Copyright Act 1987 (Singapore)

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Copyright Act 1987 (Now Cap. 63)  (1987) 
Parliament of Singapore

Date of Commencement: 10th April 1987 (S 107/1987)

Note that the chapter numbers cited in this Act is the pre-1985 chapter numbers.

Coat of arms of Singapore.svg

REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE

GOVERNMENT GAZETTE

ACTS SUPPLEMENT

Published by Authority



NO. 3]

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20

[1987



First published in the Government Gazette, Electronic Edition, 20th February 1987 at 5:00 pm.

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 26th January 1987 and assented to by the President on 14th February 1987:—

COPYRIGHT ACT 1987

(No. 2 of 1987)

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I
PRELIMINARY
Section
1. Short title and commencement
2. Application
3. Application to the Government
4. Copyright not to subsist except by virtue of this Act
5. Savings of rights of the Government, etc
6. Operation of other laws
PART II
INTERPRETATION
7. Interpretation
8. Residence
9. Acts comprised in copyright
10. Acts done in relation to substantial part of work or other subject-matter deemed to be done in relation to the whole
11. References to acts done with licence of owner of copyright
12. References to partial assignment of copyright
13. Libraries established or conducted for profit
14. Names under which work is published
15. Reproduction of works
16. Provisions relating to the making of a work or other subject-matter
17. Computer storage
18. Sound recordings and records
19. References to sounds and visual images embodied in an article
20. Provisions relating to broadcasting
21. Cable programmes
22. Performance
23. Performance of works or other subject-matter by students, etc
24. Publication
25. Ownership of copyright for particular purposes
PART III
COPYRIGHT IN ORIGINAL LITERARY, DRAMATIC, MUSICAL AND ARTISTIC WORKS
Division 1—Nature, Duration and Ownership of Copyright in Works
26. Nature of copyright in original works
27. Original works in which copyright subsists
28. Duration of copyright in original works
29. Duration of copyright in anonymous and pseudonymous work
30. Ownership of copyright in original works
Division 2—Infringement of Copyright in Works
31. Infringement by doing acts comprised in the copyright
32. Infringement by importation for sale or hire
33. Infringement by sale and other dealings
34. Infringing copies made on machines installed in libraries and archives
Division 3—Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright Works
35. Fair dealing for purpose of research or study
36. Fair dealing for purpose of criticism or review
37. Fair dealing for purpose of reporting current events
38. Reproduction for purpose of judicial proceedings or professional advice
39. Back-up copy of computer program
40. Inclusion of works in collections for use by educational institutions
Division 4—Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright in Literary, Dramatic and Musical Works
41. Reading or recitation in public or for a broadcast
42. Religious performances
43. Reproduction for purpose of broadcasting
Division 5—Copying of Works in Libraries
44. Interpretation
45. Copying by libraries and archives for users
46. Copying by libraries or archives for other libraries or archives
47. Copying of unpublished works in libraries or archives
48. Copying of works for preservation and other purposes
49. Publication of unpublished works kept in libraries
50. Application of Division to illustrations accompanying articles and other works
Division 6—Copying of Works in Educational Institutions
51. Multiple copying of insubstantial portions of works
52. Multiple copying under statutory licence by educational institutions
53. Application of Division to illustrations accompanying articles and other works
Division 7—Copying of Works in Institution Assisting Handicapped Readers
54. Multiple copying under statutory licence by institutions assisting handicapped readers
Division 8—Recording of Musical Works
55. Interpretation
56. Conditions upon which manufacturer may make records of musical work
57. Amount of royalty
58. Provisions relating to royalty where two or more works are on the one record
59. Revision of royalty and minimum royalty
60. Conditions upon which manufacturer may include part of a literary or dramatic work in a record of a musical work
61. Making inquiries in relation to previous records
62. Application of Division in relation to record of part of a work
Division 9—Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright in Artistic Works
63. Sculptures and certain other works in public places
64. Buildings and models of buildings
65. Incidental filming or televising of artistic works
66. Publication of artistic works
67. Artistic works included in a cable programme
68. Reproduction for purpose of including work in television broadcast or cable programme
69. Reproduction of work in different dimensions
