Excerpt from the Terrorist Organization Guide, devoted to the Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM)
Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM)
The Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM), a small Islamic extremist group based in China's western Xinjiang Province, is one of the most militant of the ethnic Uighur separatist groups pursuing an independent "Eastern Turkistant," which would include Turkey, Kazakhstan, Krygyzstan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Xingjiang. ETIM and other overlapping Uighur groups are linked to the international mujahidin movement and to a limited degree al-Qaeda -- beginning with the participation of ethnic Uighur mujahidin in the Soviet/Afghan war.
US and Chinese Government information suggests ETIM was responsible for terrorist acts inside and outside China. Most recently, in May 2002, two ETIM members were deported to China from Kygyzstan for plotting to attack the US Embassy in Kyrgyzstan as well as other US interests abroad.
Unknown. Only a small minority of ethnic Uighurs supports the Xinjiang independence movement of the formation of an East Turkistan.
Location/Area of Operation
Xinjiang Province and neighboring countries in the region.
ETIM is suspected of having received training and financial assistance from al-Qaeda.