Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Audenried, Joseph Crain
AUDENRIED, Joseph Crain, soldier, b. in Pottsville, Pa., 6 Nov., 1839; d. in Washington, 3 June, 1880. He was graduated at West Point in 1861, was brevetted second lieutenant, 4th cavalry, and assisted in organizing and drilling the troops then assembled in Washington. He took part in the first campaign as aide-de-camp to Gen. Tyler, and served with the 2d artillery till March, 1862. During the peninsular campaign he was acting assistant adjutant-general to Gen. Emory's cavalry command. In July, 1862, he became aide-de-camp to Gen. Sumner, commanding 2d army corps, and acted in this capacity until the death of Gen. Sumner in March, 1863. He was wounded at Antietam, and brevetted captain. He reported as aide-de-camp to Gen. Grant in June, 1863, and witnessed the surrender of Vicksburg. He joined the staff of Gen. Sherman at Memphis on 1 Oct., 1863, and shared in the Chattanooga and Knoxville campaign, that to Meridian, the Atlanta campaign, the march to the sea, and that through the Carolinas. He accompanied Gen. Sherman during his several tours through the great west, among the Indians, and through Europe, and continued to discharge the duties of aide-de-camp to the general of the army until his death.