70. Special exception for artistic works which have been industrially applied
71. Reproduction of part of work in later work
72. Reconstruction of buildings
Division 10—Designs
73. Interpretation
74. Special exception in respect of industrial design
Division 11—Works of Joint Authorship
75. References to all of joint authors
76. References to any one or more of joint authors
77. References to whichever of joint authors died last
78. Works of joint authorship published under pseudonyms
79. Copyright to subsist in joint works without regard to any author who is an unqualified person
80. Inclusion of joint works in collections for use in educational institutions
PART IV
COPYRIGHT IN SUBJECT-MATTER OTHER THAN WORKS
Division 1—Preliminary
81. Interpretation
Division 2—Nature of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works
82. Nature of copyright in sound recordings
83. Nature of copyright in cinematograph films
84. Nature of copyright in television broadcasts and sound broadcasts
85. Nature of copyright in cable programmes
86. Nature of copyright in published editions of works
Division 3—Subject-Matter, other than Works, in which Copyright subsists
87. Sound recordings in which copyright subsists
88. Cinematograph films in which copyright subsists
89. Television broadcasts and sound broadcasts in which copyright subsists
90. Cable programmes in which copyright subsists
91. Published editions of works in which copyright subsists
Division 4—Duration of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works
92. Duration of copyright in sound recordings
93. Duration of copyright in cinematograph films
94. Duration of copyright in television broadcasts and sound broadcasts
95. Duration of copyright in cable programmes
96. Duration of copyright in published editions of works
Division 5—Ownership of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works
97. Ownership of copyright in sound recordings
98. Ownership of copyright in cinematograph films
99. Ownership of copyright in television broadcasts and sound broadcasts
100. Ownership of copyright in cable programmes
101. Ownership of copyright in published editions of works
Division 6—Infringement of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works
102. Interpretation
103. Infringement by doing acts comprised in copyright
104. Infringement by importation for sale or hire
105. Infringement by sale and other dealings
106. Acts done for purposes of judicial proceeding
107. Making of a copy of the sound recording for purposes of broadcasting
108. Provisions relating to cinematograph films
109. Fair dealing for purpose of research or private study
110. Fair dealing for purpose of criticism or review
111. Fair dealing for purpose of reporting news
112. Copying of unpublished sound recordings and cinematograph films in libraries or archives
113. Copying of sound recordings and cinematograph films for preservation and other purposes
114. Filming or recording broadcasts or programmes for private and domestic use
115. Use of broadcasts for educational purposes
116. Reproductions of editions of work
Division 7—Miscellaneous
117. Copyrights to subsist independently
PART V
REMEDIES FOR INFRINGEMENTS OF COPYRIGHT
Division 1—Preliminary
118. Interpretation
Division 2—Actions by Owner of Copyright
119. Actions for infringement
120. Delivery up of infringing copies
Division 3—Proceedings where Copyright is subject to Exclusive Licence
121. Interpretation
122. Application
123. Rights of exclusive licensee
124. Joinder of owner or exclusive licensee as a party
125. Defences available against exclusive licensee
126. Assessment of damages where exclusive licence granted
127. Apportionment of profits between owner and exclusive licensee
128. Separate actions in relation to the same infringement
129. Liability for costs
Division 4—Proof of Facts in Copyright Proceedings
130. Presumptions as to subsistence and ownership of copyright
131. Presumptions in relation to authorship of work
132. Presumptions in relation to publisher of work
133. Presumptions where author has died
134. Evidence in relation to recordings
135. Presumptions in relation to maker of film
Division 5—Offences
136. Offences
137. Affidavit evidence
138. Powers of police officer
139. Advertisement for supply of infringing copies of computer programs
140. Court for trial of offences
Division 6—Miscellaneous
141. Limitation of actions in respect of infringement of copyright
142. Restriction of importation of copies of works
PART VI
COMPULSORY LICENCES FOR TRANSLATION AND REPRODUCTION OF CERTAIN WORKS
143. Interpretation
144. Licence to produce and publish translations
145. Licence to reproduce and publish works for certain purposes
146. Licence for domestic broadcasting organisation
147. Termination of licences issued under this Part
148. Discontinuation of this Part
PART VII
THE COPYRIGHT TRIBUNAL
Division 1—Preliminary
149. Interpretation
150. Cases to which licence schemes apply
Division 2—Constitution of the Tribunal
