Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Hauck, Minnie
HAUCK, Minnie, singer, b. in New York city, 16 Nov., 1852. Her father was a German, her mother an American, and she removed with them to New Orleans in 1855. She first appeared in public at a concert in that city in 1865, and at fifteen years of age she returned to New York and became leading soprano in Christ church choir. She appeared in New York early in 1868 as Amina in “La Sonnambula.” After a successful tour in this country she sang at Covent Garden, London, 26 Oct., 1868. In 1869 she was engaged at the Grand Opera, Vienna, and she sang also in Moscow, Berlin, Paris, and Brussels for several years. The chief episode in her artistic career was her creation of Carmen in Bizet's opera at Brussels, 2 Jan., 1878. In 1881 she married Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, the traveller.