Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/27

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אבה
אביאל
3

desire) Ec 125 (v. GFM JBL 1891. 55 ff.; so G V, Mish.אביונות, cf. NHWB ; v. also S ; i.e. capparis spinosa, cf. RiHWB; so Thes, Ew De, etc.; but Wetzst in De (Germ. ed. 1875) proposes אֱבְיוֹנָה (as fem. of אביון) the poor soul in sense= נִשְׁמָתוֹ הָאֶבְיוֹנָה cf. Symm S, where double translation).

אֵ֫בֶה n.[m.] reed, papyrus (etymology uncertain; = Ar. أَبَاءٌ, As. abu DlW, AGI) אֱנִיּוֹת אֵבֶה֑ Jb 926 (craft made of reeds, light & swift, Heliod. Aethiop. X.460 ) = כְּלֵי־גֹמֶא Is 182.

II. אבה (perh. at least formally justified as stem of אָב (cstr. אֲבִי), so Thes (cf. infr.), but existence &. mng. wholly dub.; as real √ BaZMG 1887. 609 ff. Ol§ 123c; acc. to DIWp.22 אבה As. abû = decide, אָב = he who decides; Thes (so RobGes NöZMG xI,737 & cf. Sta§ 186 al.) makes אָב nom. prim. bilit., imitating infant's speech cf. πάππας, pappa, papa (cf. EW§ 106 a); also As. bab JenZA 1886,404) .

