A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield/D
DABBLED, wetted, muddied. Hunter's MS. DABSTER, sb. a clever person.
DAB-WASH, v. to wash separately.
When a woman washes clothes, and omits any article from a bundle sent to her she washes it separately, and is then said to dab-wash it.
DADLE [daydle], v. to support.
A lame horse is brought from the field and 'two men dadled him,' one on each side.
' He wer drunk, and they dadled him home. '
DAFT, adj. silly, foolish. M.E. daft.
DAG, v. to droop or hang down, as curtains do when they hang unevenly. M.E. daggen.
DAGGIT, an oath, equivalent to 'dash it.'
DAISED or DAIZED, adj. half-baked, sad, pasty, as bread is when
the oven does not act properly.
DAK-WATER. M.E. dalke, diminut. of dale ?
'Item Broken holme lying between Dakivater towards the south, [and] Hawkesworth firth north' in Bradfield. Harrison.
DALE WATER, in Bradfield. Harrison.
DALLOCK, v. to drag or trail carelessly. 'Her dress were all dallockin in the mud.'
DAM, sb. a piece of water impounded by damming up a stream.
SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY. 59
DAME HEAD FIELD, in Ecclesfield. Harrison.
DAMFLASK. See DANSLASKE.
DAMPY, adj. moist.
DANDER or DANDRUM, sb. ill temper.
An old woman in Sheffield who paid much attention to dress sixty years ago was called 'old Darby dandy-cap.*
DANDY-COCK, sb. a bantam fowl. H.
DANG, v. a variant of damn.
' Dang my buttons ' is a frequent exclamation.
DANIEL HILL, a place near Upperthorpe and Crookesmoor. Harrison.
There is a Daniel Rye Croft' in Dore. It is remarkable that Daniel hill, Stephen hill, and St. Anthony's hill should be so near together at Crookes. * Francis Danyell, a pece of wast viij. d.' Rental, 1624.
DANNIES, sb.pl hands. Used by children.
DANSLAKE, in Bradfield.
' Impranis an intacke lying betweene a part of Dungworth firth called Danslaske north-west, and the lands of John Moorewood south, and upon Loxley water north-east, and containing ooa. 2r. 2p.' Harrison. It is now called Damflask. See FLASH LEASE.
DARBIES, sb. pi handicuffs. DARK, adj. blind. DARLANDS, fields in Ecclesfield.
' William Wright, for Darlands and Cockshut, 12. os. od.' Harrison. ' Great Darlands ,' ' Little Darlands. ,' Ibid. Compare Darfield, a village a few miles distant. And see DEER LANDS. ' Lemuel Dixon, of Dareland, was buried at Ecclesfield in 1744.' Parish Register. ' DarelandsJ 1624, A.S. dear, a deer.
DARLING FIELD, in Bradfield. Harrison.
Cf. Icel. dyrlingr, a saint, holy man. See GODMAN STORTH. Johannes Derlyng\ in Poll Tax Returns for Ecclesfield, 1379, p. n.
DARNALL, a village near Sheffield.
Darnhalle in 1270. Eastwood's Ecclesfield, p. 106.
DATELER, sb. a ' daytal' man.
A man who works not by piece, but by the day.
DATELESS, adj. without memory.
' Said of an old person who has nearly or entirely lost his memory. ' Hunter's MS.
60 SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY.
DAUGHTER, sb. a boil. Hunter's MS. DAUNCH, adj. fastidious, over nice, squeamish. DAUP IT [dawp it], an oath; equivalent to 'damn it.' DAWDLE or DODLE, v. to trifle, dally, waste time, DAWDY, sb: a careless, slatternly woman. DAWDY, adj. careless, slatternly.
DAWK, sb. a hollow, flaw, or depression in anything, as e.g. in a grindstone.
DAWK, sb. a helpless, idle woman. L.
DAWKY, adj. helpless, idle.
An old woman was called Dawky B .
DAWKY, adj. full of holes as a blacksmith's hammer-stone is.
Harrison mentions ' Dawroyd farme ' in Ecclesfield. The O. M. has it ' Doe royd.' This place is adjacent to deer lands, q.v. A.S. dd, a doe.