151. Establishment of Tribunal
152. Tenure of office
153. Minister may appoint any person to act for absent member, etc
154. Quorum
155. Decision of Tribunal
156. Sittings of Tribunal
Division 3—Inquiries by, and Applications and References to, the Tribunal
157. Inquiries into royalty payable in respect of records of musical works
158. Applications to Tribunal for determination of remuneration payable to owner of copyright for copies made under statutory licence
159. Applications to Tribunal for apportionment of royalty in respect of a record
160. Reference of proposed licence schemes to Tribunal
161. Reference of existing licence schemes to Tribunal
162. Further reference of licence schemes to Tribunal
163. Application to Tribunal in relation to licences
164. Effect of licence schemes being continued in operation pending order of Tribunal
165. Effect of order of Tribunal in relation to licences
166. Attorney-General may make application for suspension order
167. Application to revoke suspension orders
168. Interim orders
169. Reference of questions of law to the High Court
170. Agreements or awards not affected
Division 4—Procedure and Evidence
171. Proceedings to be in public except in special circumstances
172. Application may be made to Tribunal by the agent of the copyright owner
173. Procedure
174. Mistakes or errors in orders of Tribunal
175. Regulations as to procedure
176. Power to take evidence on oath
177. Evidence in form of written statement
178. Representation
Division 5—Miscellaneous
179. Protection of members and witnesses
180. Disobedience to summons, etc
181. Contempt of Tribunal, etc
182. Cost of Proceedings
183. Proof of orders of Tribunal
PART VIII
EXTENSION OR RESTRICTION OF ACT
184. Application of Act to countries other than Singapore
185. Provisions as to international organisations
186. Denial of copyright to citizens of countries not giving adequate protection to Singapore works
PART IX
FALSE ATTRIBUTION OF AUTHORSHIP
187. Interpretation
188. Duty not to attribute falsely the authorship of a work
189. Duty not to attribute falsely the authorship of altered work
190. Duty not to attribute falsely the authorship of reproduction of artistic work
191. Breach of duty not committed if act done outside Singapore or done with permission
192. Action for breach of duty
193. Restriction of importation of copies of works
PART X
MISCELLANEOUS
194. Assignments and licences in respect of copyright
195. Prospective ownership of copyright
196. Copyright to pass under will with unpublished work
197. Provisions as to Government copyright
198. Use of copyright material for the service of the Government
199. Reception of broadcasts or cable programmes
200. Groundless threats of legal proceedings
201. Notation of copies and handicapped readers’ copies
202. Regulations
203. Repeal of Copyright Act 1911
204. Consequential amendment
PART XI
TRANSITIONAL
Division 1—Preliminary
205. Interpretation
206. References to making of works, recordings and films
207. References in other laws or instruments to copyright
208. Authorship of photographs
209. Publication
Division 2—Original Works
210. Expired copyright not to revive
211. Original works in which copyright subsists
212. Duration of copyright in photographs
213. Ownership of copyright
214. Recording of musical works
215. Publication of artistic works
216. Reconstruction of buildings
217. Industrial designs
218. Reproduction of work upon payment of royalties
Division 3—Subject-Matter other than Works
219. Sound recordings
220. Cinematograph films
221. Application of Act to dramatic works and photographs comprised in cinematograph films
222. Television broadcasts and sound broadcasts
223. Published editions of works
224. Cable programmes
Division 4—Miscellaneous
225. Actions for infringement
226. Actions where copyright subject to exclusive licence
227. Offences
228. Limitation of actions
229. Restriction of importation of printed copies of works
230. References and applications to Tribunal in relation to licence schemes
231. Duration of Government copyright in photographs
232. Duration of Government copyright in recordings
233. Government copyright in films
234. Works made or published by international organisations
235. Subject-matter, other than original works, made or published by international organisations
236. False attribution of authorship of work
237. Assignments and licences
238. Bequests
239. Existing computer programs
Division 5—Works made before 1st July 1912
240. Interpretation
241. Application
242. Rights conferred by Copyright Act 1911
243. Performing rights
244. Contributions to periodicals
245. Assignments and licences
The Schedule—False Registration of Industrial Designs

This work is Singaporean legislation (Act of Parliament or subsidiary legislation), which is copyrighted in Singapore for 70 years after publication pursuant to Section 197(3)(b) of the Copyright Act (Cap. 63, 2006 Rev. Ed.) of Singapore. However, as an edict of a government, it is in the public domain in the U.S.