Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/281

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rat

Ex 8 2222 (E), tnneto Mai i». 2 . absolute i S l 5 4- oft. 3. c. ? of deity, t fi"!) Ju 1 6* + DTJJ0 Lv if (H), +0»Tb6 Dt 32" f io6 37 ;' otf(«r ^orfs Ex 34 15 (JE) + ; but usually niffi? Ex 3 18 +9 t. JE, Lvi 7 5 i 9 " 22 *> ( a n H , not elsewh. in P), Dti 5 21 i6 2 17 1 iSi 3 +; +*6*b v*t Gn 4 6' (E), trrbtb Vso' 4 , t«rn6 Mai

u . 4. with local prep. 3 Gn 3 1 54 (E) + , b$ 

Ex 20 24 (E)+ ; »Jb5> Lv 9 4 (P)+, nrfefl «» bv Lv 1 7 5 (H). II. slaughter for eating (connected also with sacrifice, as all eating of flesh among ancient Hebrews was sacrificial, ES 8 *"- 39 ) 1 S 28 24 (fat calf for Saul), Ez 34 3 (fat sheep for shepherds), 2 Ch 18 2 (sheep and oxen for Je- hoshaphat, c. ? of person) ; cf. Dt 12 15 v 21 (abs.), 1 K 19 21 . III. slaughter in divine judgment Ez 39 17 - 19 c. aec. TO} (Gog and Magog as feast for vultures), 1 K 1 3 2 2 K 23™ (priests of high- places on their own altars). tPi. 22 Ff. nay 2^33^ mar + Io6 * mat Ho 12 12 ; impf. nar Hb i 16 , vw Ho 4 13h ii 2 (7t. Impf.); Inf. cstr. nar!> IKI2 32 - Pt. naro j k 3 3 , p i. Dmarr? 2Cn5 6 +8t ' nina»D x K ii 8 ;— sacrifice, X. of the abundant sacrifices made to Yahweh by Solomon x K 8 5 = 2 Ch 5 6 , and Hezekiah 2 Ch 30 22 , and prob. intensive; but 2. elsewhere of sacrifice to other deities, possibly iterative in some cases, but certainly not in all : D^Va^ Hon 2 , fnirfiwb 1 K11 8 , D^;j£ 12 3* ( io-ir6 Hbx 16 , fWD "2SJ?^> + 106 38 , pm-n *£•£ 2 c'h 28 s , D^psrrb) 33 s2 ; or in unlawful places B*1™J •'E/K-r^y He- 4 13 cf. v 14 , $>a!«3 12 12 , ntoaa 1 k 3" 2 2" 2 K 12 4 14 4 15 436 , 16 4 = 2 Ch 2 8 4 . It is used without direct obj. Ho 4" and oft.; also c. ace. of victim ™ Ho 12 12 T$p fNSf 1 K 8 6 = 2 Ch 5 6 ; sons and daughters f 106 38 , OWE* mat 2 Ch 30 22 . Gn rot ^Im n -»- Jul6 ' B sacrifice, 'r abs. i M +; cstr. Ex 34 25 +; nar Lvi7 8 +i6t.; sf. mat Lv 7 16 Ez 34 15 , Dana? l v i 9 6 ; p i. O'nar Gn46' + ; cstr. mat Lvf + ; s f. 3 mpl D? n ?! Lv 17 6 , iomaj Dt 32™, Dnhat tHo 4 19 etc.; — the common and most ancient sacrifice, whose essential rite was eating the flesh of the victim at a feast in which the god of the clan shared by receiving the blood and fat pieces. In the older literature it is distin- guished from nmp an d nb), in the later litera- ture from nmn and DE/K. ft general name for all sacrifices eaten at feasts : — 1. of the God of Israel Gn 46 1 Ex io 25 18 12 (E) Ho 3 4 6 6

4 Ams 26 Is 1" i 9 2 » Dt^ 27 18 3 1S2 1329 3 14 6 15 

9' 2 , 1 ; I 5 22 ' 22 16 3 " 2 S 15' 2 1 K 8« i2« 2 K 5" 16" V 40 7 50 8 51 19 " Pr 15 8 2 1 3 - 27 Is 43^ S 6' Je6 V 2 ' 22 i7 26 33 18 Ez40«44" ,Ch2 9 2 '- 2 ' 2 Ch 4 ^ 2 Ne 1 2« Dn 9 " Ec 4 ' 7 . They should be P"3* "<]?. sacrifices of righteousness (offered in righteousness by the righteous) Dt 33 ' 9 f 4 «  5 1 21 ; 'anan ^nat sacrifices of gifts to me () H08 13 ; the temple is nar n'3 2 Ch7 12 - they should not be 3*] 'T rac ^ce S "of strife, 'where strife prevails Pri 7 >. 2. of other deities Ex 34 15 Nu 25 s Dt 3 2 38 (JE) Ju 16 23 2 K io 1924 Ho 4 19 Is 57? Ez 20 28 ; these are D'TO ^ar sacrifices to dead things (lifeless gods, opp. to '< as living) f 106 28 . II. there are several kinds of D'naj which are gradually distin- guished: tl. the covenant sacrifice, between Jacob and Laban Gn 31 64 (E), with God f 50 5 (cf. Ex 2 4 6 1 S ii 15 ). f2. the ■passover V nar npsn Ex 34 25 (JE), riDs nar Ex 12 27 (J) ; and prob. also TUT Ex 23 18 ( JE) = 34 s4 (id.) 1 3. annual sacrifice D'Om nar 1 S i 21 2 19 20 6 cf. nnsE't? 'T sacrifice of the clan 1 S 20 29 . +4. thank offering nnin(n) ' Lv 7 12 22 s9 f 107 22 116 17 , which is given as fo3"ijj 't, inat, natn Lv 7 1 ' 17 ; and as a variety of D^E? Lv 7 1316 - it is implied in nynn ^nat ^ 27 s ; yet nat is generic with nnin 2 Ch 2 9 31 - 31 . 5. in rituai of H & P Dmat are defined by &Eibv (q.v.) Lv3' + 3 9 t. Lv Nu, 1 S io 8 1 K 8 s3 2 Ch 30 22 33 16 Pr 7 14 , but sometimes (rarely) 'r alone is used in this sense, with or without suflix, where the meaning is plain from the context : Lv 1 7 5 - 7 - 8 1 9 6 2 3 37 (H) Nu 1 5 3S - 8 Jos 2 2 26 - 29 (all P). These ritual offerings are of three varieties min TJJ and na-1? Lv 7 12 ' 6 (P); in the several lists Q'nar are distinguished from nmn A1114 4 2 Cli 29 31 , from tamj Nu 15 8 (P) Dt i2 6u Jon i 16 , from nm Am 4 4f - Dt 12 6 and from the more comprehensive Qitt^ Nu 1 5 s Jos 2 2™ (P). So also the sacrifice at the institution of the cove- nant at Horeb Ex 24 s (JE) and the sacrifice at the installation of Saul 1S11 15 are defined as Wrbtf d'nar. Thus 'r seems not only to be used for all these special forms but also to in- clude other festal sacrifices not defined in the codes of law. The ritual was the same for the entire class. They were all sacrifices for feasts in which the flesh of the victim was eaten by the offerers, except so far as the officiating priests had certain choice pieces and the blood and fat pieces went to the altar for God. The sacrifice at the institution of the covenant at Horeb, the Passover victim,