Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/1071

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D-Ctt?

edit Israel, Ex ««*»* Nu 3™+»ia t. Nu (93 t. Nu 26, incl. v 43 where ^Drntfn a ppar. = Dan), 34 t. Jos 13-21 ; also 1 Ch 6 44S f Zc 12 13 ; divisions of Gershom, etc. (in Levi) Nu 3 19 " 20 + 41 t. ExNuJosCh; subdivisions of these divisions (in Levi) Nu3 2l21 + 6 t. N113 + 4 18 ; cf. (in other tribes) 1 Ch 2 53 4***** 5 7 ; also Zc 1 2 12blC ,3b "*, and (distrib.) v 12 * Hb , pleonast. DIT3K nOD 'D Nu 36 s cf. v 8 , and ('« 'D HBO) v 12 . e. late, div. of other peoples 1 Ch 16*=^ g6 7 , ^ 22**; in Edom Gn 36 40 (P). f. in wider sense = people, nation; '""?TNn nhaipp 73 Am3 2 Gn 12 3 28" (both J), cf. Je'io 25 Ez 20 32 Na 3* (all || D'is), Zc 14 17 Je i 15 25'; as one's posterity Gn io" J1JB (all P), so prob. v s (P ; Di Dr); =all Isr. Am 3 1 , Judah Mi 2 3 Je 8 s (n*n npi 'On), Isr. + Judah, '©n Wf 3 f* ; D^.SD nriBfO Zc 14 18 ; cf. + 107-". t2. —guild 1 Ch 2 s5 (of scribes; orig. hereditary in families). t3. =. species, kind: a. of judgments Je 15 3 . b. animals Gn 8 19 (P). t4. ^.= aristocrats Jb 3 1 34 (cf. Eng. ' the classes '). Q^Btt? n.pr.m. v. */vW. £0Dt£^ vb. judge, govern (NH in deri v.; - T 185 Ph. BBC= BBB>, also in n.pr.; Pun. ««/«< Lzb 381 ; BAram. POSt?; As. sapdtu (t = n), syn. (Mrcw (H)i .?«<&/« D1 WB684 , siptu (0), prob. judgment [and Ja/wiM, captatn ?] Jen 2 *" 0889 '- 278 '-; on poss. connexion with Ar. AdL- v. No 2 " 01 " 1886 '- 724 ; on usage of vb. see Ferguson" 1 - «■ (,888) ' >»*); — Qal Pf. 3 ms. 'V Ju i6 3l + , etc.; Impf. 3 ms. tmfc Gn 16 5 , Bta^J Is 11 3 ; 3 mpl. IBBC^ Gn3i M + , toifh Exi8 w (Ki 1B*SB»; cf. Ges»" 8 ), etc.; Inf. abs. BIBB* Gn 19 9 ; cstr. BBK> Ku I 1 , tDSB'> Ex8 ,3 + , etc.; /mt). "BBK> Pr 31 9 , nBBE> ,/,8 2 8 La 3 M , 1BBB> Is i I7 + , «^p Zc 7', etc.; PC BBE> iS3 u + , etc.; — 1. act as law-giver, judge, governor (giving law, deciding controversies and executing law, civil, religious, political, social ; both early and late) : a. of God only, pxn 73 BBB> Gn i8 25 (J), || ^», Pi?™? Is 33 s2 . b. of man, Gn I9 99 (J), Moses deciding cases Ex 18 13 (E), making known statutes v 16 (E); so his assistants v 22 - 22 ' 26M (E), || Dt i 16 ; of'BbB* 7X1^ Nu 25 s (executioners); set D'OBfc'over Isr. Ju 2 1618 2 S 7"= 1 Ch 17'°, to deliver Isr., 7SOB" OBB> Ju 3 10 4* io 23 + 9 *• J". 1 S 4 18 7 151617 2 K 23 s2 , cf. 1 S 7 6 ; Pt. BBfc* as subst. also Ju a»*» 1 S 8 1 - 2 2 K 23 m ; ifj ^tf 1 Ch 17 6 (|| 2 S 7? 