A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/ciaⁿ

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— ciaⁿ —

ciaⁿ993728 Crystal or quartz.
cúi-ciaⁿ; crystal. chia cúi-ciaⁿ; to polish crystal on a lathe. pêh ciaⁿ; quartz crystal. o ciaⁿ; smoky quartz. tê ciaⁿ; cairngorm stone. lâm ciaⁿ; beryl. mô̤ⁿ ciaⁿ; moss-agales. mô̤ⁿ-ciaⁿ phīⁿ-hun hû; a snuff-bottle of agate. o ciaⁿ mâk-kìaⁿ; colored spectacles. cúi-ciaⁿ ìn; a crystal seal.

ciaⁿ75771 The beginning of the year.
ciaⁿ gûeh; the first month of the year. mêⁿ nî ciaⁿ gûeh; the first month of next year. sin ciaⁿ; the first of the new-year. pài ciaⁿ; make New Year's calls. ciaⁿ gûeh thâu; the first part of the first month.

ciaⁿ9931308 Lean; having no fat.
ciaⁿ nêk; lean meat. nêk ciaⁿ-ciaⁿ; the meat is very lean. àiⁿ ciaⁿ a àiⁿ pêh? Do you want fat or lean? pùaⁿ ciaⁿ pêh; a streak of fat and a streak of lean. ciaⁿ kâi káⁿ cîah, pêh kâi m̄ káⁿ cîah; can eat the lean, but not the fat. ŭ nâng hàuⁿ cîah ciaⁿ, ŭ nâng hàuⁿ cîah pêh; some people like lean, and some like fat.

ciaⁿ9921198 An apparition; a wraith; a form taken by spirits.
io-ciaⁿ; elves. ciaⁿ kùai; a queer being. kú nî cĭu sêng ciaⁿ; after many years becomes an elf. hô-lâi ciaⁿ; a sort of vampire that prolongs its own life by drawing away the life of people. hô-lâi ciaⁿ ŏi mîⁿ nâng; the vampire fairy bewitches people. khṳt hô-lâi ciaⁿ mîⁿ khṳ̀; led away by a vampire fairy. ku-ciaⁿ; a tortoise that has been made a wraith through age. io-ciaⁿ kúi-kùai; all sorts of elves and ghosts. sîa kâi kìe-cò̤ io-ciaⁿ, cìaⁿ kâi kie-cò̤ sîn-sien; the bad are called elves, and the good are called fairies.

cíaⁿ853858 Fresh, not salt.
khah cíaⁿ, tîeh lô̤h kîam cē; it is too fresh, it must be made salter. cíaⁿ cúi; fresh water. cîah tîeh pêh-cíaⁿ, bô̤ bī; it tastes as if it had not been salted at all, and is insipid. khah cíaⁿ kōi ui, khah kîam o̤h ui; if too fresh it is easily remedied, if too salt it is hard to amend. pùaⁿ kîam cíaⁿ; neither too salt nor too fresh; salted just enough.

cíaⁿ756612 To repair; to put in order.
cíaⁿ-lí; to put in order. siu cíaⁿ; to amend. hàm nâng lâi cíaⁿ-lí hó̤; call some one to put it in repair. côi-cíaⁿ; to adjust. côi-côi cíaⁿ-cíaⁿ; cíaⁿ-cíaⁿ côi-côi; all in due order. cíaⁿ tŭn; to set to rights. m̄ côi m̄ cíaⁿ; all out of order.

