Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009/Title II

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search

==TITLE II — ENHANCED CONSUMER DISCLOSURES==

Sec. 201. Payoff Timing Disclosures.[edit]

(a) In general.—
Section 127(b)(11) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(b)(11)) is amended to read as follows:


``(11)(A) A written statement in the following form: ‘Minimum Payment Warning: Making only the minimum payment will increase the amount of interest you pay and the time it takes to repay your balance.’, or such similar statement as is established by the Board pursuant to consumer testing.
``(B) Repayment information that would apply to the outstanding balance of the consumer under the credit plan, including—
``(i) the number of months (rounded to the nearest month) that it would take to pay the entire amount of that balance, if the consumer pays only the required minimum monthly payments and if no further advances are made;
``(ii) the total cost to the consumer, including interest and principal payments, of paying that balance in full, if the consumer pays only the required minimum monthly payments and if no further advances are made;
``(iii) the monthly payment amount that would be required for the consumer to eliminate the outstanding balance in 36 months, if no further advances are made, and the total cost to the consumer, including interest and principal payments, of paying that balance in full if the consumer pays the balance over 36 months; and
``(iv) a toll-free telephone number at which the consumer may receive information about accessing credit counseling and debt management services.
``(C)(i) Subject to clause (ii), in making the disclosures under subparagraph (B), the creditor shall apply the interest rate or rates in effect on the date on which the disclosure is made until the date on which the balance would be paid in full.
``(ii) If the interest rate in effect on the date on which the disclosure is made is a temporary rate that will change under a contractual provision applying an index or formula for subsequent interest rate adjustment, the creditor shall apply the interest rate in effect on the date on which the disclosure is made for as long as that interest rate will apply under that contractual provision, and then apply an interest rate based on the index or formula in effect on the applicable billing date.
``(D) All of the information described in subparagraph (B) shall—
``(i) be disclosed in the form and manner which the Board shall prescribe, by regulation, and in a manner that avoids duplication; and
``(ii) be placed in a conspicuous and prominent location on the billing statement.
``(E) In the regulations prescribed under subparagraph (D), the Board shall require that the disclosure of such information shall be in the form of a table that—
``(i) contains clear and concise headings for each item of such information; and
``(ii) provides a clear and concise form stating each item of information required to be disclosed under each such heading.
``(F) In prescribing the form of the table under subparagraph (E), the Board shall require that—
``(i) all of the information in the table, and not just a reference to the table, be placed on the billing statement, as required by this paragraph; and
``(ii) the items required to be included in the table shall be listed in the order in which such items are set forth in subparagraph (B).
``(G) In prescribing the form of the table under subparagraph (D), the Board shall employ terminology which is different than the terminology which is employed in subparagraph (B), if such terminology is more easily understood and conveys substantially the same meaning.´´.


(b) Civil liability.—
Section 130(a) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1640(a)) is amended, in the undesignated paragraph following paragraph (4), by striking the second sentence and inserting the following: “In connection with the disclosures referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of section 127, a creditor shall have a liability determined under paragraph (2) only for failing to comply with the requirements of section 125, 127(a), or any of paragraphs (4) through (13) of section 127(b), or for failing to comply with disclosure requirements under State law for any term or item that the Board has determined to be substantially the same in meaning under section 111(a)(2) as any of the terms or items referred to in section 127(a), or any of paragraphs (4) through (13) of section 127(b).”.
(c) Guidelines required.—
(1) In general.—
Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall issue guidelines, by rule, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, for the establishment and maintenance by creditors of a toll-free telephone number for purposes of providing information about accessing credit counseling and debt management services, as required under section 127(b)(11)(B)(iv) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section.
(2) Approved agencies.—
Guidelines issued under this subsection shall ensure that referrals provided by the toll-free number referred to in paragraph (1) include only those nonprofit budget and credit counseling agencies approved by a United States bankruptcy trustee pursuant to section 111(a) of title 11, United States Code.

