Economic Development in Denmark Before and During the World War

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Economic Development in Denmark Before and During the World War  (1922) 
by Harald Westergaard
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

IN DENMARK


Before and During the World War





BY

HARALD WESTERGAARD

PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN


OXFORD : AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

London, Edinburgh, New York, Toronto, Melbourne, Cape Town, Bombay

HUMPHREY MILFORD

1922
 

PRINTED IN ENGLAND
AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

CONTENTS

PAGE
Note by the Director v
Introduction 1
Early German Influence in Denmark 2
Early Condition of the Danish Peasants 3
Condition of the Peasants in the Eighteenth Century 4
The Guild System of the Eighteenth Century 7
Social Developments of the Nineteenth Century 9
The Rise of the Lower Classes 11
The Free Constitution of 1849 16
Social and Economic Developments in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century 19
Beginnings of the Danish Labour Movement 22
Development of the Labour Movement 23
Employers' Associations 26
The Commission of 1875 28
Beginnings of Social Insurance 30
The Commission of 1885 and the Development of Social Insurance 31
Development of Accident Insurance 38
Development of Old-Age Pensions 42
Invalid Insurance 46
Care of Widows and Orphans 48
Care of Consumptives 49
Care of Unemployed 50
Labour Exchange 55
Factory Legislation in the Last Fifty Years 56
Further Development of Social Legislation 62
General Results of Social Legislation 64
Development of Agriculture 66
Development of the Co-operative Dairies 69
Further Development of the Co-operative Movement 72
Condition of the Agricultural Labourer 76
Change of Conditions caused by the War 80
Legislative Measures rendered necessary by the War 82
Recent Social Legislation 88
Economic Changes caused by the War 91
Recent Fiscal Measures 94
Effect of Recent Fiscal Measures 97
Summary and Conclusion 99
INDEX 103
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).