'BSK*), D»BBfc'n BBC* , , 3 Eu i M (cf. D'JPK'iO Ob sl ); BBB>, || ^ iS8 5 - 6a) H07 7 13 10 ; BBS* 7Nne» Mi4 14 ( = king); king judges people 1 K 3»- 8 =2Ch i 10 , 1 Ki5 s =2 Ch 2 6 2 ', 2 Ch 1"; abs. 1 K 7 7 Is 16 5 ; || me> Ex 2 U (E) Am 2 s Zp 3 s ; || m* Is i 26 Jb 1 2 17 , cf. Is 3=; HI? '!?Bte» Is 40* (|| D'?p), Pr 8" (|| unto), * 2 10 148" (|| D'37D); 1311331? "IB'X WOSC? Dn 9 1212 . 3. specif, decide controversy, discriminate betw. persons, in civil, political, domestic and religious questions : a. ofGod^82': P3*...r3/B'Gni6 s (J; domestic), Ju II 27 - 27 1 S 24 1316 (all of war), Ez 34 20 (relig.); c. j> • • • f% Ez 34 1722 (relig.); c. WT8 Gn 31 63 (E ; domestic), Is 2 4 =Mi 4 3 (of war) ; c. 3 2 Ch 20 12 (war) ; c. ace. 1 K 8 32 = 2 Ch 6 13 , Ec 3 17 , con- demning wicked and justifying righteous Jb 2 1 22 (|| JTP), 23 7 ; abs. Ex 5 21 (J) Jb 22"; fTJ| V Je n 20 ^9 3 ; '" is P*W a?* 18 * 7 12 - *• of man, P31 . . . pa 'V Ex i8 16 (E) Nu 35 M (P) Dt 1" (all civil), Is 5 3 (relig.) ; c. ace. Lv ig 15 (H) Dt 25 1 (all civil), Ez 20 44 2 2 2 - 2 23 s6 ; BSCM? 'V Dt 16 18 1 K 3 ffl (Sol.); tKMHBtoa Ez 44 24 , c. 7 2 Ch 19 6 ; abs. Ez 44" Is 1 1 3 (king) ; influenced by bribes Mi 3" 7 3 Jb 9 s4 ; Absalom desires to decide cases as 0355* 2 S 1 5 4 (implying lack of such in his time); ace. to 2 Ch 1 g i6 Jehoshaphat set up D^BBE*, appar. for the first as judges in this specific sense; code of Dt recognizes them: B3E7I declares BS^on "13^ Dt 17 912 25 s ; D'OBE* + anpy i6 18 lCh'23 4 26 2> Jos8 S3 ( + D , ?PJ), 23^ 2 4 1 (D; both + Cnpt, DTK-J), +D'jpr only Dt 2 1 2 Ezr 10 14 , +WS*^ Dt 19 1718 , Onto 2 Ch I 2 . 3. execute judgment : a. discriminating, of man only, nDK BG0B Zc 7 9 , 't? D , "!B^O ^ 58 2 >^«  uprightly; D17B> 038*0 Zc 8 16 , fnx Pr3i 9 , 7$ ^82 2 . b. vindicating, c. ace: (1) subj. God, 01JV * io 18 , ace. pers. 26 1 43' 58 12 (rd. OOBE' for D'OBt?), OBE^D 'B* La 3 59 ; *l!P vindicate by de- livering from hand of 1 S 24 1 ' 6 2 S I8 19 - 31 ; 'JOSP -p~tV3 '" f 7 9 ; 1P1?3 »30BB' 35". (2) subj. man, c. ace. DW Isi' 17 - 23 ; (D')in n 4 Pr 2 9 14 f 82 3 ; DV "3J? 7 2 4 ; D'JVas OBBto Je S 28 . C. condemning and punishing, ( 1 ) God 'B 'Sn"!! ace. to ways of Ez 7 38 18 30 24 14 33 20 36' 9 ; D'DBBta 7 27 23"; niBXJ 'OBB'O i6 38 (=2 3 4S of human judges); c. ace. ^"V'Si'IsSi'Ezii 10 '^! 3 ^". (2) of man, only^B? '•OBB'^ 109 31 and EZ23 45 supr., prob. also ^ 141 6 (corrupt), d. at theophanic advent for final judgment : God is OEB* yj, 50 6

8 ; pan obe' 94 s , c. ace. psn obk*7 N3 96 13 

= 1 Ch 16 33 , ^98 9 ; pxn 't? 82 s ; tfWl 73 Jo 4 12 ; D^DV f67 5 ; 73n 9" 96"= 98'; CTWhS 'c 1