Executive Order 11649

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Signed by President  Richard Nixon  Wednesday, February 16, 1972 Federal Register  page & date: 37 FR 3625, Friday, February 18, 1972
Amended by: Executive Order 11916, May 28, 1976

Executive Order 11649 of February 16, 1972

Regulations Governing the Seals of the President and the Vice President of the United States


By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 713(b) of title 18, United States Code, I hereby prescribe the following regulations governing the use of the Seals of the President and the Vice President of the United States:

Section 1.[edit]

Except as otherwise provided by law, the knowing manufacture, reproduction, sale, or purchase for resale of the Seals or Coats of Arms of the President or the Vice President of the United States, or any likeness or substantial part thereof, shall be permitted only for the following uses:
 (a) Use by the President or Vice President of the United States;
 (b) Use in encyclopedias, dictionaries, books, journals, pamphlets, periodicals, or magazines incident to a description or history of seals, coats of arms, heraldry, or the Presidency or Vice Presidency. Such use shall be limited exclusively to the text, and any use of the Presidential or Vice Presidential Seal or Coat of Arms or any likeness or substantial part thereof on the cover of the above items is prohibited;
 (c) Use in libraries, museums, or educational facilities incident to descriptions or exhibits relating to seals, coats of arms, heraldry, or the Presidency or Vice Presidency;
 (d) Use as an architectural embellishment in libraries, museums, or archives established to house the papers or effects of former Presidents or Vice Presidents;
 (e) Use on a monument to a former President or Vice President;
 (f) Use by way of photographic or electronic visual reproduction in pictures, moving pictures, or telecasts of bona fide news content;
 (g) Such other uses for exceptional historical, educational, or newsworthy purposes as may be authorized in writing by the Counsel to the President.

Sec. 2.[edit]

The manufacture, reproduction, sale, or purchase for resale, either separately or appended to any article manufactured or sold, of the Seals of the President or Vice President, or any likeness or substantial part thereof, except as provided in this Order or as otherwise provided by law, is prohibited.


Signature of Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon 
The White House,
February 16, 1972.
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).