Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XXV

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LESSON XXV

FUTURE ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF REGŌ AND AUDIŌ

155. In the future tense of the third and fourth conjugations we meet with a new tense sign. Instead of using -bi-, as in the first and second conjugations, we use -ā-[1] in the first person singular and -e- in the rest of the tense. In the third conjugation the final -e- of the stem is dropped before this tense sign ; in the fourth conjugation the final -ī- of the stem is retained.[2]

155.

PARADIGMS

Conjugation III}} Conjugation IV

singular

1. re'gam, I shall rule au'diam, I shall hear
2. re'gēs, you will rule au'diēs, you will hear
3. re'get he will rule audiet, he will hear

plural

1 regē'mus, we shall rule audiē'mus, we shall hear
regētis you will rule audiē'tis, you will hear
re'gent, they will rule au'dient, they will hear

  1. Observe that the future of the third conjugation is like the present of the second, excepting in the first person singular.
  2. In the same manner inflect the verbs given in § 148.
158.

EXERCISES

I.

  1. Dīcet, dūcētis, mūniēmus.
  2. Dīcent, dīcētis, mittēmus
  3. Mūnient, venīent, mittent, agent.
  4. Dūcet, mittēs, veniet, aget.
  5. Mūniet, reperiētis, agēmus.
  6. Mittam, veniēmus, regent.
  7. Audiētis, veniēs, reperiēs.
  8. Reperiet, agam, dūcēmus, mittet.
  9. Vidēbitis, sedēbō, vocābimus.

II.

  1. I shall find, he will hear, they will come.
  2. I shall fortify, he will send, we shall say.
  3. I shall drive, you will lead, they will hear.
  4. You will send, you will fortify, (sing, and plur.), he will say.
  5. I shall come, we shall find, they will send.
  6. Who[3] will believe the story ? I[4] shall believe the story.
  7. Whose friends do you favor? We favor our friends.
  8. Who will resist our weapons? Sextus will resist your weapons.
  9. Who will persuade him? They will persuade him.
  10. Why were you injuring my horse? I was not injuring your horse.
  11. Whom does a good slave obey? A good slave obeys his master.
  12. Our men were eager for another battle.

————————

References

  1. The -ā- is shortened before -m final, and -ē- before -t final and before -nt. (Cf. § 12. 2.)
  2. The -ī- is, of course, shortened, being before another vowel (C£.Ji2. I)
  3. Remember that quis, who, is singular in number.
  4. Express by ego, because it is emphatic.