the year 1886–7 includes 'Ancient Keyboard Music,' by Mr. Hipkins; 'Musical Elocution,' by Mr. Ernest Lake; 'False Relations,' by Mr. James Turpin; 'Organ Construction,' by Mr. Richardson; and 'How to enjoy Music,' by Mr. Banister.
[ L. M. M. ]
ORGANOPHONE. A variety of the Harmonium invented by the late A. Debain of Paris, wherein the reeds or vibrators are raised within instead of being beneath the channels. The result of this disposition is the production of a tone-quality assimilating to that of the American organ.
[ A. J. H. ]
ORGENYI. For name read Orgéni, Anna Maria Aglaia, and add that her real name is von Görgér St. Jörgen, and that she was born in 1841 at Rima-Szombath, Galicia. She sang for a few nights at the Lyrique, Paris, in 1879, as Violetta. In 1881 she re-appeared in England, and sang with success at the Crystal Palace, Philharmonic, and other concerts. She is now a teacher of singing at the Dresden Conservatorium.
[ A. C. ]
ORIANA, The Triumphs of. P. 611a, l. 4, for in 1601 read in 1603 (after Queen Elizabeth's death, as is proved by Arber's Stationers' Register). The book was printed in 1601, but the publication delayed till two years afterwards, probably because the Queen disliked the title of Oriana.
ORNITHOPARCUS, vol. ii. p. 611b. It will be observed that the date of the publication of the first edition of the Micrologus of Ornithoparcus is stated variously as 1516 and 1517. The former date is that given by Panzer (vii. p. 196), on the authority of the Catalogue of Count Thott's Library (vii. p. 172). But no trace of this edition—if it ever existed—can now be found, and it seems certain that the work was first printed in 1517. The following are the various editions through which it passed:—
1. Leipzig, Jan. 1517. The colophon runs as follows:—
Excussum est hoc opus Lipsiae in aedibus Valentini | Schuman. Mēse Januario, Anni virginei partus De | cimiseptimi supra sesquimillesimū Leone de | cimo pont. max. ac Maximiliano | gloriosissimo Impatore orbi terrae | praesidentibus. |
This is the first edition, and only one copy is known to exist, viz. in the Bibliotheque Nationale at Paris, the whole of sheet A of which is wanting. It was described by Fétis, who however confuses it with the second edition.
2. Leipzig, Nov. 1517. Described in Panzer (ix. 496). The colophon is:—
Excussum est hoc opus, ab ipso authore denuo castigatum, | recognitumq: Lipsie in edibus Ualentini Schumanni, calco- | graphi solertissimi: Mense Nouēbr: Anni virginei partus de- | cimi septimi supra sesquimillesimū. Leone decimo Pont. Max. | ac Maximiliano inuictissimo impatore orbi terrax psidētibus. |
This edition, though the colophon clearly proves the contrary, is generally described as the first. Copies of it are in the British Museum; Kgl. Bibliothek, Berlin; Hofbibliothek, Darmstadt; Library of St. Mark's, Venice; University of Bonn, and the 'Rosenthal Antiquariat.' Munich (May 1888).
3. Leipzig, 1519. The colophon runs:—
Excussum est hoc opus: denuo castigatum recognitumq: | Lipsie in edibus Ualentini Schumanni: calcographi solertissi | mi: Mense Aprili; Anni virgiuei partus vndeuigesimi supra | sesquimillesimum. |
There are copies of this at Berlin (Royal Library), Munich (Royal Library), Königsberg (see 'Monatshefte für Musikgeschichte,' 1870, p. 47), Göttingen (University Library) and Brussels (see 'Catalogue de la Bibliothèque de F. J. Fétis,' p. 621). A copy is said ('Monatshefte für Musikgeschichte,' viii. p. 22) to be in the Rathsschulbibliothek of Zwickau. Fétis says there is an edition of 1521 at the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris, though on enquiry (May, 1888) the only copy found there was that of Jan. 1517. The colophon he quotes is that of the 1519 edition, but he seems to have imagined that 'undevigesimi' meant twenty-one, instead of nineteen. His statement has been copied by Mendel.
4. Cologne, 1533. The title-page runs:—
Andræ Ornitoparchi Meyningensis, De arte cantandi micrologus, libris quatuor digestus, omnibus musicæ studiosis non tarn utilis quam necessarius, diligenter recognitus. Coloniæ, apud Joanuem Gymuicuin, anno 1553.
A copy of this edition is in the Bibliothèque du Conservatoire National de Musique, Paris (see M. Weckerlin's Catalogue, p. 209).
5. Cologne, 1535. An edition without colophon, similar to the preceding. A copy is in the Royal Library at Munich.
6. Gerber (Lexicon, ed. 1813, iii. p. 618) quotes Schacht's 'Bibl. Music.' (1687) to the effect that there exists an edition in oblong 8vo. printed by Johannes Gymnicus at Cologne in 1540, but no copy of this is known to exist.
Add to the account of Ornithoparcus that he was M.A. of Tübingen, and in October 1516 was connected with the University of Wittenberg.
[ W. B. S. ]
ORRIDGE, Ellen Amelia, born in London, 1856, was taught singing by Manuel Garcia at the Royal Academy, and gained the Llewellyn Thomas bronze and gold medals for declamatory singing in 1876 and 1877, the certificate of merit, the Parepa-Rosa medal, and the Christine Nilsson 2nd prize in 1878. While still a student she sang in a provincial tour with Sims Reeves in 1877. She made a successful début at the Ballad Concerts, Nov. 21 of the same year, and was engaged for the whole season. Miss Orridge afterwards worthily maintained the reputation acquired at the outset of her career, and gave promise that in the future she would become one of our best contralto concert singers. She sang at Mr. Ganz's concert in a selection from Berlioz's 'Romeo and Juliet,' May 28; at the Richter in Stanford's 46th Psalm, May 30; in the 'Nuits d'Été' and Choral Symphony, Oct. 24, 1881; at the Philharmonic in the last work, Feb. 9; at the Symphony Concerts in Schumann's 'Faust,' June 8, 1882; at the Crystal Palace, at the Popular Concerts, etc. She died Sept. 16, 1883, of typhoid fever, at Guernsey, where she had gone