DAYNE, a large sheep pasture in Bradfield. A.S. dene, denu, M.E. dene, dane, a valley.
' Item an out pasture for sheep being moorish ground called the Daync lying between a parte of little Holden in the use of Robert Barker in parte and Wiggt wisel com won in parte and Boulsterstone Lordship alsoe north and Darwin water and the Dutchey lands south and next a manner of the lords called Glossop dale in some little parte alsoe south or else the boundary of these out grounds may be expressed thus from Cromwithey yate following the brooke to Swane grave head and to certaine lands belonging to Glossop dale and so to the uttermost edge on the back of Dean head stones and to 3 gate stones without Couldwell clough head and so to the utter Crowstone edge end so crossing the Black Dike to Margery Beardlesse to the high stone and so to Greaves sicke and containing 2261 a. or. 31 p.' Harrison. It was in the occupation of William Greaves. The Derwent is still called the Darwin and also the Darrand.
'In 1732 one Henry Yates paid thirty shillings a year for the liberty of getting day stone in the manor of the Duke of Norfolk. I never heard the word, and know not what it means ; but I suppose it is stone appearing on the surface of the ground exposed to the light of day.' Hunter's MS.
DAYTAL, adj. paid by the day.
A daytal man is a man who works by the day. Hunter spells the word day-tale.
DAY-WORK, sb. a variable number of table blades (the number being regulated by the amount of workmanship) to be made for a fixed sum.
SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY. 6 1
DEADMAN'S HALF ACRE, a field in Bradfield containing 3 roods and 2 perches. Harrison.
Cf. Deadshaw Sick, near Horsley gate, Dronfield. Deadmari's Lode, near Templeborough. Dead Lane, near Castle Dyke.
DEADSHAW SICK, near Horsley gate, Dronfield.
DEAF, adj. barren, as a deaf-nut, i.e., a nut with a decayed kurnel.
' Item the well field lying next unto Deane bank being part of Rivelin com won. ' Harrison.
The name of one of the open fields in Sheffield. Harrison.
DEAVE, v. to embarrass, to confuse.
DEE, v. to die.
DEEP-SICK, a place near Dore. Cf. Deepcar near Sheffield.
DEERLANDS, in Ecclesfield. O. M. See DAWROYD and DAR-
DELF, sb. a stone quarry.
DELF-HOUSE, sb. a house adjoining a quarry.
DEMEANS, sb. means.
- In quest of game by foul demeans. '
Mather's Songs, 34.
DENBY YARD, a field in Ecclesfield. Harrison.
DENIAL, sb. disparagement, disadvantage.
' I have a great denial. ' Hunter's MS. I have heard on good authority that in the last century a child was found one winter's morning in the porch of Norton Church. Its parentage was never ascertained, and it was baptized by the name of Daniel Denial. This surname is yet found in the district, and I am told that the family admit this to be the origin of their surname.
DENT FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.
DEVIL'S CANDLESTICK, sb. a little white flower which grows in hedge bottoms. Nepeta Glechoma.
DEVILSKIN, sb. a humorous term of reproach. DEWHOUSE CLOSE, a field in Sheffield. Harrison. DEY FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807. DICK, sb. a leather apron for children. See LEATHER-DICKS.
62 SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY.
DICKER LANE, in or near Sheffield. Harrison.
'Vid. Wright a part of *D'icer field \tzse ix/z.' Rental in Sheffield Free Library, 1624.
DICKFIELD, in Ecclesfield. Harrison. M.E. du, a ditch.
He also mentions ' Dickfield wood.' ' Little Dick croft' and 'Great Dick croft' are fields in Dore. Halliwell gives dick, a ditch. Cf. sick and sitch.
DICKY, sb. a loose linen shirt-front, generally worn over a flannel shirt.
DICKY-DUNNOCK, sb. the hedge sparrow.
Maricocu. An hedge sparrow, dikesmowler, dunnecke.' Cotgrave.
DIKE or DYKE, sb. a river or any collection of water.
Mr. Denton tells me that the Don or Dun at Wadsley is often called ' t' owd dyke.'
