Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/322

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was in Dominican hands, while Bohemia and Dahnatia were under the care of Franciscans.[1]

Sometimes the two orders were conjoined. In 1237 the Franciscan Etienne de Saint Thibery was associated with the Dominican Guillem Arnaud in Toulouse, in hopes that the reputation of his Order for greater mildness might diminish the popular aversion for the new institution. In April, 1238, Gregory IX. appointed the provincials of the two Orders in Aragon as inquisitors for that kingdom, and in the same year the same policy was pursued in Navarre. In 1255 the Franciscan Guardian of Paris was associated with the Dominican prior as the heads of the Inquisition in France; in 1267 we find both Orders furnishing inquisitors for Burgundy and Lorraine; and in 1311 we hear of two Dominicans and one Franciscan as inquisitors in the province of Ravenna. It was found the wisest course, however, to define sharply the boundaries of their respective jurisdictions, for the active and incessant jealousy between the two bodies rendered any concurrence or competition between them an explosive mine liable to be started by a spark. Their mutual hatreds began early, and the unscrupulous means by which they were gratified were a perpetual scandal and danger to the Church. In 1266, for instance, a lively quarrel arose between the Dominicans of Marseilles and the Franciscan inquisitor of that city. The dissension spread until the two Orders were embroiled throughout Provence, Forcalquier, Avignon, Aries, Beaucaire, MontpeUier, and Carcassonne, and everywhere they were preaching against and insulting each other in public. Several briefs of Clement lY. show that the pope was obliged to intervene, and his command that in future inquisitors shall forbear to use their powers to prosecute each other, no matter how guilty the offending party may apparently be, indicates that the sharpest weapons of the Holy Office had been used in the strife. When, as late as 1479, Sixtus TV. forbade inquisi-

  1. Concil. Narbonn. ann. 1235. — Concil. Biterrens. aun. 1233; ann. 1246. — Concil. Albiens. ann. 1254 c. 17, 18.— Martene Thesaur. V. 1806, 1808-10, 1817, 1819-20.~Ripoll I. 38.— Aguirre Concil. Hispan. VI. 155-6.— Raynald. Annal. ann. 1233, No. 40, 59 sqq.— Waddingi Annal. aun. 1246, No. 2; ann. 1254, No. 7, 8; ann. 1257, No. 17; ann. 1259, No. 3; ann. 1277, No. 10 ; ann. 1286, No. 4; ann. 1288, No. 14-16.— Rodulphii Hist. Seraph. Relig. Lib. i. fol. 1265.— Potthast Regesta, No. 9386, 9388, 9762, 9766, 9993, 10052, 11245, 15304, 15330, 15069.