Page:A Brief History of the Indian Peoples.djvu/15

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TABLE OF CONTENTS. II CHAPTER VIL PAGE Scythic Inroads (about ioo B.C. to 500 A. D.) . . . 90-93 The Scythiaos in Central Asia, 90 ; Scythic kingdoms in Northern India, 90, 91 ; Scythic races still in India, 91 ; wars of Vikramaditya against the Scythians (57 B. c), and of Salivahana (78 A.D.), 91, 92 ; later opponents of the Scythians, the Sah, Gupta, and Valabhi dynasties, 93, 93 ; materials for reference, 93. CHAPTER VIII. Growth of Hinduism (700 to 1500 a. d.) . . . 94-108 The three sources of the Indian people — the Aryans, non-Aryans, and Scythians, 94, 95 ; Aryan work of civilization, 95 ; the Brah- mans, 95, 96 ; two-fold basis of Hinduism, caste and religion, 96-99 ; Buddhist influences on Hinduism, 99 ; non-Aryan influences on Hinduism, 99; the Hindu Book of Saints, 99, 100; Sankara Acharya, the Sivaite religious reformer of the ninth century, 100; two-fold aspects of Siva-worship, 100, 101 ; the thirteen Sivaite sects, 101, 102 ; Vishnu-worship, 102, 103 ; the Vishnu Purina (1045 A.D.), 103 ; Vishnuite apostles — Ramanuja (1150 A. D.), Ramanand (1300- 1400 A. D.), Kabir (1380-1420 A.D.), Chaitanya ([485-1527 A.D.), Vallabha-Swami (1520 A.D.), 103-106; Krishna-worship, 106, 107 ; religious bond of Hinduism, 107 ; materials for reference, 107, 108. CHAPTER IX. Early Muhammadan Conquerors (714-1526 a.d.) . . 109-131 Muhammadan influence on Hinduism, 109 ; chronological sum- mary of Muhammadan dynasties, 109, no; Arab invasions of Sind (647-828 a.d.), no, in; India on the eve of the Muhammadan conquest, in, 112 ; Muhammadan conquests only partial and tem- porary, 112, 113; first Turki invasions — Subuktigin (977 A.D.), 113; Mahmud of Ghazni (1001-1030), his seventeen invasions of India and sack of Somnath, 113-116; house of Ghor (1152-1186), 116; Muhammad of Ghor, 116-119; defeat of the Rajput clans, 117, 118 ; conquest of Bengal (1203), 118 ; the Slave kings (1206- 1290) — Kutab-ud-din, 119; Altamsh, 119, 120; Empress Raziya, 120 ; Mughal irruptions and Rajput revolts, 120; Balban, 120, 121; house of Khilji (1290-1320), 121-124; Jalal-ud-din, 121, 122 ; Ala- ud-din's conquest of Southern India, 122; extent of the Muham- madan power in India (1306), 122, 123; Khusni, the renegade Hindu emperor, 123, 124; the Tughlak dynasty (1320-1414), 124-