DILL, v. to soothe, to make still.
I have heard of a woman dilling a child on her knee, i.e., keeping it quiet. Cotgrave has dilling, meaning a darling or youngest child. A soothing syrup given to children is called dill water.
DILLY-DALLY, v. to procrastinate, to fool away time.
DINGE, v. to indent, to bruise. It rhymes with hinge.
DIP, sb. a sweet pudding sauce. H. DISH-CLOUT, sb. a dish-cloth.
DITHER, v. to shake.
' Shoo geed a coff wot made all t' crockery dither agean.' Bywater, 164.
DITHERING-GRASS, sb. quaking grass. DIZEN, v. to dress in showy finery.
DO [doo], sb. a feast, a merry making, a public dinner.
When a master gives his workmen a dinner thay call it a do.
DOBB HOOLE, in Bradfield.
The field contained 2a. ir. 35$p. Harrison. Both Dobb and Dobbs occur as surnames in Sheffield. Harrison also mentions * Dob fields' in Ecclesfield. * Dob croft' in Ecclesall, anno 1807. Probably the word means 'fold,' as we say 'the fold' of the hills. Cf. double = M.E. dttble, doble. See CROOKES and DUB.
DOBBIN CART, sb. a cart which 'shoots up.'
It is used by quarrymen. Dobbin is a favourite name for a horse.
DOBBIN HILL, near Sheffield.
SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY. 63
DOBBIN HORSE, a child's wooden toy horse. DOB CAR, in Bradfield. O. M.
DOCK, sb. rumex.
This plant is considered to be a remedy for the sting of a nettle. A child will rub the injured part with a dock and say : 'Nettle come out, Dock go in. '
Baret renders the word as paricella. He says : * In docke, out nettle. Exeat vrtica, paricella sit intus arnica. ' Cotgrave has ' parelle, the hearbe dockes or sharpe-pointed docket
DOCKAN, sb. a dock, rumex.
' Kdockan, Paradilla, emula, farella. ' Cath. Angl.
DODGE LANE, in Bradfield. Harrison. Dodge occurs as a surname in the district.
DODWORTH, the name of several fields in Ecclesall, anno 1807. 'Near Dodworthf &c.
'Item the nether Dogge feild lying between Porter lane north and Porter water south.' Harrison. Harrison also mentions Dog field vs\ Ecclesfield.
DOG-CHEAP, adj. exceedingly cheap.
DOG-DAISY, sb. the common wild daisy. Bellis perennis.
DOG GRASS, sb. a coarse grass with a broad blade. It grows by the road side, and dogs eat it.
DOG-NOPER, sb. the verger of a church.
It is said of a very garrulous person that he would talk a dog's leg off.
DOG-SOAP, sb. soap-stone.
A soft black shale found in coal measures and in the beds of streams. DOG-WHIPPER, sb. the sexton of a church. See KNOCK-NOBBLER.
DOG-WHIPPING DAY, sb. St. Luke's Day, October 18.
'Drake (Eboracum, p. 219) speaks of the practice of whipping all dogs found in the streets on this day, as if it was peculiar to York, and speaks of a tradition there that it originated in a dog having swallowed a consecrated wafer in the Minster. But I can speak of the existence of this barbarous practice in the towns of Sheffield and Rotherham now, I believe, quite layed aside.' Hunter's MS.
DOIT, sb. a trifle.
People in Sheffield say ' I don't care a doit,' as one would say ' I don't care a fig.' A doit was a small Dutch coin. It occurs in Shakspere, Temp. II. ii. 33.
64 SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY.
DOITED, foolish, silly, childish. Said of an old man.
DOLDRUMS, sb. despondency. 'A fit of the doldrtims.'
DOLE, sb. a small piece of land.
'A dole of meadow lying between the lands, &c.' Harrison. 'A close of pasture called the overthwart Dole.' Ibid.
DOLLOP, sb. a big lump of anything ; a great number. DOLLY, sb. the same as MAIDEN, q.v. DONNED UP, dressed up.
DOOAR, the pronunciation of door.
' Hah, that's ^dooar ; in we ya ! ' Bywater, 20.
DOOR-CHEEK, sb. the upright post of a door.
