Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 4.djvu/186

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TRILLO DEL DIAVOLO, IL. A famous sonata by Tartini, for violin solo with bass ac- companiment, which is so called from its being an attempt to recollect the playing of the devil in a dream. [See TARTINI ; vol. iv. p. 62 a.] The Sonata consists of Larghetto affettuoso, Allegro, and Finale Andante and Allegro inter- mixed. All the movements are in G minor. It is in the Allegro of the Finale that the Trill occurs, a long shake with a second syncopated part going on at the same time.

���TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN. An Uni- versity was founded in Dublin by Alexander de Bicknor, Archbishop of Dublin, in 1320, but died out in the early part of the i6th cen- tury. After a lapse of 60 or 70 years the present University of Dublin was founded in 1591 by Queen Elizabeth, and with it the 'College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, near Dublin.' The College alone was incor- porated by charter, and its governing body or Board was entrusted with the management of the University. On this account, as well as from a mistaken interpretation of the original charter, an idea obtained currency that the University of Dublin did not acquire an inde- pendent existence, and that Trinity was a Col- lege endowed with the powers of an University. This is, however, quite erroneous. The Uni- versity and the College were both founded at the same time, but as the former possessed no distinct property, and had no share in directing the education of the students, its sole function consisted in conferring degrees. (See the Rev. Dr. Todd's preface to the Catalogue of Graduates of the University of Dublin, 1869, an ^ Sir Joseph Napier's ' Opinion,' prefixed to vol. ii. of the same work, 1884, where the whole question is fully elucidated.) Any possible doubt was removed by the revised charter granted in 1857, by which the Senate of the University was formally in- corporated. 1

In the i 7th century two or three minor Col- leges or Halls were founded, but without success, and Trinity still remains the single College in the University of Dublin. 2

To obtain a regular degree at the University of Dublin, the candidate must matriculate at Trinity College, and complete the prescribed course of study, when a Grace is passed by the Board of the College and submitted for ratification to the Senate of the University,

1 According to precedent this was not necessary. The University of Paris never had a charter, nor was one granted to Oxford until the 15th century, and then for special reasons. Sir Joseph Napier shows that a recognised University Is In its own nature a distinct corporation.

2 A similar instance Is afforded in the United States of America where Harvard is the only College In Cambridge University.


but the degree may be withheld either by the veto of any member of the University Caput, or, subsequently, by a majority of the Senate.

A few degrees in Music seem to have been con- ferred in the I7th century, and Thomas Bateson 3 and Randolph, or Randal, Jewitt* are said to have received the degree of Mus.B. [See vol. i. P- I55-]

In the latter part of the i8th century several musical degrees were given, and we find the names of * Garret Wesley, Earl of Mornington 5 , Mus.D. (1764); *the Rt. Hon. Charles Gar- diner, Mus.D. causa honoris (1764); * Richard Woodward (organist of Christ Church, 1765- 1777), Mus.B. 1768, Mus.D. 1771; Sampson Carter (elder brother of Thomas Carter) 6 , Mus.D.; Samuel Murphy (organist of St. Patrick's, 1773, and Christ Church, 1777), Mus.D.; Langrishe Doyle (organist of Armagh 1776, and then of Christ Church, Dublin, 1780), Mus.D.; Philip Cogan (organist of St. Patrick's, 1780), Mus.D. ; Sir John Stevenson 7 , Mus.D. (1791, per diploma) ; and John Clarke 8 (afterwards Clarke- Whitfeld), Mus.D. (1795). From 1800 to 1861 the degree of Doctor was conferred on John Spray ; William Warren (organist of Christ Church, 1814, and of St. Patrick's, 1827), 1827 ; John Smith, 1827"; * Sir Robert P. Stewart 10 (organist of Christ Church, 1844, and of St. Pa- trick's, 1852-1861), 1 85 r, and* Francis Robinson, honoris causa, 1852. The degree of Bachelor was also taken by Nicholas H. Stack, 1845, and William Murphy.

The names marked with an asterisk appear in the Catalogue of Graduates, and in these cases the degrees were taken regularly ; but most of the other musical degrees seem to have been merely honorary, and, conferring no University privileges, are not found in the University registers.

The Professorship of Music was founded in 1764, when Lord Mornington was appointed the first professor; but on his retirement in 1774 the chair remained vacant until 1847, when it was filled by Dr. John Smith, and on his death in 1861, Dr., afterwards Sir Robert, Stewart was appointed to the office, which he still holds.

Since his appointment, and, as it is understood, mainly through his exertions, the conditions on

> The date, 1611, ordinarily given as that of Bateson's removal from Chester to Dublin, is incorrect. From the Chapter books of Christ Church it appears that he was appointed a Vicar Choral of that Cathedral on March 24. 1608-9. and Organist soon afterwards.

< Hawkins's account of this musician is confused. Jewitt, who became organist of both Christ Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals In 1681, and was succeeded in the former post by Dr. Rogers in 1639, held at the same time a choral vicarage in St. Patrick's, of which he was deprived by the Archbishop (also in 1639) for not being in priest's orders, but was restored In 1G41. He became a Vicar Choral of Christ Church In 1646, and probably returned to England on the suppression of the Cathedral establishments under the Commonwealth. Jewitt seems to have afterwards taken Holy Orders, was admitted a Minor Canon of St. Paul's in 1661, and finally became Organist of Win- chester, where he died July 4, 1675, and was succeeded by John Beading. See vol. 11. p. 368.

See vol. 1. p. 317. ? See vol. HI. p. 712.

8 Organist of Armagh 1794-1797; Church and St. Patrick's, 1798. He was never organist of either of the Dublin Cathedrals, as is sometimes stated. He graduated Mus. B. at Oxford in 1793, but his Cambridge degree of Doctor in 1799 was granted ad eundem from Dublin. See vol. i. p. 365.

See vol. ill. p. 540. The Grace passed by the Board for conferring the degree of Doctor on Warren and Smith is dated July 7, 1627.

10 See vol. Hi. p. 713.

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