Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Paschal III

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Paschal III (Guido of Crema), second antipope in the time of Alexander III. He was elected in 1164 to succeed Cardinal Octavian, who, under the name of Victor IV, had warred so many years against Alexander III. To meet the demands of Frederick Barbarossa, he canonized Charlemagne in 1165, but this action was never ratified by the Church (see Charlemagne). He died in 1168.