DOOR-STEAD, sb. a door-step, or place where the door stands. ' Anuther fell dahn it dooar-stead.' > Byivater, 221.
DORE, a village near Sheffield. DOREHOUSE, in Bradfield.
DORE MOOR, a moor above Dore. At Wedmore, in Somerset- shire, is a place called Moor Door.
DORM, v. to doze. Lat. dormire.
'Old folks mostly dorms their time away.'
DOSHUN, sb. a tub in which bread is kept.
See dashin in Nodal and Milner's Lancashire Glossary.
DOUBLE-FOLD, adj. doubled up, bent.
'Gooas grunting o'er t' flooar ommast dubble-foud'Bywater, 167,
DOUBLER, sb. a charger, a dish.
'Pewther DoiiblersJ says Hunter, 'often occurs in the wills of the lesser kind of yeomanry from this part of Yorkshire.' Hunters MS.
DOUBT, v. to fear.
' I doubt he will not get better.'
DOUGH [duff] PEAR, sb. a pear which ripens just before Christmas. DO-UP, v. to fasten. DOUSE, v. to drench.
SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY. 65
DOUSE CROFT. Harrison. See DOWEL (2). He also mentions * Dotise Croft Lane.'
DOWDY, adj. slatternly, slovenly.
DOWEL, sb. the hole in the felloe of a wheel 'into which the spoke is fixed.
'A dowle of a whele; stellio. Cath. Angl.
DOWEL or DOWIE LUM, a place in Norton parish, below Hazelbarrow.
There appear to be some earthworks here. Cf. Dowell, near Sterndale. There is a large barrow called Dowe Lowe near Church Sterndale. Bate- man's Vestiges , p. 96. The 'earthworks' in Dowie Liim are cinder hills. ' Massa, bloma odde dah.' Wright -Wiilcker, 334, 18. In a note on bloma (Ibid., col. 141), Wright says, * Bloma, the metal taken from the ores. It is the origin of the technical term bloomery for the place where one of the operations of smelting is performed. ' Under da-3 Stratmann gives dah, massa, dough. Dowe Lowe would thus be nearly the equivalent of Bole Hill, and probably Doivel is Dow hill. Heaps of cinders are still apparent in and near Dowel Lum. Ironstone was got in the neighbourhood in early times. Cf. the surname Dowland.
DOWLANE, a road near Sheffield. Harrison.
DOWLING-BIT or DOWELING-BIT, sb. a brace-bit or large piercer used by joiners and coopers for boring large holes into floors, casks, &c.
DOWLY, adj. limpid, flaccid. DOWNFALL, sb. rain or snow.
DOWN IN THE MOUTH [dahn i't mahth], out of spirits, dejected.
DOWSIN FIELDS, fields in Ecclesfield. See DOUSE CROFT.
' A close called Dowsin lands. ' Harrison. DOWTER, sb. a daughter. DRAGGLE-TAIL, sb. a dirty person. DRAKE HOUSE, near Hackenthorpe. DRAPE, sb. a cow which has ceased to give milk. DRATE, v. to drawl, to speak in a slow and slovenly manner.
M.E. Droten. Prompt. Parv. 133. Way says that the term has not been met with elsewhere, and Stratmann only cites the Prompt, conjecturing that droten = O. Icel. dratta. The word is quite common in Sheffield.
66 SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY.
DRAWING OFF, dying.
' One of the gentle terms to express the grand act and deed of mortality. "1teisdrawngop,"heisdyiag. . . . Less elegantly the Derbyshire people, I am told, say going out? Hunters MS.
DRAZE, v. to brush.
Farmers draze hurdles and bushes across grass fields to spread the manure and to brush and make smooth the surface.
DREE, adj. tedious, wearisome.
DREE RAIN, steady, long-oontinued rain.
DRINKIN'. See FORENOON DRINKING.
DRINKING, sb. the afternoon meal, now consisting mainly of tea. H.
DRIVE, v. to put off.
DRON FIELD, a village near Sheffield, anciently Dranefeld.
