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Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand, Baron von

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Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand, Baron von, was born at Magdeburg, Prussia, Nov. 15, 1730. Entering the army at fourteen, he rose to be adjutant-general and staff-officer to Frederick the Great. After his retirement from active service, Deane induced him to go to America, where he was made major-general and inspector-general. He rendered eminent service by giving the army its first systematic drill. In this department he was the most important accession which the American army received from Europe. He settled as a farmer on land in what is now Steuben county, N.Y., given him by the State, and died there Nov. 28, 1794. — See his Life by Kapp, Bowen's Life in Spark's American Biography, and Greene's German Element in the War of American Independence.