Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/487

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Ph. ffla

is priest, n3H3

. Xow A ™ h- "• ro '• 

|flj> n.m. priest (NH ?na ; Aram. pn|, Kins, v< ^, JJo^; Eth. Wis all a./ on Ph. and Ar. v. supr.); — 'a Gn i4 18 +43ot.; pi. D^n'3 Ex 1 9 6 + 2 7 2 t. ; cstr. V.l] 3 i g 5 6 + i 3 1. ; sf. ^na La 1" +22 t. sfs.— tl. priest-king: e.g. Melchizedek Gn 14 18 (E 1), cf. fno* (the Messianic priest-king like Melchizedek); Zc 6 13 (Messianic priest and king); Israel B^D. 3 n ?^ I ?P Ex 19 6 (E) a kingdom of priests (priests and kings at once in their relation to the nations); cf. Is 6 1 6 (of Israel ministering as a priest) ; or a chieftain (exercising priestly functions) £*!P fnb Ex 2 16 3 v i8'(all JE); so also probably the sons of David 2 S 8 18 , his grandson 1 K 4 s , and Ira the Jairite 2 S 20 26 , who as princes performed priestly functions. With these we may class the B'ina Ex 1 o 22 - 24 (J). f 2. priests of other re- ligions than '> 's : Potiphera JN '3 Gn 4 1 45 - 50 (E), 46 20 (P); Egyptian BWB Gn 4 7 22 - 22 - 26 (J); Jin '3 1S5 5 ; Philistine DWOpl MTB 1S6 2 ; Virohis priests: e.g. of Baal 2Kio 19 =of Ahab 2K10 1 '; of Chemosh Je 48'; of Malcam Je 49 s ; Mattan was i>jnn '3 2K n 18 =2Ch23 17 ; ay nnoan Q^nan Zp I 4 ; Josiah burned the bones of the priests of the Baalim and Asherim 2 Ch 34 s . 1 3. priests of special orders in Israel : a. Micah in the hill-country of Ephraim consecrated his own son jnbp frW) Jui7 s ; but so soon as he could secure Jonathan ben Gershom, a de- scendant of Moses (see VB Ju 18 30 ), he conse- crated him, jnai> 'b rcn Ju i7'<""» 18 419 ; fnan v'- 1718 - 20 - 24 - 27 . He was captured by the Danites, and he and his line became priests at Dan until the Exile, v 1919 - 30 . b. Jeroboam D^na ne>V 1K12" of those not ^ >J3D, as fltea(n) '3 priests of (the) high places 1 K 12 32 f^^ = TtiO-£> '3 2 Ch 1 1 15 ; Amaziah (of this class) was i>trn<3 '3 Am 7 10 ; v. also 2 Ch 13 9 ; called by '• yet Hosea rebukes them Chr B-6k tibb '3 V " as priests of Ho 4 4 '6 9 ; at the Exile they were deported by the Assyrians 2 K 1 7 27 '". c. the people imported into Samaria made some of themselves niC3 '3 to worship "• the God of the land 2 K 17 s2 . -t-4. priests in Israel BWT3T1 who bore the ark and the trumpets Jos ,13.14.15.17 .3.9.10.17.18.18 £4.4.6.6.8.9.12.13.16 /-IT T"p fr

s...io.u. Eliwasfnsn iSi 9 2 11 ; ni.T '3 14';' and 

his sons mnb '3 1 S I 3 ; a B^nan 03&D 1 S 2 13 mentions the ministering priest |nan and the '3n TJ3 1 S 2 1314161S , Ahijah was ^D j n time of Saul 1 8 i 4 »-">- 3 « ; Abimelech **} at Nob, a priestly centre, 1 S 2i 235 - 6 - 710 22 11 ; where were many "■ p.qb 1 g aa «M7* all slaln by Saul ex _ cept Abiathar son of Ahimelech 1 S 22 111818 ", who became 'an 1 S 23° 30 7 1 K 1 '■'»•*•« 2 2219 ; Zadok later was In 2 S 15 27 1 K x8-26-32.34.38.39.44.4s 2 s5 3 2 1 Ch 1 6 39 2 4 6 : so that the two were tWO(n) 2 S8"= 1 Ch 18 16 (rd.'nx-fa "UTatn 2 S8' 7 <S"We Dr, and correct 1 Ch 1 8 16 accordingly) 2 S 1 s 36 - 35 17" 19" 20 s6 1K4 4 ; Sol. removed Abiathar 1 K 2 W and Zadok was anointed ID 3 ? ace. to

Ch 29™; cf. prediction of rejection of house 

of Eli and selection of ?ON3 'a 1 g 2 28 - 35 ; Je- hoiada 'SH led the revolution against Athaliah

K n*****" I2 3 - 810 = 2 Ch 22 11 23 8 - 8 - 91414 

24 2 - 20 - 25 , perh. also Je 29 s6 ; D*jnOfl sustaining him in his reforms 2 K 1 2 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 17 ; Uriah was

    • n in the reign of Ahaz 2 K j^ 10 - 11 - 11 - 15 - 16 Is8 2 ;

Hilkiah of Josiah 2 K 22 10U14 23" 2 Ch 34 1418 . Other individual priests are named, e. g. : Pashhur of Jehoiachin Je 20'; Zephaniah of Zedekiah Je 21 1 2 g* MM 37 s ; '3H i s Ezekiel's title Ez i 3 . Priests are classed with officials of state : prophets and priests 2 K 23 s Is 28' Je 5 31 6 13 8 10 14 18 23 11 - 33 - 34 2 6 7 - 81116 29' La 2 20 4"; priests and elders La i 19 4 16 ; king and priest La 2 6 ; kings, priests, and prophets Je I3 IS ; kings, princes, and priests Je i 18 ; princes, eunuchs, and priests Je 34 19 ; priest, sage, and prophet Je 18 18 ; chiefs, priests, and prophets Mi 3 11 ; prophets, priests, and elders Ez 7 s6 ; kings, princes, priests, and prophets Je 2 26 4" 8 1 32 s2 ; princes, judges, prophets, and priests Zp 3*; seeming to exclude any other officials. Apparently in the same generic sense D'jnsn Je i 1 2 8 27" 28 1 - 6 29 25 3 1 14 ; jnaa Is 24 s ; BH3 Jb i2 19 ; iT3n3Lai 4 Ez2 2 26 ; VJH3 ^78". Moses and Aaron among his priests ^ 99 s includes Moses (against P). Zion's priests clothed with righteousness and salvation jr 1 3 2 916 = 2 Ch 6 41 , prob. here also. + 5. Levitical priests B'inan ti$n Dt 17 918 18 1 24 s 27 9 Jos 3 3 8 s3 (all D),Je 33 i8 (inverted), v 21 (neither in ©), 2 CI15 5 (="3T 'Vll 1 K8 4 : Chronicler retains originalDeutero- nomic reading), Ez 43 19 44 15 (cf. 6); *fc 'J.a 'an Dt 2 1 5 3 1 9 ; 'bb '& Tpb Is 66 21 take for priests, for Levites (of the nations in Messianic age). Doubtless of same class are: B'jnbn Dt 18 3 19 17 Jos 3 6 ' 8 4" (D) ; and fnan, the priest officiating on a partic. occasion Dt 18 3 20 2 ; or holding a partic. dignity 17 12 26". The ttina of the other cities of Judah, ni03n '3, who were not allowed to minister in Jerusalem 2 K 23 s - 8 - 9 - 20 ,