אָב1191 n.m. father (Ph. אב, As. abu, Ar. أَبٌ, Sab. אב CISiv, 1. 37 1.2 al., Eth. አብ፡ Aram. אַבָּא, ܐܰܒܳܐ)—abs. אָב Gn 4419 + 47 t.; cstr. אַב Gn 174.5 (cf. in אַבְרָהָם ib. & elsewh. in n.pr. On Hal's prop. אֲבִי v. אברהם) ; אֲבִי (cf. Ge§§ 90, 3b, 96) Gn 420 + ; sf. אָבִי Gn 1934 + (MI אבי); אָבִיךָ Gn 121 + ; אָבִיו Gn 224 + ; אָבִ֫יהוּ Ju 1410 + 6 t.; pl. אָבוׂת Ex 123 + ; cstr. אֲבוׂת Ex 625 + 7 t.; sf. אֲבוֹתַי (אֲבֹתַי, אֲבוֹתָ֑י) Gn 479 + 15 t.; אֲבוֹתֵיהֶם 1 Ch 438 + 32 t. (late) ; אֲבוֹתָם Ex 45 + 106 t. etc.; —1. father of individual Gn 224 (+ אֵם) 1125.29.29 1931.32.38, + oft. (mostly JED); of father as commanding Gn 5018 (J) Je 358 f Pr 620 (cf. Gn 1819 J 281.6 P 1 S 1720 1 K 21); instructing מוסר Pr 18 41 (cf. Dt 85) ; specif. as begetter, genitor Pr 2322 Zc 133.3 (+ אֵם) Is 4510; cf. Gn 494 (J) Lv 187.8.11 (P); rebuking Gn 3710; loving Gn 374 4420 (JE ; cf. 222 2528 373 2 S 141) ; pitying ψ 10313 (in sim. cf. 2 S 185); blessing Gn 2741 (JE cf. 274 also 281 P + ) ; as glad Pr 101 1520 cf. 293; grieving Gn 3735 (JE; cf. 2 S 1222 191.2 f) etc. Also as obj. of honour, obedience, love Ex 2012 (E) = Dt 516; Ex 2115.17 (E) Dt 2118.10 Gn 287 (P) 1 K 1920 (all + אֵם), 501.5 (J) Mal 18 etc. Hence metaph. of intimate connection Jb 1714 to corruption I cry, My father art thou (‖אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָֽרִמָּה). 2. of God as father of his people (v. RSSem 42), who constituted, controls, guides and lovingly watches over it: Dt 328 Je 34.19 319 Is 6318.18 647 Mal 16 210 (cf. Ex 422 194 (JE) Dt 3211 Ho 111) ; cf. Je 227 (of idolatr. Isr.) : אֹמְרִים לָעֵץ אָבִי אַתָּה וְלָאֶבֶן אַתְּ ילדתני ; esp. God as father of Davidic line 2 S 714 ψ 8927; f. of needy (late) ψ 686 (cf. 10313) (in n.pr., f. of individ., cf. infr.) 3. head of household, family or clan; בַּית אָבִי as abode Gn 3811.11 Lv 2213 + ; = family Gn 2440 (‖ מִשְׁפַּחְתִּי) 4151 4631 + cf. Nu 181.2 Jos 212.18 625; esp. techn. of divisions of Isr. בֵּית אָב לְמִשׁפָּחוׁת Nu 320.25 = a father's house, i. e. a family or clan ; more oft. pl. (אבותם, אבותיו) בֵית אָבוֹת = fathers' houses = families, clans (cf. Di in Ex 614) Ex 614 123 Nu 12.18 ff (oft. in Nu) Jos 141 1951 211.1 2214.14 (always P in Hex.); also 1 Ch 513.15 + oft. in Ch ; cf. רָאשֵׁי אבות הלוים (= ר׳ בית א׳) Ex 625 cf. 1 K 81 1 Ch 64 711 + oft. Ch Ezr Ne. 4. ancestor (a) of individual ; grandfather (instead of precise term) Gn 2813 3210 (J ; where used by Jacob of Abr. & then of Isaac) ; greatgr. 1 K 1513; great-greatgr. 1 K 1511 etc.; oft. pI. (= fathers, forefathers) Gn 1515 4634 (JE) 1 K 194 212.4 2 K 1912 2017 + ; particularly שׁכב עם אבותיו 1 K 121 210 1121 2240 + ; joined with ויקבר עם אב׳ 1 K 1431 1524 2251 2 K 824 1525 cf. v7, 1620 + (all of kings of Judah) ; intens., אֲבֹתֶיךָ וַאֲבוֹת אֲבֹתֶיךָ Ex 108 cf. Dn 1124; (b) of people Gn 1021 (J) 174.5 (P) 1937.38 (J) 369.43 (P) Dt 265 Is 512 4327 (where אביך הראשׁון thy first father, v. Che) cf. also Ez 163.45 + oft.; pI. Ex 313.15.18 (E) Dt 18 Jos 16 Ju 21 1 S 128 + ; 1 S 1215 ad fin rd. וּבְמַלְבְּבֶם G We Dr. 5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art Gn 420.21. 6. fig. of producer, generator Jb 3828 הֲיֵשׁ לַמָּמָר אָ֑ב (‖ מִי־ הוֹלִיד אֶנְלֵי־טָֽל׃‎). 7. fig. of benevolence & protection Jb 2918 אָב אָֽנׂכִי לָֽאֶבְיוֹנִים, cf. 3118; of Eliakim Is 2221 ; perh. also of gracious Mess. king אֲבִי עַד Is 95 everlasting father (Ge Ew De Che Brd Di)—others divider of spoil (Abarb Hi Kn Kue BrMP). 8. term of respect & honour (Abbas, Pater, Papa, Pope); appl. to master 2 K 513; priest Ju 1710 1819; prophet 2 K 212.12 621 1314.14 cf. 89; counsellor Gn 458 (E; cf. δευτέρου πατρός G add. Est 313; τῷ πατρί 1 Mac 1132); king 1 S 2412; artificer 2 Ch 212 418. 9. specif., ruler, chief (late) 1 Ch 224.42.42 etc. (cf. EW§ 273b).

אֲבִי־עַבלְוֹן n.pr.m. a hero of David 2 S 2331 rd: אֲבִיאֵל so G 1 Ch 1132, cf. Dr5 (We2 אבי־בעל (v. sub אביאל) ; otherwise Klo8.

אֲבִיאֵל n.pr.m. ( Ēl is (my) father, cf. אביהו & Ph. אבבעל (fem.), also אביבעל; & אבנבעל our father etc.; Abi-ba’al KAT2 355; v. RSSem 45. NöZMG 1888,460 makes אבי here, & in אביהו etc., cstr. but this seems unlikely ; cf. also אליאב etc.; views differ much as to these n.pr. and uniform interpr. is impossible. Cf. in gen. Ol§ 277f). 1. Saul's grandfather 1 S 91 1451. 2. = foregoing, 1 Ch 1132.

B 2