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Index:Report of the Oregon Conservation Commission to the Governor.djvu

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Report of the Oregon Conservation Commission to the Governor.djvu

CONTENTS.

Letter of Transmittal 7

Facts Regarding Oregon's Resources 9

Synopsis of Recommendations 11

Introduction 13

The Conservation Movement 14

Forests 17

Forest Facts 17

Forest Legislation in Oregon 19

The Present Law 22

Existing Protective Effort 24

A State Forest 26

Reforestation Under State Control 27

Taxation 28

The State's Duty 28

Logged Off Land 30

Water Resources 34

Irrigation 34

Eastern Oregon 34

Western Oregon 34

Total Water Supply 36

Owyhee River 37

Malheur River 37

Burnt River 38

Powder River 88

Grande Ronde and Wallowa Rivers 39

Walla Walla River 39

Umatilla River 39

John Day River 40

Deschutes River 40

Hood River 41

Klamath River Basin 41

Interior Drainage Basin 42

Willamette River and Tributaries 42

Rogue River and Tributaries 43

Umpqua River and Tributaries 43

Present Irrigation 43

Drawbacks to Large Projects 45

Work of the Reclamation Service 46

The State's Interest in Reclamation 46 Irrigation by the State 47

Financial Plane 48

Deschutes River Project 49

John Day Project 51

The Oregon Water Code 52

Effect of the Law 52

Excessive Use Should be Prevented 6S

Proposed Changes in the Law 64

Water Power 58

Public Benefit 68

Cost of Power 59

Public Regulation, Ontario 60

Power Rates 60

Effect of Cheap Power in Norway 61

Cheap Power in Sweden 62

Cheap Power in Oregon 6U

Private Development and Concentration 64

Public Development 66

The Results of Public Control . 65

Developing the Power Market 67

Pumping for Irrigation 67

Conclusions 68

Land and Stream Surveys 69

Topographic Maps 70

Stream Measurements 70

Deschutes Power Report 70

Chemical Surveys 71

Mineral Resources 72

Non-Metallic Products 72

Metallic Products 74

Development Required ., 74

Recommendations 76

Water Transportation 78

Fish and Game 82

Game Laws and Their Administration 82

Propagation of Fish 83

Hatchery Site for Game Fish Sought 84

Protection of Fish 85

Protection and Breeding of Game Birds 85

Big Game Protection 86

Recommendations 87

Activities of the Commission 89

Stimulating Interest in DiversiliEd Farming Semi-Arid Sections.... 89

West Umatilla Project 91

Central Oregon 92

National Matters 93

Financial 94 APPENDIX.


Utilization of Cheap Water Power in Norway and Sweden.. 99

Chemical Industries of Norway 99

Electric Heating in Norway 103

Electric Heating in Sweden IIM

Production of Pig Iron by Electricity 106, 107

Air Nitrate Fertilizers 108

Initial Shipment of Air Nitrates from Niagara Falls 110

Production of Aluminum, Switzerland Ill

Paper Pulp Industry — New York Ill

Electric Reduction, Iron and Steel, United States 112

Industrial Conditions at Niagara Falls 112

Public Control of Power in Uruguay 113

Future of the Air-Nitrate Industry 115

Proposed Water Power Law of New York 116

—Oregon's Forest Fire Law 125

Oregon's Water Code 181

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

Blue Lake Near Summit of Cascades 8

Irrigation in Umatilla County 15

Pacific Coast Douglas Fir 16

Lower Canyon of Rogue River 33

Irrigation from Powder River 35

Diversion Dam for Irrigation, Baker County 37

Feed Canal, U. S. Reclamation Service, Hermiston, Or^fon 50

Benham Falls in Deschutes River, Crook County 57

Cazadero Plant on Clackamas River 71

Middle Falls of McKenzie River— 60-Foot Drop 93

Undeveloped Water Power 96