'Daniel,' which had been performed at Oxford for his Doctor's degree exercise. Dr. Joseph Bridge is well known in the North of England as the conductor of several musical societies at Chester and Bradford. During the last eight years he has adopted the excellent plan of giving free organ recitals in Chester Cathedral every Sunday evening. Dr. Bridge was elected a Fellow of the College of Organists in 1879.
[ W. B. S. ]
BRIDGE, Richard, enjoyed some celebrity as an organ-builder, but little is known of his biography. He is supposed to have been trained in the factory of the younger Harris and to have been living in Hand Court, Holborn, in 1748. He died before 1776. His best instrument was that for Christ Church, Spitalfields, London, 1730. [See also vol. ii. p. 597, and Byfield, Jordan & Bridge, in Appendix.]
[ V. de P. ]
BRIDGETOWER, G. A. P. Line 4 of article, for Bisla read Biala. Line 5, for in read on the 19th of. Line 22, for He read His father. Line 5 from bottom, for is heard of no more read returned to England, and in June 1811 took the degree of Mus. Bac. at Cambridge, his exercise, an anthem, being performed at Great St. Mary's, on June 30. (Dict. of Nat. Biog.)
BRIND, Richard, P. 276 b, l. 3, for 1718 read March 1717–18.
[ W. H. H. ]
BRINSMEAD. Mr. John Brinsmead, the founder and head of the firm of pianoforte-makers, John Brinsmead & Sons, of London, was born Oct. 13, 1814, at Wear Giffard, in North Devon. He began business at 35 Windmill Street, Tottenham Court Road, in 1836, removing to the neighbouring Charlotte Street, and to workshops in Chenies Street in 1841. The next removal was to the present warehouse of the firm, 18 & 20 Wigmore Street, in 1863, when his sons, Thomas and Edgar, were taken into partnership. A large factory, necessary for the requirements of manufacture, was built in the Grafton Road, Kentish Town. In recognition of exhibits in the Paris Exhibition of 1878, Mr. John Brinsmead was decorated by the French Government with the cross of the Legion of Honour. Mr. Edgar Brinsmead, the younger son, has claims to special reference on literary grounds; his History of the Pianoforte, with prefatory historical introduction, was published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin in 1868, and, partly rewritten, with additions on the Theory of Sound, was republished by Novello, Ewer & Co. in 1879.
[ A. J. H. ]
BRISTOL FESTIVAL. A festival, lasting four days, has been held triennially in the month of October, in the Colston Hall, Bristol, since 1873. On each occasion Mr. Charles Hallé has held the post of conductor, and 'The Messiah' and 'Elijah' have been given. Besides these the following works have been performed:—
1873. Oct. 21–24. 'The Creation,' Macfarren's 'John the Baptist' (written expressly for the occasion), and Rossini's 'Stabat Mater.'
1876. Oct. 17–20. Verdi's Requiem, 'Israel in Egypt,' Spohr's 'Fall of Babylon,' 'The Mount of Olives,' and 'The Hymn of Praise.'
1879. Oct. 14–17. 'Samson,' 'Walpurgis Night,' Brahms's 'Rinaldo,' Mozart's Requiem, Rossini's 'Stabat Mater,' and the Choral Symphony.
1882. Oct. 17–20. Beethoven's Mass in D, Gounod's 'Redemption,' 'Spring' from Haydn's 'Seasons,' Rossini's 'Moses in Egypt,' and Mackenzie's 'Jason' (written expressly for the festival, and conducted by the composer).
1885. Oct. 20–23. 'Belshazzar,' Brahms's 'Triumphlied,' Lloyd's 'Hero and Leander,' Berlioz' 'Faust.'
Concerts of miscellaneous music have been given on each occasion.
[ M. ]
BRITISH ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY. Add that the Society ceased to exist in 1875, its last concert taking place on June 1 of that year.
[ M. ]
BROD, Henri, a very famous oboe player, born at Paris June 13, 1799. He was taught the oboe at the Conservatoire by Vogt and became very distinguished: 'His tone,' says Fétis, 'was weaker than that of his master, but it was softer and sweeter; his phrasing was graceful and elegant, and his execution clear and brilliant.' He shared the desk of first oboe with Vogt both at the opera and the concerts of the Conservatoire, and was extremely successful both in Paris and the provinces. He made considerable improvements in the instrument itself and in the Cor Anglais, though these have been superseded by the new system of Boehm. Brod's 'Method' is well known, but his pieces, of which Fétis gives a list of twelve, are obsolete. His death, on April 5, 1839, gave occasion to one of Cherubini's cruellest mots:—'Brod est mort, maître.' 'Qui?' ' Brod.' ' Ah! petit son' (poor tone).
[ G. ]
BRODERIP, a family of organists. William, born 1683, became a vicar-choral of Wells Cathedral on April 1, 1701, and on Jan. 2, 1712, succeeded John George as cathedral organist. He died Jan. 31, 1726, leaving a widow and nine children. An anthem of his, 'God is our hope and strength,' written in 1713 to commemorate the Peace of Utrecht, is in the Tudway collection. John Broderip, probably a son of his, became a vicar-choral (on probation) of the same cathedral, Dec. 2, 1740, and on April 1, 1741, was appointed organist. He died in 1770 or 1771. Between 1766 and his death he published a volume of 'Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs,' dedicated to Lord Francis Seymour, the then Dean of Wells. In later life he became organist of Shepton Mallet in Somersetshire. Robert Broderip, who lived at Bristol, was probably another son of William. He wrote a considerable number of works, such as an ode on the King's recovery, a concerto for harpsichord and strings, voluntaries, duets, glees, etc. Some psalms by him are included in a similar volume to that above mentioned, published by John Broderip. He died May 14, 1808.
[ W. B. S. ]