.[m.] gleaning, i.e. what is or may be gleaned, only cstr. ITS? '?, as ace. cogn. with opb Pi., (q. v.) Lv i 9 9 = 2 3 M (H). tl3*tp?^n.[iii.] receptaole, wallet(?) (jprop. collector) (on form cf. Lag B! "- 137 Ba NB » UM> Ko »• 1.576.") —only in 1 S 17 40 and he put them [the stones] »PJ>*3* b~f$ D^H '!>33 in tlie shepherd's receptacle which he had, even (1) in the wallet (1 such as every shepherd carried, hence art.) ; but prob. del. 1 before 6?3 (® The We Klo Bu HPS), and regard b - . . ^33 as gloss (We Bu HPS). t [pp(] vb. lap, lick (NH id., Pi.; Ar. JJ lick, lap of dog (Wahrm)) ; — Qal Pf. 3 ms. W? 1 K 21"; Impf. 3 ms. p> Ju 7 s5 ; 3 mpl. WJ 1 K 21", 1p5»l 1 K22 38 ;— lap, "ft? iJte6? p^ DV3H Ju 7 s , like a dog v 5 (abs.) ; of dogs lapping up blood (ace), 1 K 2 1 1919 22 s8 . Pi. Pt. pi. c. art. tt$tfp Ju 7 6 (Dn'B"^} D^f is erron. gloss, v. GFM), v 7 ; in both = lap, lap up (=Qal v 5 ). Vip 7 (-/of foil. ; NH vpb be late (Hiph. and deriv.) ; Aram. ,»a>>, nia&e or do late, N?"p?, U-ji lute; vulg. Ar. yliJ 6e late (Hauran), Wetzst in De Job24 ' 6 , so 11. Wahrm; JLjSlate, Dozy 81 "* 1 - 11 " 3 ). Ttt)p7 n.[m.] prob. after-growth, after- math, i.e. spring-crop (cf. GASm 12Pr °> ,1, • 1 • 1 ° , ); —only (2 t.) Am 7 1 , nan 1 ! e^n nii'j) n^nns
-l^sn '» nn« £>$.— > Other interpr. are : Za<e-
rain growth (fr. Oipi'D q. v.), Hoffra ZAW " ,(188S) " 6 ; leaf-and-herb-gathering in spring, We after Klein 2 ™* 1881 - 63 ; Anderlind""- 1886 ' 62 . tttjip 7T3 n.m. J ° 3 ' 3 latter-rain, spring-rain (i.e. showeis of March- April ; important, as strengthening and maturing crops); 'd H06 3 + 7 1. ; — related to O'fi as particular to genei al, PP- n 7' (former rain, q.v.) : Ho 6 3 Je 5 24 ; so opp. iTjiD Jo 2 a ; particular under "iBD Dt 1 1 14 (opp. nnv), Zc 1 o 1 ( + DB'pBD), Jb 29 s3 ; || D'33-l Je 3 3 ; 'O 3y Pr 16 15 spring-rain-cloud (sim. of king's favour). QflJ^ t[tTp?] vb. only Pi. 3 mpl., prob. denom. fr. Wb a: take the aftermath, i. e. take every- thing'lwetzst in De H,< " ,26 • ,, ) ( >Buhl 11. V?b, cf. Ar. 't- si schnell zusammenraffen [cf. Lane 2668 ]); —despoil ; '. Wj»^ S^J D^ J b 2 4 s and Me CT«e- yard of the wicked (but rd. prob. "V&ll the rich Bu Du) they despoil (|p*P T ).
