Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XXV
FUTURE ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF REGŌ AND AUDIŌ
155. In the future tense of the third and fourth conjugations we meet with a new tense sign. Instead of using -bi-, as in the first and second conjugations, we use -ā- in the first person singular and -e- in the rest of the tense. In the third conjugation the final -e- of the stem is dropped before this tense sign ; in the fourth conjugation the final -ī- of the stem is retained.155.
|Conjugation III}}||Conjugation IV|
|1. re'gam, I shall rule||au'diam, I shall hear|
|2. re'gēs, you will rule||au'diēs, you will hear|
|3. re'get he will rule||audiet, he will hear|
|1 regē'mus, we shall rule||audiē'mus, we shall hear|
|regētis you will rule||audiē'tis, you will hear|
|re'gent, they will rule||au'dient, they will hear|
- Observe that the future of the third conjugation is like the present of the second, excepting in the first person singular.
- In the same manner inflect the verbs given in § 148.
- Dīcet, dūcētis, mūniēmus.
- Dīcent, dīcētis, mittēmus
- Mūnient, venīent, mittent, agent.
- Dūcet, mittēs, veniet, aget.
- Mūniet, reperiētis, agēmus.
- Mittam, veniēmus, regent.
- Audiētis, veniēs, reperiēs.
- Reperiet, agam, dūcēmus, mittet.
- Vidēbitis, sedēbō, vocābimus.
- I shall find, he will hear, they will come.
- I shall fortify, he will send, we shall say.
- I shall drive, you will lead, they will hear.
- You will send, you will fortify, (sing, and plur.), he will say.
- I shall come, we shall find, they will send.
- Who will believe the story ? I shall believe the story.
- Whose friends do you favor? We favor our friends.
- Who will resist our weapons? Sextus will resist your weapons.
- Who will persuade him? They will persuade him.
- Why were you injuring my horse? I was not injuring your horse.
- Whom does a good slave obey? A good slave obeys his master.
- Our men were eager for another battle.
- The -ā- is shortened before -m final, and -ē- before -t final and before -nt. (Cf. § 12. 2.)
- The -ī- is, of course, shortened, being before another vowel (C£.Ji2. I)
- Remember that quis, who, is singular in number.
- Express by ego, because it is emphatic.