Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Shaubena

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

SHAUBENA, Ottawa chief, b. near Maumee river, Ohio, about 1775: d. near Morris, Ill., 27 July, 1859. His name is also spelled Shabonee, Chab-o-neh, Shab-eh-ney, Chamblee, and in other ways. He served under Tecumseh from 1807 till the battle of the Thames in 1813. In 1810 he accompanied Tecumseh and Capt. Billy Caldwell (see Sauganash) to the homes of the Pottawattamies and other tribes residing in what are now Illinois and Wisconsin, with the hope of securing the coöperation of Indian braves in driving the white settlers out of the country. At the battle of the Thames he was by the side of Tecumseh when he fell, and at the death of their leader Shaubena and Caldwell both lost faith in their British allies, and never again took sides with them. They soon afterward met Gen. Lewis Cass at Detroit, and agreed to submit to the United States. In the effort made by Black Hawk in February, 1832, to incite the Pottawattamies and Ottawas to make war against the whites, Shaubena frustrated his plans, and thus incurred the hatred of the Sac chief. In early manhood Shaubena married the daughter of a Pottawattamie chief, whose village was on the Illinois river east of the present city of Ottawa. Here he lived a few years, but removed about twenty-five miles north, to what is known as Shaubena's grove, in DeKalb county. There he and his family resided till 1837, when he was removed to western Missouri. Unfortunately, his tribe and that of Black Hawk had reservations near each ether. War began between them. His eldest son and a nephew were killed, and Shaubena went back to his old home in Illinois. After spending three years in Kansas on a new reservation, he returned again to Illinois, but found his land occupied by strangers, who rudely drove him from the grove that bore his name. The Washington officials had decided that he forfeited his title when he moved from his land. Some of his friends subsequently bought twenty acres for him on Mazon creek, near Morris, Ill., where he died. He was a superb specimen of an Indian, See “Life of Shaubena,” by N. Matson (Chicago, 1878).