Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Huebschmann, Francis

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HUEBSCHMANN, Francis, physician, b. in Riethnordhausen, grand-duchy of Weimar, 19 April, 1817; d. in Milwaukee, Wis., 21 March, 1880. He was educated at Erfurt and Weimar, and was graduated in medicine at Jena in 1841. He came to the United States in 1842, and settled in Milwaukee, where he resided until his death. He was school-commissioner from 1843 till 1851, a member of the first constitutional convention in 1846, and served on the committee on suffrage and elective franchise. He was the especial champion of the provision in the constitution granting foreigners equal rights with Americans. He was presidential elector in 1848, a member of the city council and county supervisor from 1848 till 1867, and state senator in 1851-'2, 1862, and 1871-'2. From 1853 till 1857 he was superintendent of Indian affairs of the north. During the civil war he entered the national service in 1862 as surgeon of the 26th Wisconsin volunteers. He was surgeon in charge of a division at the battle of Chancellorsville, and of the 9th army corps at Gettysburg, where he was held by the Confederates for three days. He was also at the battle of Chattanooga, in charge of the corps hospital in Lookout valley in 1864, and brigade surgeon in the campaign to Atlanta. He was honorably discharged in that year, and, returning to Milwaukee, became connected with the United States general hospital.