cìaⁿ75771 Correct; straight; exact; upright; legal; the first, the principal.
sì-cìaⁿ; squarely; not awry. kong cìaⁿ; rectitude. cìaⁿ tău; orthodox doctrines. cìaⁿ lō; the correct way. kuaⁿ cìaⁿ, mîn bô̤ sṳ̄; the magistrates are upright and the people have no broils. cìaⁿ-keng nâng; a moral man. m̄ cìaⁿ-keng; disregardful of law. cŏ̤ cìaⁿ-cìaⁿ; sit erect. cìaⁿ tong; exactly in the centre. cìaⁿ a m̄ cìaⁿ nē? Is it correctly placed or not? lîah cìaⁿ-cìaⁿ; hold it straight. cìaⁿ hâh sî; just in good time. úa cìaⁿ lâi; I just came. úa cìaⁿ m̄ mēⁿ lṳ́; I did not scold you. i cìeⁿ-seⁿ cìaⁿ hó̤; it is just right so. lṳ́ cìeⁿ-seⁿ cò̤ cìaⁿ tîeh; in so doing you did just right. cìaⁿ tn̂g; the main hall. cìaⁿ thiaⁿ; the middle room. cìaⁿ-ìn kuaⁿ; the officer who has the seal, and really holds the post. cìaⁿ lô̤h; the main building. lîah khṳ̀ cìaⁿ huap; seize him and execute the law upon him. cìaⁿ cŭang; principal and secondary. cìaⁿ jîn kun-cṳ́; honest people are modest. cìaⁿ kà; correct teachings. úa cìaⁿ àiⁿ cài mn̄g i to khṳ̀ mē; I just wished to inquire again whether he had gone. jī tîeh sía cìaⁿ-cìaⁿ; you must write the characters correctly. cìaⁿ-cìaⁿ sĭ cìeⁿ-seⁿ; it is exactly so. lĕng cìaⁿ tī-kò̤ húe? Where is your wife from? soiⁿ cìaⁿ; worthies of the olden time. kîaⁿ cìaⁿ mn̂g, bô̤ kîaⁿ phien mn̂g; uses the front, not the side door. cìaⁿ chi; the chief wife. lîp cò̤ cìaⁿ-keng; made her Queen.

cîaⁿ77622 Perfect; complete; entire; to accomplish; to finish; to become.
cò̤ sṳ̄ tîeh cò̤ kàu cîaⁿ; when you undertake a job you must complete it. cîaⁿ cĭu; brought to pass. chin íⁿ-keng cò̤ cîaⁿ lío; the nuptials have already taken place. hīn-hīn cîaⁿ-cîaⁿ; perfectly successful. hīn-cîaⁿ kâi sṳ̄ to m̄ cò̤; he never succeeds in anything. cîaⁿ mîaⁿ; to make a name for one's self. cîaⁿ nâng hùe kâi ūe; that verifies what people said about it. ūe tàⁿ lâi m̄ cîaⁿ kù-tāu; there is no sense in what was said; the language spoken was in unfinished sentences. tâu i kâi hieⁿ-lí kâi cîaⁿ nâng; inform the people of standing in his village. m̄ cîaⁿ īeⁿ; imperfect; not stylish. cîaⁿ sĭm-mih īeⁿ? How perfect is it? seⁿ lâi cîaⁿ īeⁿ căi; it is very well formed, m̄ cîaⁿ khì; incapable. lâng-tău phìen lṳ́ m̄ cîaⁿ? Do I wish to cheat you? cò̤ cîaⁿ jît cò̤ būe hó̤; worked at it the whole day and have not yet; finished it. cîaⁿ cuang kio i bói; buy the whole lot from him. cîaⁿ phit; the whole piece. cîaⁿ chiⁿ; about a thousand. cîaⁿ câp kâi ngṳ̂n; about ten dollars. cîaⁿ ke cîaⁿ tàu; to have a home and family. hŵn-lío būe cîaⁿ ke; has not yet become the head of a family. cîaⁿ mō̤ⁿ cîaⁿ īeⁿ; formed according to the pattern; well formed and perfect.

cîaⁿ987627 chin-cîaⁿ; relatives, not of the same surname. chin-cîaⁿ, kio chin-nâng, tī-tîang chin? Which are most nearly related to us, our kith or our kin?

cîaⁿ996618 Human feelings.
nâng-cîaⁿ; humanity; kindliness; a disposition to oblige or help others. i kâi nâng-cîaⁿ hó̤ căi; he is very obliging. tho̤h i khṳ̀ khí i kâi nâng-cîaⁿ; commit to her the exciting of his compassion. sīa nâng-cîaⁿ; express gratitude for kindness.