A ridge of rock runs through a part of the village on the north side of the Chesterfield road. It may be O. Icel. drangr, a lonely upstanding rock (Cleasby and Vigfusson) and ./&/</, a field. A stream, however, which flows through the village is now called the Drone, but the name appears to be a modern invention. I have seen the word written Drongfield. Cf. Dranfield Hilly near Huddersfield.
DROP-HANDKERCHIEF, sb. a rustic game, sometimes called kiss-in-the-ring.
DROPPING WELL, near Kimberworth. O. M.
DROWN, v. to flood.
A mine is said to be drowned when it is flooded with water.
DRY, adj. thirsty.
DUB, sb. a straight-edged, round-pointed, dinner-knife blade. See DOBB HOOLE.
DUBBING, sb. a composition of tallow and oil used to make leather pliable.
DUCKS AND DRAKES.
A man is said to make ducks and drakes of his money when he squanders it. 'To make dws and drakes ' is also a phrase used by boys when they throw stones lightly over a pool of water in such a way that being thrown nearly but not quite parallel to the water they rebound from it.
DUCKSTER MEADOW, in Ecclesfield. Harrison.
SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY. 6/
DUCK-STONE, sb. a boy's game.
A small stone is fixed upon a large one, and the object of the players is to knock the smaller stone off by throwing stones at it in the manner in which quoits are thrown. * Dut-stone* Banks. The game is sometimes called duck. A large stone is obtained called the duck-stone. A number of boys have small stones which they call ducks. One of them puts his duck on the duck-stone, and the others throw at it in turn, trying to knock it off. If the duck is knocked off, the boy whose duck is thus knocked off puts it on again and tries to tig or touch some of those who have touched their ducks in trying to fetch them away. If he can manage this, the one who is tigged has to put his duck on the stone. If a duck falls short of the duck-stone, and the one whose duck is on the stone sees that he can wand or span with his hand the distance between the duck thus thrown and the duclc-stontt, he shouts out ' wands J and, if he can wand or span the distance, he takes his duck off, and the duck thus thrown is put on.
DUDS, sb.pl. clothes.
' Put your Sunday duds on.'
DUFF, v. to deceive. DUFF, sb. the fundament.
DUFF or DOVE PEAR, sb. a hard, small pear, with a rough brown rind.
DUMMOCK, sb. the fundament.
DUMPS, sb. pi. low spirits.
To be in the dumps is to be in low spirits.
DUN, v. do. M.E. don.
' Yo dun talk,' you do talk.
' The name of the principal river of Hallamshire, never Don, though in modern times universally so written. Dun ha's, however, kept its place in the common talk, rhyming with son, as, indeed, it does in an old saw : The shelving, slimy river Dun, Each year a daughter or a son.
This is, however, a rhyme better known lower on the stream than while it is pursuing its course through the regions to which this book relates ; nor is, I think, the river here infamous for accidents of the kind alluded to.' Httnter's MS. Perhaps A.S. dun, dark. Compare Blackburne, a stream near Sheffield. Dunn is found as a surname in the district. In A.S. dun is a colour partaking of brown and black.
'Two stones called Dun Cow and Calf upon the plain there.' Hunter's Hallamshire, p. 12.
DUNDERHEAD, sb. a dunce, a wrong-headed man. DUNNOCK. See DICKY DUNNOCK.
68 SHEFFIELD GLOSSARY.
DUNNOCK, sb. a sweetheart. Used only of a woman. DUSTY-MILLER, sb. a large brown beetle. See BRUNTLING.
DWARIDEN HOUSE, a place in Bradfield.
Mr. Henry Bradley derives Dwariden from dweorga demi, the valley of dwarfsj and I agree with him. The Norse term for an echo, as Mr. Bradley observes, is 'voice of the dwarfs,' and when the Rev. Reginald A. Gatty shouted in this valley, echoes on all sides answered him. Gatty's ' A Life at One Living,' 1884, p. 205. Dwarfs remain in Icelandic local names, as Dverga-steinn, with which may be compared the Dwarfy Stone in Scott's
- Pirate' t 'It was believed that dwarfs lived in rocks.' Cleasby and
Vigfusson, p. no.
DYCHE-LANE [daich-lane], in Norton.