Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/44

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עָמָל—in Isr.); oft. || עָמָל, ψ 715 (הִנֵּה יְחַבֶּל־אָוֶן lo he travaileth with troubleוְהָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שָׁ֑קֶר, yea he hath conceived misery & brought forth a lie), prob. thence Jb 1535 (הָרֹה עָמָל וְיָלֹד אָוֶן) = Is 594; cf. עָמָל וָאָוֶן ψ 107 5511 9010 Jb 48 56 Is 101 (v. עָמָל); also זוֹרֵעַ עַוְלָה יִקְצָר־אָוֶן Pr 228 the sower of iniquity shall reap trouble; in this sense elsewh. only Dt 2614 Pr 1221 Je 415 Hb 37 Am 55, pl. intens. לֶחֶם אוֹנִים bread of trouble, sorrow, or mourning Ho 94. 2. idolatry Ho 1212 Is 4129; אָוֶן וּתְרָפִים הַפְצַ֑ר stubbornness is idolatry & (the use of) teraphim 1 S 1523 (poet. source); בֵּית אָוֶן Ho 415 (for בֵּית אֵל because Bethel, house of God, is given over to idolatry) so also 58 105 cf. בָּמוֹת א׳ Ho 108; בִּקְעַת א׳ Am 15 (Baalbek); בַּחוּרֵי א׳ rd. אוֹן, אֹן = On, Heliopolis Ez 3017;— abstr. for concr. = idols Is 663. 3. trouble of iniquity, wickedness, מְתֵי אָוֶן Jb 2215; אַנְשֵׁי א׳ 3436 = men of trouble, troublers, wicked men; cf. אִישׁ א׳ Pr 612 Is 557; פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן workers of trouble, evil-doers, workers of iniquity Jb 313 348.22 ψ 56 + (16 t. chiefly late ψ) Pr 1029 2115 Is 312 Ho 68; מַחְשְׁבוֹת אָוֶן thoughts of trouble, wicked imaginations Pr 618 Is 597 Je 414; oft. of words & thoughts Jb 1111 + (5 t.) ψ 365 +(9 t.) Pr 174 1928 3020) Is 2920 326 589 596 Ez 112 Mi 21 Hb 13 Zc 102; & לֹא אוּכַל אָוֶן וַעֲצָרָה Is 113 I cannot bear iniquity with the solemn meeting (RV & most mod.; AV it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting).

תְּאֻנִים n.[m.] toil Ez 2412 תּ׳ הֶלְאָת she hath wearied (me or herself) with toil (but Co del. as dittogr. cf. G).

II. און (cf. Ar. آنَ (med. و) be at rest, at ease, enjoy life of plenty; آئِن one enjoying a life of ease, freedom from toil & trouble).

i. אוֹן n.m. vigour, wealth—abs. Ho 129, sf. אוֹנִי Gn 493 + etc.; pl. אוֹנִים ψ 7851 + 1. manly vigour בְּאוֹנוֹ שָׂרָה אֶת־אֱלֹהִים Ho 124 (of Jacob); רְאשִׁית אוֹן beginning of manly vigour Gn 493 (of Reuben, first-born of Jacob); Dt 2117 Ψ 10536 (first-born of Egyptians), so 7851, רְאשִׁית אוֹנִים where א׳ is assim. to מִצְרַיִם, or intens. pl. 2. strength of man Jb 187.12; behemoth Jb 4016; pl. intens. מֵרֹב אוֹנִים Is 4026 because of the abundance of great strength (of God); of man אֵין אוֹנִים Is 4029 one not having strength; תּוֹחֶלֶת אוֹנִים Pr 117 hope in strength (not the hope of iniquity RV, or of unjust men AV). 3. wealth Jb 2010 Ho 129 מָצָאתִי א׳ לִי (‖ עָשַׁרְתִּי).

ii. אוֹן (vigour) a chief of tribe of Reuben Nu 161.

אוֹנוֹ (vigorous, for אונון) city in Benjamin Ezr 233 Ne 737 1135 1 Ch 812; valley of same name Ne 62; prob. Kefr ‛Anâ, NW of Lydda, SurveyII, 251.

אוֹנָם (vigorous). 1. chief of Horites Gn 3623 1 Ch 140. 2. chief of tribe of Judah 1 Ch 226.28.

אוֹנָן (vigorous) son of Judah Gn 384.8.9 4612.12 Nu 2619.19 1 Ch 23.

אוֹן v. אֹן.

אוניות 2 Ch 818 Kt v. אֳנִי sub אנה.

אוּפָז ( unknown & dub.) whence came gold, זָהָב מֵא׳ Je 109; כֶּתֶם א׳ Dn 105; so Thes 1 K 1018 זָהָב אוּפָז (אוּפָז=מֵא׳); but G δόκιμος, & 2 Ch 917 טָהוֹר, whence MV Klo make מוּפָז Hoph. Pt. fr. פזז q.v. Klo rds. אוֹפִיר (q.v.) for אוּפָז Je 109 Dn 105, in view of בֶּהֶם אוֹפִיר Is 1312.

אוֹפִיר Ophir—א׳ 1 K 1011 +; אוֹפִירָה 928 + אוֹפֵר † Gn 1029; אֹפִיר † 1 K 10111. 11th son of Joktan Gn 1029 (J) = 1 Ch 123; G Οὐφειρ, Ὠφειρ, name of an Arabian tribe, vid. Gn 1030 & Di. 2. (land or city S. or SE. fr. Palestine, exact position unknown, cf. infr.; G Σωφηρα, Σωφειρα, Σουφειρ, etc.; Jb 2816 Ὠφειρ AC, cf. 1 K 2249 A Ὠφειρδε, B om.) place whither Sol.'s ships went fr. Ezion Geber, bringing thence gold 1 K 928—cf. 2249—2 Ch 818; gold, almug-(sandal-?) wood & gems 1011.11, cf. 2 Ch 910; prob. 1 K 1022 ref. to same ships; they came once in three years with gold, silver, ivory, apes & peacocks (all fr. Ophir?); 2 Ch 921 makes these ships go to Tarshish (but on Tarshish-ships, i. e. large, sea-going vessels, merchantmen, v. 1 K 2249 & sub תַּרְשִׁישׁ). 3. characteristic of fine gold (poet. & late) זְהַב א׳ 1 Ch 294; כֶּתֶם א׳ Is 1312 Jb 2816 ψ 4510. 4. hence for fine gold itself Jb 2224 (|| בֶּצֶר).—(lf 2 = 1, then southern, prob. south-eastern, Arabia (cf. Di Gn 1029) furnished the gold; and other articles, which point farther E. (e.g. to India, toward which the words קוֹפִים apes & תֻּכִּיִים peacocks seem to lead), were either brought to Ophir by traders, & so found there by Sol.'s men, or were found elsewhere by the latter, whose cruise may have taken them beyond Ophir, the name of Ophir alone, as source of gold-supply, being preserved.# If (less likely) 1 & 2 are not the same, the only data for determining loc. of 2 are the articles brought, & one may look toward India, Ceylon or other islands, or even lower Africa. Particular theories have as yet no adequate support ; e. g. (a) old city Supara, or Uppara, in the region of Goa, Malabar coast