  • 7t#7 (/of foil., cf. Ar. jjj" smcA:, /i'c£
(Eth. rtflJfi butter) ; so Thes and on ty 32 4 De Bae, also Di NuU - 8 ). ["Til' . ] n.m. juice, juioy or dainty bit, dainty •'—cstr. fOBfri Ipb D5>B3 Nu 1 1 8 (J) sim. of taste of manna (® tyxpis, 93 panis oleatus), i.e. a dainty prepared with oil (cf. Di) ; i]?^ W> *j£)T0? T8$ + 32 4 wy jwtce (sap, life- moistuie) is transformed, etc. "lt£^7 ( -/of foil. ; meaning unknown). Tn3ttJ/ n.f. room, chamber, hall, cell, lishka(NH id. X KTB?$ ; cf. also rrsfi ; on the lishkav. NoW 4 "*- 11 - 37 -^ 79 ; Bo G " >erI '" a438<edl<!U ' ,d - ) comp. Gk. Uvxn, cf. RS** 1 - *«"•**> al.);— "> EZ40 38 -!-; cstr. D30 2X23" + ; c. n loc. nnspi) 1 s 9 12 ; pi. ni3B^> Ez 40 17 + ; cstr. ntof b Ne io 38 -!-; — 1. a. of room connected with a sanctuary (""n? 3 ), where sacrif. meal was eaten 1 S9 22 , insert also prob. i 18 (® We Dr Klo Bu). b. connected with Sol.'s temple, where wine offered to Kechabites Jejs", cf.v 4 ' 4 ; one where prophecy read 36 10 (both these appar. open, cf. Gie , ' 3 & !1 ); c f nnnsa . . Dnon i^c-jm r±fb 2K23 11 ; used of Levites' cells 1CI19 33 ; = store- rooms v 28 (||nniK<), 23 s8 28 12 2CI131 11 . C. in Ezek.'s temple, cells for priests, singers, etc. Ez .17.38.44.45.46 -r4i l0 (del.CoBthl),42 1 ' + V* (del. Co Bthl); in three tiers, cf. tt/pfo fa 42 s (vid. v 3 ), (45' rd. rqfb Dnj) ® Sm Co Sgfr"^* Bthl); ehpn 'b for sacred uses 42 1313 -' 3 44 1 ' 46 19 . d. in second temple, as store-rooms Ezr 8 M Ne 1 o 3839 ( || "^»n JV3), v 40 ; used by in- dividuals Ezr io 6 Ne 13 s (n?ft? '<>), v 8 , in gen. v 4 - 9 . 2. of scribe's room in royal palace Je 36 1 " 021 . f 1. QtP7 »-[ m >] a precious stone in h. p.'s breast-plate Ex 28 19 39 12 (v^ and mng. dub.; ® iyvpwv, Joseph Ant - "'• 7 ' 6 Xiyvpos, 93 ligurius, and this (= Xvyitiwpinv, lyncurionX) compared with carbuncle pii n MH,iii.w(w. identif. with amber N n uvh nrh Demostratus in Plin KH ■*■•■• or with jacinth (Rev 21 s ") Braun DeVe * L8 *~" d " u Winer BWBISM ; cf. further, Di 1 " 2819 ). f n. לשם n.pr.loc. variant of Vy (whence We"""" 1 ' Di rd. Dfb ; Lag B,,20A,lm - thinks D remnant of Mimmation, 03*? fr. Vr2 = Laisum), old name of city fl (v. *£), Jos i 9 47 - 47 (cf. Di), @B atts, y 02Q = Aacrfvi>8aK, A©L h«rtv(fi). VlD/ (-/of foil.; Thes conj. orig. mng. lick (cf. JD, ^-J, pJ), so Hup-Now* 324 ). tpttj 1 ? n.m. ju " 729 and (more oft.) f. ,s28 " tongue (NH t'd.; also As. USdnu; Ar. ^jLJ; Eth. M"fc; Aram, f$, '$>, iXl (all if.); Zinj. }b6 DHM"™** 8 );- ahs. *? Ex 4 10 +; P'k 1 Jos J 5 2 ; cstr - 1*$ Jos f l +> sf - *?*$ 2 S23 S ; WJ>Exn r +2t.; WB$ Ju f Esti 22 ; 1|Jte$ ^ 34"; D33iE>b Is 59 s , etc.; pi. n^ ahs. f 31" Is66 18 ; cstr. Z08 23 ; sf.Drt'e^ Gn io 20 ";— 1. tongue of men, a. used in lapping Ju 7 6 ; cleaving to the palate (PD), in thirst La 4 4 , so as to produce dumbness Jb 29 10 (||N3n3 Pip), ^137" Ez3 M (||D^3); cleaving to jaws (rnpbo) f 22 16 ; Wl$ KCS3 6 Is 41 17 their tongue for thirst is parched; DIVB3 pen 'b Zc l 4 12 (of '"'s judgment) ; a choice morsel is held '? Jinn Jb 2o' s (fig. of mischief), cf. ^ 10" (ready to be uttered), 66 17 (|| «*I3), Ct 4". b. usu. as organ of speech, both good and bad (esp. V' Pr, oft. || HS, nob);— 6 133 Ex4 ,0 (J)Jieai>yo/fongriwv 6 PIJ^p Pr 16', '•S^TJ ^nk) 2 S 23 s , cf. Pr 31 26 , V' 139 4 (^3), n ^iy **«$? «*Ej Jb 6 30 ; 6 T3 D*Tf3 nip Pr 18", cf. 21 23 25"; of (false) proph., 6 DVKSfcn Je 23"; subj. of vb. of speaking, n^—wb n")3! '3n3Jb 3 3 2 fi2 4 37 30 ;cf.