Executive Order 1002

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Under authority vested in me by law, it is ordered:

  1. The requirements of the act of Congress, relating to the use on trains of certain described and approved driving-wheel and train brakes, couplers, hand holds, and drawbars of required height for freight cars, approved March 2, 1893 (contained in 27 Statutes at Large, p. 531), and known as "An act to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroads by compelling common carriers engaged in interstate commerce to equip their cars with automatic couplers and continuous brakes and their locomotives with driving-wheel brakes, and for other purposes," as amended by an act approved April 1, 1896 (contained in 29 Statutes at Large, p. 85), and as amended by an act approved March 2, 1903 (contained in 32 Statutes at Large, p. 943), shall be extended to apply to that zone in the Republic of Panama mentioned and described in section 2 of the act of Congress dated June 28, 1902, and entitled "An act to provide for the construction of a canal connecting the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans," and commonly known as the "Canal Zone."

  2. The various appliances for the protection of trainmen on freight train cars with reference to running boards, ladders, sill steps, roof hand holds, and the position of brake shafts, as designated in the existing standards of the Master Car Builders' Association in the United States, shall be used by all carriers in the aforementioned Canal Zone.

  3. The equipment and appliances required to be used in sections 1 and 2 of this order shall be constantly and at all times maintained in good and working order, by any and all railroads engaged in the business of a common carrier and operating in the aforementioned Canal Zone.

  4. In particular, sections 1, 2, and 3 of this order shall be carefully observed and obeyed by the Panama Railroad, a carrier operating in the said Canal Zone.

  5. All railroads operated and cars used by the Government of the United States within navy-yards, arsenals, military reservations, government wharves, and any and all other territories under the jurisdiction of the United States, shall be equipped with the safety appliances required in the safety appliance acts mentioned and described in section 1 of this order, and in the codes of rules mentioned and described in section 2 of this order, and said equipment and appliances shall at all times be maintained in good and working order.[1]

  6. This order shall take effect not later than six months from the date of the promulgation thereof.[2]

Signature of Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt.

The White House

January 6, 1909.


  1. Executive Order 1750 added an exception for navy yards.
  2. This section replaced by Executive Order 1085 to extend the deadline for old French dump cars still in use.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).