Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Salomon, Frederick

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SALOMON, Frederick, soldier, b. near Halberstadt, Prussia, 7 April, 1826. After passing through the gymnasium, he became a government surveyor, later a lieutenant of artillery, and in 1848 a pupil in the Berlin school of architecture. Emigrating soon afterward to the United States, he settled in Manitowoc, Wis., as a surveyor. He was for four years county register of deeds, and in 1857-'9 chief engineer on the Manitowoc and Wisconsin railroad. He entered the volunteer service in the spring of 1861 as a captain in the 5th Missouri volunteers, and served under Gen. Franz Sigel, being present at Wilson's Creek. After the three-months' term of service had expired he was appointed colonel of the 9th Wisconsin infantry, which he commanded in the southwest until he was made a brigadier-general, 16 June, 1862, and assigned to the command of a brigade in Kansas. On 30 Sept. he made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Newtonia, Mo. He served through the war, receiving the brevet of major-general in March, 1865, and was mustered out on 25 Aug., 1865. Gen. Salomon was subsequently for several years surveyor-general of Utah territory, where he now (1888) resides. — His brother, Edward, b. near Halberstadt, Prussia, in 1828, came with him to this country, became a lawyer, was governor of Wisconsin in 1862-'3, and now practises in New York city. He has gained a high reputation as a political speaker, especially in the German language.