(Je9 7 infr.and)inion..6 "•SI? IS32 4 , "into "isb tsy "•aits'b ^45*, i.e. as swift as a rapid scribe's stylus ; subj. of nan Is 59 s Jb 2V 4 ^ 35 s8 7 1 54 ; subj. of JOf? Is 4 5 23 ; J*!?? ^n 1 ? ' V'73 9 ; of hostile speech, insolence, etc., Jos'io 21 (JE; obj. of 1. HPq- v -> cf. 3 infr.), Je 18" Is 3 8 ; 'b D5 7 ! Ho 7" (but text dub., cf. We Now), rnn a-jn 'b ^ 57", cf. 6 4 4 ; ios 'b 0$ trna i 4 o 4 ; ^nt* tnpn A r ) n is 54 17 ; 'b T1«n 57 4 ; further, Je 9 2,4 ; as instr. of seductive flattery (P^nn), without 3, + 5 10 Pr 28* cf. 'b npbri nny Pr 6 24 ; of falsehood f 78 30 (cf. infr.); of slander (cf. fb) 'Wj W V' 15 3 , |W& ** 140", cf. TTIO 7 Pr 25 s3 ; 'bs NBPI ^ 39 * ; c f. 64* (text dub.,v.HupCheBae); moral qualities ascribed to : — as arrogant lr 1 2 s (cf. v 4 supr.) ; as devising injuries, 'b ±>rv niin f 52 4 , cf. rfn 'j> Pr 17 4 ; TO-tt? TOijn 6 V' 50" neetere fravdem; 'b 1X3 JTiD ^ 3 4 14 (|| npip Tg*Jp 1*«^) ; oft. of lying tongue: ipj' ft$ Pr 6 17 12 19 21 6 26 s8 ^ 109 2 ; np-ip 'b 52 s ; njgrj $ Mi 6 12 V' 120 23 ; rwjrw 6 Zp 3 »; rfOBiTTI 'b Pr 10 31 , and 6? 1JBH3 Pr 1 7 s0 ; D'pnv 6 Jb 15 6 ; also Ijn "PI 1 ? ^ Jeg 7 ; on the othef hand P^V '^ Pr io 20 ; Mp^) 6 i2 18 15 2 ; '^HBipv 4 ; DH^'I) Is 50 4 .— Note phrases 6 DW Jb 5 J1 scourge of (the) <om^m«, ni3E>b 3n ^, 3I 2i. D3iB>|j j^s ^, 5510. a i so 'bn by3 Ecio" (of serpent-charmer), and 'b T&^'b^ tyll Ez 36 s . — On tongue of ' , (once), v. 4 infr. tc. organ of singing, subj. of ffl ^ 51 16 1 26 s Is 35 6 , n ?V + 1 I 9 m - 2 - slanguage Dt28 49 Jes" and later, viz.: Ez 3 6 - 6 ('b H33, ||nE>e> 'ppjl, but del. ® Codd. Co Sgfr*"" 11 ), Is 28" (|| JTjnx 'b, n$W ^y^, fig. of ' v s unintelligible dealings) ; '^jta '. . . Dy 33 > 9 (|| na'B> 'ppy) ; 66 18 (|| ay), Zc 8 s3 Gn io 52031 (all P), Ne 1 3 s4 Est i 2222 3 12 8 99 Dn i 4 . 3. tongue of animals : dog Ex 1 1 7 (J; obj. of 1. nC 1 q-v-; cf. 1 b), *68 24 ; adder Jb 20 16 (subj.of J^n^ 1 )', crocodile 40 25 . 4. tongue of fire, devouring, B*N f**$ W ^«? Is 5 24 1 cf. of nbax E'Ns iJi^bi 30 27 (|| Dy] who vriDb-). . =(<<m^«ie-shaped) w«d^e of gold Jos 7 2124 (JE). 6. =(<ongrwe-shaped) bay of sea Isn 1 " Josi5 2 - 6 i8 19 (allP). f [lUJ7] vb. denom. use the tongue, only specif., slander ;— Po'el Ft. Wf iriE)3 <)ffrq + ioi 6 (on form, cf.Ges^^Ko 1 ""- 26 ). Hiph. Impf. 2 ms. juss. 1» nay ft^bn-^K Pr 3 o 10 . t[yCJ7] n.pr.loc. near Sodom and Go- morrah, only W> Gnio 19 ; ®DAao-a; E®LAaora; site unknown ; = Kallirrho'e, with hot-springs, Jerome QuM " ln0 "'- ao ' I9) , cf. Buhl G « oerl23,Ddr "'- ifnah Josi2 8 v. i 1 ™*. (/offoll.; meaning unknown; Thes conj . spread out, cf. Sam. nru spread out garment, v. also Di LM - Kth - 45f -, but this word very dubious). rtnrraa nas מלחמה n.f. appar. wardrobe, wearing apparel (Etli. i$"l: tunic); — only in ויאמר לאשר על הט' הוצא לבוש 2 K io 22 ; © ArJ toO [otitou] fifadaaX (fii<rfl / ) ; 33 super vestes. ■]n7(v'offoll. ) mng.unkn,cf.Lag 0tU - !Br ). T^jri7 n.[m.] a barley-measure (NH id., a corn-measure); only in C"!)K> '71 D'Hife'-iBn Ho 3 s ; ace. to 53 = £13= £ ion ( q . v .), cf. Mish. (Levy IfHWB "- sn ), but this tradition is uncertain (cf. Now 4 "*-'- 203 ); ® w'/3.X oiW, for V '?.