Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Abbott, Joseph Carter

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search

ABBOTT, John Stephens Cabot, author, b. in Brunswick, Me., 18 Sept., 1805 ; d. in Fair Haven, •Conn., 17 June, 1877. He was a brother of Jacob Abbott, and was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1825, and at Andover Theological Seminary. He w^as ordained as a Congregational minister in 1830, and successively held pastorates at Worcester, Rox- bury, and Nantucket, Mass. Like his elder brother, he had the narrative faculty in a remarkable degree, and, like him, he was a prolific writer. His first published work, " The Mother at Home " (1833), commanded a large sale, and was followed by " The Child at Home," and at short intervals by other books of a semi-religious character. In 1844 he resigned his pastorate and devoted himself to literature, his favorite field of work being profes- sedly historical. His principal books are " Prac- tical Christianity " ; " Kings and Queens, or Life

in the Palace " ; "The French Rev- olution of 1789 " ; "The History of Napoleon Bona- parte " (2 vols.); " Napoleon at St. Helena " ; " The History of Napo- leon I'll." (1868); 10 volumes of il- lustrated histo- ries ; " A History of the Civil War in America " (2 vols., 1863-1866); "Ro- mance of Spanish History" (1870); and " The His- tory of Frederick

the Second, called

Frederick the Great " (1871). Several of these have been translated into foreign languages.

ABBOTT, Joseph Carter, journalist, b. in Concord. N. H., 15 July, 1825; d. in Wilmington, N. C., 8 Oct., 1882. He studied at Phillips Andover academy, and subsequently under private instruction, covering the usual college course. He then read law in Concord, and was admitted to the bar in 1852, at which time he had already edited the “Daily American” for six months. He continued to edit this journal until 1857, and in the meantime (1855) he was appointed adjutant-general of New Hampshire, and in that capacity effectively reorganized the State militia. In 1859-'61 he assumed the editorship of the Boston “Atlas and Bee,” but continued to discharge his duties as adjutant-general. He early joined the “Know Nothing” party, and during all these years was a frequent contributor to the magazines, being particularly interested in historical matters. He was a member of the commission for adjusting the boundary between New Hampshire and Canada. When the civil war broke out he showed great energy and efficiency in raising and organizing troops until, yielding to the desire for active service, he obtained a commission as lieutenant-colonel of the 7th regiment, New Hampshire volunteers. On various occasions he distinguished himself, but especially at the attack on Fort Fisher, N. C., where his brigade stormed successively several positions where the Confederates made a stand. He was promoted colonel 22 July, 1863, and commanded his regiment in active service until the summer of 1864, when he was placed in charge of a brigade and brevetted brigadier-general. After the war he removed to Wilmington, N. C., where he was a member of the constitutional convention, was elected U. S. senator by the Republicans for a partial term ending in 1871, served as collector of the port under President Grant, and was inspector of ports under President Hayes.