In Italy this furnished the Inquisition with a completely organized personnel paid and sustained by the State, rendering it a substantive institution armed with all the means and appliances necessary for the thorough performance of its work. Whether the popes ever endeavored to render the bulls operative elsewhere does not appear, but if they did so they failed, for the measure was not recognized as in force beyond the Alps. Yet this was scarce necessary so long as public law and the conservative spirit of the ruling class everywhere rendered it the highest duty of the citizen of every degree to aid in every way the business of the inquisitor, and pious monarchs hastened to enforce the obligation of their subjects. By the terms of the Treaty of Paris all public officials were obliged to aid in the inquisition and capture of heretics, and all inhabitants, males over fourteen years of age and females over twelve, w^ere to be sworn to reveal all offenders to the bishops. The Council of Narbonne in 1229 put these provisions in force; that of Albi in 1254 included inquisitors among those to whom the heretic was to be denounced, and it freely threatened with the censures of the Church all temporal seigneurs who neglected the duty of aiding the Inquisition and of executing its sentences of death or confiscation. The aid demanded was freely given, and every inquisitor was armed with royal letters empowering him to call upon all officials for safe-conduct, escort, and assistance in the discharge of his functions. In a memorial dated about 1317 Bernard Gui says that the inquisitors make under these letters full use of the baillis, sergeants, and other officials, both of the king and of the seigneurs, without which they would accomphsh little. This was not confined to France, for Eymerich, writing in Aragon, in-
Cum venerabilis, 1253 (Mag. Bull. Roman. I. 93-4). — Ejusd. Bull. Cum in constitutionibus, 1254 (Pegnse App. p. 19). — Alex. PP. IV. Bull. Cum secundum, 1255 (M. B. R. I. 106).— Ejusd. Bull. Exortis in agro, 1256 (Pegnae App. p. 20). — Ejusd. Bull. Exortis in agris, 1256 (Ripoli I. 297).— Ejusd. Bull. Delecti filli, 1256 (Ripoll I. 312).— Ejusd. Bull. Cum vos, 1256 (Ripoll I. 314).— Ejusd. Bull. Felicis recordationis, 1257 (M. B. R. I. 106).— Ejusd. Bull. Implacida, 1257 (M. B. R. I. 113).— Ejusd. Bull. Implacida, 1258 (Potthast No. 17302).— Ejusd. Bull. Ad extirpanda, 1259 (Pegnae App. p. 30).— Clement. PP. IV. Bull. Ad extirpanda, 1265 (M. B. R. I. 148-51).— Ejusd. Bull. Ad extirpanda, 1266 (Pegnae App. p. 43,. — Archivio di Firenze, Riforraagioni, Classe II. Distinzione, 1, No. 14.
About 1330 Bernard Gui (Practica P. iv,— Coll. Doat, XXX.) qaotes the provisions of the bull as still among the privileges of the Italian inquidtors.