Sec. 202. Requirements Relating to Late Payment Deadlines and Penalties.[edit]

Section 127(b)(12) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(b)(12)) is amended to read as follows:


``(12) Requirements relating to late payment deadlines and penalties.—
``(A) Late payment deadline required to be disclosed.—In the case of a credit card account under an open end consumer credit plan under which a late fee or charge may be imposed due to the failure of the obligor to make payment on or before the due date for such payment, the periodic statement required under subsection (b) with respect to the account shall include, in a conspicuous location on the billing statement, the date on which the payment is due or, if different, the date on which a late payment fee will be charged, together with the amount of the fee or charge to be imposed if payment is made after that date.
``(B) Disclosure of increase in interest rates for late payments.—If 1 or more late payments under an open end consumer credit plan may result in an increase in the annual percentage rate applicable to the account, the statement required under subsection (b) with respect to the account shall include conspicuous notice of such fact, together with the applicable penalty annual percentage rate, in close proximity to the disclosure required under subparagraph (A) of the date on which payment is due under the terms of the account.
``(C) Payments at local branches.—If the creditor, in the case of a credit card account referred to in subparagraph (A), is a financial institution which maintains branches or offices at which payments on any such account are accepted from the obligor in person, the date on which the obligor makes a payment on the account at such branch or office shall be considered to be the date on which the payment is made for purposes of determining whether a late fee or charge may be imposed due to the failure of the obligor to make payment on or before the due date for such payment.´´.


Sec. 203. Renewal Disclosures.[edit]

Section 127(d) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(d)) is amended—
(1) by striking paragraph (2);
(2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
(3) in paragraph (1), by striking “Except as provided in paragraph (2), a card issuer” and inserting the following: “A card issuer that has changed or amended any term of the account since the last renewal that has not been previously disclosed or”.

Sec. 204. Internet Posting of Credit Card Agreements.[edit]

(a) In general.—
Section 122 of the Truth and Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1632) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:


``(d) Additional Electronic Disclosures.—
``(1) Posting agreements.—Each creditor shall establish and maintain an Internet site on which the creditor shall post the written agreement between the creditor and the consumer for each credit card account under an open-end consumer credit plan.
``(2) Creditor to provide contracts to the Board.—Each creditor shall provide to the Board, in electronic format, the consumer credit card agreements that it publishes on its Internet site.
``(3) Record repository.—The Board shall establish and maintain on its publicly available Internet site a central repository of the consumer credit card agreements received from creditors pursuant to this subsection, and such agreements shall be easily accessible and retrievable by the public.
``(4) Exception.—This subsection shall not apply to individually negotiated changes to contractual terms, such as individually modified workouts or renegotiations of amounts owed by a consumer under an open end consumer credit plan.
``(5) Regulations.—The Board, in consultation with the other Federal banking agencies (as that term is defined in section 603) and the Federal Trade Commission, may promulgate regulations to implement this subsection, including specifying the format for posting the agreements on the Internet sites of creditors and establishing exceptions to paragraphs (1) and (2), in any case in which the administrative burden outweighs the benefit of increased transparency, such as where a credit card plan has a de minimis number of consumer account holders.´´.


Sec. 205. Prevention of Deceptive Marketing of Credit Reports.[edit]

(a) Preventing deceptive marketing.—
Section 612 of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681j) is amended by adding at the end the following:


``(g) Prevention of deceptive marketing of credit reports.—
``(1) In general.—Subject to rulemaking pursuant to section 205(b) of the Credit CARD Act of 2009, any advertisement for a free credit report in any medium shall prominently disclose in such advertisement that free credit reports are available under Federal law at: ‘AnnualCreditReport.com’ (or such other source as may be authorized under Federal law).
``(2) Television and radio advertisement.—In the case of an advertisement broadcast by television, the disclosures required under paragraph (1) shall be included in the audio and visual part of such advertisement. In the case of an advertisement broadcast by televison or radio, the disclosure required under paragraph (1) shall consist only of the following: ‘This is not the free credit report provided for by Federal law’.´´.


(b) Rulemaking.—
(1) In general.—
Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Federal Trade Commission shall issue a final rule to carry out this section.
(2) Content.—
The rule required by this subsection—
(A) shall include specific wording to be used in advertisements in accordance with this section; and
(B) for advertisements on the Internet, shall include whether the disclosure required under section 612(g)(1) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (as added by this section) shall appear on the advertisement or the website on which the free credit report is made available.
(3) Interim disclosures.—
If an advertisement subject to section 612(g) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, as added by this section, is made public after the 9-month deadline specified in paragraph (1), but before the rule required by paragraph (1) is finalized, such advertisement shall include the disclosure: “Free credit reports are available under Federal law at: ‘AnnualCreditReport.com’.”.